The "root" account is the most privileged account on a Unix system.

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2answers
710 views

Change sudo and root password on Debian

I have sudo access, but I don't remember the sudo or root password; how do I change it from my limited account using sudo?
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2answers
1k views

Why does this ssh command not work? (cat ./file | ssh <user@host> “cat | sudo -t -t 'cat > /root/location/file'”)

I'm trying to do the following but it's not quite right. cat ~/Desktop/blah.png | ssh -t -t trusktr@50.116.4.56 "cat | sudo -i 'cat | /path/to/blah.png'" I have my public ssh key in the ...
3
votes
1answer
410 views

Reconfigure login through root ftp (lost ssh access)

My question is twofold. I need to somehow re-enable telnet and/or ssh in a device where I currently only have root ftp access. Also, if I am going about this wrong, please let me know. Details to ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

How to disable root user on OpenBSD?

So there is a desktop and root permission isn't needed on it (or if it's needed, then reboot to single mode/whateverlivecd fix a config file-> get root, do the stuff with it and at the end, disable ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Can't login to Root User

I just installed Ubuntu 13.10 on VMware. I am trying to login to root from my user account using su command but unable to login as Terminal is saying the following : su: Authentication Failed
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4answers
2k views

how to recover mistakenly deleted root user line in /etc/passwd

I had an accident with /etc/passwd - using putpwent(), I replaced the first line of /etc/passwd with mine. Unfortunately this line used to belong to root. Now I don't have root permission, and I can't ...
2
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3answers
22k views

Enable root login from GUI

I just installed Mint 16 and I see that root user is not available at login screen. I log in from normal user and went to "Login Window" option and there I set "Allow root login". Then I restarted the ...
3
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1answer
127 views

Gives access to root user for a period of time

I want to know if it's possible to give access to root user for one week or a month, for example. It's possible to increase the period of time before the defined period ends? Is it possible to give ...
6
votes
7answers
299 views

File protection in Unix

Is there a way to protect a file in such a way that even root cannot delete it or rewrite it after creating it? I have a file which is created by root under /var/log/ and I want to restrict all users ...
8
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2answers
572 views

How do I edit a file as root?

Are there any special considerations to editing a file as root? What is the safest way to do this?
0
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1answer
358 views

Changed /etc/ssh/sshd_config. Now can't get to SU. Am I screwed?

To allow one of my users ssh access I added the line AllowUsers user to my sshd_config. I gave the box a reboot and attempted to ssh back in as superuser. I was unable to do so. I have my keys- ...
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1answer
3k views

How to install sudo package in Unix? [closed]

I'm new to this sudo command. I needed to do sudo mount -o remount. But it is giving me the following message sudo: unable to stat /etc/sudoers: No such file or directory sudo: no valid sudoers ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Create cron as a apache user and run as root user

I am creating this cron as apache user and want to run this cron as root, below is my code snippet: # Create a cron job to restart apache cron_file="/etc/cron.d/restart_apache_crontab" cron_job="*/1 ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

MySql not accessible by root user

I have a local MySql server. It is started as I can access it with my local user like $ mysql Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 66 Server version: ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

su - user doesn't work for users without a password

I've created a user on CentOS with useradd -M username. Now, I want to become that user just like su - username. It asks me for a password for that user but I didn't set a password for that user. As ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to change permissions from root user to all users?

I created a folder on the command line as the root user. Now I want to edit it and its contents in GUI mode. How do I change the permissions on it to allow me to do this?
4
votes
1answer
8k views

Debian user is not in the sudoers file

Accidentally removed my gnome desktop and am stuck in tty1. Trying to reinstall the desktop and keep getting the error "user is not in the sudoers file". Having trouble adding my user, new to debian ...
0
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1answer
974 views

service command and non-root user

On the linux servers of our main customer our bash scripts were running under root for years. Now we want to change that for security reasons. Some of our scripts were triggered by the "service" ...
3
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2answers
501 views

How does the 'passwd' command gain root user permissions?

How does Linux know that it has to give euid 0 (uid of root) to only certain process like passwd, setuid, etc. If a process can gain root permissions, will it not lead to potential security breaches ...
0
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4answers
14k views

New user with root access in Linux Debian

I've created a new user by using "User Accounts" in "System Settings". How do I grant rights so that this new user can have the same level of access as root?
3
votes
2answers
67 views

If /usr partition not specified, does it go on same partition as root by default?

I plan to install Fedora Linux on a machine with an SSD and an HDD. /boot, and the root will have their own partitions on the SSD. If I want /usr to be on same partition as /, will that occur by ...
6
votes
2answers
464 views

Nautilus special URIs

Where are these special URIs used in Nautilus defined in Ubuntu? recent:/// trash:/// x-nautilus-desktop:/// computer:/// burn:/// These can instantly open special locations in Nautilus by typing ...
2
votes
1answer
587 views

How to respawn vpnc when it stops?

As root, I've setup a crontab rule that launches vpnc everyday early in the morning (before I arrive at my workplace). But it often occurs that the vpn stopped mid day. As a result, I have to sudo ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Mac OS X Darwin: how to reset admin password?

Today I bought an ibook G4 from a garage sale. The people who sold it to me didn't know the password for the 2 accounts on it. Apparently it was the guys late father's laptop. Any suggestions on how ...
2
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0answers
37 views

Reason for the inability of root to send a fatal signal to PID 1/init [duplicate]

Why can't root send a fatal signal to PID 1/init process (sudo kill -9 1)? As stated here.
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3answers
804 views

What happens if I delete all user passwords?

