The "root" account is the most privileged account on a Unix system.

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7
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1answer
4k views

why have programs like su access to /etc/shadow

Normally only root can access /etc/shadow. But programs like su and sudo can check passwords without running as root. So the question is: Why can these programs access /etc/shadow without privileges? ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Compiled, can't access with sudo

So I compiled FFmpeg from this guide as a standard user and it works fine as the user I compiled with but if i do sudo ffmpeg the program can't be found. Is it possible to make it accessible by root ...
1
vote
1answer
619 views

Problem with chown directory

i'm login with root account i want to chown my directory i do this: [root@sop /]# chown -R webadm:webgrp /ap/P12B/ I have this error: chown: changement de propriétaire pour `/ap/P12B/': Système ...
0
votes
0answers
230 views

Changing Android files in root directory

Does anyone know how (if it is possible) to change Android files stored in root directory, particularly logo.rle? I want to change my boot splashscreen, changing the file, which is stored in /. I have ...
2
votes
2answers
589 views

Execute user script as root in startup applications

I just created a script (logscreenlock) to log lock/unlock screen events (derived from this post): #! /bin/bash dbus-monitor --session "type='signal',interface='org.gnome.ScreenSaver'" | ( while true;...
1
vote
3answers
376 views

Pamtester automate password testing

We have a system image which uses a default password for root. This should be changed, though I have a feeling not all users do this. I know I can test login with pamtester: # pamtester system-auth ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

Resizing root partition in LVM broke Grub

I'm using Debian Wheezy hosted on W7 in Virtualbox. I needed to enlarge root partition then added a new virtual disk to virtual machine. Doing the steps mentioned below brings me to grub prompt. I: ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Difference between root account and administrative account

If a user with administrative privilege can have all the powers of root using sudo , then what is the advantage of having root account?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to see password as we type it

In debian wheezy terminal i type su - It ask for password, which i type but it dont show anything as Password: I want to it to show at least some asterisks as the placeholder for the password ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Can edit file as root, but not using sudo

I just faced a really strange situation. I was trying to edit file /usr/lib/thunderbird/thunderbird.sh, which has the following permissions: $ ll /usr/lib/thunderbird/thunderbird.sh -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...
3
votes
2answers
304 views

Log in as one user but authenticate as another

This might be a weird question but I wonder if there are possibilities to this. When I'm configuring a system I prefer to be root so that I don't have to sudo everything. However, the root account is ...
5
votes
3answers
59k views

How to properly configure sudoers file, on debian wheezy?

I have seen many blog posts that say, it is enough to do aptitude install sudo su root adduser USERNAME sudo But that only protects aptitude, in other words: aptitude install sendmail will ask ...
0
votes
0answers
157 views

Root has no permission on virtual console screen devices

Even being root I can't do the following: # cat /dev/vcs1 cat: /dev/vcs1: Operation not permitted And the rights are set correctly: # ls -o /dev/ crw-r--r-- 1 root 7, 1 Aug 5 22:00 vcs1 ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Why doesn't terminal show color schema once logged as root?

I'm currently using Debian 7 Wheezy, and I've noticed that the colors palette on terminal (which might be useful to identify among a large set of files and folders) are not enabled once I log as root. ...
1
vote
3answers
136 views

Is there any way to disable shutdowning remote machine?

I sometimes mistakenly shutdown the remote machine by using sudo init 0, so I wrote something like in one of my rc files: alias sudo='sudo ' if [ $SSH_CLIENT ]; then alias init 'echo Never use init ...
1
vote
1answer
325 views

How to ftp as root?

I can ftp to a linux server by doing ftp server But I can't do that with root. Need sftp or something or what?
0
votes
1answer
308 views

rsnapshot LVM without root

I'd like to cron a local backup to a locally mounted USB drive. I'm using rsnapshot and want it to back up an LVM snapshot onto the USB drive. But, unless I run the cron as root it complains that I ...
4
votes
2answers
182 views

Linux Kernel limit access to root with a button?

Is it possible to limit the access to a root account from within the kernel? I mean that if I press a button then the system detects the button being pressed and then allows access to the root ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Are there any security risks when mounting as root?

Are there any security related risks when mounting with root privileges compared to mounting with regular users? I have a script which does some ecryptfs mounting with non-root privileges (by design), ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Poweroff or Reboot as normal User

To run the command poweroff or reboot one needs to be super user. Is there anyway I can run this as a normal user? I just don't want to sudo and enter my password every time I reboot or power off.
1
vote
1answer
438 views

vmtoolsd doesn't end after logout

There is a process 'vmtoolsd' /usr/bin/vmtoolsd -n vmusr left when a user logs out. I have to type root password to shutdown or restart because of this. How to prevent this from happening? And what ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

How to automatically login with root user in Fedora?

I want to enable auto-logon with root user for some specific purpose. It's so boring that every time I power on my PC to study, I have to input user and password.
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Are there any Linux distros that protect against “self-mutilation”? [closed]

Over the past week I have installed and reinstalled Linux several times (Mint 15 in all but one case; Ubuntu 13.04 is too slow on my laptop), and after a mishap with QT today I completely gave up in ...
4
votes
2answers
266 views

why do I have two different results if I run a program through terminal(as root) or /etc/init.d(or /etc/rc.local)

Background: I use Debian Lenny on an embedded device uname -a Linux device 3.4.0 #83 Sun May 26 17:07:14 CEST 2013 armv4l GNU/Linux I have a C code (say my_C_program) that calls a board specific ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Root not affected by file permissions?

