The "root" account is the most privileged account on a Unix system.

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login scenario and root ssh access block

I'm kinda new to linux so bear with me. I followed a tutorial on how to grant root access to other users and what I did was, in /etc/passwd/ I changed the other users' uid/gid to 0:0. The problem is ...
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1answer
488 views

I changed /etc/sudoers, and now I can't run as sudo

I messed around with the sudoers file without really knowing what I was doing using this link. Assume I did everything that was in the top answer along with editing it with vim and not visudo. How do ...
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0answers
25 views

Why does xdg-open text_file differ from sudo -u me xdg-open text_file?

If I run the following command, the text file opens in my preferred editor (kate). $ xdg-open text_file However, if I try the following, where sparhawk is my username, I get several warnings, and ...
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143 views

Does Linux unmount the root partition when the partition is about 80% full? [closed]

Summary Linux seems to be unmounting the root partition, /dev/sda6. I noticed that sda6 is about 80% full. Does Linux unmount this root partition when it gets 80% full, to stop you adding more files? ...
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1answer
2k views

Vim Error E138: Can't write viminfo file $HOME/.viminfo!

I'm afraid I've run into something rather strange. When I open a file normally, vim README.txt, everything is fine. But upon sudo vim README.txt, the file renders blank, and gives me a E138: Can't ...
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2answers
146 views

How to get permission for editing fstab file in debian [duplicate]

I wanted to change my fstab file to be able to solve "Error mounting" (I tried to delete the last line of fstab file) # /etc/fstab: static file system information. # # Use 'blkid' to print the ...
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1answer
285 views

How to change permissions/owner or delete Downloads folder (owner: root wheel)?

Something strange happened with my Downloads directory on my Mac OSX v 10.7.5. All of a sudden I wasn't permitted to save anything to the directory. The directory is in users/kelly/ and is the only ...
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3answers
538 views

How do I drop root privileges in shell scripts?

The "--up" option in OpenVPN is normally used for routing etc. And so it is processed before OpenVPN drops root privileges to run as nobody. However, I am invoking shell scripts that need to run as an ...
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1answer
129 views

Rooting Linux via mysql

I have a CentOS 5.6 x86 installed. I have full access to mysql but it seems I have forgotten Linux root password. How I can access the root via MySQL? Is it even possible? Update: MySQL Version is ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Execute scripts without decrypting them

I have a set of scripts (bash, ruby, python) and want to put everything into a container like file so I can deploy this container on a lot of servers. This scripts need to protect from accessing other ...
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2answers
107 views

live dd over a mounted read-only root partiton

I'm trying to conceive a firmware update mechanism for a Linux-based embedded system without an additional initrd/initramfs/whatever. From within the running system which has a read-only mounted root ...
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2answers
163 views

Why can user have lower permissions than group or other? Who can change them?

It is my understanding that the owner of a file user can have lower permissions than group or other. What is the justification for this? Can only root and the owner change the permissions on a ...
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1answer
110 views

Is there a way to run a privileged command upon successful SSH login (not necessarily with shell or PTY)?

I'd like to run a privileged command upon successful SSH logins at the server's end. However, this has to be in the server configuration (sshd_config or anything else that cannot be manipulated or ...
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0answers
100 views

Debian wheezy using gnome classic requires root for system modifying changes

I am using Gnome classic on Debian Wheezy, and I sometimes get a popup for package updates. The UI prompts for a root password, and will only accept root. Is there some way for me to add my account to ...
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2answers
142 views

In Linux, why do you need to be root to write to /proc/sysrq-trigger?

WARNING: THE NEXT KEY COMBINATION WILL CRASH YOUR COMPUTER Ok, I get that this is an administrative tool and all, but I realized that any user can do ALT + SysRq + C. This link explains what I'm ...
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1answer
83 views

Meaning of entries in /etc/securetty?

