Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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OpenVPN connection help. Multiple Tunnels

i have a system setup, mostly from reading posts and instructions and am having a bit of trouble. My basic setup multiple openvpn clients, e.g. macbook, android phone dd-wrt router / firewall ...
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83 views

Configure Linux PC as router

Consider the below network configuration. wan ----[WAN router] <----> [eth1 (PC2) eth0]<---->[eth0 (PC1)] wan ----[WAN router 192.168.169.1] <--> [192.168.169.5 (PC2) 10.1.2.3] ...
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20 views

DNS lookup with different Port

I have 2 interface. interface_1 ip address 10.192.0.1 --- interface_2 ip address 192.168.10.2 gw 192.168.10.1 --- default gateway. Not I want to pass my url lookup (keeping 4.2.2.2) with ...
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Conditional routing according to protocol HTTP/S

There is a wifi corporate network which is reasonably fast but does not allow ssh connections. I want to be able to web browse using both that network and a ssh tunneled mobile USB tethering in my ...
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116 views

Sniff on SWITCH(lan) traffic openWRT

Is it possible to sniff (with tcpdump) or mirror LAN traffic that doesn't get routed to WAN using openWRT? Say I have two PCs connected to LAN ports and I want to sniff on traffic one PC is sending ...
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83 views

Meaning of address netmask without route to subnet?

My understanding is that the netmask of the interface tells what subnet the interface belongs to. Meaning of this information is that the routing system knows that packets to this subnet should be ...
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76 views

Routing only VM traffic through VPN

I'm stuck on a problem and would like some help if possible :-) My goal is to make my VM going through my VPN connection and my HOST through the standard gateway. Configuration : VM (192.168.100.1) ...
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47 views

How to drop packet if conntrack entry not present

Is there a way to check if conntrack exists before doing a particular action in iptable chains ? I would like to drop the packet in mangle-postrouting if conntrack entry is not present, dont want it ...
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153 views

Howto configure linux router to allow clients to use maximum bandwidth?

The problem is that I'm always limited on the final client machine to about 1/3 (one third,about 200/300kb) of the internet hotspot bandwidth when testing download speed with wget. I have configured ...
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243 views

bash command/script to reset default route

I manage several OpenWrt (embedded linux) routers for which I've written bash scripts to run an Openconnect VPN client. The client uses "vpnc-script" to set up routing, which replaces the initial ...
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116 views

IP packet forwarding in Debian

I have a physical network set up with machines A←–→B←–→C.  IP and Ethernet configurations are summarized as following: A(eth0: 10.10.10.2) ←—→ (eth0: 10.10.10.3)B(eth1: 192.168.0.3) ←—→ (eth1: ...
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Port forwarding with iptables and PIA VPN for single user

I've gotten a Private Internet Access VPN setup on a Mythbuntu 14.04 machine and I am at wits end trying to get port forwarding working with rTorrent (and ruTorrent). My setup is rTorrent running ...
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98 views

Route wireless LAN through OpenVPN

I am trying to set up my home server to act as an OpenVPN gateway so I can connect to my VPN from any device without installing special software of them. My server is running Ubuntu 14.04. The host ...
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99 views

No “rwnd” option to “ip route” for managing the receive window?

Context: I'm doing some self-guided studying on TCP Window shaping. The scenario I'm trying to control for are clients which will be pulling down large amounts of data in addition to their normal ...
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79 views

Outgoing masquerade address changes after adding a second interface to the bridge

In fact I have the following configuration: extrouter(192.168.1.1) <- wifi -> [eth2 (192.168.1.11) Centos 6/6 based host br0 (172.22.5.254)] br0 contains two tap interfaces (tap0/172.22.5.1 ...
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641 views

Miniupnp thinks my router doesn't support UPnP

I have a IP camera on my network that is truly plug n play. As soon as I plugged the Ethernet cable in, it was accessible from 'the outside', without me having to touch my router's configuration. So I ...
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91 views

