Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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How add configure to add default gateway from different subnet?

I am working in a host in LAN segment of 192.168.148.X with subnet mask 255.255.255.0. The LAN should be configured to use 192.168.128.1 as default gateway. What I normally do is to issue following ...
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How to route packets between private networks on linux?

Hello! I need to connect 3 networks. Here is what I did: for the "left" host ip route add default via 192.168.26.4 ip route show default via 192.168.26.4 dev enp0s3 for the "right" host ip ...
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31 views

Why does a connection from my LAN to my public IP address fails?

I have an OpenVPN server on server. It is available from Internet via a two NATs: first the ISP box relays to 192.168.0.10, then 192.168.0.10 relays to 10.10.10.254 (relays = DNAT). I can connect ...
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77 views

How to make load balancing work from the pfSense box itself?

pdSense is a special distro of FreeBSD for routing. It supports limited multi WAN load balancing, i.e. it is possible to configure pfSense so that each next request will connect via different WAN ...
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OpenVPN maintain connection state during tunnel reconnect

Sometimes I want to do a short maintenance like restarting a tunnel, all connection running on top such as file transfer...etc will receive connection lost signal, is it possible to maintain those ...
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27 views

How Would I Appropriated Add this Route?

I've got an ASUS RT-AC66u running an OpenVPN server working fine. But on my debian server I have to add a route or else I get no responses. Just curious if there is a way to add the route to the ...
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42 views

Browser issues with VPN

I have a VPN setup which usually works completely fine. However, when I connect to my VPN server via some wifis, Firefox and Chrome seem to run into issues and aren't able to open websites anymore. So ...
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66 views

Which components update routing table?

I am experiencing strange behavior on Arch Linux, when various virtual network interfaces lead to undesired automatic updates to the routing table. For example, when I start KVM. Before (network is ...
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Why is apache rendering internal ip?

I have apache running on 192.168.0.2 (localhost), and a NAS on 192.168.0.32. When I set apache to listen to port 80, attempts to connect to my external ip produce a connection refused error, while ...
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21 views

Is there a tool or a command to change the “tagtype” from VLAN tags (single and double tag) before sending the frame over a VLAN Interface? [closed]

I have to talk to a device in a VLAN network. It requires that the tagtype field of both VLAN tags are the value 9100 or it refuses to answer. Thanks
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168 views

Force OpenVPN to route all traffic through one IP address (2 IPs on same NIC)

I've trying to dig up a solution for this, but all I keep turning up is how to bind OpenVPN to a particular hardware interface. Not quite what I need to do here. I run a server and I have 2 IPs at my ...
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Centos 6.x multi-homed routing question

I have a conundrum and would like to hear any pointers (been working on this for 2 days now, and need to get this server in to production). My "google-foo" has not been strong with this one....
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45 views

Bridging two interfaces with iproute2 doesn't work

I'm trying to create a bridge between eth0 and eth1 with iproute2, but there's always the error: RTNETLINK answers: Operation not supported when I use the command:ip link add name br0 type bridge. ...
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147 views

Not permitted to add eth0 to bond0

I'm trying to add an interface to my bond0 but I always get the error. sudo ip link set dev eth0 master bond0 RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted I already tried it with sudo and with ...
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468 views

ip link add gives me an error that it's not supported

I would like to set up a bridge with iproute2 like this: Adding bridge : ip link add name br0 type bridge Bringing bridge UP : ip link set dev br0 up Adding interface to bridge : ip link set dev eth1 ...
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135 views

OpenVPN connection help. Multiple Tunnels

i have a system setup, mostly from reading posts and instructions and am having a bit of trouble. My basic setup multiple openvpn clients, e.g. macbook, android phone dd-wrt router / firewall ...
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Configure Linux PC as router

Consider the below network configuration. wan ----[WAN router] <----> [eth1 (PC2) eth0]<---->[eth0 (PC1)] wan ----[WAN router 192.168.169.1] <--> [192.168.169.5 (PC2) 10.1.2.3] <-...
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DNS lookup with different Port

I have 2 interface. interface_1 ip address 10.192.0.1 --- interface_2 ip address 192.168.10.2 gw 192.168.10.1 --- default gateway. Not I want to pass my url lookup (keeping 4.2.2.2) with ...
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Conditional routing according to protocol HTTP/S

There is a wifi corporate network which is reasonably fast but does not allow ssh connections. I want to be able to web browse using both that network and a ssh tunneled mobile USB tethering in my ...
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127 views

Sniff on SWITCH(lan) traffic openWRT

Is it possible to sniff (with tcpdump) or mirror LAN traffic that doesn't get routed to WAN using openWRT? Say I have two PCs connected to LAN ports and I want to sniff on traffic one PC is sending ...
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90 views

Meaning of address netmask without route to subnet?

My understanding is that the netmask of the interface tells what subnet the interface belongs to. Meaning of this information is that the routing system knows that packets to this subnet should be ...
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Routing only VM traffic through VPN

I'm stuck on a problem and would like some help if possible :-) My goal is to make my VM going through my VPN connection and my HOST through the standard gateway. Configuration : VM (192.168.100.1) =>...
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48 views

How to drop packet if conntrack entry not present

Is there a way to check if conntrack exists before doing a particular action in iptable chains ? I would like to drop the packet in mangle-postrouting if conntrack entry is not present, dont want it ...
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AODV Routing protocol on Raspberry Pi model B?

is it possible to run the AODV routing protocol on rpi ?
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Howto configure linux router to allow clients to use maximum bandwidth?

