The "root" account is the most privileged account on a Unix system.

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In Linux, why do you need to be root to write to /proc/sysrq-trigger?

WARNING: THE NEXT KEY COMBINATION WILL CRASH YOUR COMPUTER Ok, I get that this is an administrative tool and all, but I realized that any user can do ALT + SysRq + C. This link explains what I'm ...
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1answer
69 views

Meaning of entries in /etc/securetty?

I've been given a set of entries to apply to /etc/securetty, what does each of them mean? console tty1cd / tty2 tty3 tty4 tty5 tty6 ttyS0 ttyS1 I'm especially interested in the "tty1cd /" entry. I ...
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1answer
93 views

Why doesn't setuid not work? [duplicate]

I want my program can only be run by user xyz using root privilege. So I set setuid with: chmod u+s program1.sh ls -l program1.sh rwsr-x--- 1 root house 1299 May 15 23:54 program1.sh And I let user ...
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1answer
519 views

OpenELEC, non-root user, home directory, SSH

I'm running OpenELEC on Raspberry Pi As you know, directory /storage is a shared home folder between user root and user openelec This makes a problem when you want to setup ssh key authentication for ...
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2answers
106 views

Linux Terminal SSH Username Change

I want to connect via ssh to my Ubuntu server from my Linux PC. Xterm uses my Linux PC username for the login. I've another username on the server. It's not the same name like on my Linux PC. How can ...
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0answers
144 views

Can't open any tool of the system administration panel in CentOS 6 that demands the root password

When I try to open any graphical tool that demands the root password, it won't launch after I enter the password. I have tried the "Authentication" and "Date and Time" apps, for example. When I try to ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Root Password Policy and Refresh

Unfortunately the infrastructure I work in has static root passwords that are very rarely refreshed. So people leaving the company will have our root passwords and it can potentially be leaked to ...
2
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1answer
571 views

Why should we use a ~15-25 GB root partition?

I have separate partitions for / and /home, yet my root partition is ~30 GB and growing. Why does everyone recommend a 15-25 GB root partition, and how is this achieved? Here is my space usage, along ...
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1answer
177 views

Run jar file on startup as root without password

I developed a jar file I would like to run in all *nix platforms. I want to run the jar file on every restart with the root privileges without prompting any password. I googled for the solution but it ...
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2answers
1k views

I'm not getting privileges, edited /etc/sudoers [duplicate]

I want to run any program without asking root password. Because I'm the only person who use the system. So I googled and edited /etc/sudoers. What I did: # chmod 640 /etc/sudoers # vim /etc/sudoers ...
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2answers
264 views

System Crontab or Root Crontab

System crontab: /etc/crontab Root crontab: sudo crontab -u root -e Which way is preferred? As they all run tasks within administration privilege.
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1answer
921 views

How to execute changes on remote server as root?

I'm wondering if there is a way to execute a script/commands from the the local machine without making any modifications as root on the remote machine? Some background I'm trying to setup some tasks ...
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2answers
259 views

How does sudo really work? [duplicate]

This question might be stupid, but I am unable to answer it myself. I always thought that "sudo" just starts another login-process, specifically using "root" as a username and asking for the Password ...
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0answers
28 views

log all the email send by the root

I'm new in Linux and just installed a private script and want to capture all traffic, to know if this script send my logs or other things via email.
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1answer
82 views

Check that only root can edit a script before executing it

I have a script that needs to run as root. It also has a configuration file which is read using source: source conf.sh I would like to check that normal user can't edit conf.sh and therefore get ...
3
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1answer
3k views

why can't I install packages with rpm? I get “transaction lock”

I'm having problems with yum and I am trying to re-install it. I've download yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm. When I try: $ rpm -ivh yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm I get: error: can't ...
3
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3answers
204 views

What is centos /root/core.* files? they eat my hard disk till it is full

I have a vps server with 130GB hard disk. Recently, the server is crash down, I access ssh and use dh -h, Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/vzfs 130G 130G 0 ...
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3answers
412 views

Why are web servers traditionally started as superuser?

