Regular expressions are a means of matching a pattern of characters within a string.

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lftp exclude syntax confusion

I am confused with the syntax description given for lftp from their website: -x RX, --exclude=RX exclude matching files -X GP, --exclude-glob=GP exclude matching files How ...
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greedy and lazy regular expressions (comprehension question)

I am teaching myself regular expressions, and I got stuck at »greedy« vs. »lazy« repeatings. What I found out so far is that »greedy« means that the RegExp ...
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Bash regular expression pattern matching spaces, within double brackets test, using “~=” operator

Simply said, I just can't find a way to match a variable against some pattern containing spaces. Here is what I expected to work (echo 'ok' string) item='foobar baz' pat=".+bar baz" if [[ "$item" =~ ...
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What REs can I use with =~ operator

The man page for bash has this to say about the =~ operator: An additional binary operator, =~, is available, with the same precedence as == and !=. When it is used, the string to the right of the ...
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Regex this question format into LaTeX

1. Lorem ipsun la la la? 1. Sopor 2. Stupor 3. Torpor 2. A patient has Lorem? 1. Sopor 2. Stupor 3. Somnolentia 4. La 5. Coma 3. Doesn't Response to strong external irritants is short. Tendon, ...
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File manager which is able to filter using regular expressions

Is there any graphical file-manager which supports thumbnails for linux like thunar or nautilus, which allows me to filter a directory by a regular expression. For example typing /home/user/*tex ...
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sed string with bad chars

I have a random string with ugly chars in it: ÓˇÌ„ˇ™ÌÓ‹ÍÙ› ‹„ı That chars have to be eliminated. The Whitelist consist of: a-zA-Z0-9 -_* + ß ä ü ö () % @ € & = . and Space My first Script ...
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POSIX behavior of sed's ^ and $ regex anchors with multiline pattern spaces

What is the POSIX behavior of the sed ^ and $ anchors when used at the beginning and end of a regex if the pattern space contains embedded newlines, like after you use the N command? Should they ...
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How can I exclude a string using a regular expression?

I have this file named test: http://edge.sharethis.com http://edge.sharethis.com https://timetosa.com http://timetosa.com https://webtest.es holahttp.com timetosa I want a expression that excludes ...
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Replace using vim - Replace a pattern […] by a string

I have a file containing lines in below e.g. format - [foo@host.com, bar@host.com], Payment processed - 23499, params = {'invoice':3243} I only want the account numbers i.e. 23499. It's a number. ...
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sed regex issue

I'm trying to replace a string in a file: $RELEASE = '1234'; The whitespace between RELEASE and the = symbol could be either spaces OR tabs. The quotes around the version number could be either ...
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Is there a tool in linux that allows multi-line regex expressions?

I'm wanting to find the results of a multi-line regular expression in linux. I tried grep, but like most linux utilities it's line based. Is there something similar that allows me to search across ...
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Parsing Log Files with sed -e. Need to count unique class names

I have a file, let's call it filename.log, in it I have something like this (2014-11-18 14:09:21,766), , xxxxxx.local, EventSystem, DEBUG FtpsFile delay secs is 5 [pool-3-thread-7] (2014-11-18 ...
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Parsing XML from a shell script

I have a datafile like this: <Key name="com.ahsay.afc.cpf.UserGroup" content="" allowMultiple="Y"> <Value name="rsv-id" inheritParentAttribute="Y" type="string" data="1328200856753" ...
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BSD sed: Replace only the Nth occurrence of a pattern

Using BSD sed; How can I perform the following substitution?: Before: hello hello hello hello hello hello After: hello world hello hello hello hello In other words; how can I replace only the ...
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How to grep the n-th substring between given delimiters?

