Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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iptables routing

I believe this question has been answered a 100 times before, but I'm almost sure that I'm searching into the wrong direction. My desired setup is the following: I have a virtual host using KVM and ...
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repair the static route to allow traffic to right place

I recently was taking an online test and I got the below question. The server has been configured with a TUN device tun-aib0 that acts as an endpoint for a VPN tunnel. The IP address of the device ...
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iproute command: ip -6 rule show nothing even with kernel option IPV6_MULTIPLE_TABLES=y

I want to enable my linux 3.2.4 to have ipv6 multi-routing table functionality. I enable IPV6_MULTIPLE_TABLES when make menuconfig and rebuild kernel.(Also with ip advanced routing and ip multi table) ...
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Use two NICs for different subnets

In my office I have use a system with two network cards. I want to use both at same time. I have four subnets in my LAN. I want to route two subnets (192.168.2.0 and 192.168.4.0) through eth0 and ...
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ISC DHCP Server - A Client's Uplink Is Not Working

Running a DHCP server, client(s) does not have up-link (0Mbps) and has a downlink (50Mbps.) I am setting up a gateway/router on a PC running Debian Wheezy with ISC-DHCP. I have 1 WAN (eth0) and 2 LAN ...
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Redirect ALL packets from eth1 & eth2 through a SOCKS proxy

Is there a way to redirect all traffic, UDP and TCP, coming to and from eth1 and eth2 through a SOCKS proxy (Tor) which then passes it through eth0? eth0: Internet in - leads to the main router, then ...
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Transparent Proxy

I am setting up attempting to set up a transparent proxy on CentOS using Squid. So far I have managed to filter the content and get it working perfectly. The only issue I am having is getting a form ...
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Trying to connect to gateway in static ip network

I have arch-linux-arm running on a raspberryPi. The network I am in uses static IPs. gateway IP is 192.168.178.5 IP for my device is 192.168.178.201 To connect to the internet I use: ip addr add ...
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What happens to local LAN traffic on linux to non-loopback addresses?

One thing I've never quite understood on Linux is what happens to local traffic that isn't directed at loopback. For example, given the following network setup: [root@pe-323-master ~]# ifconfig eth0 ...
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Port Routing/DNS for individual program

Background Flickr has closed its http api leaving an https only api. My favourite uploader (the official Flickr Uploadr version 2.5 running under wine) is no longer maintained, so this change broke ...
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ip route match multiple fields

I have a Linux machine set up to forward IPv4 packets. I'm looking to do this: if packet matches both source and destination, forward to GW X. How do I specify the source field? Do I need to use ...
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source address chosen in case of multiple IPv4 addresses

I have following four IPv4 addresses configured to eth0 interface: # ip addr show dev eth0 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 9000 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether ...
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Packets sent through TUN interface not routed

I have a C program attached to a TUN interface. In my C program, I'm building packets and writing them to the TUN interface. Now to check if packets are really sent from my TUN interface I use ...
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1answer
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Setting up a gateway between two subnets on the same physical network

I need to configure a DHCP-enabled network (192.168.2.) on a physical layer where resides an already existing network (192.168.1.) with static IPs. I have a Debian 7 server with two interfaces (server ...
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Packets do not cross IP tables Postrouting when originating from an external IP

I'm trying to reflect traffic from the internet to an internal device that I only want to have local access. I have a host in my DMZ that I'm trying to DNAT traffic to this internal device, and SNAT ...
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Routing a LAN through OpenVPN on OpenBSD 5.5

I'm configuring an OpenVPN gateway to allow a LAN access to the internet through the tunnel. The gateway is running OpenBSD 5.5-stable amd64 on the PC Engines APU platform. The LAN contains re1, re2, ...
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Iptables not forwarding. Input instead

I have set up iptables on my ubuntu headless server: iptables -S -P INPUT ACCEPT -P FORWARD DROP -P OUTPUT ACCEPT -A INPUT -s 10.1.3.90/32 -i eth0 -j LOG --log-prefix "INPUT: " -A INPUT -i eth1 -j ...
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CentOS Traffic Filter

I am trying to use Squid to filter the traffic flowing through the network. I am also trying to make this system transparent. My network setup is like so: Router -> CentOS Machine -> The rest ...
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Routing public ipv6 traffic through openvpn tunnel

What I'm trying to do is to route IPv6 traffic through a vpn tunnel. That way, I should be able to use IPv6 in a network that doesn't support IPv6. I have a VPS which has an IPv6 block assigned. Part ...
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Configure routes to access WAN and LAN through diffrent interfaces

In my organization. Some useful technical websites are blocked by the firewall. In my machine i got three interfaces eth0, wlan0, wwlan0 eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:9c:02:93:b1:b4 ...
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Primary network interface in Linux

I have a server box with two interfaces. One of the interfaces is connected to the internal network, another - to external. I have assigned IP 192.168.1.200 to internal interface (eth0). I have some ...
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routing based on source IP [closed]

Is it possible to configure routing based on source ip? For example, if I have source IP 10.0.0.0, then all the traffic will go via the specific interface or would be sent to specific default gateway. ...
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Port redirection on loopback with IP other than 127.0.0.1

I want to redirect port 80 on the loopback network interface so that accesses to that port actually go to port 8080. I tried using the following command, but it only works if the application is ...
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Skip routing via `lo` interface for outgoing packets

Introduction I have following load balancing configuration: 10.0.1.31 - lb 10.0.1.35 - virtual IP 10.0.1.32 - node1 (tomcat + mysql) 10.0.1.33 - node2 (tomcat + mysql) I'm using keepalived which ...
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FreeBSD and StrongSwan routing issue

Good day, gentlemen. I have recently faced a problem when a device connected to the FreeBSD server via StrongSwan can't route outside its subnet. Let me explain in details: FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE, ...
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Linux routing table entry disappears