Thinking about a future web server setup, it struck me that for some reason web servers usually start as root and then drop certain rights (setuid) for the worker processes. In addition there is often ...
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1answer
333 views

root login silently fails

After some months of not touching it I wanted to login to one of our virtual servers to update OpenSSL, because of the heartbleed thing. The server is running Debian 7, sudo is not installed. I ...
3
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2answers
223 views

Newly compiled kernel not booting up (vanilla kernel 3.12.14)

I downloaded, configured and installed kernel downloaded from kernel.org. While booting up this new kernel for the first time, this error screen shows which is pointing towards a missing or wrongly ...
0
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2answers
99 views

What is the security advantage of running as non-root user? [closed]

I have heard the advice to not work as root user. One convention is to create a server@server user (instead of root@server) and do all the rest administrative tasks as that user. What is the ...
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2answers
265 views

Process in user mode switch to kernel mode. Then the process will have root privileges?

According to http://www.linfo.org/kernel_mode.html in paragraph 7: When a user process runs a portion of the kernel code via a system call, the process temporarily becomes a kernel process and is ...
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1answer
202 views

Granting SAMBA rights and privileges requires root password

Given a default Ubuntu installation, I get the following myusername@EARTH:~$ sudo bash root@EARTH:~# net rpc rights grant myusername SePrintOperatorPrivilege Enter root's password: Failed to grant ...
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1answer
305 views

What is the relationship between root and kernel? [closed]

Based on part of the first answer of this questions: read from a file (the kernel must check that the permissions allow you to read from said file, and then the kernel carries out the actual ...
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1answer
163 views

Enable superuser when logged in with another user

Suppose that the machine has two users: Alice (admin) Bob (standard user) While Bob is logged in, how can Alice modify a root file (Bob does not have this permission even with sudo)? Alice tried: ...
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2answers
94 views

Root access denied in LiveUSB of Portues

I am on Live Linux USB of Porteus linux and I copied it to RAM. I want to access root folder for making changes so that settings gets saved. but this is showing up
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1answer
599 views

(CentOS-6.5) How to implement GNOME environment privilege escalation like GKSUDO?

How would I implement a GKSUDO -like privilege escalation control on CentOS 6.5 workstations? (standard GNOME config, x86_64 and i386) I do not want to share the root password with users, and some of ...
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0answers
47 views

Installer tries to run sudo for root access

I downloaded Mac4lin from http://sourceforge.net/projects/mac4lin/ I proceeded by following steps 1.Extracted ZIP file. 2. ./Mac4Lin_Install_v1.0.sh it producing following output [Admin@localhost ...
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2answers
463 views

Why is root in wheel and operator? Can root being in a group ever make a difference?

I just noticed on my FreeBSD machine that root is in wheel and operator. I'm trying to think of a situation where UID 0 being in a group would have any effect on... well... anything, and I'm coming up ...
0
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1answer
157 views

Non root user performing root actions without sudo/ SetUID in shell script limitation

If I have a script that does some root actions called /sbin/root_stuff and I wanted user bob to have this script run as his shell when he logs in via SSH, I know I can set his shell to a script that ...
0
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2answers
79 views

Can a superuser (with 'root' access) manipulate data on a database installed on the server? [duplicate]

I am inquiring as to what access a user with the 'root' password on a Linux server has. On this server, a database is installed. If someone logs into 'root' do they now have full control (the ...
2
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2answers
78 views

can root user assume any uid

sorry if this is a stupid question. I know that the root user can access all files / commands on the system but can Can a root / su user assume any other uid? The reason I ask is looking at ...
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3answers
168 views

Run script as a different user from root [closed]

From root user, how can I give permissions to another user to execute the file /root/script.sh ? The idea is to run the script like sudo -u user1 /root/script.sh
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3answers
64 views

Terminal Root Command Warning

Is it possible to write a script (or change some file) in order to warn the user that they are using a command that is normally reserved for root? And if so, how? I'm currently the administrator of ...
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1answer
145 views

Why user and root passwords cannot be empty on Linux?