Let's say we have a string and its delimiter is ?: Leslie Cheung April 1 ? Elvis August 16 ? Leonard Nimoy February 27 I know how to grep the first substring between delimiters: echo $above_string ...
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Decreasing a number with sed

I extracted the metadata of a PDF in a .txt file using pdftk, and now I am trying to decrease the BookmarkPageNumber value for each bookmark by an integer. The .txt has these lines: BookmarkBegin ...
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Add quotes and new delimiter around space delimited words

I have the following string y10_zcis y10_nom y10_infl y20_zcis y20_infl y30_zcis I would like to transform this to "y10_zcis", "y10_nom", "y10_infl", "y20_zcis", "y20_infl", "y30_zcis" I ...
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Multiline regex blank line delimiters,

I have a program which prints out data in blocks. Each block is delimited by blank lines. I would like to discard most blocks and only keep those blocks that contain something that matches a regex. ...
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2answers
965 views

Any non-whitespace regular expression

Im trying to match a string agains a regular expression inside an if statement on bash. Code below: var='big' If [[ $var =~ ^b\S+[a-z]$ ]]; then echo $var else echo 'none' fi Match should be a ...
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Regex not matching

why this does not match..? sed -e '/--Updated?[[:space:]]+Date/d' inputfile this..: --Updated Date: 2013-11-06 15:32:13 d? is because sometimes I have Update Date, and sometimes Updated Date. ...
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Can tr work with regex?

I have a file like this: AAAA BBBB CCCC DDDD etc Words in separate lines. I want to add them quotes using tr. So I tried the following: 1) To add a quote in the start of each word ...
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Delete XML node containing certain element

I want to remove all Placemarks from a KML file that contain the element <tessellate>. The following block should be wholly removed: <Placemark> ...
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198 views

Match-zero-or-more operator in shell globbing

I'm stuck in a quite trivial problem here: how can I make the * symbol in bash mean zero or more, like it does in tools such as sed? For example, ak* should match any file whose name consists ...
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Escaping * with Regular Expressions and Grep

I have a file that has unique lines that start with 2 stars (**). However when I run a grep command for grep \*\* fileName I get all of the lines in the file. This is very unusual, and what I ...
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Extract substring using regular expression on a Unix file

I have file with below contents . /ABC/RTE/AD_900_VOP_123/OPP /ABC/RTE/TRE/AD_900_VOP_145/BBB /ABC/RTE/AN_900_VFP_124/FBF /ABC/RTE/HD_900_FOP_153/WEW /ABD/RDV/AD_900_VOP_123/OPP ...
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Yum regular expression or wildcard search?

Fedora documentation says: 5.2. Advanced Searches If you do not know the name of the package, use the search or provides options. Alternatively, use wild cards or regular expressions with ...
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How to “grep” a string of a returned result

How to grep the number 50.0 from the string temp=50.0'C In JavaScript I can use the expression /temp=(.*?)'C/ to get it. But I cant get it running in grep.
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How to use restricted characters in egrep?

I'm trying to use a regex in egrep on Centos 5.10, based on the one I made from this question on SO. T12345 .{1,100}[\n\r].{1,100}2014.03.04 I can successfully match the regex to the content in my ...
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“grep: Unmatched [” error when using regex

I'm trying to find a pattern similar to this: tail -n 100000 gateway.log | grep -B10 -A10 'Nov 22 11:13:56 Received Packet from [10.50.98.68' Where "11:13:56" could be any time. This is what I ...
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846 views

Find word in sentence with Bourne Shell (sh)

I'm trying to determine if a particular word appears in a sentence using Bourne Shell (sh). For example: #!/bin/bash INPUT='Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.' if [[ "$INPUT" == *dolor* ]] then echo ...
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changing pattern of a text file

A text file has contents something like chair table pen desk Now i want it to be changed and stored in a variable say var as below ('chair','chair'),('table','table'),('pen','pen'),('desk','desk') ...
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Awk: check for length of field

In awk. I am working on Solaris 10, so it's probably an old(er) version of awk. I came up with this rudimentary one-liner that works, at least for my particular input. awk -F\; '$3 ~ /[ ...
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Using regex inside if clause in bash

Look at this if block: #!/bin/bash str="m.m" if [[ "${str}" =~ "m\.m" ]]; then echo "matched" else echo "not matched" exit 1 fi exit 0 This should print "matched", but it doesn't. ...
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Why awk understand FS=“*” but not for FS=“-*-”?