I run Fedora 20 (3.13.10-200.fc20.i686) inside VirtualBox on a Windows 7 SP1 host. The Ethernet adapter on the guest is configured as a Bridged Adapter in VBox, and gets an IP via DHCP. Here's the ...
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Conntrack TCP Timeout for state stablished not working

Im using a private IP address and I want to keep alive SNAT entries in my Router (Gateway) for at least two hours (some windows apps of my network are using TCP keepalive set to 2 hours). Gateway is a ...
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How to use networks default gateway dynamically? [duplicate]

I want to use specific interface for specific use from different different application. I am using Ethernet, Wi-Fi and 3G modem interfaces in my embedded Linux set-up. Now my set-up is up with ...
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Linux routing for receiving packet

Maybe this is a dumb question. I have two NIC and they are in the same subnet. ip route commnad show above. Kernel was build WITHOUT policy routing. My question is: When receiving packet whether ...
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ICMP gives host an impossible redirect

I am having trouble with forwarding on a system which hosts a few headless VirtualBox VMs. I have not changed anything but the configuration has stopped working. The VMs have IP addresses on their own ...
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multiple default gateways for alias interfaces (SOLVED)

Alias interfaces defined in /etc/network/interfaces cannot have multiple default gateways. Unfortunately I would like to use the same interface to access 2 different nets, and I need to define 2 ...
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Adding a route with time-limited validity?

I have read different routing protocols, each one adds routes with limited time validity to routing table. Is there a method in Linux/Ubuntu, without installing any routing daemon, to add a time ...
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Linux routing tables

I'm trying to learn Linux routing tables and ran into bit of snag. In the example below I'm not sure what is happening. My understanding is 0.0.0.0 means that for line 1 and 2 any packets outside of ...
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Different sites on different interfaces using link aggregation

I read about Ubuntu Bonding and how it allows to bond multiple connections to get several advantages. My requirements is this : I want two different interfaces at a time (A wifi and other Ethernet) ...
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What is the interface scope (global vs. link) used for?

Routing table entries have an attribute scope. I would like to know how the change from global to link (or the other way round) affects the network system.
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How to use one nic for storage traffic & other for network traffic in Linux(Slackware)?

Problem I have a Linux machine (Slackware) with two network interface cards and i want to use one interface for network traffic and other for storage traffic . As this is Slackware i dont know this ...
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Why won't my computer connect to my Linux access point?

I'm setting up a Raspberry Pi as a proxy access point which accesses the internet via my USB tethered smartphone and is connected to my Windows PC via Ethernet. The internet works fine on the Pi, but ...
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Why is this static route not taking effect?

Original Question I am running Ubuntu and network manager. I have two different interfaces, eth0 and eth1. Network manager has (as far as I can tell) correctly added this manual route: ~$ ip route ...
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tcp/ip - trigger action or event after period of no network activity on certain port(s)

Is it possible, perhaps using iptables or one of the wrappers/frontends to iptables, to trigger an action or run a script after a certain period of time has elapsed with no network activity on a ...
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Send traffic to self over physical network on Ubuntu

I have a dual port ethernet NIC and let's say I have connected both ports in a loop and assigned the following IPs to the 2 ethernet interfaces: eth2 -> 192.168.2.1 eth3 -> 192.168.3.1 I want to ...
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iptables rules - input and output

I'm new with Linux and iptables. I have a Ubuntu Server distro (12.04) on a PC which has 2 network interfaces (eth0 and eth1). I also have 2 laptops, one is plugged to eth0 and the other to eth1. ...
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How to redirect tun SSL VPN through HTTP CONNECT proxy, using iptables?

I use a VPN under SSL solution (Firepass) on Android. VPN opens an SSL connection on port 443 of remote VPN server. My mobile carrier doesn't allow direct connections on port 443 but allow SSL ...
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High performance routing with high churn ruleset. What approach is most likely to scale to C10K and beyond?

I've been asked to create a high throughput router using PC / server hardware. I'm modestly familiar with pf, iptables, and tc, but I've never had such high churn and so many rules. I hope you can ...
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solaris netstat -rn output clarification

We have couple of servers performing the same function. On some I see following output: Routing Table: IPv4 Destination Gateway Flags Ref Use Interface ...
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Linux: How to auto-configure IP routing based upon ping results

I've got a linux server with two possible connections to the net: one is a slow, high-latency cellular modem (ppp0), and the other is through fast wifi->broadband (wlan0). The problem is that the ...
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Compiling Linux kernel for a router [closed]

I want to make an installable linux kernel that has routing enabled already. So anyone can install it on their machine, do some configuration as required, and machine will work fine for their routing ...
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Testing a Linux router on Laptop with one NIC [closed]

So, I have these instructions on converting my Linux machine to a router using (enable IP forwarding, NAT). Now my laptop has only one NIC and I want to test this setup. Any ideas how I can do this? ...
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How to route “single ip” to different interfaces [duplicate]

i have a dd-wrt router (ip 192.168.1.1) with the following network interfaces: eth0 ath0 ppp0 (a pptp vpn client) i would like to route all traffic from ip 192.168.1.10 to 192.168.1.20 through ...
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How does Linux handle 2 identical destinations in its routing table?

I have this is my routing table (in that order): 10.3.68.0/22 via 172.16.100.9 dev vlan4 10.3.68.0/22 dev eth3 proto kernel scope link src 10.3.69.254 eth3 has ip 10.3.69.254/22. Why does ...
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DNS not resolving using IP rule for dialup modem

I am running Ubuntu 12.04. I have a HSDPA USB Modem, with which I can successfully dial in. It works fine as well when I set the default gateway (remote IP address) in the main routing table. But I ...