The "root" account is the most privileged account on a Unix system.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
26 views

How to determine if X server runs with root privileges

This is a one-liner: Is there a way/command to check if the X server is run as root or as user? This was supposed to be a one-liner but alas... I recently upgraded my Arch Linux box. After the ...
-3
votes
2answers
31 views

How do I run as a limited user while logged in as Root, and another question

Is there a way to, on linux, do: run as limited user when logged in as root? (like sudo but vice versa, so instead of GRANTING rights, it limits them, i.e., for use with "bundle install" for missing ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How should I change root@mydomain when I send from mail() php function?

I've installed sendmail in Ubuntu as below: apt-get install sendmail Then I sent an Email to test, I received Email from root <root@mydomain>. I checked the content of /etc/aliases, but it ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Unable to get rid of root user and privileges

I am told that the most basic security to set up in Linux is to change the superuser name from root to something obscure so I run these steps to add new user $ /usr/sbin/adduser new_username $ ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

how to verify if root password changed correctly

I have an OpsWare task, that changes root passwords on a massive number of servers, by replacing the root's password hash in /etc/shadow file. I need a script of some sort, which preferably runs ...
1
vote
3answers
41 views

Vim Error 'E212: Cannot open file for writing', when trying to create new files outside of home dir

I am running Wheezy Debian. When I try to create a new file in a directory other than my home directory, such as /var/www, I get the following error in vim: E212: Cannot open file for writing. I ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

Desktop app run by admin user (but not explicitly with sudo) takes file ownership of shared file

Similar to http://stackoverflow.com/questions/15143614/file-ownership-changes-to-root-after-saving-from-a-program-in-ubuntu but I can't use the answer since I'm not running a command-line app as sudo. ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Does root not require a password to log in as a user?

Does root not require a password to log in as a user even though a password has been set for that user? When I am logged in as "root", su user logs me in as "user". There is no prompt for a password. ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Openning root terminal by keyboard shortcut

I am using Debian Linux and I am setting some shortcuts on it. So in keyboard window I went to shortcut, added gnome-terminal, and set Ctrl + t as the keys. But in Debian we also have "Root ...
5
votes
1answer
175 views

No password to run command as root for fixed command? [duplicate]

Is it possible to define a rule in sudoers to allow one user to run one well defined command as root, without password or other authentication except being the right user? Are there alternatives to ...
1
vote
4answers
78 views

How to correctly enable sudo for user in Fedora 20

I followed this question in order to enable sudo command for my created user. So I added it into the wheels group and edited the /etc/sudoers file accordingly. But what I don't get about this is when ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

On Arch Linux Partitioning [closed]

I've been going through the Arch Linux beginner's guide and I'm a bit confused on partitioning the OS. It says I can either have just a root partition or a root and /home partition. What are the ...
2
votes
3answers
315 views

Is this command safe to run from / as root

find . * -depth -print0 | xargs -0 rmdir It finds and removes all empty folders (including hidden ones) recursively. I only tired it on my home folder and a pendrive in Linux PC and it worked but I ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

su not asking for password

My su does not ask for password. When I run su it simply logs me in to root. I tried su - root then it asks for password. Now, because of this kdesu runs applications with root rights without ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Error when running X11 application as root

I get this wierd error when I run applications as root. **(gedit:630): WARNING **: could not open X display No protocol specified Unable to init server (gedit:630): Gtk-WARNING **: Cannot open ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Copy file from USB drive to a desktop loaded via a LiveCD

I have booted my computer using a LiveCD and want to copy a file from a USB drive to the LiveCD loaded desktop. I want to copy a file from the USB drive to the desktop environment in memory, which ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

login scenario and root ssh access block

I'm kinda new to linux so bear with me. I followed a tutorial on how to grant root access to other users and what I did was, in /etc/passwd/ I changed the other users' uid/gid to 0:0. The problem is ...
5
votes
1answer
328 views

I changed /etc/sudoers, and now I can't run as sudo

I messed around with the sudoers file without really knowing what I was doing using this link. Assume I did everything that was in the top answer along with editing it with vim and not visudo. How do ...
2
votes
0answers
8 views

Why does xdg-open text_file differ from sudo -u me xdg-open text_file?

If I run the following command, the text file opens in my preferred editor (kate). $ xdg-open text_file However, if I try the following, where sparhawk is my username, I get several warnings, and ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Does Linux unmount the root partition when the partition is about 80% full? [closed]

Summary Linux seems to be unmounting the root partition, /dev/sda6. I noticed that sda6 is about 80% full. Does Linux unmount this root partition when it gets 80% full, to stop you adding more files? ...
2
votes
1answer
435 views

Vim Error E138: Can't write viminfo file $HOME/.viminfo!

I'm afraid I've run into something rather strange. When I open a file normally, vim README.txt, everything is fine. But upon sudo vim README.txt, the file renders blank, and gives me a E138: Can't ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

How to get permission for editing fstab file in debian [duplicate]

I wanted to change my fstab file to be able to solve "Error mounting" (I tried to delete the last line of fstab file) # /etc/fstab: static file system information. # # Use 'blkid' to print the ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How to change permissions/owner or delete Downloads folder (owner: root wheel)?

Something strange happened with my Downloads directory on my Mac OSX v 10.7.5. All of a sudden I wasn't permitted to save anything to the directory. The directory is in users/kelly/ and is the only ...
2
votes
3answers
167 views

How do I drop root privileges in shell scripts?

