Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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Iptable forward interfaces for gateway machine

I have two Ethernet interface being configured to use as system gateway ex: eth1: 10.10.1.0 eth2: 10.10.2.0 I want to forward all the packets which are coming to the 10.10.2.0 gateway contacting ...
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source address chosen in case of multiple IPv4 addresses

I have following four IPv4 addresses configured to eth0 interface: # ip addr show dev eth0 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 9000 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether ...
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2k views

TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as dumb access point

I followed these instructions on how to set up my TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as a dumb AP: Flashed brand new Attitude Adjustment 12.09-rc1 Logged into LuCI, set up a password Disabled and stopped firewall ...
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Routing 4 Networks

I've been trying for almost a week to make it work but without success. I'm starting to feel hopeless. I have 4 Ethernet adapters : 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue state ...
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487 views

How can I configure dnsmasq to resolve based on the source of the request?

I'm trying to get SiriProxy to work whenever I'm connected to my home network by setting up dnsmasq on my router running the Tomato firmware to send all requests to the Apple Siri server to my local ...
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iptables forwarding and routing

In fact, this question is about openwrt and CoovaAP, but I guess it's the same in other linux distributions. I've two interfaces, a "wan" and a "wlan" interface. Is there by default any filter, ...
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Bringing up an interface does not add default gateway to the routing table in Ubuntu

I have this in my interfaces file: auto eth1 iface eth1 inet static address 20.135.251.218 netmask 255.255.255.252 up route add default gw 20.135.251.217 dev eth1 metric 1 ...
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250 views

How can I use the same IP from the Internet and intranet?

I have an Ubuntu firewall box (Alma), at the office, with a web server on it. It looks like this: [Internet] <-> [DSL Router] <-> [Alma] | ...
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Two ISPs and multipath gateway configuration

I have two different ISPs. I want to set some kind of load balancing setup that will distribute packets to those providers. I know this can be done using different routing tables, but I wanted to use ...
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220 views

OpenVPN - Understand the routing table + How to route only the traffic to a specific ip via the VPN

I'm connecting to a VPN service using OpenVPN and everything works fine. Once I connect these are the rules that automatically are set: root@linux:~# ifconfig eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr ...
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Which network interface is used if they are both the default gateway?

In this example below on my Linux machine, I have an Ethernet and Wifi interface established. Here is the route output: Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask Flags ...
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Routing to different subnet via single NIC to another box

I have a home network with 3 subnets (I like to play around!) I've been struggling with something that I thought would be easy, but after a few days I'm no closer to the answer. My network is ...
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222 views

Modifying existing route entry in linux

what is the command to modify metric of an existing route entry in linux? I am able to change gateway of an existing entry using "ip route change" command as below but not able to change metrics. Is ...
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71 views

Routing table and multiply hops

I have 6 networks, I need to connect network 1 and network 5 via five routers. What’s the command to set multiply hops? ip route add IP_address/mask via IP_adrress dev eth0, but how do I set next hop? ...
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756 views

How can I set the “default route” when an interface has multiple IPs?

I've followed this guide for Multiple IP addresses on Amazon EC2 and have gone with the second method listed of adding two IP addresses to a single interface. This was done by adding two private IPs ...
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44 views

Access network of PC2 from virtualbox installed on PC1

I am going to attend one seminar where I need to bring laptop with installed Virtualbox and Windows 7 running inside it. My laptop is too old to handle Virtualbox with Windows 7 and native Linux ...
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440 views

Always Forward Traffic Out The Interface It Originated On

(This is the original question but my eventual solution was too different from how I originally asked the question so I'm posting as a new question.) Background: I have a VM with three different ...
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438 views

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode?

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode? My machines are FreeBSD 8.2-PRERELEASE or RELEASE The NIC (respectively em0 or re0) is set to get a dynamic IP address. ...
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Again about routing

Have a problem with primitive routing. Have a CentOs with 3 NICs (1 external). I want to confgure forwarding between two internal. Config: eth0 - 192.168.1.105 \ 24 eth1 - 10.10.10.1 \ 25 eth2 - ...
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Is it possible to prevent eth0 network traffic from accessing eth1 network?

I am not really sure how this is possible but I have a linux(ubuntu 14.04) box with 2 interfaces. eth0 is connected to our lan 192.168.0.* and eth1 is connected to a dlink wifi router on network ...
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179 views

Re-enable route cache

In my kernel log I found: lo: 5 rebuilds is over limit, route caching disabled I know what triggers route cache rebuilds (too long hash bucket chains), but what exactly gets disabled? Which device? ...
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681 views

repair the static route to allow traffic to right place

I recently was taking an online test and I got the below question. The server has been configured with a TUN device tun-aib0 that acts as an endpoint for a VPN tunnel. The IP address of the device ...
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CentOS Traffic Filter

I am trying to use Squid to filter the traffic flowing through the network. I am also trying to make this system transparent. My network setup is like so: Router -> CentOS Machine -> The rest ...
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High performance routing with high churn ruleset. What approach is most likely to scale to C10K and beyond?