I've been given a set of entries to apply to /etc/securetty, what does each of them mean? console tty1cd / tty2 tty3 tty4 tty5 tty6 ttyS0 ttyS1 I'm especially interested in the "tty1cd /" entry. I ...
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1answer
161 views

Why doesn't setuid not work? [duplicate]

I want my program can only be run by user xyz using root privilege. So I set setuid with: chmod u+s program1.sh ls -l program1.sh rwsr-x--- 1 root house 1299 May 15 23:54 program1.sh And I let user ...
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1answer
706 views

OpenELEC, non-root user, home directory, SSH

I'm running OpenELEC on Raspberry Pi As you know, directory /storage is a shared home folder between user root and user openelec This makes a problem when you want to setup ssh key authentication for ...
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2answers
121 views

Linux Terminal SSH Username Change

I want to connect via ssh to my Ubuntu server from my Linux PC. Xterm uses my Linux PC username for the login. I've another username on the server. It's not the same name like on my Linux PC. How can ...
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0answers
156 views

Can't open any tool of the system administration panel in CentOS 6 that demands the root password

When I try to open any graphical tool that demands the root password, it won't launch after I enter the password. I have tried the "Authentication" and "Date and Time" apps, for example. When I try to ...
2
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1answer
99 views

Root Password Policy and Refresh

Unfortunately the infrastructure I work in has static root passwords that are very rarely refreshed. So people leaving the company will have our root passwords and it can potentially be leaked to ...
2
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1answer
790 views

Why should we use a ~15-25 GB root partition?

I have separate partitions for / and /home, yet my root partition is ~30 GB and growing. Why does everyone recommend a 15-25 GB root partition, and how is this achieved? Here is my space usage, along ...
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1answer
181 views

Run jar file on startup as root without password

I developed a jar file I would like to run in all *nix platforms. I want to run the jar file on every restart with the root privileges without prompting any password. I googled for the solution but it ...
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2answers
2k views

I'm not getting privileges, edited /etc/sudoers [duplicate]

I want to run any program without asking root password. Because I'm the only person who use the system. So I googled and edited /etc/sudoers. What I did: # chmod 640 /etc/sudoers # vim /etc/sudoers ...
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System Crontab or Root Crontab

System crontab: /etc/crontab Root crontab: sudo crontab -u root -e Which way is preferred? As they all run tasks within administration privilege.
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1answer
1k views

How to execute changes on remote server as root?

I'm wondering if there is a way to execute a script/commands from the the local machine without making any modifications as root on the remote machine? Some background I'm trying to setup some tasks ...
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2answers
263 views

How does sudo really work? [duplicate]

This question might be stupid, but I am unable to answer it myself. I always thought that "sudo" just starts another login-process, specifically using "root" as a username and asking for the Password ...
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31 views

log all the email send by the root

I'm new in Linux and just installed a private script and want to capture all traffic, to know if this script send my logs or other things via email.
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1answer
83 views

Check that only root can edit a script before executing it

I have a script that needs to run as root. It also has a configuration file which is read using source: source conf.sh I would like to check that normal user can't edit conf.sh and therefore get ...
3
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1answer
4k views

why can't I install packages with rpm? I get “transaction lock”

I'm having problems with yum and I am trying to re-install it. I've download yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm. When I try: $ rpm -ivh yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm I get: error: can't ...
3
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3answers
276 views

What is centos /root/core.* files? they eat my hard disk till it is full

I have a vps server with 130GB hard disk. Recently, the server is crash down, I access ssh and use dh -h, Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/vzfs 130G 130G 0 ...
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3answers
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Why are web servers traditionally started as superuser?

Thinking about a future web server setup, it struck me that for some reason web servers usually start as root and then drop certain rights (setuid) for the worker processes. In addition there is often ...
2
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1answer
397 views

root login silently fails

After some months of not touching it I wanted to login to one of our virtual servers to update OpenSSL, because of the heartbleed thing. The server is running Debian 7, sudo is not installed. I ...
3
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2answers
289 views

Newly compiled kernel not booting up (vanilla kernel 3.12.14)

I downloaded, configured and installed kernel downloaded from kernel.org. While booting up this new kernel for the first time, this error screen shows which is pointing towards a missing or wrongly ...
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2answers
104 views

What is the security advantage of running as non-root user? [closed]

I have heard the advice to not work as root user. One convention is to create a server@server user (instead of root@server) and do all the rest administrative tasks as that user. What is the ...
3
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2answers
381 views

Process in user mode switch to kernel mode. Then the process will have root privileges?