I don't know about every Linux distribution but Kubuntu and all other distributions that I tried always require you to set non-empty password during installation. This password is required when you ...
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1answer
622 views

Can't edit sources.list as root

I cannot edit/move/delete the sources.list file, despite being root. When I do ls -la /etc/apt it reports this: root@nibelung:~# ls -la /etc/apt/ total 356 drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 Feb 28 ...
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6answers
4k views

Can root/superuser read my read-protected files?

On shared unix hosting, if I have a file sensitive-data.txt and I issue: chmod 600 sensitive-data.txt Can root user still read my file? Specifically I'm wondering if it's safe to store my password ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Is it a bad idea to keep scripts in /root? [closed]

Is it a bad idea to keep scripts in /root? Simple bash scripts that have the following permissions: -rw-r--r-- They execute fine when ran as root, but is this bad practice? It's a multi-user system, ...
1
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1answer
78 views

super user group or user?

I am using the following command in Oracle Exadata: sudo su - odiadmin As sudo prompts for my own password, I am wondering if I upgrade myself to super user or do I switch to superuser ...
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2answers
1k views

Linux SSH logging via PUTTY

I have Linux console, managed from Windows. Can login to Linux console from MSTSC service of Windows, as xrdp is installed on Linux. However I cannot login via Putty with SSH connection. It's ...
3
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1answer
151 views

Some software runs only by root terminal

I'm facing this odd situation here, programs such as gparted, furiusisomount and Rstudio never run by clicking on their icons in the applications menu or by running them with terminal as a normal ...
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1answer
194 views

Why does root not have /usr/local in path?

I've noticed that the default path for root on my of my vm's and servers do not include /usr/local/bin sudo -s echo $PATH /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin Whereas normal users on the server do have ...
0
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1answer
225 views

Is it possible to make a standard user that can gain NO access to root?

I'm a very new beginner learning how to use Linux. I have very little experience so far in different distros. I've set Kali Linux as the OS on a remote PC. Users will be connecting to it via SSH and I ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Installing as 'root' is not currently supported - what should I do?

I finally got root access to one of the nodes which incredibly helped me to get most of my software installed. But now, for the first time, I got into issues for actually being root :-)) We recommend ...
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2answers
239 views

Change sudo and root password on Debian

I have sudo access, but I don't remember the sudo or root password; how do I change it from my limited account using sudo?
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792 views

Why does this ssh command not work? (cat ./file | ssh <user@host> “cat | sudo -t -t 'cat > /root/location/file'”)

I'm trying to do the following but it's not quite right. cat ~/Desktop/blah.png | ssh -t -t trusktr@50.116.4.56 "cat | sudo -i 'cat | /path/to/blah.png'" I have my public ssh key in the ...
2
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1answer
217 views

Reconfigure login through root ftp (lost ssh access)

My question is twofold. I need to somehow re-enable telnet and/or ssh in a device where I currently only have root ftp access. Also, if I am going about this wrong, please let me know. Details to ...
3
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1answer
178 views

How to disable root user on OpenBSD?

So there is a desktop and root permission isn't needed on it (or if it's needed, then reboot to single mode/whateverlivecd fix a config file-> get root, do the stuff with it and at the end, disable ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Can't login to Root User

I just installed Ubuntu 13.10 on VMware. I am trying to login to root from my user account using su command but unable to login as Terminal is saying the following : su: Authentication Failed
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4answers
726 views

how to recover mistakenly deleted root user line in /etc/passwd

I had an accident with /etc/passwd - using putpwent(), I replaced the first line of /etc/passwd with mine. Unfortunately this line used to belong to root. Now I don't have root permission, and I can't ...