The "root" account is the most privileged account on a Unix system.

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How to get root inside of vi? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Becoming root from inside Vim It could happen to anyone. The admin types: vi /etc/resolv.conf as a regulare user. He edits the /etc/resolv.conf file, but when he ...
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2answers
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How can I install programming tools in the root directory so that they can be used by non-admin users?

I'm running OS X and for security reasons my main account does not have admin privileges. How can I install development tools in the root directory so that they can be used by all users? If this can't ...
8
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1answer
726 views

Lightweight virtualization on Linux with user isolation

What Linux-on-Linux virtualization technologies provide user isolation? Specifically, I want root in the virtual machine not to have any privilege on the host. This was not the case for LXC, but was ...
24
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3answers
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Can I change root's email address or forward it to an external address?

I'm getting a lot of mail in my root user's mail account. This appears to be mostly reports and errors from things like cron scripts. I'm trying to work though and solve these things, possibly even ...
1
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1answer
372 views

How to invoke root privileges from my custom app?

In a GUI-environment, I want to be able to ask the user for the root/sudo password and then execute an app that requires root privileges from within my app. As an example, say I want to run an editor ...
2
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3answers
293 views

What was superuser password set? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there a root password on OS X and Ubuntu? After I installed Ubuntu, I noticed that I'm not sure what was superuser password set, If I set it at all. I know that I ...
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Is there a root password on OS X and Ubuntu?

When you setup a new Ubuntu or OS X installation a user is generally created for you. On OS X it is whatever username you pick. On Ubuntu (the server version) usually the ubuntu user is created. The ...
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2answers
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Is it possible (and a good idea) to do `pw lock root` on FreeBSD?

I have set up sudo on my FreeBSD server. As I now never want to log in as root anymore, I was wondering whether I should do sudo pw lock root. My questions are: Is this possible, without forever ...
0
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Why do you need sudo for “sudo su root”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do su and sudo use different passwords? Why do you need to use sudo su root ? Why won't it work to just use su root?
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3answers
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How can I find all ascii files under one directory that have the word shirt in them? Starting from root

What command would I use to find all of the files under the girl directory that have the ascii text “shirt” inside the files, starting from the root directory?
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1answer
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How to disable root account on openSUSE?

Is there a way to disable the root account completely on openSUSE so you can administer your system like the way you would do in Ubuntu?
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How to run a GUI program as a different user (Debian)?

Using a terminal, I can change the running user with su and sudo — but how can I do that by clicking on an icon/shortcut on the desktop/start menu? If I have to be root to execute I will be asked ...
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How to hinder root from running a script

The Glassfish application server provides scripts to administer the application server and also start and stop them and I would like to restrict the root user from running this script. The reason is ...
14
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3answers
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How far can you go with rm -rf / as root

If you are root, and you issue rm -rf / Then how far can the command go? Can you recover data from this kind of an action? Even after the binaries are gone, would the running processes still be ...
3
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2answers
396 views

Permissions of webserver's root directory

I've had this issue on several setups, and I'm unsure of how to handle it. At first, all of /var is owned by root:root. Clearly I don't want the web directory to be owned by root, so I do chown ...
24
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2answers
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How does the power button shut the computer down without root permission?

When I try to shutdown the computer from a command line or terminal I must have root privileges: amy@amy:~$ shutdown now shutdown: Need to be root and amy@amy:~$ halt halt: Need to be root but ...
5
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4answers
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How sudo/root-ness detection works

Programs that make changes system-wide require sudo unless I am already the root user. Now, the question is: how exactly does the system figure out that I am (not) root? Does it: Check to see if ...
0
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3answers
314 views

Did I delete the whole debian root server?

I installed a new debian 6 system a few days ago - today I wanted to create a CSR request for a SSL certificate and wanted to delete the CSR file afterwards. In the root of my server I was typing rm ...
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4answers
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How to get back sudo on Ubuntu?

I have done this: sudo chown -R myname /usr/ and now I can't use the sudo command because of this error: sudo: must be setuid root And as I read this means that the owner of this file ...
24
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1answer
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Why are the first 1024 ports restricted to the root user only?

This is more idle curiosity than anything else. A friend of mine asked me 'which port range is it that only root can use under Linux?' I told him 0-1024 were restricted. Then he asked my why it was so ...
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3answers
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Ways to execute shell command as root?

I'm developing an application that will run on an Amazon EC2 instance, and execute certain commands that require root access. The problem is that different VM's give root access in different ways. ...
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1answer
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Help with installation of ROOT, PATH variable is getting deleted

I am trying to install ROOT which I need for work. I run Ubuntu 10.04 64 bit on virtualbox on my laptop. After extracting the tarball, I try to source the .sh file using the command as suggested in ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between 'su -' and 'su root'? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why do we use su - and not just su? I understand that root doesn't have to be a superuser. But in the case that it is ... what is the difference between sudo su - and ...
4
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6answers
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Any program like `sudo` to gain root by having two users enter a password?

I run a server which is used by a group of individuals for e-mail, mailing lists, personal web homes etc. I thought about ways to provide root access for other members to allow them handling problems ...
19
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3answers
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How is sudo intended to be used?