According to http://www.linfo.org/kernel_mode.html in paragraph 7: When a user process runs a portion of the kernel code via a system call, the process temporarily becomes a kernel process and is ...
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1answer
245 views

Granting SAMBA rights and privileges requires root password

Given a default Ubuntu installation, I get the following myusername@EARTH:~$ sudo bash root@EARTH:~# net rpc rights grant myusername SePrintOperatorPrivilege Enter root's password: Failed to grant ...
3
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1answer
382 views

What is the relationship between root and kernel? [closed]

Based on part of the first answer of this questions: read from a file (the kernel must check that the permissions allow you to read from said file, and then the kernel carries out the actual ...
3
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1answer
164 views

Enable superuser when logged in with another user

Suppose that the machine has two users: Alice (admin) Bob (standard user) While Bob is logged in, how can Alice modify a root file (Bob does not have this permission even with sudo)? Alice tried: ...
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2answers
118 views

Root access denied in LiveUSB of Portues

I am on Live Linux USB of Porteus linux and I copied it to RAM. I want to access root folder for making changes so that settings gets saved. but this is showing up
0
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1answer
678 views

(CentOS-6.5) How to implement GNOME environment privilege escalation like GKSUDO?

How would I implement a GKSUDO -like privilege escalation control on CentOS 6.5 workstations? (standard GNOME config, x86_64 and i386) I do not want to share the root password with users, and some of ...
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59 views

Installer tries to run sudo for root access

I downloaded Mac4lin from http://sourceforge.net/projects/mac4lin/ I proceeded by following steps 1.Extracted ZIP file. 2. ./Mac4Lin_Install_v1.0.sh it producing following output [Admin@localhost ...
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2answers
548 views

Why is root in wheel and operator? Can root being in a group ever make a difference?

I just noticed on my FreeBSD machine that root is in wheel and operator. I'm trying to think of a situation where UID 0 being in a group would have any effect on... well... anything, and I'm coming up ...
0
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1answer
163 views

Non root user performing root actions without sudo/ SetUID in shell script limitation

If I have a script that does some root actions called /sbin/root_stuff and I wanted user bob to have this script run as his shell when he logs in via SSH, I know I can set his shell to a script that ...
0
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2answers
79 views

Can a superuser (with 'root' access) manipulate data on a database installed on the server? [duplicate]

I am inquiring as to what access a user with the 'root' password on a Linux server has. On this server, a database is installed. If someone logs into 'root' do they now have full control (the ...
2
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2answers
82 views

can root user assume any uid

sorry if this is a stupid question. I know that the root user can access all files / commands on the system but can Can a root / su user assume any other uid? The reason I ask is looking at ...
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3answers
236 views

Run script as a different user from root [closed]

From root user, how can I give permissions to another user to execute the file /root/script.sh ? The idea is to run the script like sudo -u user1 /root/script.sh
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3answers
70 views

Terminal Root Command Warning

Is it possible to write a script (or change some file) in order to warn the user that they are using a command that is normally reserved for root? And if so, how? I'm currently the administrator of ...
0
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1answer
169 views

Why user and root passwords cannot be empty on Linux?

I don't know about every Linux distribution but Kubuntu and all other distributions that I tried always require you to set non-empty password during installation. This password is required when you ...
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1answer
741 views

Can't edit sources.list as root

I cannot edit/move/delete the sources.list file, despite being root. When I do ls -la /etc/apt it reports this: root@nibelung:~# ls -la /etc/apt/ total 356 drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 Feb 28 ...