The "root" account is the most privileged account on a Unix system.

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Changed /etc/ssh/sshd_config. Now can't get to SU. Am I screwed?

To allow one of my users ssh access I added the line AllowUsers user to my sshd_config. I gave the box a reboot and attempted to ssh back in as superuser. I was unable to do so. I have my keys- ...
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1answer
3k views

How to install sudo package in Unix? [closed]

I'm new to this sudo command. I needed to do sudo mount -o remount. But it is giving me the following message sudo: unable to stat /etc/sudoers: No such file or directory sudo: no valid sudoers ...
0
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1answer
1k views

Create cron as a apache user and run as root user

I am creating this cron as apache user and want to run this cron as root, below is my code snippet: # Create a cron job to restart apache cron_file="/etc/cron.d/restart_apache_crontab" cron_job="*/1 ...
0
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1answer
4k views

MySql not accessible by root user

I have a local MySql server. It is started as I can access it with my local user like $ mysql Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 66 Server version: ...
3
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2answers
8k views

su - user doesn't work for users without a password

I've created a user on CentOS with useradd -M username. Now, I want to become that user just like su - username. It asks me for a password for that user but I didn't set a password for that user. As ...
1
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1answer
2k views

How to change permissions from root user to all users?

I created a folder on the command line as the root user. Now I want to edit it and its contents in GUI mode. How do I change the permissions on it to allow me to do this?
4
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1answer
7k views

Debian user is not in the sudoers file

Accidentally removed my gnome desktop and am stuck in tty1. Trying to reinstall the desktop and keep getting the error "user is not in the sudoers file". Having trouble adding my user, new to debian ...
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2answers
5k views

rkhunter warns me about root.rules

I run : :~$ sudo rkhunter --checkall --report-warnings-only One of the warnings I've got : Warning: Suspicious file types found in /dev: /dev/.udev/rules.d/root.rules: ASCII text and ...
0
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1answer
913 views

service command and non-root user

On the linux servers of our main customer our bash scripts were running under root for years. Now we want to change that for security reasons. Some of our scripts were triggered by the "service" ...
3
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2answers
440 views

How does the 'passwd' command gain root user permissions?

How does Linux know that it has to give euid 0 (uid of root) to only certain process like passwd, setuid, etc. If a process can gain root permissions, will it not lead to potential security breaches ...
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4answers
13k views

New user with root access in Linux Debian

I've created a new user by using "User Accounts" in "System Settings". How do I grant rights so that this new user can have the same level of access as root?
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2answers
66 views

If /usr partition not specified, does it go on same partition as root by default?

I plan to install Fedora Linux on a machine with an SSD and an HDD. /boot, and the root will have their own partitions on the SSD. If I want /usr to be on same partition as /, will that occur by ...
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2answers
437 views

Nautilus special URIs

Where are these special URIs used in Nautilus defined in Ubuntu? recent:/// trash:/// x-nautilus-desktop:/// computer:/// burn:/// These can instantly open special locations in Nautilus by typing ...
2
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1answer
568 views

How to respawn vpnc when it stops?

As root, I've setup a crontab rule that launches vpnc everyday early in the morning (before I arrive at my workplace). But it often occurs that the vpn stopped mid day. As a result, I have to sudo ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Mac OS X Darwin: how to reset admin password?

Today I bought an ibook G4 from a garage sale. The people who sold it to me didn't know the password for the 2 accounts on it. Apparently it was the guys late father's laptop. Any suggestions on how ...
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0answers
37 views

Reason for the inability of root to send a fatal signal to PID 1/init [duplicate]

Why can't root send a fatal signal to PID 1/init process (sudo kill -9 1)? As stated here.
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3answers
780 views

What happens if I delete all user passwords?

I have a Fedora VPS with a root user that has no password. I login with SSH keys. I had another, less privileged account on that server, used for web administration. I've now deleted its password ...
3
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2answers
862 views

difference between windows local admin and unix root

I am trying to understand what is a conceptual difference between unix root account and windows local admin. I am a developer and despite IT department efforts were always given local admin rights so ...
3
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2answers
604 views

Seems that chown is allowed to non root user

We are using LDAP authentication and probably another things that I did not understand well, in our company so maybe the following questions are result of this. I have found strange behavior of chown ...
3
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3answers
849 views

Use EncFS to encrypt files so that a particular user or process can access them, but root cannot

I have a process which I would like to have access to an encrypted file system. This is very easy to do with EncFS, but this requires a user mounting the encrypted file system, therefore giving any ...
3
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2answers
60 views

Whose password should I enter?

Authentication is required to perform this action. Whose password should I enter? Mine? Root's? I can never tell. ...
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2answers
2k views

clonzilla + what the password for debian linux

Please advice what the password in debian Linux (debian Linux in clonezilla software - disaster recovery tool) Example I use the clonzilla (backup & restore tool) in order to clone Linux systems ...
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2answers
16k views

“install: missing destination file operand after `rootterminal'”

When I open root terminal then it simply starts a normal terminal. I cannot access root terminal. When I update my root terminal by the following command sudo apt-get update && install ...
3
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1answer
310 views

How do I get tcpsvd to drop its root privileges?

