12
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does [a-z] asterisk match numbers?

I have 3 directories at current path. $ls a_0db_data a_clean_0db_data a_clean_data $ls a_*_data a_0db_data: a_clean_0db_data: a_clean_data: $ls a_[a-z]*_data a_clean_0db_data: a_clean_data: I ...
1
vote
2answers
326 views

Aix grep wildcard not working

I have a file called message that has the line CSC/UT/USA/WBIMB/SAP/orders05:orders05/ORDERS05/NONE/ORDRSP/758 I am doing a grep (Platform is AIX 6.1) grep ...
3
votes
3answers
126 views

History of Bash globbing

Is there a historical reason why Bash "globbing" and regular expressions are not identical? For example, I believe that in Bash [1-2]* matches anything that starts with a 1 or a 2 followed by anything ...
26
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does my regular expression work in X but not in Y?

I wrote a regular expression which works well in a certain program (grep, sed, awk, perl, python, ruby, ksh, bash, zsh, find, emacs, vi, vim, gedit, …). But when I use it in a different program (or on ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Why does grep treat '[D]ebug' string differently?

I've created simple text file named "T" to test the unusual behavior of grep: 1 Debug 2 debug 3 determined 4 Determined Tried different syntax: $ grep De T 1 Debug ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Differing outputs of the commands “ls .*” and “ls *.”

The command ls .* when run gives as output the following : All the files in the current directory starting with a . (hidden files) All the files in the hidden directories present in the ...
0
votes
2answers
169 views

Regex and patterns on a ksh command line

I'm wondering what's the difference between using * and .* in a regex string. I guess, * stands for "0 to n characters" but I don't see what .* stands for. For example, what is the difference ...
6
votes
2answers
213 views

Why two almost idetical grep commands return different output: w/o and with filename

I have 2 almost identical greps: [Alex@localhost tmp]$ grep /bin/bash /etc/passwd root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash AlexL:x:500:500::/home/AlexL:/bin/bash user1:x:501:501:user1 ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

lftp exclude syntax confusion

I am confused with the syntax description given for lftp from their website: -x RX, --exclude=RX exclude matching files -X GP, --exclude-glob=GP exclude matching files How ...
3
votes
5answers
228 views

Regex match in CLI

Is there something like a logical for the cli? I want to achieve this mv -t newfolder *.(png|jpg) so that alls jpg and png files are moved into newfolder. I know it could be done with mv -t ...
0
votes
1answer
870 views

Asking ls to only list files in a path that match a specific glob/regex

In Zsh: Is there a way to use ls to only list files and folders in the current directory that match a specific globbing or regex pattern? For example, say I have multiple files that start with the ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the .gitignore pattern equivalent of the regex (Big|Small)(State|City)-[0-9]*\.csv

I have a regex I stuck in my .gitignore similar to: (Big|Small)(State|City)-[0-9]*\.csv It didn't work so I tested it against RegexLab.NET. I then found the gitignore man page which led me to ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Difficulty making a regular expression to find at least 2 occurrences of a character in a file

I have a file containing random codes. Each code has ten characters in it, and I am trying to grep codes in the file that have at least 2 occurrences of a character. I am doing this: grep DD* ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

How do I choose specific files in a different directory using bash?

I want to list (or delete, or do some other operation) on certain files in a directory, like this: $ ls /opt/somedir/ aa bb cc aa.txt bb.txt cc.txt $ ls /opt/somedir/(aa|bb|cc) ## pseudo-bash ...