Routing (in IP-based networks) is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic.

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Howto configure linux router to allow clients to use maximum bandwidth?

The problem is that I'm always limited on the final client machine to about 1/3 (one third) of the internet hotspot bandwidth when testing download speed with wget. I have configured a Debian 7 linux ...
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bash command/script to reset default route

I manage several OpenWrt (embedded linux) routers for which I've written bash scripts to run an Openconnect VPN client. The client uses "vpnc-script" to set up routing, which replaces the initial ...
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Routing problem from internal eth1 interface to an external ppp0 interface

I'm trying to connect two LANs using a ppp link. I had a basic network topology diagram but it didn't come out well. This can be seen here. Routing Problem ================ 172.20.0.0/16 ...
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Error when redirecting ports with iptables: No chain/target/match by that name

I am trying to redirect all incoming TCP connections, originally to port 80, to port 8090, because I am running Confluence in 8090 and I want to avoid it running as root, which is a requirement to ...
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Packets not forwarded due to second routing table

I've just spent about an hour trying to understand why my docker containers couldn't connect to the internet, in particular couldn't resolve any DNS names. By now I've found a workaround, but I still ...
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Bind unix program to specific network interface

Question: How do I launch a program while ensuring that it's network access is bound via a specific network interface? Case: I want to access two distinct machines with the same IP (192.168.1.1), but ...
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Linux Routing Question

I was wondering how it would be possible to have multiple IPv6 default gateways on CentOS linux. I currently have two interfaces with IPv6 (venet0 and tb0), both with different blocks routed to them. ...
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Trouble switching between wired/wireless networks with Fedora 21

I have a Gb/s wired network and a much slower wireless on my home LAN. I switch between them in the course of my day. I have always found that Linux is not particularly clever about using the wired ...
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46 views

NAT box with multiple internal and external interfaces

Similar questions have been asked before but my setup is a little different and the solutions to those questions are not working. A have a CentOS 6 server running iptables with 5 interfaces: eth0: ...
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Fully transparent DMZ

I'm trying to configure an openwrt router so that I get two wan IP addresses by dhcp - one for the router itself and one for a DMZ host. I followed the DMZ howto. It appears that the host on the DMZ ...
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Route dies on Ubuntu 14.04.2

So I have this routing setup in EC2 on a Ubuntu machine: 10.50.0.0/24 dev eth0 proto kernel scope link src 10.50.0.163 x.x.x.x via 10.50.0.80 dev eth0 proto static y.y.y.y via 10.50.0.80 dev ...
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IP packet forwarding in Debian

I have a physical network set up with machines A←–→B←–→C.  IP and Ethernet configurations are summarized as following: A(eth0: 10.10.10.2) ←—→ (eth0: 10.10.10.3)B(eth1: 192.168.0.3) ←—→ (eth1: ...
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routing table “220” in Linux kernel 3.2.0-23-generic

I have a Linux machine with kernel 3.2.0-23-generic and it has rule with priority 220 in RPDB which points to routing table named "220": T42:~# ip rule show 0: from all lookup local 220: ...
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routing cache in latest Linux kernels

As I understand, routing cache was removed since Linux kernel 3.6. In systems with older Linux kernel one could view the content of the routing cache with ip route show cache command and routing ...
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How to route the traffic from machine 1 to machine 3 via machine 2 and vice versa, on the same subnet?

I've a Citrix Xenserver where I'm running VMs. I have three VMs there, and they have 2 NICs each: eth0 is my company LAN which I'm using for management, and eth1 is a "single-server private network" ...
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ip rule not acting on fwmark

I'm trying to use iptables to load balance web traffic over multiple DSL lines by marking the packets and routing based on the mark. I'm working with CentOS 6.6, Kernel 2.6.32-504.16.2.el6.x86_64, ...
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44 views

Lab environment for testing routing in a Unix environment?

I know there are tools such as GNS3 and Packet Tracker; but the big problem with these tools is they do not work with open source tools such as OpenBGPD and BIRD. So, this leads me to the question; ...
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Routing table and multiply hops

I have 6 networks, I need to connect network 1 and network 5 via five routers. What’s the command to set multiply hops? ip route add IP_address/mask via IP_adrress dev eth0, but how do I set next hop? ...
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28 views

routing/bridge issues

im having troubles with raspbian (raspberry's debian) while trying to route two networks. My network configuration is this (/etc/network/interfaces): auto lo iface lo inet loopback auto eth0 ...
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151 views

NetworkManager changes default routing policy

I have a machine with a built-in NIC (eth0), which serves as a DHCP server for a Raspberry Pi. I also have a USB 3G modem, which shows up as ethernet device eth1. eth0 has the static ip 192.168.100.1 ...
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29 views

Route a port through a network interface

I'm using OpenVPN on Ubuntu Server to connect to my VPN. That network interface is tun0. All traffic currently goes through the VPN. I'd like to exclude traffic that goes over a specific port, and ...
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Routing Configuration sending some traffic over VPN

I have a DD-WRT router with an OpenVPN service configured. I'd like to send only certain source IP's over the vpn connection. I believe my current routing table (as seen with netstat -rn) sends all ...
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strongSwan routing issue with roadwarrior behind NAT

Using the following ipsec.conf configuration: conn %default ikelifetime=60m keylife=20m keyingtries=3 rekeymargin=3m keyexchange=ikev2 ...
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44 views

Splitting port/IP-bound traffic between interfaces

Similar to this request (I think) I'd like to see traffic bound for a certain port number routed through one specific interface while traffic for a specific IP is routed through another. The server ...
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multicast routing (forwarding) using mrouted from OpenVPN tap interface to LAN

Brief network diagram: Host "S" < Tap OpenVPN > Host "C0" < eth0 > Physical Switch < eth0 > Host "C1" According to mrouted document, it doesn't need to config anything for receiving ...
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Separate Network Traffic on Two Network Interfaces

I am not an R&S professional, so much of that realm of computing escapes me. Could you lend your expertise in helping understand how to go about configuring the separation of network traffic on ...
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61 views

Help translating this `ip` command to `route` command in `post-up` hook

I am having trouble getting a static routing ip command to become permanent by way of the post-up hook in /etc/network/interfaces. Here are the relevant details: /etc/network/interfaces # The ...
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Why is my traceroute hitting the wrong gateway?

