Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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Configuring 2 NIC with 2 gateways

Lets say my router has a LAN (192.168.0.1/24) and a DMZ (192.168.1.1/24). My computer has 2 NICs, one for LAN and one for DMZ. How can I configure my routes so that it uses both gateways instead of a ...
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Show kernel routing exception entries (FIB)

Linux 3.6 removed the ipv4 routing cache (commit). Changelog says: Remove the ipv4 routing cache. Now lookups go directly into the FIB trie and use prebuilt routes cached there. According to ...
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35 views

How add configure to add default gateway from different subnet?

I am working in a host in LAN segment of 192.168.148.X with subnet mask 255.255.255.0. The LAN should be configured to use 192.168.128.1 as default gateway. What I normally do is to issue following ...
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1answer
71 views

PPTP VPN not working with Linux router

ORIGINAL: I've just switched from an old Linux install (Debian squeeze) to a new one (Linux Mint 17.3) for my router (I am using a full desktop PC with a Linux install as my router). The Linux PC ...
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How to route packets between private networks on linux?

Hello! I need to connect 3 networks. Here is what I did: for the "left" host ip route add default via 192.168.26.4 ip route show default via 192.168.26.4 dev enp0s3 for the "right" host ip ...
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Why does a connection from my LAN to my public IP address fails?

I have an OpenVPN server on server. It is available from Internet via a two NATs: first the ISP box relays to 192.168.0.10, then 192.168.0.10 relays to 10.10.10.254 (relays = DNAT). I can connect ...
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27 views

How to make load balancing work from the pfSense box itself?

pdSense is a special distro of FreeBSD for routing. It supports limited multi WAN load balancing, i.e. it is possible to configure pfSense so that each next request will connect via different WAN ...
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1answer
54 views

How to route IPv4 traffic from an interface to another

I connected my Pi to my home computer through an Ethernet link. My computer is connected to the Internet by a wireless connection. And I'd like to route all Internet traffic from my Pi by my computer. ...
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10 views

OpenVPN maintain connection state during tunnel reconnect

Sometimes I want to do a short maintenance like restarting a tunnel, all connection running on top such as file transfer...etc will receive connection lost signal, is it possible to maintain those ...
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1answer
25 views

How Would I Appropriated Add this Route?

I've got an ASUS RT-AC66u running an OpenVPN server working fine. But on my debian server I have to add a route or else I get no responses. Just curious if there is a way to add the route to the ...
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Routing policy is not working

I have an Access Point with OpenWrt. On other host of the same LAN there is a squid (IP Address 192.168.80.148). I'd like to route packages with destination port 80 to 192.168.80.148. So I have ...
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ipv6 rule priority duplication

When I add ipv4 policy rules using ip rule add the resultant rules get added to the end of the policy table with decrementing priority from 32767 eg: # ip rule add lookup 8 # ip rule add lookup 9 ...
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Centos static route

I have a load generator running on a Centos client and I need to alter the routing table on that client to send all traffic destined to a particular server(192.168.7.215) through a WAN ...
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1answer
30 views

Routing traffic with multiple NICs on Ubuntu

I currently have a workstation set up with two NICs on separate networks. My current setup is this: eth0: LAN eth1: Outside internet I have a default gateway set up on eth1 to reach the outside ...
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33 views

Browser issues with VPN

I have a VPN setup which usually works completely fine. However, when I connect to my VPN server via some wifis, Firefox and Chrome seem to run into issues and aren't able to open websites anymore. So ...
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79 views

iptables and ip forwarding for failover

hi i have an ethernet nic interface with 4 additional virtual interfaces (failovers) all configured with public ip4 (IP-1 to IP-5) / netmask 255.255.255.255 / broadcast addr same as ip: eth0 ...
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1answer
50 views

Which components update routing table?

I am experiencing strange behavior on Arch Linux, when various virtual network interfaces lead to undesired automatic updates to the routing table. For example, when I start KVM. Before (network is ...
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pptp: possilbe to push routes to windows client?

I use pptp (PopTop) as default from Ubuntu 15.10, I try to push some routes to windows clients. Ad I 've read, it should be possible using a dhcp server instead of the internal address configrations. ...
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Setting up VPN on Linux

I have problems setting up networking on my laptop over VPN. I need to connect from my home to VPN which has the same IP address space as my home network. My network: 192.168.0.0/24 Other side of ...
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Why is apache rendering internal ip?

I have apache running on 192.168.0.2 (localhost), and a NAS on 192.168.0.32. When I set apache to listen to port 80, attempts to connect to my external ip produce a connection refused error, while ...
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Is there a tool or a command to change the “tagtype” from VLAN tags (single and double tag) before sending the frame over a VLAN Interface?

I have to talk to a device in a VLAN network. It requires that the tagtype field of both VLAN tags are the value 9100 or it refuses to answer. Thanks
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Execute command with specific routing (ip/iptables)?

I saw great solution for binding application based on some routing table alias... not sure now what it was, but for sure with ip, route or iptables tools... anybody knows the procedure? What was the ...
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67 views

Force OpenVPN to route all traffic through one IP address (2 IPs on same NIC)

I've trying to dig up a solution for this, but all I keep turning up is how to bind OpenVPN to a particular hardware interface. Not quite what I need to do here. I run a server and I have 2 IPs at my ...
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1answer
29 views

How to switch generic routing to source routing?

I will need to do source routing and before going into more complicated setups I want to understand how this works by switching the generic routing (the one created magically by the networking setup) ...
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Why could policy routing on iptables marks applied in FORWARD or OUTPUT chains be inconsistent?

