Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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Compiling Linux kernel for a router [closed]

I want to make an installable linux kernel that has routing enabled already. So anyone can install it on their machine, do some configuration as required, and machine will work fine for their routing ...
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678 views

Adding an ip to a routing table

Is there any way I can add an ip to an interface , but interface route gets created on a routing table other than 'main' routing table in linux? For ex: If I add an IP 10.11.20.10/24 to eth0, it ...
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262 views

Can't access my apache server from outside LAN (Raspberry Pi)

I know this question was asked a lot, but unfortunately none of the posts really helped.. I'm trying to set up an Apache server on my Raspberry Pi. I managed to set it up correctly I think, but I ...
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41 views

Gateway with colliding networks

I have an Ubuntu-box as a gateway with two interfaces. The first one (eth0) is the internal network and has the following address: eth0: 192.168.1.1/24 The second one is connected to a router from ...
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iptables: what the difference between filter and mangle

I am using iptables to to mark the package and want to route based on the marks. First I added the ip rule: sudo ip rule add fwmark 1 prohibit (The "prohibit" is just for test, I will change it ...
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What does the route Dest: 123.123.123.123, GW: 0.0.0.0 mean?

I have a route table: Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric Ref Use Iface 123.123.123.123 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 UH 0 0 0 ...
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2k views

Redirect http using iptables for an ip range

I have a range of ip addresses (10.13.13.10-19) that I want to redirect all outgoing http traffic to an internal webserver. So if someone in that range tried to access any site, the html from my ...
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1k views

Two networks cannot be accessed simultaneously

I have two networks on a server. One being my internal network, and the other being an external IP address. This is on Debian Lenny. Here is my /etc/network/interfaces file: # This file describes ...
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Error when redirecting ports with iptables: No chain/target/match by that name

I am trying to redirect all incoming TCP connections, originally to port 80, to port 8090, because I am running Confluence in 8090 and I want to avoid it running as root, which is a requirement to ...
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46 views

routing table “220” in Linux kernel 3.2.0-23-generic

I have a Linux machine with kernel 3.2.0-23-generic and it has rule with priority 220 in RPDB which points to routing table named "220": T42:~# ip rule show 0: from all lookup local 220: ...
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265 views

Can I prevent a default route being added when bringing up an interface?

I have a system with two NICs on it. This machine, and a few accompanying devices will be moved and attached to different LANs or sometimes it'll be using dial-up. eth0: - 10.x.x.x address space - ...
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Why doesn't Linux remove route from routing table if interface is physically down?

As seen below, Linux(3.7-trunk-686-pae) keeps route to 10.10.12.64/28 in routing table although the interface is physically down: root@kali:~# ip addr show dev eth0 2: eth0: ...
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39 views

Iptable forward interfaces for gateway machine

I have two Ethernet interface being configured to use as system gateway ex: eth1: 10.10.1.0 eth2: 10.10.2.0 I want to forward all the packets which are coming to the 10.10.2.0 gateway contacting ...
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1k views

Trying to connect to gateway in static ip network

I have arch-linux-arm running on a raspberryPi. The network I am in uses static IPs. gateway IP is 192.168.178.5 IP for my device is 192.168.178.201 To connect to the internet I use: ip addr add ...
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55 views

source address chosen in case of multiple IPv4 addresses

I have following four IPv4 addresses configured to eth0 interface: # ip addr show dev eth0 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 9000 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether ...
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122 views

Routing 4 Networks

I've been trying for almost a week to make it work but without success. I'm starting to feel hopeless. I have 4 Ethernet adapters : 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue state ...
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330 views

How can I configure dnsmasq to resolve based on the source of the request?

I'm trying to get SiriProxy to work whenever I'm connected to my home network by setting up dnsmasq on my router running the Tomato firmware to send all requests to the Apple Siri server to my local ...
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iptables forwarding and routing

In fact, this question is about openwrt and CoovaAP, but I guess it's the same in other linux distributions. I've two interfaces, a "wan" and a "wlan" interface. Is there by default any filter, ...
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683 views

How to provide a “guest LAN” on one ethernet device

I have an always-on machine running Debian/Squeeze with a couple of ethernet ports (it's doing various serverish jobs, including DHCP) and a LAN on each. eth0 is on 192.168.7.* and has access to the ...
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1k views

Different domains for multiple VM's on host with one WAN IP

I've got only one WAN IP address bound to KVM host system and multiple VM's with internal IP's, say, 10.0.0.1/28. On the other hand I have multiple domain names bound to host system WAN IP. The ...
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Bringing up an interface does not add default gateway to the routing table in Ubuntu

I have this in my interfaces file: auto eth1 iface eth1 inet static address 20.135.251.218 netmask 255.255.255.252 up route add default gw 20.135.251.217 dev eth1 metric 1 ...
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How can I use the same IP from the Internet and intranet?

I have an Ubuntu firewall box (Alma), at the office, with a web server on it. It looks like this: [Internet] <-> [DSL Router] <-> [Alma] | ...
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532 views

Routing tables and default routes

I have two rules in my routing tables. The default route, which is to the gateway, and a second route which forwards everything in the network segment to * or to no gateway. Is this second rule ...
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31 views

Routing table and multiply hops

I have 6 networks, I need to connect network 1 and network 5 via five routers. What’s the command to set multiply hops? ip route add IP_address/mask via IP_adrress dev eth0, but how do I set next hop? ...
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How can I set the “default route” when an interface has multiple IPs?

