Regular expressions are a means of matching a pattern of characters within a string.

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Weird zsh grep -P behaviour

I connect to server with PuTTY from Windows. I have a long yet not touched (I suppose) by hands of local admin config: $ cat /opt/jira/.subversion/config ... ### must be enabled, which is ...
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What does this egrep command do?

What does this egrep command do? egrep '[^A-M][0-9]+' /etc/passwd So far I think it searches for any file in /etc/passwd that starts with A-M and includes the number(s) 0-9. Is that right?
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Lazy regex using Bash

I'm trying to match just the text contained within the HTML tags using Bash's built-in regex function: string='<span class="circle"> </span>foo</span></span>' regex='<span ...
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What does the dot in regex “^[A-Za-z]{2}[1-9]{2}.*” do?

I am very new with regexp. I would like to know the pattern defined by this regexp : ^[A-Za-z]{2}[1-9]{2}.* It starts with 2 alphabetic characters then 2 numeric characters then a . and * which is ...
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use search result in replace statement with vim substitute

I know this is gonna be a stupid question, but I've tried here, google and the official documentation. I've got a file with a whole heap of words of the form 'foo' and i want to change them to ...
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What does this regex mean?

I was working on the conversion of Unix newline to Windows newline. I tried to unix2dos but it gave me some binary error, so I looked it up and stumbled upon this regex sed 's/$'"/`echo \\\r`/" ...
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Grep and regex, Why does the following return only a specific portion?

Why in the following: echo this is a line. | grep -o -E "[a-z]+\." The result is line. and not this is a line.? There is no word boundary or any other restriction on the regex.
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Regex and piped commands with sed

I'm finding really hard to use sed command, plus I can't seem to find well written tutorials. Let me say that I worked with regular expression in other languages (Python, JavaScript, Java), so that ...
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Regular expressions help

what the different between these two regex expression ? AB\{4\} and (AB)\{4\} for the first expression I think that it repeat B 4 times, then for second expression it repeats AB 4 times. When I ...
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217 views

Match a simple Regex

I need to match this: (tt\d{1,10}) in a file with the file ending txt. I have tried grep and ack-grep but without results. ack-grep -G \.txt$ -g "(tt\d{1,10})"
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How to find and replace files contents that match a pattern?

Suppose we have a folder named Project. I would like find each file in the folder that contains the pattern &$ at the function call. For example should replace: AnyFunction(&$arg); with ...
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sed pattern matching

I recently asked someone at work about how to take the output of ipcs -qa and make it space delimited, so I can parse it/store it in the database for monitoring. He gave me this: ipcs -qa | sed 's/ [ ...
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pattern search and display the last occuring pattern?

I have a log file containing startup and shutdown times for everday. I want to see the last pattern pattern for startup and shutdown(which is located at the end of the file being updated everyday). ...
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4answers
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Processing control characters

I have a log file which contains a bunch of non visible control characters such as hex \u0003. I would like to replace this using something like SED, but can't get the first part of the regex to ...
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vim replace search text by manipulated search text

This is a very simplified version of my problem. Suppose I have a text file containing several places the code 20091a or 20092a or 20093a. I'm wishing to surround all this code by the text ...
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Simple sed replacement of tabs mysteriously failing

This ought to be really simple, but for some reason it is not working: sed -i.bak -E 's/\t/ /' file.txt Instead of replacing tab characters, it's replacing t characters. I've tried every ...
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Enclose multiple lines in quote Vim

I have blocks of the following form: String that is not supposed to be enclosed in quotes String that is supposed to be enclosed in quotes String that is not supposed to be enclosed in ...
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140 views

Regular expression find 3 or 4 numbers

So, I have 50+ words and I have to match the numbers in them. These numbers can be 3 or 4 digit numbers. I think I tried every way there is, but nothing seems to work (I need to remember the number as ...
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Why isn't sed using the extended regex mode by default?

I am using sed. I was using a regex that was correct as far as I could see but sed did not do anything. Turns out that I was using \s+ which sed can not understand (?) and when I switched to [ ]+ it ...
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Find duplicate file names with specific matching pattern

I have a folder with some files (snippet of the contents of the folder) PAT1.URGRSVP.50.WR786842JOB11632.WRS20140.FILE0005.DAT PAT1.URGRSVP.50.WR786842JOB11643.WRS20140.FILE0003.DAT ...
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Regular expression in Bash to validate IP-address

In my Python script i have a regular expression for searching IP-addresses like 0.0.0.0-255.255.255.255 in a file, it looks like this: ...
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278 views

How to Replace Path in Search field using VIM

I'm trying to replace this text in VIM Actual Path /home/omipenguin/Servers\ Information/systemscript.sh/sysinfo.txt with this new path /home/sysinfo I tried %s/\/home\/omipenguin\/Servers\ ...
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How to match a literal '*' with sed?

I have this line in my file called test.php 'dbs_password' => 'a8b*cyP0', and want to replace into: 'dbs_password' => 'password-here', So I use this sed command with syntax: $ sed -e ...
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sed : Ignore line starting whitespace for match

I want to replace the default listening port of httpd to 9090. I can edit the line in httpd.conf file using below sed -i "/^Listen/c\Listen 9090" /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf But the line Listen 80 ...
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271 views

How can I combine grep with file and extra regex

I have a file of strings in each line. For example: AAAAA BBBBB CCCCC etc I want to check each string one by one whether it exists in a series of files in a specific directory. I ...
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using simple regex quantifier expression in grep

Does anyone know why ls | xargs -n 1 basename | grep -E '[0-9]{1}' does not only show occurrences of a single digit between 0-9? For example if I have: touch 1 touch 22 touch 333 touch test_file ...
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Why is this Bash command using regex not replacing my brackets?

