Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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ip route match multiple fields

I have a Linux machine set up to forward IPv4 packets. I'm looking to do this: if packet matches both source and destination, forward to GW X. How do I specify the source field? Do I need to use ...
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source address chosen in case of multiple IPv4 addresses

I have following four IPv4 addresses configured to eth0 interface: # ip addr show dev eth0 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 9000 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether ...
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Packets sent through TUN interface not routed

I have a C program attached to a TUN interface. In my C program, I'm building packets and writing them to the TUN interface. Now to check if packets are really sent from my TUN interface I use ...
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1k views

Setting up a gateway between two subnets on the same physical network

I need to configure a DHCP-enabled network (192.168.2.) on a physical layer where resides an already existing network (192.168.1.) with static IPs. I have a Debian 7 server with two interfaces (server ...
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Packets do not cross IP tables Postrouting when originating from an external IP

I'm trying to reflect traffic from the internet to an internal device that I only want to have local access. I have a host in my DMZ that I'm trying to DNAT traffic to this internal device, and SNAT ...
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Routing a LAN through OpenVPN on OpenBSD 5.5

I'm configuring an OpenVPN gateway to allow a LAN access to the internet through the tunnel. The gateway is running OpenBSD 5.5-stable amd64 on the PC Engines APU platform. The LAN contains re1, re2, ...
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371 views

Iptables not forwarding. Input instead

I have set up iptables on my ubuntu headless server: iptables -S -P INPUT ACCEPT -P FORWARD DROP -P OUTPUT ACCEPT -A INPUT -s 10.1.3.90/32 -i eth0 -j LOG --log-prefix "INPUT: " -A INPUT -i eth1 -j ...
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118 views

CentOS Traffic Filter

I am trying to use Squid to filter the traffic flowing through the network. I am also trying to make this system transparent. My network setup is like so: Router -> CentOS Machine -> The rest ...
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Routing public ipv6 traffic through openvpn tunnel

What I'm trying to do is to route IPv6 traffic through a vpn tunnel. That way, I should be able to use IPv6 in a network that doesn't support IPv6. I have a VPS which has an IPv6 block assigned. Part ...
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Configure routes to access WAN and LAN through diffrent interfaces

In my organization. Some useful technical websites are blocked by the firewall. In my machine i got three interfaces eth0, wlan0, wwlan0 eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:9c:02:93:b1:b4 ...
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Primary network interface in Linux

I have a server box with two interfaces. One of the interfaces is connected to the internal network, another - to external. I have assigned IP 192.168.1.200 to internal interface (eth0). I have some ...
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routing based on source IP [closed]

Is it possible to configure routing based on source ip? For example, if I have source IP 10.0.0.0, then all the traffic will go via the specific interface or would be sent to specific default gateway. ...
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2k views

Port redirection on loopback with IP other than 127.0.0.1

I want to redirect port 80 on the loopback network interface so that accesses to that port actually go to port 8080. I tried using the following command, but it only works if the application is ...
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1k views

Skip routing via `lo` interface for outgoing packets

Introduction I have following load balancing configuration: 10.0.1.31 - lb 10.0.1.35 - virtual IP 10.0.1.32 - node1 (tomcat + mysql) 10.0.1.33 - node2 (tomcat + mysql) I'm using keepalived which ...
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FreeBSD and StrongSwan routing issue

Good day, gentlemen. I have recently faced a problem when a device connected to the FreeBSD server via StrongSwan can't route outside its subnet. Let me explain in details: FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE, ...
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447 views

Linux routing table entry disappears

I run Fedora 20 (3.13.10-200.fc20.i686) inside VirtualBox on a Windows 7 SP1 host. The Ethernet adapter on the guest is configured as a Bridged Adapter in VBox, and gets an IP via DHCP. Here's the ...
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4k views