I've followed this guide for Multiple IP addresses on Amazon EC2 and have gone with the second method listed of adding two IP addresses to a single interface. This was done by adding two private IPs ...
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Access network of PC2 from virtualbox installed on PC1

I am going to attend one seminar where I need to bring laptop with installed Virtualbox and Windows 7 running inside it. My laptop is too old to handle Virtualbox with Windows 7 and native Linux ...
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92 views

Always Forward Traffic Out The Interface It Originated On

(This is the original question but my eventual solution was too different from how I originally asked the question so I'm posting as a new question.) Background: I have a VM with three different ...
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174 views

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode?

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode? My machines are FreeBSD 8.2-PRERELEASE or RELEASE The NIC (respectively em0 or re0) is set to get a dynamic IP address. ...
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Again about routing

Have a problem with primitive routing. Have a CentOs with 3 NICs (1 external). I want to confgure forwarding between two internal. Config: eth0 - 192.168.1.105 \ 24 eth1 - 10.10.10.1 \ 25 eth2 - ...
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86 views

Re-enable route cache

In my kernel log I found: lo: 5 rebuilds is over limit, route caching disabled I know what triggers route cache rebuilds (too long hash bucket chains), but what exactly gets disabled? Which device? ...
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326 views

repair the static route to allow traffic to right place

I recently was taking an online test and I got the below question. The server has been configured with a TUN device tun-aib0 that acts as an endpoint for a VPN tunnel. The IP address of the device ...
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CentOS Traffic Filter

I am trying to use Squid to filter the traffic flowing through the network. I am also trying to make this system transparent. My network setup is like so: Router -> CentOS Machine -> The rest ...
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High performance routing with high churn ruleset. What approach is most likely to scale to C10K and beyond?

I've been asked to create a high throughput router using PC / server hardware. I'm modestly familiar with pf, iptables, and tc, but I've never had such high churn and so many rules. I hope you can ...
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796 views

Route HTTP traffic thorugh different interface

I have my normal eth0 interface and an setup ppp0 interface, the problem I have is that I want to exclusively route all HTTP/HTTPS traffic through the ppp0 interface and everything else through the ...
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Copy/Mirror traffic to WAN interfaces without “iptables tee” support

I want to copy every outgoing packet to other WAN interfaces but my iptables (v1.2.7) doesn't have TEE target support. I wonder if there is another way (maybe using iproute2 or ebtables) to copy every ...
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TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as dumb access point

I followed these instructions on how to set up my TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as a dumb AP: Flashed brand new Attitude Adjustment 12.09-rc1 Logged into LuCI, set up a password Disabled and stopped firewall ...
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1answer
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Redirect Packets from ppp0 interface to ethernet interface in linux

My question is similar to this question, however with some change. I have a PPPoE connection on my Linux Machine (CentOS kernal 2.6.32) as a client, so that when I setup this connection, another ...
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888 views

OpenVPN uses wrong IP-Address

I've installed OpenVPN on a client (behind NAT-Router) and a VPS server. The tunnel is established. However, ping is only possible from client to server. The server uses its public IP address on tun0 ...
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625 views

routing between two private networks (NICs)

I have two private networks say: 10.0.1.0/8 and 192.168.0.0/24 I have two machines with two NICs per each machine. machine1 NIC1: 192.168.0.10 machine1 NIC2: 10.0.1.10 machine2 NIC1: 192.168.0.11 ...
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309 views

route traffic to github through specific network interface [closed]

okey, I'm a complete NAP, so take it easy on me :) My Situation; My computer is in this stupid cooperate network of the company i work for. They have alot of policies and stuff, so its not possible ...
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273 views

VPN issues on web browsing

I'm using Ubuntu Maverick and this is the setup: Our router connects us to the company's VPN through which we can access some internal websites. I have to connect also to a customer's VPN in order to ...
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Packets not forwarded due to second routing table

I've just spent about an hour trying to understand why my docker containers couldn't connect to the internet, in particular couldn't resolve any DNS names. By now I've found a workaround, but I still ...
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43 views

IP packet forwarding in Debian

I have a physical network set up with machines A←–→B←–→C.  IP and Ethernet configurations are summarized as following: A(eth0: 10.10.10.2) ←—→ (eth0: 10.10.10.3)B(eth1: 192.168.0.3) ←—→ (eth1: ...
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79 views

Bridge interface - add default route

I used to connect my ubuntu 14.04 laptop on office network via eth0 and the route table gets updated with the office network gateway ip in auto mode. Now, i changed my /etc/network/interfaces ...
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Port forwarding with iptables and PIA VPN for single user

I've gotten a Private Internet Access VPN setup on a Mythbuntu 14.04 machine and I am at wits end trying to get port forwarding working with rTorrent (and ruTorrent). My setup is rTorrent running ...
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50 views

Route wireless LAN through OpenVPN

I am trying to set up my home server to act as an OpenVPN gateway so I can connect to my VPN from any device without installing special software of them. My server is running Ubuntu 14.04. The host ...
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No “rwnd” option to “ip route” for managing the receive window?

Context: I'm doing some self-guided studying on TCP Window shaping. The scenario I'm trying to control for are clients which will be pulling down large amounts of data in addition to their normal ...
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Outgoing masquerade address changes after adding a second interface to the bridge

In fact I have the following configuration: extrouter(192.168.1.1) <- wifi -> [eth2 (192.168.1.11) Centos 6/6 based host br0 (172.22.5.254)] br0 contains two tap interfaces (tap0/172.22.5.1 ...
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253 views

forward packets from one interface to another interface using iptables

I have an embeded system with 2 interfaces e0 and m0, whose ips are 10.0.0.20 and 192.168.0.20, respectively. Incoming packets into e0 have an ip of 10.0.0.10 and should be forwarded to m0 interface ...
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173 views

Miniupnp thinks my router doesn't support UPnP

I have a IP camera on my network that is truly plug n play. As soon as I plugged the Ethernet cable in, it was accessible from 'the outside', without me having to touch my router's configuration. So I ...