Regular expressions are a means of matching a pattern of characters within a string.

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remove duplicate files

On my Mac OS X 10.6.7, iTunes duplicated every single file in my music library. Now I have 3,840 files instead of 1,920. The problem is that iTunes didn't simply duplicate the whole folder, but each ...
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Why is this Bash command using regex not replacing my brackets?

I have this command to go through all my files in my Music directory, and all subdirectories, and replace any square brackets in the file name with rounded brackets: find /home/Music/ -depth -name "* ...
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Confused about word boundary

I have been researching this a lot, but I am still not clear on it. What does word boundary mean? What does it do? So, for example, could someone explain this command to me please? egrep ...
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Regular Expression for finding double characters in Bash

I am looking for a regular expression that finds all occurences of double characters in a text, a listing, etc. on the command line (Bash). Main Question: Is there a simple way to look for sequences ...
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Regular expression problem(s) in Bash: [^negate] doesn't seem to work

When I execute ls /directory | grep '[^term]' in Bash I get a regular listing, as if the grep command is ignored somehow. I tried the same thing with egrep, I tried to use it with double and single ...
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Check some property for every line of a file

I have several (427 to be precise) text files with a million lines each containing 31 numbers separated be spaces (possible double spaces). However there might be some data corruption and there may be ...
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101 views

regex suggestion

echo "223255/12345678 " | grep '[0-9a-zA-Z/\-\?:\(\)\.,"\+]{1,34}' According to the regex, it can have any of 0-9 a-z A-Z / - ? : ( ) . , " + of upto 34 chars in any order. Am I ...
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226 views

Regex and piped commands with sed

I'm finding really hard to use sed command, plus I can't seem to find well written tutorials. Let me say that I worked with regular expression in other languages (Python, JavaScript, Java), so that ...
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awk, sed, grep, perl… which to print out in this case?

I have this syntax in a file (http response times from analog): <thead><tr><th class="x">seconds</th><th class="R">reqs</th><th ...
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60 views

Regular expressions help

what the different between these two regex expression ? AB\{4\} and (AB)\{4\} for the first expression I think that it repeat B 4 times, then for second expression it repeats AB 4 times. When I ...
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Help with understanding a regular expression

I have this regular expression \\..\\{3\\}$ I want to understand how this expression works to match a string. My thought is that it matches any 8 characters at the end of the line. Is that how this ...
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find command with regex {1,2}

I have been trying to create a find command string that will find all files that end with a number 1-99 but exclude all others. e.g. I want to find myfile1 myfile99 but not myfile456 and not ...
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exact match in regrex when using vim, man, or less

when using vim, man, or less, I want to do some exact match in regrex for example, when using man, I want to check the argument '-c' if I use /'-c' the matching could be -cim ...
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How to tell grep to match special character at beginning of each word [duplicate]

I have certain questions regarding grep. Why does the following command match '<Hello'? $ grep -E "\<H" test Hello World <Hello H<ello What needs to be done to match '<Hello' only? ...
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2answers
271 views

changing pattern by removing spaces?

file : hi hello,new york, , ,brazil site ,brazil january,month is feb , , ,indiana jones task: delete all horizontal space (spaces and tab) between any two comas (like , ,) if ...
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grep: invalid content of \{\}

Here's the command : grep '\(2\)[[:digit:]]\{\1\}' numbers What I want is to match exactly 2 digits after the digit '2', 3 digits if I change the digit '2' to '3' in my expression, 4 digits if ... ...
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488 views

Recursively edit files based on parent directory's name

I'm facing an issue I'm not quite sure how to overcome. I have a large directory with hundreds of folders, all following the naming scheme "a_b_x", with x being a random word. In every one of these ...
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regex, only the first occurence

I have a pipelined output from free -o -m | awk '{print $4}' I want take step by step two numbers the first and the second line. So i need two regexes. I tried with ^[0-9]{1,3}$ but this match all ...
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Regex match in CLI

Is there something like a logical for the cli? I want to achieve this mv -t newfolder *.(png|jpg) so that alls jpg and png files are moved into newfolder. I know it could be done with mv -t ...
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Why does this add spaces? echo “x ax” | sed 's/x\s*/x /'

I want to find a x, and replace the 0 or more following spaces (\s*) with just a single space. echo "x ax" | sed 's/x\s*/x /' For some reason, instead of replacing the spaces with the single space, ...
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Pattern matching from the input arguments

we're trying to enhance the scripts. Users will pass some arguments and part of the arguments will have 5.0.3 For an example the input argument would be like Jboss5.0.3GA. Since it ( Jboss5.0.3GA ) ...
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Regexp in .ssh/config

At work, I often have to log into hosts which follow a common naming scheme, e.g. qc01 - qc12, hc01 - hc10, and so on. All of these need to get the same config values in my laptop's .ssh/config. Of ...
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Find files in multiple folder names

I am trying to list all the files from dir1, dir2, dir3 and dir4 which might be anywhere in as a sub directory of my cwd using the find command. I tried the following with no success: find . -type f ...
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1answer
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Match word containing characters beyond a-zA-Z

To match a word one can use \v(\w+) From the vim help :h \w: \w word character: [0-9A-Za-z_] This works exactly as described in the manual. However, I want to match words that contain ...
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Meaning of asterisk (*) in grep

[USERNAME@host ~] echo -e 'prdxxx\ndadxxx' | grep "da*xxx" prdxxx dadxxx [USERNAME@host ~] echo $SHELL /bin/bash [USERNAME@host ~] dpkg -l | grep -iw bash ii bash ...
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grep lines starting with “1” in Ubuntu

I try to search for lines that start with "1" using ls -1 | grep ^1* but it returns lines that do not start with 1. What I am missing here?
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How to add a line in many files

I have many .html files and I need to add a meta tag after <head>'s start tag in each file. How I can do that? Can vim help me?
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How to reverse-match a string in the Vim programming language?