Why does this work as root? # touch test1 # chmod 000 ./test1 # echo "test" > ./test1 I take it root is not affected by file permissions?
6
votes
1answer
382 views

Any random password results in successful login on tty

I can login to my machine (FreeBSD 9.1-RELEASE) for any user (for example: root or operator or any that exists in /etc/passwd) with any random password that I type... I tried to reset password for ...
53
votes
4answers
13k views

Why is root login via SSH so bad that everyone advises to disable it?

Everybody on the Internet advises to disable root login via SSH as it is a bad practice and a security hole in the system, but nobody explains why it is so. What is so dangerous in enabling root ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

change root account username

In windows it is possible to change administrator username for security reasons. Is it possible to change root username in Linux too?
0
votes
3answers
681 views

according root permission to www-data

I have a perl script dhcpmanip.pl which contain this line: system "hostapd /etc/hostapd-1.0/hostapd/hostapd.conf"` It's a command to start hostapd and I get this error : Insecure `$ENV{PATH}` ...
65
votes
3answers
7k views

How do the internals of sudo work?

How does sudo work internally? How is it possible that it can become root without having the root password, unlike su? What syscalls, etc. are involved in the process? Is it not a gaping security hole ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

User drive is not showing

I'll try my best explaining this: /dev/disk0 /dev/disk0s1 /dev/disk0s2 disk0 does not show up at all, when I login even my desktop is completely blank with no dock nor toolbar so even to logout is ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

sudo command executes without prompting for password

For some reason, I suddenly do not need to enter the password when issuing sudo some_cmd. Entered command just runs without ever prompting password, even if I am not logged in as user root. Commands ...
-1
votes
1answer
375 views

How do i change the password for root using webmin, where i have no more access as root?

I changed the root password, using webmin it shows me successfully done. $ uname -a Linux .com 2.6.18-194.11.4.el5 #1 SMP Tue Sep 21 05:04:09 EDT 2010 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux $ echo -e "...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Running program as root without using sudo with normal user account

Is there a way to force to run program as root (with normal user) when there's no sudo on the machine (and can't be added)?
2
votes
2answers
14k views

can't ssh into remote host with root, password incorrect

I have a remote host, previously I can ssh into it with root and password ssh root@remote_host or I ssh into it first using a regular user account ssh esolve@remote_host and then su root and ...
4
votes
2answers
18k views

Invalid cross-device link while Hardlinking in the same file system

I have /home/myuser/Desktop/rc/.netrc file that i want hardlink to /root, ie home directory of root user. When i do: ln /home/user/Destkop/rc/.netrc /root it gives the following error: ln: ...
1
vote
2answers
876 views

Prevent root password change in ldap - debian

After setting up ldap authentication with pam in debian, evertything works fine. Using the passwd command change the ldap password of the current user. The problem is my ldap has been set up with an "...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Ninja privilege escalation problem

I have a problem with ninja. I think I have configured it correctly. However, when I type in su test to login as test and then run sudo -i the log shows that test is in the ninja group when in reality ...
-3
votes
3answers
266 views

Linux prompt missing brackets

I'm using centos in my VPS server and guest system. There're two logins for a guest system. One is root and one is regular. After I mounted the guest system and chroot to the mounting directory, I ...
2
votes
3answers
756 views

I have installed Linux distribution. Do I need to set root account or the user account is enough?

I have these credentials that I am using for logging in with my Linux distribution (Ubuntu 13.04) when starting the computer: james myawesomepassword123 I type the password on the login screen and ...
6
votes
1answer
568 views

How to change the forgotten root password?

I am very new to Debian linux, I forgot my root password...actually I think I know what it is because it is the same password I have for pretty much everything but in the Terminal in tell me "Sorry, ...
2
votes
3answers
15k views

Get environment variable of other user [closed]

Is there a way I can see the environment variable of an other user? I want to do that as root, so permissions won't be a problem I guess. For the user himself, I use echo $PATH or set | grep PATH (...
12
votes
3answers
17k views

Why cannot find read /run/user/1000/gvfs even though it is running as root?

Can someone tell me what I'm doing wrong, what this is, or how to fix it? I'm running Fedora 18 and getting the error shown [root@servername /]# find . -name ngirc find: `./run/user/1000/gvfs': ...
2
votes
2answers
682 views

Command added to visudo still is failing on permissions?

My sudo file has two commands in it right now that are allowed to run without logging in as root. It looks like this: user ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /home/user/prog1.py user ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /home/...
0
votes
1answer
637 views

Which tasks/commands can't be executed with user gid=0 but not uid=0 on Linux [duplicate]

In a Linux server I will have an user with gid=0 but it's uid won't be 0. As there are many commands with root:root and execute permissions for group I know there will be a lot of administrative task ...
1
vote
2answers
656 views

Cannot remove /log/var/snort as root

I am using Ubuntu 11.10 Gnome. I uninstalled snort in order to install a more recent version. The new installation initially failed because the system would not let be rm or modify /var/log/snort ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Privilege escalation detection?

I am not a linux/unix expert but everytime when I read about some local privilege escalation exploit (e.g. this), I wonder if an OS can detect that there is someone logging in as root (or new root ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

New Terminal not works when we use su root

When I use su root and then use gnome-terminal I get warning ** (gnome-terminal:2677): WARNING **: Failed to connect to the session manager: None of the authentication protocols specified ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I launch a process as root without launching root's login shell?

I tried to change the login shell. Here's what the first line of /etc/passwd looks like (on a Debian Wheezy install): rootx:0:0:root:/root:/:zsh When I try to login as root: Cannot execute zsh: ...
8
votes
4answers
986 views

How do I stop the root user from deleting a file?

I'd like to know if I can prevent the root user from deleting a file. Is it possible?