Assume a script runs on boot as root. From this script I want to start tcpsvd -E 0 515 lpd. I want tcpsvd to run as an unprivileged user. But it requires root privileges to bind to the port 515. How ...
5
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1answer
16k views

Samba share permission denied user writing file but still shows

Very strange issue... Samba share on remote: [javaerpm] path = /u/abas/erpm/java force user = erpm guest ok = yes read only = no writeable = yes Mount command on local using ...
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1answer
2k views

why have programs like su access to /etc/shadow

Normally only root can access /etc/shadow. But programs like su and sudo can check passwords without running as root. So the question is: Why can these programs access /etc/shadow without privileges? ...
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1answer
52 views

Compiled, can't access with sudo

So I compiled FFmpeg from this guide as a standard user and it works fine as the user I compiled with but if i do sudo ffmpeg the program can't be found. Is it possible to make it accessible by root ...
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1answer
383 views

Problem with chown directory

i'm login with root account i want to chown my directory i do this: [root@sop /]# chown -R webadm:webgrp /ap/P12B/ I have this error: chown: changement de propriétaire pour `/ap/P12B/': Système ...
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0answers
177 views

Changing Android files in root directory

Does anyone know how (if it is possible) to change Android files stored in root directory, particularly logo.rle? I want to change my boot splashscreen, changing the file, which is stored in /. I have ...
2
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2answers
380 views

Execute user script as root in startup applications

I just created a script (logscreenlock) to log lock/unlock screen events (derived from this post): #! /bin/bash dbus-monitor --session "type='signal',interface='org.gnome.ScreenSaver'" | ( while ...
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2answers
178 views

Pamtester automate password testing

We have a system image which uses a default password for root. This should be changed, though I have a feeling not all users do this. I know I can test login with pamtester: # pamtester system-auth ...
0
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2answers
144 views

Resizing root partition in LVM broke Grub

I'm using Debian Wheezy hosted on W7 in Virtualbox. I needed to enlarge root partition then added a new virtual disk to virtual machine. Doing the steps mentioned below brings me to grub prompt. I: ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Difference between root account and administrative account

If a user with administrative privilege can have all the powers of root using sudo , then what is the advantage of having root account?
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2answers
1k views

How to see password as we type it

In debian wheezy terminal i type su - It ask for password, which i type but it dont show anything as Password: I want to it to show at least some asterisks as the placeholder for the password ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Can edit file as root, but not using sudo

I just faced a really strange situation. I was trying to edit file /usr/lib/thunderbird/thunderbird.sh, which has the following permissions: $ ll /usr/lib/thunderbird/thunderbird.sh -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...
3
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2answers
183 views

Log in as one user but authenticate as another

This might be a weird question but I wonder if there are possibilities to this. When I'm configuring a system I prefer to be root so that I don't have to sudo everything. However, the root account is ...
4
votes
2answers
38k views

How to properly configure sudoers file, on debian wheezy?

I have seen many blog posts that say, it is enough to do aptitude install sudo su root adduser USERNAME sudo But that only protects aptitude, in other words: aptitude install sendmail will ask ...
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0answers
96 views

Root has no permission on virtual console screen devices

Even being root I can't do the following: # cat /dev/vcs1 cat: /dev/vcs1: Operation not permitted And the rights are set correctly: # ls -o /dev/ crw-r--r-- 1 root 7, 1 Aug 5 22:00 vcs1 ...
3
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1answer
946 views

Why doesn't terminal show color schema once logged as root?

I'm currently using Debian 7 Wheezy, and I've noticed that the colors palette on terminal (which might be useful to identify among a large set of files and folders) are not enabled once I log as root. ...
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3answers
119 views

Is there any way to disable shutdowning remote machine?

I sometimes mistakenly shutdown the remote machine by using sudo init 0, so I wrote something like in one of my rc files: alias sudo='sudo ' if [ $SSH_CLIENT ]; then alias init 'echo Never use init ...
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1answer
147 views

How to ftp as root?

I can ftp to a linux server by doing ftp server But I can't do that with root. Need sftp or something or what?
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1answer
198 views

rsnapshot LVM without root

I'd like to cron a local backup to a locally mounted USB drive. I'm using rsnapshot and want it to back up an LVM snapshot onto the USB drive. But, unless I run the cron as root it complains that I ...
4
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2answers
174 views

Linux Kernel limit access to root with a button?

Is it possible to limit the access to a root account from within the kernel? I mean that if I press a button then the system detects the button being pressed and then allows access to the root ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Are there any security risks when mounting as root?

Are there any security related risks when mounting with root privileges compared to mounting with regular users? I have a script which does some ecryptfs mounting with non-root privileges (by design), ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Poweroff or Reboot as normal User

To run the command poweroff or reboot one needs to be super user. Is there anyway I can run this as a normal user? I just don't want to sudo and enter my password every time I reboot or power off.
1
vote
1answer
324 views

vmtoolsd doesn't end after logout

There is a process 'vmtoolsd' /usr/bin/vmtoolsd -n vmusr left when a user logs out. I have to type root password to shutdown or restart because of this. How to prevent this from happening? And what ...
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2answers
2k views

How to automatically login with root user in Fedora?

I want to enable auto-logon with root user for some specific purpose. It's so boring that every time I power on my PC to study, I have to input user and password.
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1answer
119 views

Are there any Linux distros that protect against “self-mutilation”? [closed]

Over the past week I have installed and reinstalled Linux several times (Mint 15 in all but one case; Ubuntu 13.04 is too slow on my laptop), and after a mishap with QT today I completely gave up in ...
3
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2answers
198 views

why do I have two different results if I run a program through terminal(as root) or /etc/init.d(or /etc/rc.local)

Background: I use Debian Lenny on an embedded device uname -a Linux device 3.4.0 #83 Sun May 26 17:07:14 CEST 2013 armv4l GNU/Linux I have a C code (say my_C_program) that calls a board specific ...
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1answer
100 views

Root not affected by file permissions?

Why does this work as root? # touch test1 # chmod 000 ./test1 # echo "test" > ./test1 I take it root is not affected by file permissions?