The problem is that I'm always limited on the final client machine to about 1/3 (one third,about 200/300kb) of the internet hotspot bandwidth when testing download speed with wget. I have configured ...
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289 views

bash command/script to reset default route

I manage several OpenWrt (embedded linux) routers for which I've written bash scripts to run an Openconnect VPN client. The client uses "vpnc-script" to set up routing, which replaces the initial DHCP-...
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IP packet forwarding in Debian

I have a physical network set up with machines A←–→B←–→C.  IP and Ethernet configurations are summarized as following: A(eth0: 10.10.10.2) ←—→ (eth0: 10.10.10.3)B(eth1: 192.168.0.3) ←—→ (eth1: 192....
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101 views

Route wireless LAN through OpenVPN

I am trying to set up my home server to act as an OpenVPN gateway so I can connect to my VPN from any device without installing special software of them. My server is running Ubuntu 14.04. The host ...
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108 views

No “rwnd” option to “ip route” for managing the receive window?

Context: I'm doing some self-guided studying on TCP Window shaping. The scenario I'm trying to control for are clients which will be pulling down large amounts of data in addition to their normal ...
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Outgoing masquerade address changes after adding a second interface to the bridge

In fact I have the following configuration: extrouter(192.168.1.1) <- wifi -> [eth2 (192.168.1.11) Centos 6/6 based host br0 (172.22.5.254)] br0 contains two tap interfaces (tap0/172.22.5.1 tap1/...
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735 views

Miniupnp thinks my router doesn't support UPnP

I have a IP camera on my network that is truly plug n play. As soon as I plugged the Ethernet cable in, it was accessible from 'the outside', without me having to touch my router's configuration. So I ...
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Routing problem through 2 hop in the LAN

This is the scenario I'm facing with: firewall (Zyxel Zywall USG210) configured as default gateway, with LAN IP 172.29.0.1 /16 2nd firewall, directly connected with the 1st, with LAN IP 172.29.0.250 ...
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454 views

iptables: route packets to example.com via public proxy

I want to access certain websites via a public proxy and I can't seem to get it right using iptables. Let's say I want to access example.com having ip address 1.2.3.4 via a public proxy at 5.6.7.8:...
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routing through a GVPE network

The following is a GVPE network (VPN) setup on Debian Linux systems. It is how I interpreted the two paragraphs starting at line 174 in the GVPE README. Sadly, there is not much detail and my ...
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105 views

How to create a wireless-to-ethernet router?

I have a Debian machine, which I want to turn into a router. It will connect via wireless to a access-point, where it will get an IP. To its ethernet port, other machines will be connected. It will ...
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243 views

Internet sharing disappears when either eth0 or wlan0 gets disconnected

I just got a RasPi B+ and I'm looking to replace the Windows PC that's doing the routing job. What I'm trying to do with the Pi is making it share the connection (wlan0) with another wifi router (via ...
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265 views

route gateway proxy traffic through different interface with identical upstream gateways

My question is similar to the below with a small caveat not answered by any of these threads: Output traffic on different interfaces based on destination port http://serverfault.com/questions/648460/...
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144 views

Using a VPN client as a VPN gateway

I would like host 1 to use host 2 as a gateway to the remote host 3. I have scoured the web looking for a solution, but it doesn't seem to work for me. VPN client software is ike (shrewSoft VPN) is ...
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267 views

Forward port 22 out a particular interface

The situation I'm in is where we have three separate interfaces on a particular machine. Each connected network only allows servers (by network-based routing/firewalling) to only offer particular ...
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132 views

Is legacy checkpoint endpoint blocking puppy 528 wireless Internet connection and how can I remove it?

Background: Whilst booting with an old flash drive (SafeXs by block master) plugged in to my laptop (DELL latitude 6430u) I came up against a blue login screen . At full encryption point ... ...
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how to binding each each interface to a seperate VPN config

What I am trying to do is route all traffic that comes on a given interface to a specific, per interface, VPN connection where all outbound traffic is actually leaving on WAN0. I frankly don't have a ...
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154 views

Egress packets do not use non-default routing table

I made a custom routing table named test: # ip route show table test default via 10.10.10.126 dev eth0 # As seen above, it contains only a single route. As a next step, I made a rule where traffic ...
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699 views

Setting up a 802.11s mesh network for mobile devices to communicate with a wired server

I'm in the process of developing an android app that maintains a device's connectivity to a linux-based WiFi mesh network, and periodically sends status information (GPS, battery life, etc.) to a ...
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176 views

What is the point of the second route lookup after OUTPUT?

According to the packet path diagram, and its description: Table 6-2. Source local host (our own machine) [...] Routing decision, since the previous mangle and nat changes may have ...
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310 views

Where did pand go?

Most guides on setting up a Bluetooth access point use a program named "pand" to do so. Seemingly, this program was dropped in bluez5. How can PAN be set up without it?
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158 views

iptables routing

I believe this question has been answered a 100 times before, but I'm almost sure that I'm searching into the wrong direction. My desired setup is the following: I have a virtual host using KVM and ...
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109 views

ISC DHCP Server - A Client's Uplink Is Not Working

Running a DHCP server, client(s) does not have up-link (0Mbps) and has a downlink (50Mbps.) I am setting up a gateway/router on a PC running Debian Wheezy with ISC-DHCP. I have 1 WAN (eth0) and 2 LAN ...
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ip route match multiple fields

I have a Linux machine set up to forward IPv4 packets. I'm looking to do this: if packet matches both source and destination, forward to GW X. How do I specify the source field? Do I need to use ...
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418 views

Packets sent through TUN interface not routed

I have a C program attached to a TUN interface. In my C program, I'm building packets and writing them to the TUN interface. Now to check if packets are really sent from my TUN interface I use ...
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Setting up a gateway between two subnets on the same physical network

I need to configure a DHCP-enabled network (192.168.2.) on a physical layer where resides an already existing network (192.168.1.) with static IPs. I have a Debian 7 server with two interfaces (server ...