I got a test file, its content is: a -*- b I used awk 'BEGIN {FS="*"} {print $2}' test, it prints out - b Correct! But when I use awk 'BEGIN {FS="-*-"} {print $2}' test, I got: * I know that ...
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grep pattern exacly matching from file and search only in first column

I have a bigfile like this: denovo1 xxx yyyy oggugu ddddd denovo11 ggg hhhh bbbb gggg denovo22 hhhh yyyy kkkk iiii denovo2 yyyyy rrrr fffff jjjj denovo33 hhh yyy eeeee fffff then my pattern file ...
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sed : Ignore line starting whitespace for match

I want to replace the default listening port of httpd to 9090. I can edit the line in httpd.conf file using below sed -i "/^Listen/c\Listen 9090" /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf But the line Listen 80 ...
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Regex match in CLI

Is there something like a logical for the cli? I want to achieve this mv -t newfolder *.(png|jpg) so that alls jpg and png files are moved into newfolder. I know it could be done with mv -t ...
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What is the usage of pattern before substitute command in sed

There is an example in this link about sed: To delete the first number on all lines that start with a "#" use: sed '/^#/ s/[0-9][0-9]*//' What is the benefit of first pattern(/^#/)? It could be ...
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Extracting text from a text file in bash

I have a large text file that is all one line. In the text are several sections that looks like foo=12345 and I need to extract them all as separate lines, ignoring the rest of the file. For ...
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4answers
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pattern match and capturing in unix

I have a file like this: A1-1915435_1_MIMAT0000069_MirBase_miR-16_microRNA_1_22-A1-1915435_1_ENSG00000206737_ENST00000384010_U1_snRNA_73_115 ...
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bash - extract filenames from html file containing multiple links

I have downloaded an html file autogenerated by a script on a webpage. The file contains multiple links, including links to images I am trying to extract the full names of the images, for example ...
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Print some fields of /etc/passwd

I have a question concerning the usage of wild cards in Linux. Here I have some lines from a long list of lines in the /etc/passwd -file. root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash ...
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sed - how to (not) match unmatched brackets

How can I do my operation only on lines that close their brackets? For example I want to change ".is" lines and add a bracket but not for lines with unclosed brackets. so these are changed ...
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Replace all occurences of \ except \N

I have a file like this: 1,2,subjects,\mat\hs,unix\,\Nato,\N,123,\N I want to replace all occurences of \ with #, except for \N, such that the output looks like this: ...
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Forcing Bash to use Perl RegEx Engine

As you may already know, a lot of the features modern RegEx engines support (back referencing, lookaround assertions, etc.) are not supported by Bash RegEx engine. Following is a simple Bash script I ...
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Do procmail recipes have an alternator “or” operator?

Given the following procmail recipe: :0: * ^Subject:.*viagra.* * ^From:.*viagra.* /dev/null Procmail would only delete emails that were both from viagra, and had viagra in the subject. Is it ...
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Find files starting with ~$ (MicroSoft Word Temp files)

For some reason my machine is full of M$ Word temporary files such as: ~$Filename.docx ~$AnotherFile.docx Can someone suggest a find/regex command to search $HOME and delete them?
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Bulk data generation

I need to generate nearly 1 Billion records of unique integers. I tried with awk but it is not generating more than 5million records. Please help. Below is what I had tried so far - awk -v ...
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2answers
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How to search for the word stored in the hold space with sed?

This is a sed-specific question; I am well aware it could be done with other tools but I am working on expanding my knowledge of sed. How can I use sed to globally quote (actually backtick) a word ...