Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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source address chosen in case of multiple IPv4 addresses

I have following four IPv4 addresses configured to eth0 interface: # ip addr show dev eth0 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 9000 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000 link/ether ...
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OpenVPN: Push a route to client with a different gateway

I would like my OpenVPN server to push a route down to the client with a different default gateway. Specifically, my OpenVPN server has an internal IP address of 10.0.0.1, and I would like it to ...
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Routing 4 Networks

I've been trying for almost a week to make it work but without success. I'm starting to feel hopeless. I have 4 Ethernet adapters : 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue state ...
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306 views

How can I configure dnsmasq to resolve based on the source of the request?

I'm trying to get SiriProxy to work whenever I'm connected to my home network by setting up dnsmasq on my router running the Tomato firmware to send all requests to the Apple Siri server to my local ...
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2k views

iptables forwarding and routing

In fact, this question is about openwrt and CoovaAP, but I guess it's the same in other linux distributions. I've two interfaces, a "wan" and a "wlan" interface. Is there by default any filter, ...
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610 views

How to provide a “guest LAN” on one ethernet device

I have an always-on machine running Debian/Squeeze with a couple of ethernet ports (it's doing various serverish jobs, including DHCP) and a LAN on each. eth0 is on 192.168.7.* and has access to the ...
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Different domains for multiple VM's on host with one WAN IP

I've got only one WAN IP address bound to KVM host system and multiple VM's with internal IP's, say, 10.0.0.1/28. On the other hand I have multiple domain names bound to host system WAN IP. The ...
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Bringing up an interface does not add default gateway to the routing table in Ubuntu

I have this in my interfaces file: auto eth1 iface eth1 inet static address 20.135.251.218 netmask 255.255.255.252 up route add default gw 20.135.251.217 dev eth1 metric 1 ...
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How can I use the same IP from the Internet and intranet?

I have an Ubuntu firewall box (Alma), at the office, with a web server on it. It looks like this: [Internet] <-> [DSL Router] <-> [Alma] | ...
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511 views

Routing tables and default routes

I have two rules in my routing tables. The default route, which is to the gateway, and a second route which forwards everything in the network segment to * or to no gateway. Is this second rule ...
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How can I set the “default route” when an interface has multiple IPs?

I've followed this guide for Multiple IP addresses on Amazon EC2 and have gone with the second method listed of adding two IP addresses to a single interface. This was done by adding two private IPs ...
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Access network of PC2 from virtualbox installed on PC1

I am going to attend one seminar where I need to bring laptop with installed Virtualbox and Windows 7 running inside it. My laptop is too old to handle Virtualbox with Windows 7 and native Linux ...
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Always Forward Traffic Out The Interface It Originated On

(This is the original question but my eventual solution was too different from how I originally asked the question so I'm posting as a new question.) Background: I have a VM with three different ...
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109 views

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode?

How to force FreeBSD to assign default router when acquiring IP in DHCP mode? My machines are FreeBSD 8.2-PRERELEASE or RELEASE The NIC (respectively em0 or re0) is set to get a dynamic IP address. ...
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Again about routing

Have a problem with primitive routing. Have a CentOs with 3 NICs (1 external). I want to confgure forwarding between two internal. Config: eth0 - 192.168.1.105 \ 24 eth1 - 10.10.10.1 \ 25 eth2 - ...
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Re-enable route cache

In my kernel log I found: lo: 5 rebuilds is over limit, route caching disabled I know what triggers route cache rebuilds (too long hash bucket chains), but what exactly gets disabled? Which device? ...
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218 views

repair the static route to allow traffic to right place

I recently was taking an online test and I got the below question. The server has been configured with a TUN device tun-aib0 that acts as an endpoint for a VPN tunnel. The IP address of the device ...
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CentOS Traffic Filter

I am trying to use Squid to filter the traffic flowing through the network. I am also trying to make this system transparent. My network setup is like so: Router -> CentOS Machine -> The rest ...
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High performance routing with high churn ruleset. What approach is most likely to scale to C10K and beyond?

I've been asked to create a high throughput router using PC / server hardware. I'm modestly familiar with pf, iptables, and tc, but I've never had such high churn and so many rules. I hope you can ...
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717 views

Route HTTP traffic thorugh different interface

I have my normal eth0 interface and an setup ppp0 interface, the problem I have is that I want to exclusively route all HTTP/HTTPS traffic through the ppp0 interface and everything else through the ...
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1k views

Copy/Mirror traffic to WAN interfaces without “iptables tee” support

I want to copy every outgoing packet to other WAN interfaces but my iptables (v1.2.7) doesn't have TEE target support. I wonder if there is another way (maybe using iproute2 or ebtables) to copy every ...
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TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as dumb access point

I followed these instructions on how to set up my TP-Link TL-WR1043ND as a dumb AP: Flashed brand new Attitude Adjustment 12.09-rc1 Logged into LuCI, set up a password Disabled and stopped firewall ...
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Redirect Packets from ppp0 interface to ethernet interface in linux

My question is similar to this question, however with some change. I have a PPPoE connection on my Linux Machine (CentOS kernal 2.6.32) as a client, so that when I setup this connection, another ...
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777 views

OpenVPN uses wrong IP-Address

I've installed OpenVPN on a client (behind NAT-Router) and a VPS server. The tunnel is established. However, ping is only possible from client to server. The server uses its public IP address on tun0 ...
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590 views

routing between two private networks (NICs)