Routing problem through 2 hop in the LAN

This is the scenario I'm facing with: firewall (Zyxel Zywall USG210) configured as default gateway, with LAN IP 172.29.0.1 /16 2nd firewall, directly connected with the 1st, with LAN IP 172.29.0.250 ...
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418 views

iptables: route packets to example.com via public proxy

I want to access certain websites via a public proxy and I can't seem to get it right using iptables. Let's say I want to access example.com having ip address 1.2.3.4 via a public proxy at ...
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routing through a GVPE network

The following is a GVPE network (VPN) setup on Debian Linux systems. It is how I interpreted the two paragraphs starting at line 174 in the GVPE README. Sadly, there is not much detail and my ...
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104 views

How to create a wireless-to-ethernet router?

I have a Debian machine, which I want to turn into a router. It will connect via wireless to a access-point, where it will get an IP. To its ethernet port, other machines will be connected. It will ...
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234 views

Internet sharing disappears when either eth0 or wlan0 gets disconnected

I just got a RasPi B+ and I'm looking to replace the Windows PC that's doing the routing job. What I'm trying to do with the Pi is making it share the connection (wlan0) with another wifi router (via ...
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240 views

route gateway proxy traffic through different interface with identical upstream gateways

My question is similar to the below with a small caveat not answered by any of these threads: Output traffic on different interfaces based on destination port ...
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139 views

Using a VPN client as a VPN gateway

I would like host 1 to use host 2 as a gateway to the remote host 3. I have scoured the web looking for a solution, but it doesn't seem to work for me. VPN client software is ike (shrewSoft VPN) is ...
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255 views

Forward port 22 out a particular interface

The situation I'm in is where we have three separate interfaces on a particular machine. Each connected network only allows servers (by network-based routing/firewalling) to only offer particular ...
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Is legacy checkpoint endpoint blocking puppy 528 wireless Internet connection and how can I remove it?

Background: Whilst booting with an old flash drive (SafeXs by block master) plugged in to my laptop (DELL latitude 6430u) I came up against a blue login screen . At full encryption point ... ...
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how to binding each each interface to a seperate VPN config

What I am trying to do is route all traffic that comes on a given interface to a specific, per interface, VPN connection where all outbound traffic is actually leaving on WAN0. I frankly don't have a ...
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133 views

Egress packets do not use non-default routing table

I made a custom routing table named test: # ip route show table test default via 10.10.10.126 dev eth0 # As seen above, it contains only a single route. As a next step, I made a rule where traffic ...
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650 views

Setting up a 802.11s mesh network for mobile devices to communicate with a wired server

I'm in the process of developing an android app that maintains a device's connectivity to a linux-based WiFi mesh network, and periodically sends status information (GPS, battery life, etc.) to a ...
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170 views

What is the point of the second route lookup after OUTPUT?

According to the packet path diagram, and its description: Table 6-2. Source local host (our own machine) [...] Routing decision, since the previous mangle and nat changes may have ...
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278 views

Where did pand go?

Most guides on setting up a Bluetooth access point use a program named "pand" to do so. Seemingly, this program was dropped in bluez5. How can PAN be set up without it?
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151 views

iptables routing

I believe this question has been answered a 100 times before, but I'm almost sure that I'm searching into the wrong direction. My desired setup is the following: I have a virtual host using KVM and ...
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107 views

ISC DHCP Server - A Client's Uplink Is Not Working

Running a DHCP server, client(s) does not have up-link (0Mbps) and has a downlink (50Mbps.) I am setting up a gateway/router on a PC running Debian Wheezy with ISC-DHCP. I have 1 WAN (eth0) and 2 LAN ...
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ip route match multiple fields

I have a Linux machine set up to forward IPv4 packets. I'm looking to do this: if packet matches both source and destination, forward to GW X. How do I specify the source field? Do I need to use ...
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383 views

Packets sent through TUN interface not routed

I have a C program attached to a TUN interface. In my C program, I'm building packets and writing them to the TUN interface. Now to check if packets are really sent from my TUN interface I use ...
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1k views