I have a Fedora VPS with a root user that has no password. I login with SSH keys. I had another, less privileged account on that server, used for web administration. I've now deleted its password ...
3
votes
2answers
882 views

difference between windows local admin and unix root

I am trying to understand what is a conceptual difference between unix root account and windows local admin. I am a developer and despite IT department efforts were always given local admin rights so ...
3
votes
2answers
655 views

Seems that chown is allowed to non root user

We are using LDAP authentication and probably another things that I did not understand well, in our company so maybe the following questions are result of this. I have found strange behavior of chown ...
3
votes
3answers
864 views

Use EncFS to encrypt files so that a particular user or process can access them, but root cannot

I have a process which I would like to have access to an encrypted file system. This is very easy to do with EncFS, but this requires a user mounting the encrypted file system, therefore giving any ...
3
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2answers
60 views

Whose password should I enter?

Authentication is required to perform this action. Whose password should I enter? Mine? Root's? I can never tell. ...
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2answers
2k views

clonzilla + what the password for debian linux

Please advice what the password in debian Linux (debian Linux in clonezilla software - disaster recovery tool) Example I use the clonzilla (backup & restore tool) in order to clone Linux systems ...
-3
votes
2answers
16k views

“install: missing destination file operand after `rootterminal'”

When I open root terminal then it simply starts a normal terminal. I cannot access root terminal. When I update my root terminal by the following command sudo apt-get update && install ...
3
votes
1answer
320 views

How do I get tcpsvd to drop its root privileges?

Assume a script runs on boot as root. From this script I want to start tcpsvd -E 0 515 lpd. I want tcpsvd to run as an unprivileged user. But it requires root privileges to bind to the port 515. How ...
5
votes
1answer
17k views

Samba share permission denied user writing file but still shows

Very strange issue... Samba share on remote: [javaerpm] path = /u/abas/erpm/java force user = erpm guest ok = yes read only = no writeable = yes Mount command on local using ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

why have programs like su access to /etc/shadow

Normally only root can access /etc/shadow. But programs like su and sudo can check passwords without running as root. So the question is: Why can these programs access /etc/shadow without privileges? ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Compiled, can't access with sudo

So I compiled FFmpeg from this guide as a standard user and it works fine as the user I compiled with but if i do sudo ffmpeg the program can't be found. Is it possible to make it accessible by root ...
1
vote
1answer
388 views

Problem with chown directory

i'm login with root account i want to chown my directory i do this: [root@sop /]# chown -R webadm:webgrp /ap/P12B/ I have this error: chown: changement de propriétaire pour `/ap/P12B/': Système ...
0
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0answers
182 views

Changing Android files in root directory

Does anyone know how (if it is possible) to change Android files stored in root directory, particularly logo.rle? I want to change my boot splashscreen, changing the file, which is stored in /. I have ...
2
votes
2answers
396 views

Execute user script as root in startup applications

I just created a script (logscreenlock) to log lock/unlock screen events (derived from this post): #! /bin/bash dbus-monitor --session "type='signal',interface='org.gnome.ScreenSaver'" | ( while ...
1
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2answers
188 views

Pamtester automate password testing

We have a system image which uses a default password for root. This should be changed, though I have a feeling not all users do this. I know I can test login with pamtester: # pamtester system-auth ...
0
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2answers
145 views

Resizing root partition in LVM broke Grub

I'm using Debian Wheezy hosted on W7 in Virtualbox. I needed to enlarge root partition then added a new virtual disk to virtual machine. Doing the steps mentioned below brings me to grub prompt. I: ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference between root account and administrative account

If a user with administrative privilege can have all the powers of root using sudo , then what is the advantage of having root account?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to see password as we type it

In debian wheezy terminal i type su - It ask for password, which i type but it dont show anything as Password: I want to it to show at least some asterisks as the placeholder for the password ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Can edit file as root, but not using sudo

I just faced a really strange situation. I was trying to edit file /usr/lib/thunderbird/thunderbird.sh, which has the following permissions: $ ll /usr/lib/thunderbird/thunderbird.sh -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

Log in as one user but authenticate as another

This might be a weird question but I wonder if there are possibilities to this. When I'm configuring a system I prefer to be root so that I don't have to sudo everything. However, the root account is ...
4
votes
2answers
39k views

How to properly configure sudoers file, on debian wheezy?

I have seen many blog posts that say, it is enough to do aptitude install sudo su root adduser USERNAME sudo But that only protects aptitude, in other words: aptitude install sendmail will ask ...
0
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0answers
106 views

Root has no permission on virtual console screen devices

Even being root I can't do the following: # cat /dev/vcs1 cat: /dev/vcs1: Operation not permitted And the rights are set correctly: # ls -o /dev/ crw-r--r-- 1 root 7, 1 Aug 5 22:00 vcs1 ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Why doesn't terminal show color schema once logged as root?

I'm currently using Debian 7 Wheezy, and I've noticed that the colors palette on terminal (which might be useful to identify among a large set of files and folders) are not enabled once I log as root. ...
1
vote
3answers
120 views

Is there any way to disable shutdowning remote machine?

I sometimes mistakenly shutdown the remote machine by using sudo init 0, so I wrote something like in one of my rc files: alias sudo='sudo ' if [ $SSH_CLIENT ]; then alias init 'echo Never use init ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

How to ftp as root?

I can ftp to a linux server by doing ftp server But I can't do that with root. Need sftp or something or what?