I've been asked to create a high throughput router using PC / server hardware. I'm modestly familiar with pf, iptables, and tc, but I've never had such high churn and so many rules. I hope you can ...
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Route HTTP traffic thorugh different interface

I have my normal eth0 interface and an setup ppp0 interface, the problem I have is that I want to exclusively route all HTTP/HTTPS traffic through the ppp0 interface and everything else through the ...
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Copy/Mirror traffic to WAN interfaces without “iptables tee” support

I want to copy every outgoing packet to other WAN interfaces but my iptables (v1.2.7) doesn't have TEE target support. I wonder if there is another way (maybe using iproute2 or ebtables) to copy every ...
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Redirect Packets from ppp0 interface to ethernet interface in linux

My question is similar to this question, however with some change. I have a PPPoE connection on my Linux Machine (CentOS kernal 2.6.32) as a client, so that when I setup this connection, another ...
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1k views

OpenVPN uses wrong IP-Address

I've installed OpenVPN on a client (behind NAT-Router) and a VPS server. The tunnel is established. However, ping is only possible from client to server. The server uses its public IP address on tun0 ...
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759 views

routing between two private networks (NICs)

I have two private networks say: 10.0.1.0/8 and 192.168.0.0/24 I have two machines with two NICs per each machine. machine1 NIC1: 192.168.0.10 machine1 NIC2: 10.0.1.10 machine2 NIC1: 192.168.0.11 ...
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route traffic to github through specific network interface [closed]

okey, I'm a complete NAP, so take it easy on me :) My Situation; My computer is in this stupid cooperate network of the company i work for. They have alot of policies and stuff, so its not possible ...
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293 views

VPN issues on web browsing

I'm using Ubuntu Maverick and this is the setup: Our router connects us to the company's VPN through which we can access some internal websites. I have to connect also to a customer's VPN in order to ...
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bridge-routing and martian packets

i am experimenting with routing a bit, and now i have a problem i cannot solve by myself eth0 | | ...
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How add configure to add default gateway from different subnet?

I am working in a host in LAN segment of 192.168.148.X with subnet mask 255.255.255.0. The LAN should be configured to use 192.168.128.1 as default gateway. What I normally do is to issue following ...
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How to route packets between private networks on linux?

Hello! I need to connect 3 networks. Here is what I did: for the "left" host ip route add default via 192.168.26.4 ip route show default via 192.168.26.4 dev enp0s3 for the "right" host ip ...
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Why does a connection from my LAN to my public IP address fails?

I have an OpenVPN server on server. It is available from Internet via a two NATs: first the ISP box relays to 192.168.0.10, then 192.168.0.10 relays to 10.10.10.254 (relays = DNAT). I can connect ...
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How to make load balancing work from the pfSense box itself?

pdSense is a special distro of FreeBSD for routing. It supports limited multi WAN load balancing, i.e. it is possible to configure pfSense so that each next request will connect via different WAN ...
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OpenVPN maintain connection state during tunnel reconnect

Sometimes I want to do a short maintenance like restarting a tunnel, all connection running on top such as file transfer...etc will receive connection lost signal, is it possible to maintain those ...
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How Would I Appropriated Add this Route?

I've got an ASUS RT-AC66u running an OpenVPN server working fine. But on my debian server I have to add a route or else I get no responses. Just curious if there is a way to add the route to the ...
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Browser issues with VPN

I have a VPN setup which usually works completely fine. However, when I connect to my VPN server via some wifis, Firefox and Chrome seem to run into issues and aren't able to open websites anymore. So ...
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Which components update routing table?

I am experiencing strange behavior on Arch Linux, when various virtual network interfaces lead to undesired automatic updates to the routing table. For example, when I start KVM. Before (network is ...
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Is there a tool or a command to change the “tagtype” from VLAN tags (single and double tag) before sending the frame over a VLAN Interface?

I have to talk to a device in a VLAN network. It requires that the tagtype field of both VLAN tags are the value 9100 or it refuses to answer. Thanks
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Force OpenVPN to route all traffic through one IP address (2 IPs on same NIC)

I've trying to dig up a solution for this, but all I keep turning up is how to bind OpenVPN to a particular hardware interface. Not quite what I need to do here. I run a server and I have 2 IPs at my ...
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Centos 6.x multi-homed routing question

I have a conundrum and would like to hear any pointers (been working on this for 2 days now, and need to get this server in to production). My "google-foo" has not been strong with this ...
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Bridging two interfaces with iproute2 doesn't work

I'm trying to create a bridge between eth0 and eth1 with iproute2, but there's always the error: RTNETLINK answers: Operation not supported when I use the command:ip link add name br0 type bridge. ...
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Not permitted to add eth0 to bond0

I'm trying to add an interface to my bond0 but I always get the error. sudo ip link set dev eth0 master bond0 RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted I already tried it with sudo and with ...
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ip link add gives me an error that it's not supported

I would like to set up a bridge with iproute2 like this: Adding bridge : ip link add name br0 type bridge Bringing bridge UP : ip link set dev br0 up Adding interface to bridge : ip link set dev eth1 ...
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OpenVPN connection help. Multiple Tunnels

i have a system setup, mostly from reading posts and instructions and am having a bit of trouble. My basic setup multiple openvpn clients, e.g. macbook, android phone dd-wrt router / firewall ...
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Configure Linux PC as router

Consider the below network configuration. wan ----[WAN router] <----> [eth1 (PC2) eth0]<---->[eth0 (PC1)] wan ----[WAN router 192.168.169.1] <--> [192.168.169.5 (PC2) 10.1.2.3] ...
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DNS lookup with different Port

I have 2 interface. interface_1 ip address 10.192.0.1 --- interface_2 ip address 192.168.10.2 gw 192.168.10.1 --- default gateway. Not I want to pass my url lookup (keeping 4.2.2.2) with ...
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Conditional routing according to protocol HTTP/S

There is a wifi corporate network which is reasonably fast but does not allow ssh connections. I want to be able to web browse using both that network and a ssh tunneled mobile USB tethering in my ...