Operating on a directory and its subdirectories, recursively.

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24
votes
3answers
24k views

How to search text throughout entire file system?

Assuming that the grep tool should be used, I'd like to search for the text string "800x600" throughout the entire file system. I tried: grep -r 800x600 / but it doesn't work. What I believe my ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

How does rm -r go about recursively removing? In what order?

Is there some order of operations to rm? I performed rm on a large directory and am curious where I should look to see what might have been deleted. Does rm work on files first, then directories? Or ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

The difference between -r and -R

It often happens that I want to apply an operation recursively. Some commands, such as grep, use a lowercase r to indicate recursion. For example grep -r foo . Other commands seem to prefer an ...
15
votes
6answers
29k views

How do I count all the files recursively through directories

I want to see how many files are in subdirectories in there subdirectories to find out where all the inode usage is on the system. Kind of like I would do this for space usage du -sh /* which will ...
14
votes
3answers
7k views

How to list files that were changed in a certain range of time?

How can I list recursively all files that were changed between 22.12.2011 and 24.12.2011?
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Why doesn't recursion go upwards with rm?

I'm wondering about direction of recursion in general and rm specifically. rm recursion only works downwards correct? Running: sudo rm -R *.QTFS will delete all *.QTFS files in current directory ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Flattening a nested directory

This is probably very simple, but I can't figure it out. I have a directory structure like this (dir2 is inside dir1): /dir1 /dir2 | --- file1 | --- file2 What is ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Recursive glob?

I'd like to write something like this: $ ls **.py in order to get all .py filenames, recursively walking a directory hierarchy. Even if there are .py files to find, the shell (bash) gives this ...
11
votes
2answers
892 views

Tar up all PDFs in a directory, retaining directory structure

I'm trying to create a compressed tarball that contains all PDF files that exist in one of my directories. The directory structure needs to be retained. Empty directories are not needed, but I really ...
10
votes
6answers
38k views

How to remove all the files in a directory?

I am trying to remove all files and subdirectories in a directory. I used rm -r to remove all files, but I want to remove all files and subdirectories, excluding the top directory itself. For ...
10
votes
4answers
16k views

How do I recursively delete directories with wildcard?

I am working through SSH on a WD My Book World Edition. Basically I would like to start at a particular directory level, and recursively remove all sub-directories matching .Apple* - how would I go ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Recursively iterate through files in a directory

Recursively iterating through files in a directory can easily be done by: find . -type f -exec bar {} \; However, the above does not work for more complex things, where a lot of conditional ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

Finding a substring in files across subdirectories with a single built-in command?

In Windows, if I wanted to find a string across all files in all subdirectories, I would do something like findstr /C:"the string" /S *.h However, in Linux (say, Ubuntu) I have found no other way ...
8
votes
2answers
10k views

Locate and delete all temporary files in user directory

I use vim a lot, and my area has power failure a lot. So the resultant is I get many *.swp files scattered over my PC. I want an alias of rm command that removes all files with either .swp, ~, ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Delete files and directories by their names. No such file or directory

I need to delete all compiled data: directories called build, directories called obj, *.so files. I wrote a command find \( -name build -o -name obj -o -name *.so \) -exec rm -rf {} \; that ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

How can I find all files that do NOT contain a text string?

What concise command can I use to find all files that do NOT contain a text string? I tried this (using -v to invert grep's parameters) with no luck: find . -exec grep -v -l shared.php {} \; ...
7
votes
4answers
18k views

Using sftp to Transfer a Directory?

When I try to use sftp to transfer a directory containing files, I get an error message: skipping non-regular file directory_name The directory contains a couple of files and two subdirectories. ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

How to recursively find the amount stored in directory?

I know you are able to see the byte size of a file when you do a long listing with ll or ls -l. But I want to know how much storage is in a directory including the files within that directory and the ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Find files with same name but different content?

I want to generate a list of files that have: Same name Different content in a directory (including all children directories and content). How to do? Bash, perl, anything is fine. So, two ...
7
votes
1answer
191 views

Strange behaviour in recursive copy

Could someone explain why this happens? Most specifically: Why is one 1's content copied to f? And why is f copied to g? $ tree . 0 directories, 0 files $ mkdir 1 $ mkdir 2 $ touch 1/a $ touch ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

How do I stop a find from descending into found directories?

I'm wanting to find all directories with a specific string so I can do another find on the files contained within. So I don't want to waste time on ./my-search-term/dir/my-search-term etc. How can I ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Where does grep -r search by default?

I found if I search using grep without specifying a path, like grep -r 'mytext' it takes infinitely long. Meanwhile if I search with path specified grep -r 'mytext' . it instantly finds what I need. ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

chmod recursive permission on thousands of files

This is a more general question about 'chmoding' recursively. I have this script which at some point needs to change the permissions recursively in a folder which has a few hundred thousand files. ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

find not recursive when file at top

Imagine a source tree. There are xml files everywhere. But since there is a XYZ.xml at the root of this tree it won't find my xml files. find -iname *.xml returns ./XYZ.xml instead of ...
5
votes
5answers
796 views

How to search in specific files matching a pattern

How can I find a word in specific files matching a pattern. e.g. searching for version in CMake* files recursively found in the current directory.
5
votes
6answers
8k views

Recursive search doesn't work for grep on solaris

On our Solaris server I'm finding that grep -r doesn't work, which is the usual way that I use grep. It seems that egrep has the same behavior. Given that I have no control over the machine, is there ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