Setting up a gateway between two subnets on the same physical network

I need to configure a DHCP-enabled network (192.168.2.) on a physical layer where resides an already existing network (192.168.1.) with static IPs. I have a Debian 7 server with two interfaces (server ...
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355 views

Iptables not forwarding. Input instead

I have set up iptables on my ubuntu headless server: iptables -S -P INPUT ACCEPT -P FORWARD DROP -P OUTPUT ACCEPT -A INPUT -s 10.1.3.90/32 -i eth0 -j LOG --log-prefix "INPUT: " -A INPUT -i eth1 -j ...
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Port redirection on loopback with IP other than 127.0.0.1

I want to redirect port 80 on the loopback network interface so that accesses to that port actually go to port 8080. I tried using the following command, but it only works if the application is ...
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410 views

Linux routing table entry disappears

I run Fedora 20 (3.13.10-200.fc20.i686) inside VirtualBox on a Windows 7 SP1 host. The Ethernet adapter on the guest is configured as a Bridged Adapter in VBox, and gets an IP via DHCP. Here's the ...
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Conntrack TCP Timeout for state stablished not working

Im using a private IP address and I want to keep alive SNAT entries in my Router (Gateway) for at least two hours (some windows apps of my network are using TCP keepalive set to 2 hours). Gateway is a ...
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183 views

How to use one nic for storage traffic & other for network traffic in Linux(Slackware)?

Problem I have a Linux machine (Slackware) with two network interface cards and i want to use one interface for network traffic and other for storage traffic . As this is Slackware i dont know this ...
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247 views

tcp/ip - trigger action or event after period of no network activity on certain port(s)

Is it possible, perhaps using iptables or one of the wrappers/frontends to iptables, to trigger an action or run a script after a certain period of time has elapsed with no network activity on a ...
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779 views

How to redirect tun SSL VPN through HTTP CONNECT proxy, using iptables?

I use a VPN under SSL solution (Firepass) on Android. VPN opens an SSL connection on port 443 of remote VPN server. My mobile carrier doesn't allow direct connections on port 443 but allow SSL ...
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Different routing for each address on an interface

I know I can add several IP addresses to an interface without using interface aliases (ex.: eth0:0). My question: but how can I create different routing decisions for the different IP addresses on ...
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1k views

OpenWRT configuration when router is in bridged mode

I am planning on putting my Zyxel ADSL modem in bridged mode and use an OpenWRT router instead as the exit point from my local network. So, what protocol must have the Wan interface if the router is ...
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122 views

Linux Source Routing with one gateway

I've a Linux box which have IP 10.1.1.100/24 on eth0 with gateway 10.1.1.1 and as well as 20.1.1.1 on eth0:1 and 20.1.1.2 on eth0:2 . Is there any way that I could communicate to a remote machine ...
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invisible bridged router with 2 route table

my setup I have 2 ISP connexion : ADSL and SDSL. A qos (named qos, ip : 192.9.201.252) server stands before the ADSL router. It is the only way to access the ADSL gateway (192.9.201.254) through a ...
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How to send packets coming from a second router on a particular port back to the router, using iptables not a route

I have a Linux server which runs a particular service listening on a single TCP port. The Linux server connects to the internet using a PPP connection and also acts as router for a local network using ...
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Use iptable do redirect all the HTTP traffic to localhost

I use a Linux machine as WLAN Router with the help of hostapd and udhcpd. There's also an Apache web server installed on the same machine. Now I want to redirect all the traffic which comes through ...
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Route outgoing traffic to different gateway based on port

I am trying to get around my Usenet download bandwidth restrictions based on IP. I currently have two IPs from my ISP to double the download speed. So far I have it working and getting double speed ...
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Managing iptables for home lan routing

I have a LAN at home. One Netgear router - 192.168.0.1 connected to the internet. One Macbook - 192.168.0.10 (connected to Netgear router) One PC with Kali Linux - 192.168.0.20 (connected to ...