I have this command to go through all my files in my Music directory, and all subdirectories, and replace any square brackets in the file name with rounded brackets: find /home/Music/ -depth -name "* ...
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Pattern matching from the input arguments

we're trying to enhance the scripts. Users will pass some arguments and part of the arguments will have 5.0.3 For an example the input argument would be like Jboss5.0.3GA. Since it ( Jboss5.0.3GA ) ...
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Compacting `find` name patterns

I am using find . -name '*.[cCHh][cC]' -exec grep -nHr "$1" {} ';' find . -name '*.[cCHh]' -exec grep -nHr "$1" {} ';' to search for a string in all files ending with .c, .C, .h, .H, .cc and .CC ...
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How do I generate a list of the characters occurring before a certain character only in lines that contain another certain character using regex?

I know that's super confusing (total noob-sorry!). To clarify, I have a text file that looks like this: 407-OL? 408-2-OL? 408-OL? 418-het? 420-1 and 2- OL? 429-2-left unscored? 430-2-left both ...
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301 views

Match neither regex

I have a Bash script which installs a customised JBoss. The name of the JBoss instance is checked against a regular expression to make sure that the name is valid: if [[ ! $1 =~ $instanceNameRegex ...
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29 views

awk regex matches wrong?

Playing around with awk I noticed this behavior: [root@ror6ax3 ~]# grep open * | awk '$2 ~ /opens*/ {print $0}' install.log:Installing openldap-2.4.23-32.el6_4.1.x86_64 install.log:Installing ...
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grep for text that may or may not be present

Lets say I have a file batman; robin; superman; password = ""; wonderwoman green lantern if I want to check if there is a password present, i.e there is something entered in the "" . here is an ...
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To bold one line with Perl regex

I have 1. Lorem He he he % not sure spelling 2. Lorem ipsun I want to have \textbf{1. Lorem} He he he % not sure spelling \textbf{2. Lorem} ipsun My pseudocode attempt perl -000pe ...
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Need to remove lines till a pattern is matched

My C code needs to decode some application data that were received over a socket by another application. I used the Wireshark to export the packets(many) into a C array. But the array carries all ...
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regex matching with “locate”

I'm trying to use the locate command to find files in my home folder, however whenever I try and run this I get no results: locate -i -l 4 --regexp '^\/home\/jack\/[A-Za-z0-9\/\ ]*(My.)*$' I've ...
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How does “$” work in “apt-cache search something$”

I understand that $ apt-cache search package_name will search for matches in names and descriptions. But how does this work? $ apt-cache search package_name$ For example, $ apt-cache search ...
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How to get numbers by using regular expression, but only last one

In this example I can get 00. expr match "00 foo 99.jpg" '[^0-9]*\([0-9]\+\).*$' I want to know how to get last number from string, in this case 99 by using regular expression. The string may ...
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Backreferencing with sed

I have a database containing a list of unsigned longs representing a bunch of memory addresses followed by an offset within two brackets (e.g. Mem[offset], 0x2322AD4[3]), and some other data. What I ...
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What are the commands that you can use in the beginning of a sed command?

I initially learned to do sed search and replace like so: sed -e 's/<stuff>/<replacement>/' However I recently learned that these will do something different based on what command ...
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Replace text between brackets

I'm using awk '{ gsub(/BAR|WIBBLE/, "FOO"); print }' to replace text in data like: SOMETHING [BAR, WIBBLE] SOMETHING [BAR] This gives the desired result of: SOMETHING [FOO, FOO] SOMETHING [FOO] ...
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Replacing XML entity values with positive lookaround

I'm trying to do some pretty simple sedding of a file: sed 's:(?<=<Type>)default(?=</Type>):super:' < myfile.xml The concept's pretty simple, using positive lookaround, find the ...
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grep: match pattern on a particular position

I need to match a pattern with grep, only if it starts at position 16. Lets suppose I want to match the string ' pattern' (starting with space) the following should match bla bla bla bla pattern ...
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awk date identification from input file

I currently have daily files that come in via FTP with incorrect dates in the first column of the file. I have figured out how to deduct one day to derive the correct date and print this to a new ...
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How can I append multiple extensions to a string with sed?

I want to create a script that will let me download images from entire subreddits at once, but I'm currently stuck on just getting the links right (one problem at a time! ^^). Anyway, since I can't ...
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Why is my grep + regex not working?

I recently decided that enough was enough -- I was going to learn to use grep fluently. It's been all of three hours and I'm already stumped by this toy problem. I'm currently syncing a RAID5 array, ...
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Ensure /etc/export contains rule using bash

What's a working example of modifying /etc/export using bash? Example: I want to ensure the following rule is present and valid: /export/home 2400:123::/32(rw,no_root_squash) And it should: Add ...
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a string representation using regex (modified)

I would like to use regular expression to represent a pattern with the following type of characteristics 1) It includes a continuous sequence of digit values. The length of this sequence it at least ...
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Remove 2 and 3 newlines in a text file but not 1

I'm developing on a max osx 10.8 and have no preferences to which tool to use probably sed but it doesn't matter. Update after comment: The input file uses windows new lines if that's complicates ...
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vim regex to search for lines containing string1 AND string2

How in vim/vi can I search for all lines that contain string1 and string2, where either string can appear anywhere on the line separated by whitespace and possibly other words? I would also like to ...