Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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How can I set the “default route” when an interface has multiple IPs?

I've followed this guide for Multiple IP addresses on Amazon EC2 and have gone with the second method listed of adding two IP addresses to a single interface. This was done by adding two private IPs ...
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43 views

Access network of PC2 from virtualbox installed on PC1

I am going to attend one seminar where I need to bring laptop with installed Virtualbox and Windows 7 running inside it. My laptop is too old to handle Virtualbox with Windows 7 and native Linux ...
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331 views

Always Forward Traffic Out The Interface It Originated On

(This is the original question but my eventual solution was too different from how I originally asked the question so I'm posting as a new question.) Background: I have a VM with three different ...
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360 views

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode?

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode? My machines are FreeBSD 8.2-PRERELEASE or RELEASE The NIC (respectively em0 or re0) is set to get a dynamic IP address. ...
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Again about routing

Have a problem with primitive routing. Have a CentOs with 3 NICs (1 external). I want to confgure forwarding between two internal. Config: eth0 - 192.168.1.105 \ 24 eth1 - 10.10.10.1 \ 25 eth2 - ...
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Is it possible to prevent eth0 network traffic from accessing eth1 network?

I am not really sure how this is possible but I have a linux(ubuntu 14.04) box with 2 interfaces. eth0 is connected to our lan 192.168.0.* and eth1 is connected to a dlink wifi router on network ...
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150 views

Re-enable route cache

In my kernel log I found: lo: 5 rebuilds is over limit, route caching disabled I know what triggers route cache rebuilds (too long hash bucket chains), but what exactly gets disabled? Which device? ...
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599 views

repair the static route to allow traffic to right place

I recently was taking an online test and I got the below question. The server has been configured with a TUN device tun-aib0 that acts as an endpoint for a VPN tunnel. The IP address of the device ...
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110 views

CentOS Traffic Filter

I am trying to use Squid to filter the traffic flowing through the network. I am also trying to make this system transparent. My network setup is like so: Router -> CentOS Machine -> The rest ...
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High performance routing with high churn ruleset. What approach is most likely to scale to C10K and beyond?

I've been asked to create a high throughput router using PC / server hardware. I'm modestly familiar with pf, iptables, and tc, but I've never had such high churn and so many rules. I hope you can ...
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Route HTTP traffic thorugh different interface

I have my normal eth0 interface and an setup ppp0 interface, the problem I have is that I want to exclusively route all HTTP/HTTPS traffic through the ppp0 interface and everything else through the ...
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Copy/Mirror traffic to WAN interfaces without “iptables tee” support

I want to copy every outgoing packet to other WAN interfaces but my iptables (v1.2.7) doesn't have TEE target support. I wonder if there is another way (maybe using iproute2 or ebtables) to copy every ...
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TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as dumb access point

I followed these instructions on how to set up my TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as a dumb AP: Flashed brand new Attitude Adjustment 12.09-rc1 Logged into LuCI, set up a password Disabled and stopped firewall ...
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Redirect Packets from ppp0 interface to ethernet interface in linux

My question is similar to this question, however with some change. I have a PPPoE connection on my Linux Machine (CentOS kernal 2.6.32) as a client, so that when I setup this connection, another ...
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1k views

OpenVPN uses wrong IP-Address

I've installed OpenVPN on a client (behind NAT-Router) and a VPS server. The tunnel is established. However, ping is only possible from client to server. The server uses its public IP address on tun0 ...
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routing between two private networks (NICs)

I have two private networks say: 10.0.1.0/8 and 192.168.0.0/24 I have two machines with two NICs per each machine. machine1 NIC1: 192.168.0.10 machine1 NIC2: 10.0.1.10 machine2 NIC1: 192.168.0.11 ...
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route traffic to github through specific network interface [closed]

okey, I'm a complete NAP, so take it easy on me :) My Situation; My computer is in this stupid cooperate network of the company i work for. They have alot of policies and stuff, so its not possible ...
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VPN issues on web browsing

I'm using Ubuntu Maverick and this is the setup: Our router connects us to the company's VPN through which we can access some internal websites. I have to connect also to a customer's VPN in order to ...
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Which network interface is used if they are both the default gateway?

In this example below on my Linux machine, I have an Ethernet and Wifi interface established. Here is the route output: Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask Flags ...
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Bridging two interfaces with iproute2 doesn't work

I'm trying to create a bridge between eth0 and eth1 with iproute2, but there's always the error: RTNETLINK answers: Operation not supported when I use the command:ip link add name br0 type bridge. ...
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Not permitted to add eth0 to bond0

I'm trying to add an interface to my bond0 but I always get the error. sudo ip link set dev eth0 master bond0 RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted I already tried it with sudo and with ...
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ip link add gives me an error that it's not supported

I would like to set up a bridge with iproute2 like this: Adding bridge : ip link add name br0 type bridge Bringing bridge UP : ip link set dev br0 up Adding interface to bridge : ip link set dev eth1 ...
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Quagga ebgp routes not advertised to ibgp peers

I am trying to achieve http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/13762-40.html#conf3. Only difference from the setting is that the ISP is sending full BGP table instead ...
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OpenVPN connection help. Multiple Tunnels

i have a system setup, mostly from reading posts and instructions and am having a bit of trouble. My basic setup multiple openvpn clients, e.g. macbook, android phone dd-wrt router / firewall ...
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Configure Linux PC as router

Consider the below network configuration. wan ----[WAN router] <----> [eth1 (PC2) eth0]<---->[eth0 (PC1)] wan ----[WAN router 192.168.169.1] <--> [192.168.169.5 (PC2) 10.1.2.3] ...
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Conditional routing according to protocol HTTP/S

There is a wifi corporate network which is reasonably fast but does not allow ssh connections. I want to be able to web browse using both that network and a ssh tunneled mobile USB tethering in my ...
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Meaning of address netmask without route to subnet?