I've tried configuring sudo before, but I haven't had too much luck with it. How is it different from su -l -c "x"? It seems that via the configuration file, one can make it so a user can only have ...
47
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Becoming root from inside Vim

Sometimes I start editing configuration files in /etc using Vim, but forget to use sudo to start Vim. The inevitable result then is that after finishing my edits I encounter the dreaded notice that I ...
14
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2answers
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What is the difference between root and superuser?

Do they refer to the same thing or is root just a location in filesystem (its ultimate base) and superuser a privileged user (sort of equivalent of windows administrator account) ? Do they need the ...
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4answers
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Why is Debian's root shell colorless?

Are there any security concerns? What is the best way to enable it?
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3answers
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How do you change the root password on Debian?

I want to change the password I assigned to root on my Debian webserver to something longer and more secure. Bit of an obvious newbie question, but how do I do that? I haven’t forgotten/lost the ...
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6answers
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Negatives/downsides of Ubuntu's no-root sudo setup

By default, Ubuntu does not create a root account that the user can login to. Instead users use sudo when they need to perform actions that require administrative access. Obviously, the people at ...
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2answers
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make a 2nd root?

I was thinking, maybe i'd like to disable passwords for the root user and only use keys to log in. and if i need to login without keys have a 2nd user that is like root in everyway except has a ...
3
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2answers
356 views

Recommended way to login to root?

After I found out hundreds of hacking attempts are made in a day I decided I want to disable logging in to root remotely via a password. But then I found I can't switch users in WinSCP so I can't ...
5
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2answers
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How do I disable remote root login via ssh?

How do I disable remote root login via ssh? I want to log into my server (I use keys on my main comp) then su into root instead of access root directly. I am using Debian. I follow guides online ...
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3answers
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Is there any chance that some of these processes are malicious?

My significant other and I are sometimes paranoid that a foreign government usually associated with last year's Gmail security breach may be attempting to gain access to our computers. There were a ...
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3answers
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Is it secure to leave a root shell running in detached screen session?

I'm curious about the security of leaving a root shell running inside a detached screen session. I typically never do this. Aside from the potential of my non-root user account being compromised ...
2
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2answers
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Root password not working to log in to Gnome with gdm

I have a weird issue going on. I have a user account and I can login to Gnome normally. From a terminal there I can use su root and switch to root with my root password. However, when I try to login ...
13
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5answers
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How do you rename root?

Not that it's a very good idea to change it, but for fun. According to this post, there are still some problems even after changing entries in /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, and /etc/sudoers. Any ...
4
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3answers
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Give a warning when something is about to be deleted (by root)

I know that root can do anything, but is there a way to at least alert root that they are about to delete a folder that perhaps shouldn't be deleted? We keep a work directory in our /tmp folder, and ...
18
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2answers
2k views

Origin of 'root' account

What's the origin of root account? Where did it come from and why is it called root anyway? (Originally asked by @lizztheblizz on Twitter.)
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4answers
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Reserved space for root on a filesystem - why?

I understand that by default, newly created filesystems will be created with 5% of the space allocated for root. I also know you can change the defined space with: tune2fs -m 1 /dev/sdXY What I'm ...
6
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2answers
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Write to a file without redirection?

I am writing a regular compiled application that needs to create a special file and write a magic cookie into it. I can’t write the file directly from the application, the system security model ...
20
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7answers
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Can root kill init process?

Can root kill init process (the process with pid 1)? What would be its consequences?
3
votes
2answers
785 views

How to automatically encrypt, sign, and forward root's email?

I've recently been teaching myself about the BSDs and decided to pick up a NetBSD VPS. I don't always log in to this box every day (it's not actually doing anything that important), but I'd still like ...
0
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0answers
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Clean up / after accidentally extracting archive into it? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to de-unzip, de-tar -xvf — de-unarchive in a messy folder? I have just accidentally extracted a cpio archive as root into /. Now my / is littered with junks. ...
0
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1answer
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Debian 6.0 RC1: Cannot login as root and user is not a sudoer

After installing Debian 6.0 rc1, I can't do anything as administrator because I cannot login as root (but I did setup the password during installation) and user is not a sudoer either. Did I miss ...
31
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8answers
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Non-Root Package Managers

From my research, I seem to notice that all package managers insist on being used as a privileged user and must be installed into /. Typically, what I like to do is create a throwaway account, ...
3
votes
1answer
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How to have cron run a python script as root?

How can I get cron to run a python script as root? Here is my crontab file: 0 * * * * ./twitter/twitter.py Am I doing something wrong?
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4answers
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How do I run a command as the system administrator (root)

I need to run a command with administrative privileges. Someone said I should run a command as root. How do I do this?
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Is it bad practice to set root's shell to something other than the default?

Once a friend of mine (who is an experienced Unix/Linux user) told me that setting root's shell to something other than sh (i.e bash or zsh) might create problems, because some script might assume ...
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5answers
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Is it possible to put root in LVM without using initrd?

I have just set up a Gentoo base system (which means I can boot and log in and do stuff with it now). My root partition is in an LVM2 virtual group (with a separated /boot partition). In order to boot ...