Find a string only in a specific file inside subdirectories

Let's say I need to find the function GetTypes() in all C# source file (.cs) the directories/subdirectories. I used grep -rn GetTypes *.cs, but I got an error with grep: *.cs: No such file or ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Excluding a specific directory using a recursive 'ls'

I've been using the following command to list the most recently updated files (recursively) within a specific directory and order by modification time: $ stat --printf="%y %n\n" $(ls -tr $(find * ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

wget - How to download recursively and only specific mime-types/extensions (i.e. text only)

How to download a full website, but ignoring all binary files. wget has this functionality using the -r flag but it downloads everything and some websites are just too much for a low-resources ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

recursively copy only images and preserve path

I'm working on a website migration. I have a scrape of the site, with all the files and directory structure as you would see them in the URL. I want to pull all images, maintaining the directory ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Recursively add a file to all sub-directories

How do I recursively add(or touch) a file into the current directory, as well as all sub-directories? For example, I would like to turn this directory tree: . ├── 1 │   ├── A │   └── B ├── 2 │   └── ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Search for a string in files recursively in BusyBox 1.0? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to grep a text recursively on BusyBox 1.0? How can I search for a string in a file recursively in BusyBox 1.0 if find and grep are not available ? (I want to telnet ...
5
votes
2answers
327 views

Remove Linux directories containing ONLY old files

We have numerous directories that each contain 2 files, one of which is a hidden file. We want to remove all those directories and their contents that contain ONLY files that have a modification date ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Manipulate file name piped from find command

I'm relatively new to Bash and am trying to do something that on the surface seemed pretty straightforward - run find over a directory hierarchy to get all of the *.wma files, pipe that output to a ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Copying specific subfolders with directory structure to a new folder

I am having a the following directory structure: Main_Dir | ----------------------------------- Subdir1 Subdir2 Subdir3 | | ...
4
votes
4answers
156 views

How to deal with spaces in a variable

I'm working on some scripting: for x in `find ./ -name *.pdf` do echo pathname $x done My filenames are Test1 ( Volume II), Test2 ( Volume II). I'm getting a return of pathname Test1 pathname ( ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How can I search a wild card name in all subfolders?

How can I search a wild card name in all subfolders? What would be the equivalent of DOS command: dir *pattern* /s in *nix?
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Difference between cp -r and cp -a

Looking for the difference between cp -r and cp -a? What does recursive mean in terms of copying files from a folder?
4
votes
4answers
9k views

Move all files with a certain extension from multiple subdirectories into one directory

Suppose I have a bunch of zip files in several directories: Fol1/Fol2 Fol3 Fol4/Fol5 And I want to move them all to a common base folder. How would I do this?
4
votes
2answers
10k views

How can I move a directory onto an existing directory?

I need to essentially merge changes on two trees, applying the changes from branch 2 to branch 1. I have trees like this: media ├── cd │   ├── 0 │   │   ├── file1 │   │   ├── file2 │   │   └── file3 ...
4
votes
3answers
724 views

id3v2 used recursively at command line?

Trying to get my id3 tags cleaned up and am loving id3v2 on the command line -- but I've been using it only with a *.mp3 wildcard and want to explore if there's a way to use it recursively so I can ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

What is the tool that allows me to specify arbitrary directories using **

I once saw a colleague uses a tool which allows to use ** to represent any directories. For example: if a file called myfile.java sits deep inside: src/main/com/mycompany/product/store/myfile.java ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Why doesn't inotifywatch detect changes on added files?

I'm trying to monitor my /tmp folder for changes using inotifywatch: sudo inotifywatch -v -r /tmp After creating couple of files (touch /tmp/test-1 /tmp/test-2), I'm terminating inotifywatch (by ...
4
votes
3answers
738 views

How can I list all *.doc files in a Zip archive, including files in subdirectories?

I have Zip files, that might look like this: $ zipinfo -1 zip.zip doc.doc dotx.dotx xls.xls ppt.ppt txt.txt c.c subdir/subdir2/doc.doc subdir/xls.xls subdir/ppt.ppt subdir/c.c subdir/txt.txt ...
3
votes
6answers
509 views

ls content of a directory ignoring symlinks

I have a directory in which I would like to list all the content (files and sub directories) without showing the symbolic links. I am using GNU utilities on Linux. The ls version is 8.13. Example: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Excluding a directory name in a zsh recursive glob

I'm running zsh on Linux under setopt extended_glob ksh_glob glob_dots. I'm looking for something easy to type on the command line, with no portability requirements. I'm looking at a source code tree, ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I run a command on multiple files

This is pretty basic, I have a folder with several subfolders of JS files and i want to run Google's Clojure compiler on all of the files in those folders. The command to process a single file is as ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

recursive 'ls' giving absolute filenames

When I do 'ls -R' in a directory, I get something like ./dir1 dir2 file1.txt file2.txt ./dir1/dir2 file3.txt file4.txt but I would like a command that gives me ./dir1/file1.txt ./dir1/file2.txt ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

create md5 hash from a recursive file listing when some paths have spaces

I need to create an md5 hash of every directory and file inside of one main directory. The only thing that is keeping me from success is figuring out a way around files with a space in the path. I am ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Find file by a part of its content

I have many files in a specific repository and i must find a file which has a specific string in its content (actually referencing the file Version.cc.in). What is the best solution to find it?