My understanding is that the netmask of the interface tells what subnet the interface belongs to. Meaning of this information is that the routing system knows that packets to this subnet should be ...
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OpenConnect: Setting default routes

I'm trying to use OpenConnect to connect to my company's Cisco VPN (AnyConnect) The connection seems to work just fine, what I'm not understanding is how to set up routing. I'm doing this from the ...
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Routing only VM traffic through VPN

I'm stuck on a problem and would like some help if possible :-) My goal is to make my VM going through my VPN connection and my HOST through the standard gateway. Configuration : VM (192.168.100.1) ...
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How to drop packet if conntrack entry not present

Is there a way to check if conntrack exists before doing a particular action in iptable chains ? I would like to drop the packet in mangle-postrouting if conntrack entry is not present, dont want it ...
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Howto configure linux router to allow clients to use maximum bandwidth?

The problem is that I'm always limited on the final client machine to about 1/3 (one third,about 200/300kb) of the internet hotspot bandwidth when testing download speed with wget. I have configured ...
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199 views

bash command/script to reset default route

I manage several OpenWrt (embedded linux) routers for which I've written bash scripts to run an Openconnect VPN client. The client uses "vpnc-script" to set up routing, which replaces the initial ...
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IP packet forwarding in Debian

I have a physical network set up with machines A←–→B←–→C.  IP and Ethernet configurations are summarized as following: A(eth0: 10.10.10.2) ←—→ (eth0: 10.10.10.3)B(eth1: 192.168.0.3) ←—→ (eth1: ...
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Port forwarding with iptables and PIA VPN for single user

I've gotten a Private Internet Access VPN setup on a Mythbuntu 14.04 machine and I am at wits end trying to get port forwarding working with rTorrent (and ruTorrent). My setup is rTorrent running ...
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Route wireless LAN through OpenVPN

I am trying to set up my home server to act as an OpenVPN gateway so I can connect to my VPN from any device without installing special software of them. My server is running Ubuntu 14.04. The host ...
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No “rwnd” option to “ip route” for managing the receive window?

Context: I'm doing some self-guided studying on TCP Window shaping. The scenario I'm trying to control for are clients which will be pulling down large amounts of data in addition to their normal ...
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Outgoing masquerade address changes after adding a second interface to the bridge

In fact I have the following configuration: extrouter(192.168.1.1) <- wifi -> [eth2 (192.168.1.11) Centos 6/6 based host br0 (172.22.5.254)] br0 contains two tap interfaces (tap0/172.22.5.1 ...
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forward packets from one interface to another interface using iptables

I have an embeded system with 2 interfaces e0 and m0, whose ips are 10.0.0.20 and 192.168.0.20, respectively. Incoming packets into e0 have an ip of 10.0.0.10 and should be forwarded to m0 interface ...
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Miniupnp thinks my router doesn't support UPnP

I have a IP camera on my network that is truly plug n play. As soon as I plugged the Ethernet cable in, it was accessible from 'the outside', without me having to touch my router's configuration. So I ...
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Routing problem through 2 hop in the LAN

This is the scenario I'm facing with: firewall (Zyxel Zywall USG210) configured as default gateway, with LAN IP 172.29.0.1 /16 2nd firewall, directly connected with the 1st, with LAN IP 172.29.0.250 ...
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329 views

iptables: route packets to example.com via public proxy

I want to access certain websites via a public proxy and I can't seem to get it right using iptables. Let's say I want to access example.com having ip address 1.2.3.4 via a public proxy at ...
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routing through a GVPE network

The following is a GVPE network (VPN) setup on Debian Linux systems. It is how I interpreted the two paragraphs starting at line 174 in the GVPE README. Sadly, there is not much detail and my ...
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How to create a wireless-to-ethernet router?

I have a Debian machine, which I want to turn into a router. It will connect via wireless to a access-point, where it will get an IP. To its ethernet port, other machines will be connected. It will ...
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211 views

Internet sharing disappears when either eth0 or wlan0 gets disconnected

I just got a RasPi B+ and I'm looking to replace the Windows PC that's doing the routing job. What I'm trying to do with the Pi is making it share the connection (wlan0) with another wifi router (via ...
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route gateway proxy traffic through different interface with identical upstream gateways

My question is similar to the below with a small caveat not answered by any of these threads: Output traffic on different interfaces based on destination port ...
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Using a VPN client as a VPN gateway

I would like host 1 to use host 2 as a gateway to the remote host 3. I have scoured the web looking for a solution, but it doesn't seem to work for me. VPN client software is ike (shrewSoft VPN) is ...
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Forward port 22 out a particular interface

The situation I'm in is where we have three separate interfaces on a particular machine. Each connected network only allows servers (by network-based routing/firewalling) to only offer particular ...
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Is legacy checkpoint endpoint blocking puppy 528 wireless Internet connection and how can I remove it?

Background: Whilst booting with an old flash drive (SafeXs by block master) plugged in to my laptop (DELL latitude 6430u) I came up against a blue login screen . At full encryption point ... ...
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how to binding each each interface to a seperate VPN config

What I am trying to do is route all traffic that comes on a given interface to a specific, per interface, VPN connection where all outbound traffic is actually leaving on WAN0. I frankly don't have a ...
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Egress packets do not use non-default routing table

I made a custom routing table named test: # ip route show table test default via 10.10.10.126 dev eth0 # As seen above, it contains only a single route. As a next step, I made a rule where traffic ...