I am routing HTTPS connections down a SSH tunnel (-w) using iptables marks and iproute2 rules, the reasons I need to do it this way are contrived, to say the least, so most alternate solutions may not ...
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Centos 6.x multi-homed routing question

I have a conundrum and would like to hear any pointers (been working on this for 2 days now, and need to get this server in to production). My "google-foo" has not been strong with this ...
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1answer
110 views

OpenVPN - Understand the routing table + How to route only the traffic to a specific ip via the VPN

I'm connecting to a VPN service using OpenVPN and everything works fine. Once I connect these are the rules that automatically are set: root@linux:~# ifconfig eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr ...
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32 views

Which network interface is used if they are both the default gateway?

In this example below on my Linux machine, I have an Ethernet and Wifi interface established. Here is the route output: Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask Flags ...
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121 views

Linux Source Routing, Strong End System Model / Strong Host Model?

Can a multihomed Linux machine implement a true Strong ES Model? Specific Use Case I have a system with five different interfaces, each connected to the same subnet, thus the same gateway to the ...
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77 views

Does “ip_forward” need to be enabled for any iptables SNAT/DNAT (postrouting/prerouting) rules?

I remember I had to enable ip_forward kernel parameter in the past in order to run SNAT/DNAT rules in iptables successfully. Today I was reading this post: ...
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iptables: route back to source

How can I have iptables route a source back to its source on the same requested port? Example: X.X.X.X comes in on port 22; I want to route X.X.X.X back to X.X.X.X on same requested port; how do I do ...
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IP routing not working

I configured network bridge for my VM. VM can ping host but can't ping anything from internet. My configuration: # ip route default via 192.168.1.100 dev wlp3s0 192.168.1.0/24 dev wlp3s0 proto ...
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Centos 7 persistent static routes for any interface

I am trying to set up some static routes in a CentOS 7 box. The official RHEL says it is possible to add files in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-interface. This approach works, however I need ...
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How to route mail server from both intranet and internet?

We have a mail server configured in Ubuntu 12.04 with postfix, dovecot and roundcube. It has two interfaces, one with real IP and one with private LAN IP. Incase of intranet we have branches and head ...
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pfsense: Network freezes when squid service started in bridge mode

We are using pfsense firewall in bridge mode. When squid service with Transparent proxy option is started the network freezes. On routing mode, squid works pretty well. Squid setup is as below: ...
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Ubuntu routing tables problem

I'm having an issue with ubuntu's server network traffic rules. Ubuntu server's version is 14.04. I have a zabbix server monitoring serveral hosts. 2 days ago, about 14 hosts started reporting down. ...
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29 views

How do I change NAT type for UDP to be more P2P-friendly?

On gateway I do iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE, and on device I have this: $ stun stun.counterpath.net STUN client version 0.96 Primary: Indepndent Mapping, Port Dependent ...
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59 views

Nothing happens when trying to add/set default gateway

I'm connected to a network using VPN (Managed byt NetworkManager, Fedora 23), and I want to route all traffica via the VPN network. But for some reason nothing happens when I run ip route add or ip ...
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How can I tell which IP address is used to connect to another machine?

I have several computers that are multi-homed, and have different static IP addresses for each of several network connections. How can I tell which of these IP addresses is used when I'm connecting to ...
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3answers
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Routing to different subnet via single NIC to another box

I have a home network with 3 subnets (I like to play around!) I've been struggling with something that I thought would be easy, but after a few days I'm no closer to the answer. My network is ...
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1answer
32 views

How to get numerical output in `ip route` command

When using route command, -n switch does the trick. How to get numerical output using ip route command? It's man page does not mention anything similar. Specifically I need 0.0.0.0 instead of default. ...
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1answer
56 views

Linux routing IPv6 packets through incorrect interface

I have a Arch Linux system where link-local packets are not being routed properly. I have 4 interfaces on this machine (wan, lan0, lan1 and lan2). All three of the lanX interfaces are bridged ...
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2answers
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Linux static routing : Ping a private network(Network Diagram Attached)

In the Network Diagram above my aim is to ping 192.168.20.20 from System A. I do not want to configure the router. For that to happen All the traffic to 192.168.20.0/24 should be first forwarded ...
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33 views

Bridging two interfaces with iproute2 doesn't work

I'm trying to create a bridge between eth0 and eth1 with iproute2, but there's always the error: RTNETLINK answers: Operation not supported when I use the command:ip link add name br0 type bridge. ...
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Not permitted to add eth0 to bond0

I'm trying to add an interface to my bond0 but I always get the error. sudo ip link set dev eth0 master bond0 RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted I already tried it with sudo and with ...
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ip link add gives me an error that it's not supported

I would like to set up a bridge with iproute2 like this: Adding bridge : ip link add name br0 type bridge Bringing bridge UP : ip link set dev br0 up Adding interface to bridge : ip link set dev eth1 ...
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SSH tunnel between 3 box to get internet access

The network looks like this : Server X -- My machine -- Server Y My machine has SSH access to both boxes. Server Y has internet but not server X. How can I make a tunnel so server X can acces the ...
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Quagga ebgp routes not advertised to ibgp peers

I am trying to achieve http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/13762-40.html#conf3. Only difference from the setting is that the ISP is sending full BGP table instead ...
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154 views

Modifying existing route entry in linux

what is the command to modify metric of an existing route entry in linux? I am able to change gateway of an existing entry using "ip route change" command as below but not able to change metrics. Is ...
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42 views

Adding route entries to the routing table

I have a device that has a default IP address of 10.1.1.102 with netmask 255.255.255.0. Rather than changing it, I tried to add a routing entry to my routing table using route add. sudo route add ...