I have two private networks say: 10.0.1.0/8 and 192.168.0.0/24 I have two machines with two NICs per each machine. machine1 NIC1: 192.168.0.10 machine1 NIC2: 10.0.1.10 machine2 NIC1: 192.168.0.11 ...
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route traffic to github through specific network interface [closed]

okey, I'm a complete NAP, so take it easy on me :) My Situation; My computer is in this stupid cooperate network of the company i work for. They have alot of policies and stuff, so its not possible ...
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VPN issues on web browsing

I'm using Ubuntu Maverick and this is the setup: Our router connects us to the company's VPN through which we can access some internal websites. I have to connect also to a customer's VPN in order to ...
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Outgoing masquerade address changes after adding a second interface to the bridge

In fact I have the following configuration: extrouter(192.168.1.1) <- wifi -> [eth2 (192.168.1.11) Centos 6/6 based host br0 (172.22.5.254)] br0 contains two tap interfaces (tap0/172.22.5.1 ...
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forward packets from one interface to another interface using iptables

I have an embeded system with 2 interfaces e0 and m0, whose ips are 10.0.0.20 and 192.168.0.20, respectively. Incoming packets into e0 have an ip of 10.0.0.10 and should be forwarded to m0 interface ...
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Miniupnp thinks my router doesn't support UPnP

I have a IP camera on my network that is truly plug n play. As soon as I plugged the Ethernet cable in, it was accessible from 'the outside', without me having to touch my router's configuration. So I ...
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Routing problem through 2 hop in the LAN

This is the scenario I'm facing with: firewall (Zyxel Zywall USG210) configured as default gateway, with LAN IP 172.29.0.1 /16 2nd firewall, directly connected with the 1st, with LAN IP 172.29.0.250 ...
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iptables: route packets to example.com via public proxy

I want to access certain websites via a public proxy and I can't seem to get it right using iptables. Let's say I want to access example.com having ip address 1.2.3.4 via a public proxy at ...
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routing through a GVPE network

The following is a GVPE network (VPN) setup on Debian Linux systems. It is how I interpreted the two paragraphs starting at line 174 in the GVPE README. Sadly, there is not much detail and my ...
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How to create a wireless-to-ethernet router?

I have a Debian machine, which I want to turn into a router. It will connect via wireless to a access-point, where it will get an IP. To its ethernet port, other machines will be connected. It will ...
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Internet sharing disappears when either eth0 or wlan0 gets disconnected

I just got a RasPi B+ and I'm looking to replace the Windows PC that's doing the routing job. What I'm trying to do with the Pi is making it share the connection (wlan0) with another wifi router (via ...
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route gateway proxy traffic through different interface with identical upstream gateways

My question is similar to the below with a small caveat not answered by any of these threads: Output traffic on different interfaces based on destination port ...
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Using a VPN client as a VPN gateway

I would like host 1 to use host 2 as a gateway to the remote host 3. I have scoured the web looking for a solution, but it doesn't seem to work for me. VPN client software is ike (shrewSoft VPN) is ...
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Forward port 22 out a particular interface

The situation I'm in is where we have three separate interfaces on a particular machine. Each connected network only allows servers (by network-based routing/firewalling) to only offer particular ...
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Assymetric routing problems in LINUX

Assymetric routing problems are driving me crazy! I am trying to build a multi-homed server with 3 NICs. Each NIC is connected to 3 different subnets: eth0: LAN connected, 10.99.72.38; function: ...
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Is legacy checkpoint endpoint blocking puppy 528 wireless Internet connection and how can I remove it?

Background: Whilst booting with an old flash drive (SafeXs by block master) plugged in to my laptop (DELL latitude 6430u) I came up against a blue login screen . At full encryption point ... ...
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how to binding each each interface to a seperate VPN config

What I am trying to do is route all traffic that comes on a given interface to a specific, per interface, VPN connection where all outbound traffic is actually leaving on WAN0. I frankly don't have a ...
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Setting up a 802.11s mesh network for mobile devices to communicate with a wired server

I'm in the process of developing an android app that maintains a device's connectivity to a linux-based WiFi mesh network, and periodically sends status information (GPS, battery life, etc.) to a ...
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What is the point of the second route lookup after OUTPUT?

According to the packet path diagram, and its description: Table 6-2. Source local host (our own machine) [...] Routing decision, since the previous mangle and nat changes may have ...
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Where did pand go?

Most guides on setting up a Bluetooth access point use a program named "pand" to do so. Seemingly, this program was dropped in bluez5. How can PAN be set up without it?
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Is it possible to prevent eth0 network traffic from accessing eth1 network?

I am not really sure how this is possible but I have a linux(ubuntu 14.04) box with 2 interfaces. eth0 is connected to our lan 192.168.0.* and eth1 is connected to a dlink wifi router on network ...
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iptables routing

I believe this question has been answered a 100 times before, but I'm almost sure that I'm searching into the wrong direction. My desired setup is the following: I have a virtual host using KVM and ...
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Essential tasks of a routing daemon in Linux [closed]

What I have understood so far from some software router projects already there (e.g. bird), there are some essential subtasks for routing in Linux. Task 1: Get a routing table first (using ip route ...
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ISC DHCP Server - A Client's Uplink Is Not Working

Running a DHCP server, client(s) does not have up-link (0Mbps) and has a downlink (50Mbps.) I am setting up a gateway/router on a PC running Debian Wheezy with ISC-DHCP. I have 1 WAN (eth0) and 2 LAN ...
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ip route match multiple fields

I have a Linux machine set up to forward IPv4 packets. I'm looking to do this: if packet matches both source and destination, forward to GW X. How do I specify the source field? Do I need to use ...
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Packets sent through TUN interface not routed

I have a C program attached to a TUN interface. In my C program, I'm building packets and writing them to the TUN interface. Now to check if packets are really sent from my TUN interface I use ...