Conntrack TCP Timeout for state stablished not working

Im using a private IP address and I want to keep alive SNAT entries in my Router (Gateway) for at least two hours (some windows apps of my network are using TCP keepalive set to 2 hours). Gateway is a ...
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How to use networks default gateway dynamically? [duplicate]

I want to use specific interface for specific use from different different application. I am using Ethernet, Wi-Fi and 3G modem interfaces in my embedded Linux set-up. Now my set-up is up with ...
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1k views

Linux routing for receiving packet

Maybe this is a dumb question. I have two NIC and they are in the same subnet. ip route commnad show above. Kernel was build WITHOUT policy routing. My question is: When receiving packet whether ...
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1answer
3k views

ICMP gives host an impossible redirect

I am having trouble with forwarding on a system which hosts a few headless VirtualBox VMs. I have not changed anything but the configuration has stopped working. The VMs have IP addresses on their own ...
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1answer
5k views

multiple default gateways for alias interfaces (SOLVED)

Alias interfaces defined in /etc/network/interfaces cannot have multiple default gateways. Unfortunately I would like to use the same interface to access 2 different nets, and I need to define 2 ...
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Adding a route with time-limited validity?

I have read different routing protocols, each one adds routes with limited time validity to routing table. Is there a method in Linux/Ubuntu, without installing any routing daemon, to add a time ...
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Linux routing tables

I'm trying to learn Linux routing tables and ran into bit of snag. In the example below I'm not sure what is happening. My understanding is 0.0.0.0 means that for line 1 and 2 any packets outside of ...
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2answers
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Different sites on different interfaces using link aggregation

I read about Ubuntu Bonding and how it allows to bond multiple connections to get several advantages. My requirements is this : I want two different interfaces at a time (A wifi and other Ethernet) ...
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What is the interface scope (global vs. link) used for?

Routing table entries have an attribute scope. I would like to know how the change from global to link (or the other way round) affects the network system.
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How to use one nic for storage traffic & other for network traffic in Linux(Slackware)?

Problem I have a Linux machine (Slackware) with two network interface cards and i want to use one interface for network traffic and other for storage traffic . As this is Slackware i dont know this ...
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264 views

Why won't my computer connect to my Linux access point?

I'm setting up a Raspberry Pi as a proxy access point which accesses the internet via my USB tethered smartphone and is connected to my Windows PC via Ethernet. The internet works fine on the Pi, but ...
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Why is this static route not taking effect?

Original Question I am running Ubuntu and network manager. I have two different interfaces, eth0 and eth1. Network manager has (as far as I can tell) correctly added this manual route: ~$ ip route ...
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261 views

tcp/ip - trigger action or event after period of no network activity on certain port(s)

Is it possible, perhaps using iptables or one of the wrappers/frontends to iptables, to trigger an action or run a script after a certain period of time has elapsed with no network activity on a ...
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Send traffic to self over physical network on Ubuntu

I have a dual port ethernet NIC and let's say I have connected both ports in a loop and assigned the following IPs to the 2 ethernet interfaces: eth2 -> 192.168.2.1 eth3 -> 192.168.3.1 I want to ...
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188 views

iptables rules - input and output

I'm new with Linux and iptables. I have a Ubuntu Server distro (12.04) on a PC which has 2 network interfaces (eth0 and eth1). I also have 2 laptops, one is plugged to eth0 and the other to eth1. ...
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How to redirect tun SSL VPN through HTTP CONNECT proxy, using iptables?

I use a VPN under SSL solution (Firepass) on Android. VPN opens an SSL connection on port 443 of remote VPN server. My mobile carrier doesn't allow direct connections on port 443 but allow SSL ...
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High performance routing with high churn ruleset. What approach is most likely to scale to C10K and beyond?

