Regular expressions are a means of matching a pattern of characters within a string.

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What is the meaning of this test expression []? [duplicate]

I've seen someone use command: ps -ef | grep [h]ttpd and Output is: apache 25125 31006 0 21:54 ? 00:00:00 /usr/sbin/httpd apache 26869 31006 0 22:04 ? 00:00:00 ...
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Regexp in .ssh/config

At work, I often have to log into hosts which follow a common naming scheme, e.g. qc01 - qc12, hc01 - hc10, and so on. All of these need to get the same config values in my laptop's .ssh/config. Of ...
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The ERE regex to split() string between a delimiter and end-of-word

I'm using a long gawk 3.1.6 script to do a complex conversion of Zim markdown text into GtkDialog code and am stuck on the following problem... Sample ASCII input... [[link|label label]] [[link]] ...
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Lowercase all but the first (Uppercase) letter from UPPERCASE in cyrillic

To make all letters a lower case except the first letter. The first letter would look like "Uppercase" after I changed (from UPPERCASE in cyrillic). The rest (not UPPERCASED) leave unchanged. I'm ...
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Pattern Matching Exclude Duplicate Characters

Is there a regular expression for the following that matches characters in a character set but only once? In other words, once a character is found, remove it from the set. If grep cannot do this, ...
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regex wanted to exclude a string

I want to have an expression that targets all lines that begin with http, end with icon.ico and do not contain config.privoxy.org. In the sample list below, I would like to catch all except the third ...
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+50

Regex `/pattern/g` and ed `:g/pattern/`: which came first, and why `g`?

The g option (e.g. s/pattern/replacement/g) for many tools that use regex-style pattern matching and the :g command in ed, ex, vi, and vim have pretty similar usage and meaning: match the given regex ...
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grep lines starting with “1” in Ubuntu

I try to search for lines that start with "1" using ls -1 | grep ^1* but it returns lines that do not start with 1. What I am missing here?
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Which regular expression methods to validate input could be used in shell scripting?

#!/bin/sh re="\/$" if [ $1 =~ $re ]; then echo "${ATTENTION_PREFIX}$1 DIRECTORY MAY NOT CONTAIN A \"/\" OR LITERAL SLASH!${ATTENTION_POSTFIX}" exit 1 fi Executing sudo file.sh ...
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Print line after nth occurrence of a match

I am looking to display the line 4598 in the following file. Effectively I want to display the line AFTER the nth occurrence of a match. In this case, the line after the 3rd occurrence of <Car>. ...
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Find and regex

What am I doing wrong with this find expression? ; touch ook ooks ; find . -name 'ook' -or -name 'ooks' -type f ./ook ./ooks ; find . -name 'ook[s]?' -type f [returns nothing] ; echo $? 0
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How to search and replace multiple needles by one word via one expression?

Assume you have a text file: foo fnord bar bizz foo poit And now I would want to replace both "foo" and "bar" into "narf". I know I could use: sed -e 's/foo/narf/g' -e 's/bar/narf/g' fileName ...
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Why does this add spaces? echo “x ax” | sed 's/x\s*/x /'

I want to find a x, and replace the 0 or more following spaces (\s*) with just a single space. echo "x ax" | sed 's/x\s*/x /' For some reason, instead of replacing the spaces with the single space, ...
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Regex alternation/or operator (foo|bar) in GNU or BSD Sed

I cannot seem to make it work. GNU sed documentation says to escape the pipe, but that doesn't work, nor does using a straight pipe without the escape. Adding parens makes no difference. $ echo ...
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Search and replace strings that are not substrings of other strings

I have a list of replacements like so: search_and -> replace big_boy -> bb little_boy -> lb good_dog -> gd ... I need to make replacements for the above, but at the same time avoid ...
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Using a perl compatible regex with GNU grep -P

I'm using this regex (?<=\[')[^,]* on a file containing the following line disk = ['OVS/sdasd/asdasd/asdasd/something.img, w'] I want that to return OVS/sdasd/asdasd/asdasd/something.img How do I ...
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Why do I need to escape regex characters in sed to be interpreted as regex characters?

It seems e.g. cat sed_data.txt | sed 's/\b[0-9]\{3\}\b/NUMBER/g' that I must escape characters to form a regular expression. In this case I had to escape braces in order to be interpreted as a number ...
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Grep 'OR' regex problem

I am trying to use grep with a regex to find lines in a file that match 1 of 2 possible strings. Here is my grep: $ grep "^ID.*(ETS|FBS)" my_file.txt The above grep returns no results. However if I ...
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Finding the number of time a particular number in a file where range also specified

I have a file with numbers separated by ,(comma). In between it also contains a number range like 300-400. Say for example I have a text file, namely testme.txt which looks like, ...
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Print all lines not containing punctuation

I want a regex pattern which can print all lines not containing punctuation : Input : .I am line 1 I am ! line 2 I am line (3) I am line 4 Output: ( should be) I am line 4 What I've tried so ...
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What is the python equivalent of grep -v?

I like grep -v. I use it all the time. But I am also doing some text processing in python, and there is one crucial thing that I lack. Usually, I use grep -v to take extraneous stuff out of text. ...
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Using regular expressions with cp

This is a simple question. I'm trying to copy all of the files in the current directory that start with "axis-2" and end with ".jar" into a target directory, let's say it's ~/MyDirectory. My first ...
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grep caret appears to have no effect

I was under the impression that a caret symbol means "beginning of the line" with Extended POSIX regular expressions. However, when I use it with grep it behaves unexpectedly. #grep --version GNU ...
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vim search numbers containing specific number of digits

I need to find specific length numbers in a big document. I tried to use regex for this. For example, If I need to search for numbers with exactly 2 digits, I use /d/d (i.e. /d twice followed by a ...
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How to grep for pipe |

How can I grep for line containing pipe character | or for character >: files content: |this is test where is > this is none now what I need using grep command is grep -iE "<some ...
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remove duplicate files

On my Mac OS X 10.6.7, iTunes duplicated every single file in my music library. Now I have 3,840 files instead of 1,920. The problem is that iTunes didn't simply duplicate the whole folder, but each ...
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AWK - how to reduce the greed of a regular expression?