I want to find the last index of any character in the [abc] set in the abcabc string but the search should start from the end of the string: " Returns the 0th index but I want the 5th. let ...
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extract last match from logfile till end

Using sed, grep, awk, or ruby, what's a simple way to find the last match of a string in a larger log file, and send every line following it (inclusive) to another file? Example: grep -A222 ...
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2answers
950 views

Regex for phrase matching with case statement in ksh

I am trying to start or stop a service on AIX in ksh. I am trying to start to build in fool proofing for checking things like if the services is already down, etc. Here is my script #!/bin/ksh ...
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How can I find matches with sed (or similar) for configuration parameters?

I'm pretty good at using php's preg_match (and similar) commands, and I'm also pretty good with regular expressions, but I don't do very well with sed. I have two shell scripts I'm working on and I'd ...
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190 views

grep all words with specified length, without letter x

So I am stuck here: grep -E '^....c...c...$' shows all words with the expr I need. Now from this words I only need the ones that don't have a x. Who can help me?
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Print lines where first field has only four characters using regex in awk?

John Goldenrod:(916) 348-4278:250:100:175 Chet Main:(510) 548-5258:50:95:135 Tom Savage:(408) 926-3456:250:168:200 Elizabeth Stachelin:(916) 440-1763:175:75:300 output should contain the lines ...
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Removing Color Codes From Output [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Removing control chars (including console codes / colours) from script output I'm working on a script to work alongside a program that I'm writing. What i'm trying to do ...
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How to run grep with multiple AND patterns?

I would like to get the multi pattern match with implicit AND between patterns, i.e. equivalent to running several greps in a sequence: grep pattern1 | grep pattern2 | ... So how to convert it to ...
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1answer
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sed special character replace not working in shell script

I want to write a script 'test.sh' that will take a user's input and replace all special characters with a '\' + the character. My script: #!/bin/bash echo 'input='"$1" arg=`echo "$1" | sed ...
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Remove a block of lines between two patterns [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Show only text between 2 matching pattern In a bash script using sed how can I remove a block of lines beginning with -pattern a- and ending with -pattern b- where the ...
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958 views

Using grep command and backreferencing

This is a pretty basic question, but I can't get my head around it. I'm learning Linux and one of the questions i've been given is; *The word sentimentalment includes the same three characters ...
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find with user variables

I am trying to call find with a few variables. So far I had this: DIRECTORY="./ " FILENAME=-regex" .*test.*" find $DIRECTORY $FILENAME Which works fine. If I change the filename to : ...
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Replace text between brackets

I'm using awk '{ gsub(/BAR|WIBBLE/, "FOO"); print }' to replace text in data like: SOMETHING [BAR, WIBBLE] SOMETHING [BAR] This gives the desired result of: SOMETHING [FOO, FOO] SOMETHING [FOO] ...
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Parse apache logs to exclude IP ranges

I need to look for some requests in a huge pile of apache logs. My only requirement is this: I need to only view the requests coming from any IP address that is NOT included in a list of 50 IP ranges ...
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3answers
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remove white space before delimiter with sed

I have data of the following format that I want to input into LibreOffice calc data | num | num | num | num For some reason Libreoffice does not think the string "3214 " is a number by ...
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Compacting `find` name patterns

I am using find . -name '*.[cCHh][cC]' -exec grep -nHr "$1" {} ';' find . -name '*.[cCHh]' -exec grep -nHr "$1" {} ';' to search for a string in all files ending with .c, .C, .h, .H, .cc and .CC ...
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223 views

Match a simple Regex

I need to match this: (tt\d{1,10}) in a file with the file ending txt. I have tried grep and ack-grep but without results. ack-grep -G \.txt$ -g "(tt\d{1,10})"
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Change currency format to generic number using sed

I am working on a large csv file with all coma separated entries. The entire document is composed of plain numbers, except for a few columns reflecting currencies that are formatted as text. For ...
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How can I grep a directory based on the contents of two successive lines?

How can I grep a directory for lines that contain "Foo", but only get matches when the next line also contains "Bar"?
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AWK - how to reduce the greed of a regular expression?

I have an example: echo "@article{gjn2010jucs, Author = {Grzegorz J. Nalepa}, " | awk '{ sub(/@.*,/,""); print }' Is it possible to write a regular expression that selects the shorter pattern? ...
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Online grep exercises?

Are there any online grep tutorials that would feature some online tool for performing exercises? For example, having some predefined text sample and being told what patterns to find and so forth? It ...
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871 views

Asking ls to only list files in a path that match a specific glob/regex

In Zsh: Is there a way to use ls to only list files and folders in the current directory that match a specific globbing or regex pattern? For example, say I have multiple files that start with the ...
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3answers
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Find word in sentence with Bourne Shell (sh)

I'm trying to determine if a particular word appears in a sentence using Bourne Shell (sh). For example: #!/bin/bash INPUT='Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.' if [[ "$INPUT" == *dolor* ]] then echo ...