The "--up" option in OpenVPN is normally used for routing etc. And so it is processed before OpenVPN drops root privileges to run as nobody. However, I am invoking shell scripts that need to run as an ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Rooting Linux via mysql

I have a CentOS 5.6 x86 installed. I have full access to mysql but it seems I have forgotten Linux root password. How I can access the root via MySQL? Is it even possible? Update: MySQL Version is ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Execute scripts without decrypting them

I have a set of scripts (bash, ruby, python) and want to put everything into a container like file so I can deploy this container on a lot of servers. This scripts need to protect from accessing other ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

live dd over a mounted read-only root partiton

I'm trying to conceive a firmware update mechanism for a Linux-based embedded system without an additional initrd/initramfs/whatever. From within the running system which has a read-only mounted root ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Why can user have lower permissions than group or other? Who can change them?

It is my understanding that the owner of a file user can have lower permissions than group or other. What is the justification for this? Can only root and the owner change the permissions on a ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Is there a way to run a privileged command upon successful SSH login (not necessarily with shell or PTY)?

I'd like to run a privileged command upon successful SSH logins at the server's end. However, this has to be in the server configuration (sshd_config or anything else that cannot be manipulated or ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Debian wheezy using gnome classic requires root for system modifying changes

I am using Gnome classic on Debian Wheezy, and I sometimes get a popup for package updates. The UI prompts for a root password, and will only accept root. Is there some way for me to add my account to ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

In Linux, why do you need to be root to write to /proc/sysrq-trigger?

WARNING: THE NEXT KEY COMBINATION WILL CRASH YOUR COMPUTER Ok, I get that this is an administrative tool and all, but I realized that any user can do ALT + SysRq + C. This link explains what I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Meaning of entries in /etc/securetty?

I've been given a set of entries to apply to /etc/securetty, what does each of them mean? console tty1cd / tty2 tty3 tty4 tty5 tty6 ttyS0 ttyS1 I'm especially interested in the "tty1cd /" entry. I ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why doesn't setuid not work? [duplicate]

I want my program can only be run by user xyz using root privilege. So I set setuid with: chmod u+s program1.sh ls -l program1.sh rwsr-x--- 1 root house 1299 May 15 23:54 program1.sh And I let user ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

OpenELEC, non-root user, home directory, SSH

I'm running OpenELEC on Raspberry Pi As you know, directory /storage is a shared home folder between user root and user openelec This makes a problem when you want to setup ssh key authentication for ...
-1
votes
2answers
52 views

Linux Terminal SSH Username Change

I want to connect via ssh to my Ubuntu server from my Linux PC. Xterm uses my Linux PC username for the login. I've another username on the server. It's not the same name like on my Linux PC. How can ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Can't open any tool of the system administration panel in CentOS 6 that demands the root password

When I try to open any graphical tool that demands the root password, it won't launch after I enter the password. I have tried the "Authentication" and "Date and Time" apps, for example. When I try to ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Root Password Policy and Refresh

Unfortunately the infrastructure I work in has static root passwords that are very rarely refreshed. So people leaving the company will have our root passwords and it can potentially be leaked to ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Why should we use a ~15-25 GB root partition?

I have separate partitions for / and /home, yet my root partition is ~30 GB and growing. Why does everyone recommend a 15-25 GB root partition, and how is this achieved? Here is my space usage, along ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Run jar file on startup as root without password

I developed a jar file I would like to run in all *nix platforms. I want to run the jar file on every restart with the root privileges without prompting any password. I googled for the solution but it ...
3
votes
2answers
226 views

I'm not getting privileges, edited /etc/sudoers [duplicate]

I want to run any program without asking root password. Because I'm the only person who use the system. So I googled and edited /etc/sudoers. What I did: # chmod 640 /etc/sudoers # vim /etc/sudoers ...
4
votes
2answers
75 views

System Crontab or Root Crontab

System crontab: /etc/crontab Root crontab: sudo crontab -u root -e Which way is preferred? As they all run tasks within administration privilege.
1
vote
1answer
128 views

How to execute changes on remote server as root?

I'm wondering if there is a way to execute a script/commands from the the local machine without making any modifications as root on the remote machine? Some background I'm trying to setup some tasks ...
1
vote
2answers
216 views

How does sudo really work? [duplicate]

This question might be stupid, but I am unable to answer it myself. I always thought that "sudo" just starts another login-process, specifically using "root" as a username and asking for the Password ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

log all the email send by the root

I'm new in Linux and just installed a private script and want to capture all traffic, to know if this script send my logs or other things via email.
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Check that only root can edit a script before executing it

I have a script that needs to run as root. It also has a configuration file which is read using source: source conf.sh I would like to check that normal user can't edit conf.sh and therefore get ...
1
vote
1answer
360 views

why can't I install packages with rpm? I get “transaction lock”

I'm having problems with yum and I am trying to re-install it. I've download yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm. When I try: $ rpm -ivh yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm I get: error: can't ...
3
votes
3answers
113 views

What is centos /root/core.* files? they eat my hard disk till it is full

I have a vps server with 130GB hard disk. Recently, the server is crash down, I access ssh and use dh -h, Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/vzfs 130G 130G 0 ...
6
votes
3answers
395 views

Why are web servers traditionally started as superuser?

Thinking about a future web server setup, it struck me that for some reason web servers usually start as root and then drop certain rights (setuid) for the worker processes. In addition there is often ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

root login silently fails

After some months of not touching it I wanted to login to one of our virtual servers to update OpenSSL, because of the heartbleed thing. The server is running Debian 7, sudo is not installed. I ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Newly compiled kernel not booting up (vanilla kernel 3.12.14)

I downloaded, configured and installed kernel downloaded from kernel.org. While booting up this new kernel for the first time, this error screen shows which is pointing towards a missing or wrongly ...