What "Should" Happen I want traffic to Google to go through en0 (Mac) and hit gateway A (let's say IP = 123.456.789.000). I have another route setup for en3 and I don't want to mess with that. Tried: ...
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Bridge interface - add default route

I used to connect my ubuntu 14.04 laptop on office network via eth0 and the route table gets updated with the office network gateway ip in auto mode. Now, i changed my /etc/network/interfaces ...
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How to add routes multiple times in routing table?

Need to add same route multiple times in the routing table, or is there a way to maintain references in the routing table entries ? (may be with different priorities etc.) Am working on a switch ...
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191 views

Port forwarding with iptables and PIA VPN for single user

I've gotten a Private Internet Access VPN setup on a Mythbuntu 14.04 machine and I am at wits end trying to get port forwarding working with rTorrent (and ruTorrent). My setup is rTorrent running ...
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Route wireless LAN through OpenVPN

I am trying to set up my home server to act as an OpenVPN gateway so I can connect to my VPN from any device without installing special software of them. My server is running Ubuntu 14.04. The host ...
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95 views

VPS: How to forward traffic to devices from public IP

My goal is to set up a public IP for a Android Smartphone which is running an "IP Cam" software - the interface can be accessed in local network on (example) 192.168.0.2:8080 - But it has no public IP ...
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81 views

IPv4 broadcast routing in Linux

I have a server with three network interfaces- loopback interface lo and two physical network interfaces eth0 and eth1: 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN ...
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On a router, what decides if a packet should be forwarded or directed into the router itself?

I'm trying to learn how packet routing works on a linux-based router (OpenWRT in my case) a bit better for setting up a few projects/just-learning. Referencing the below chart, I'll break this into ...
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No “rwnd” option to “ip route” for managing the receive window?

Context: I'm doing some self-guided studying on TCP Window shaping. The scenario I'm trying to control for are clients which will be pulling down large amounts of data in addition to their normal ...
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284 views

Can't access my apache server from outside LAN (Raspberry Pi)

I know this question was asked a lot, but unfortunately none of the posts really helped.. I'm trying to set up an Apache server on my Raspberry Pi. I managed to set it up correctly I think, but I ...
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104 views

How can I set the “default route” when an interface has multiple IPs?

I've followed this guide for Multiple IP addresses on Amazon EC2 and have gone with the second method listed of adding two IP addresses to a single interface. This was done by adding two private IPs ...
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Tools for Debugging Routing Tables on a Linux Machine?

Is there a tool that debugs routing tables on a Linux machine? I mean one that I can use by inputting an ip address into it, it'll take the existing routing table into account and output the ...
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Linux as a router

I'm wondering whether this would be possible with linux and how ... I've got a normal DSL connection and 3 VPNs - I'd like a Linux computer to connect to all connections (maybe through a DSL Router or ...
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How to setup routing tables to connect two subnets

How do I setup my routing tables to allow traffic between two subnets I have a gateway box with two NIC's 1st NIC [eth0] is connected to my outgoing network side and DSL modem and has subnet ...
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66 views

Redirect traffic through the server

My task is to redirect traffic (port range) through the server. Here is the schema: Why NAT is not appropriate here: If NAT is set to "Tunnel Server", then all users will be assigned the same IP. ...
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109 views

Switching between Network Interfaces

I am trying to write script to switch between two interfaces on a Linux machine, wlan0 and eth0. My primary reference is: http://askubuntu.com/questions/338100/forwarding-traffic-between-2-interfaces ...
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Forwarding packets through a host

I've setup a Site-to-Site network using this How To This How To fits exactly what I need. But I've a problem. From site wich hosting the OpenVPN AS server (site 2, right in the howto) I can't ping a ...
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Outgoing masquerade address changes after adding a second interface to the bridge

In fact I have the following configuration: extrouter(192.168.1.1) <- wifi -> [eth2 (192.168.1.11) Centos 6/6 based host br0 (172.22.5.254)] br0 contains two tap interfaces (tap0/172.22.5.1 ...
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forward packets from one interface to another interface using iptables

I have an embeded system with 2 interfaces e0 and m0, whose ips are 10.0.0.20 and 192.168.0.20, respectively. Incoming packets into e0 have an ip of 10.0.0.10 and should be forwarded to m0 interface ...
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yast routing problem — connect: Network is unreachable

---------------------------------------------------update----------------------- on doge the route works: thufir@doge:~$ thufir@doge:~$ route Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway ...
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RHEL6.6 in which file you put the gateway configuration

In RHEL6.6 OS system, which file we've to put the gateway configuration? I tried GATEWAY=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx in these files : /etc/sysconfig/network /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 and I ...
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Routing traffic for specific user to specific interface

I have a Linux box with these interfaces: eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 14:da:e9:ef:75:7d inet addr:176.9.85.182 Bcast:176.9.85.191 Mask:255.255.255.224 tun0 Link encap:UNSPEC ...
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Not understanding the meaning of Genmask in linux routing table

lanix@lanix ~ $ route -n Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric Ref Use Iface 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.138 0.0.0.0 UG 0 0 0 ...