I have an example: echo "@article{gjn2010jucs, Author = {Grzegorz J. Nalepa}, " | awk '{ sub(/@.*,/,""); print }' Is it possible to write a regular expression that selects the shorter pattern? ...
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How can I match the page break character in a regular expression?

Nano calls it ^L, but of course, typing something like $ grep -v "^\^L" file doesn't work. Its unicode codepoint is 000C. How can I match it in a regular expression?
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Match regex in ksh

I am looking to do something like this in KSH: if (( $var = (foo|bar)[0-9]*$ )); then print "variable matched regex" fi Is it possible at all? For the record I'm using Ksh Version M-11/16/88i ...
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Why sed prints first string from file even if it's failed to find matching groups

I'm trying to write sed expression which will extract matching groups from file. E.g. I have .cue sheet and I want to extract it's genre tag. It has following format: $ cat file.cue | grep GENRE REM ...
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Remove string from a particular field using awk/sed

I have a file (>80,000 lines) that looks likes this: chr1 GTF2GFF chromosome 1 249213345 . . . ID=chr1;Name=chr1 chr1 GTF2GFF gene 11874 14408 . + . ...
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match files based on an md5 using find

I have a bunch js and css files in a directory. Some of them have been given a name based on an md5() of their content (looks like f10521a21bb013cb81e0909809818ad6.js). I'd like to match these files ...
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Grep for range of numbers [duplicate]

How would you search a log file for a date range? Log file looks like this: 01/14 00:00:01 INFO: received connect request from 10.10.10.10 I need to condense the log to 10 minutes starting ...
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Using Modifiers of Perl-compatible Regex (PCRE) in grep

According to grep --help and man grep, we can use the -P option in order to interpret the pattern as a Perl regular expression (PCRE, to be precise), instead of the default POSIX basic regular ...
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VIM substitute occurrences of pattern after a particular word in a line

I have such lines in my text. text before pattern = garbage** text after pattern is pattern If in VIM I do %s/pattern/saturn/ it replaces all occurrences of pattern. But I only want to replace ...
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grep: display filename once, then display context with line numbers

Our source code has error codes scattered throughout. Finding them is easy with grep, but I'd like a bash function find_code that I can execute (eg. find_code ####) which will provide output along ...
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Emacs simple arithmetics in query replace

Is it possible to do the following in emacs: Query replace all numbers in a region by the number +n, for example if you have: 12 and 7 are nice numbers let n be 3, then it should transform to 15 ...
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escaping a single dot with double backslash - awk

"effective awk programming" book has an example on Field-Splitting. here is the example: If you want fields to be separated by a literal period followed by any single character, use ‘FS = ...
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What does \bi\b mean in a grep pattern?

What does this command do? grep "\bi\b" linux.txt What is it searching for?
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Replace a substring of filenames in a directory

There exists a directory, which includes several levels of sub-directories. Under these directories, there are a set of files whose names include a common word, e.g, .cc. How can I replace the .cc ...
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substrings and regexps

I have a string contained in a variable, and I want to extract substrings based on position relative to another substring. My solution seems to work unless the string is sent to a function as an arg. ...
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substituting third occurrence of a pattern using sed

Here is a sed command. I want to substitute third occurrence of 00 to 11 echo "0000000000000000" | sed -e 's/00/11/3' The output is: 0000110000000000 But I thought output would be: ...
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Substituting the first occurrence of a pattern in a line, for all the lines in a file with sed

Is it possible to do it in one liner? I have an output like this: "First line" - Description " Second line" - Description "Third line" - Description " Fourth line" - Description This input ...
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How to find files with names having a long string after the first dot

My Samsung Galaxy S doesn't like files where the name contains a long string after the first dot. I guess some part of the software has a too short buffer for the file extension. How can I find all ...
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greedy and lazy regular expressions (comprehension question)

I am teaching myself regular expressions, and I got stuck at »greedy« vs. »lazy« repeatings. What I found out so far is that »greedy« means that the RegExp ...
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Renaming files to have lower case extensions with 'rename'

I'm trying to currently rename a large set of files and have been using quite kludgy methods to do so, such as: rename 's:(.*)\.MOV:$1.mov:g' *.MOV rename 's:(.*)\.JPG:$1.jpg:g' *.JPG What I'd ...
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Regex this question format into LaTeX

1. Lorem ipsun la la la? 1. Sopor 2. Stupor 3. Torpor 2. A patient has Lorem? 1. Sopor 2. Stupor 3. Somnolentia 4. La 5. Coma 3. Doesn't Response to strong external irritants is short. Tendon, ...
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find command with regex {1,2}

I have been trying to create a find command string that will find all files that end with a number 1-99 but exclude all others. e.g. I want to find myfile1 myfile99 but not myfile456 and not ...
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Match word containing characters beyond a-zA-Z

To match a word one can use \v(\w+) From the vim help :h \w: \w word character: [0-9A-Za-z_] This works exactly as described in the manual. However, I want to match words that contain ...
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File manager which is able to filter using regular expressions

Is there any graphical file-manager which supports thumbnails for linux like thunar or nautilus, which allows me to filter a directory by a regular expression. For example typing /home/user/*tex ...