I've been asked to create a high throughput router using PC / server hardware. I'm modestly familiar with pf, iptables, and tc, but I've never had such high churn and so many rules. I hope you can ...
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solaris netstat -rn output clarification

We have couple of servers performing the same function. On some I see following output: Routing Table: IPv4 Destination Gateway Flags Ref Use Interface ----------------...
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Linux: How to auto-configure IP routing based upon ping results

I've got a linux server with two possible connections to the net: one is a slow, high-latency cellular modem (ppp0), and the other is through fast wifi->broadband (wlan0). The problem is that the ...
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430 views

Compiling Linux kernel for a router [closed]

I want to make an installable linux kernel that has routing enabled already. So anyone can install it on their machine, do some configuration as required, and machine will work fine for their routing ...
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1answer
148 views

Testing a Linux router on Laptop with one NIC [closed]

So, I have these instructions on converting my Linux machine to a router using (enable IP forwarding, NAT). Now my laptop has only one NIC and I want to test this setup. Any ideas how I can do this? ...
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1answer
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How to route “single ip” to different interfaces [duplicate]

i have a dd-wrt router (ip 192.168.1.1) with the following network interfaces: eth0 ath0 ppp0 (a pptp vpn client) i would like to route all traffic from ip 192.168.1.10 to 192.168.1.20 through ...
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How does Linux handle 2 identical destinations in its routing table?

I have this is my routing table (in that order): 10.3.68.0/22 via 172.16.100.9 dev vlan4 10.3.68.0/22 dev eth3 proto kernel scope link src 10.3.69.254 eth3 has ip 10.3.69.254/22. Why does ...
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163 views

DNS not resolving using IP rule for dialup modem

I am running Ubuntu 12.04. I have a HSDPA USB Modem, with which I can successfully dial in. It works fine as well when I set the default gateway (remote IP address) in the main routing table. But I ...
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Route HTTP traffic thorugh different interface

I have my normal eth0 interface and an setup ppp0 interface, the problem I have is that I want to exclusively route all HTTP/HTTPS traffic through the ppp0 interface and everything else through the ...
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On ssh connection the auth.log shows as source IP the external IP of the server instead of the IP of the client

I have a very odd situation with my ssh connection. Every time I connect to my server, whatever is my external ip, the connection have as source the server's external ip. Example Server S.O.: ...
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1answer
773 views

How do I prevent my hostapd access point from pretending to route to the Internet?

I have a nice little iMX6 (an ARM CPU) board running Linux kernel 3.0.35 with hostapd 0.7.3. Setting up the wireless interface as an access point works fine but clients think they can be routed ...
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28 views

Routing Application through different network interfaces [duplicate]

I have two interfaces on a server, let's call them eth0 and eth1. The underlying server is running CentOS 6.5 I would like to be able for some application to use eht0 while some others use eth1. ...
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how to understand the routing table on an OpenVPN client

I just setup the OpenVPN and it is working as expected. However, the routing table of the client is confusing me to no end. Here is the route table: # route -n Kernel IP routing table Destination ...
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Different routing for each address on an interface

I know I can add several IP addresses to an interface without using interface aliases (ex.: eth0:0). My question: but how can I create different routing decisions for the different IP addresses on ...
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1answer
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iptables Port Forwarding — no service with the port

I have setup a network as in the image below: Firewall (FW) running CentOS 6 has two physical interfaces with subinterfaces: eth0:2 — 10.100.1.78/25 eth0:3 — 10.100.1.79/25 eth3 — 192.168.0.21/24 ...
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OpenWRT configuration when router is in bridged mode

I am planning on putting my Zyxel ADSL modem in bridged mode and use an OpenWRT router instead as the exit point from my local network. So, what protocol must have the Wan interface if the router is ...
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Linux Source Routing with one gateway

I've a Linux box which have IP 10.1.1.100/24 on eth0 with gateway 10.1.1.1 and as well as 20.1.1.1 on eth0:1 and 20.1.1.2 on eth0:2 . Is there any way that I could communicate to a remote machine ...
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Creating a private network for internal VMs

I am trying to configure a private network for use with my Xen VMs, in addition to the public network in use by another of the VMs (VM1, which has its own public IP). So far, I have the public side ...