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58
votes
3answers
35k views

Why can rm remove read-only files?

If I create a file and then change its permissions to 444 (read-only), how come rm can remove it? If I do this: echo test > test.txt chmod 444 test.txt rm test.txt ...rm will ask if I want to ...
26
votes
2answers
7k views

How do I make a file NOT modifiable?

While logged in, I can do the following: mkdir foo touch foo/bar chmod 400 foo/bar chmod 500 foo Then I can open vim (not as root), edit bar, force a write with w!, and the file is modified. How ...
18
votes
2answers
6k views

Why doesn't mount respect the read only option for bind mounts?

On my Arch Linux system (Linux Kernel 3.14.2) bind mounts do not respect the read only option # mkdir test # mount --bind -o ro test/ /mnt # touch /mnt/foo creates the file /mnt/foo. The relevant ...
16
votes
4answers
12k views

Mount a filesystem read-only, and redirect writes to RAM?

Is it possible to mount a loopback file as read-only, and redirect all writes to RAM?
15
votes
5answers
19k views

How can I exit from read-only mode in Vim?

I opened a file in readonly mode; is there a way to get out of readonly mode?
11
votes
2answers
33k views

Rm can't delete file

chmod 777 -R /mnt rm -rf /mnt/* rm: cannot remove 'omitted': Read-only file system rm: cannot remove 'omitted': Read-only file system Please show me how I can do this?
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Is using a read only root file system a good idea for embedded setup?

I have been tasked with running Linux as an operating system on an embedded device. The target has an x86 processor and has 8 GB CompactFlash device for storage. I have managed to use buildroot to ...
10
votes
3answers
421 views

bash: Some issue when using read <<<“$VARIABLE” on a read-only root partition. Any known workarounds?

Just by coincidence I had to use my ATA-ID-to-device-name script (found here: http://serverfault.com/questions/244944/linux-ata-errors-translating-to-a-device-name/426561#426561) on a read-only / ...
10
votes
2answers
440 views

unable to remount filesystem back to read-only after package upgrade

On my Debian system, I have my / on separate partition and mounted read-only. Only /home/, /var/ and /tmp/ are writable. I have also created a Pre-Invoke and Post-Invoke apt hook, so that apt can ...
9
votes
1answer
65k views

read only root filesystem

Somehow my Debian went to read only in root file system. I have no idea how this could have happened. For example when I am in /root folder and type command nano and after that press Tab to list ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

ISO file readonly?

I have an ISO file and I mount it under /mnt/isofile. Then I copied this file to another folder. But the contents are read-only and belonged to root. I tried to use chmod and chown. But it prompts ...
6
votes
1answer
881 views

what does mount -o remount,ro / actually do (under the hood)

To remount a mounted filesystem to read-only, I can use following command: mount -o remount,ro /foo This is used for example in the shutdown sequence, where root filesystem (/) is remounted ...
5
votes
3answers
563 views

Can I make the O/S drive READ ONLY and prevent metadata write back?

Sorry to ask a (probably) stupid question. I am a hardware designer struggling with provision of safe shutdown power to an embedded system. I am aware the Linux normally makes a heavy use of the ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Is making /etc directory read only a bad idea?

I have an embedded system setup built using buildroot and using initramfs. It runs on compact flash device where I have created separate ext3 partitions to mount /etc/ and /var directories as well as ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Remount a busy disk to read-only mode

I want to force a disk partition to read only mode and keep it read-only for more than 30 minutes. What I have tried: mount -o remount,ro (partition-identifier) (mount-point) -t (filesystem) ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

Guest desktop with no configuration permissions

I would like to set up a guest account on my Ubuntu so that anyone could log in (no password) and browse the Internet. But the guest user should not be able to modify desktop configuration (remove ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I build a read-only Linux system that only writes to the RAM?

This is my current partition structure: Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on tmpfs 127428 0 127428 0% /lib/init/rw udev ...
4
votes
1answer
762 views

Libreoffice Writer, how to get read-only a document part

I am writing a document with Libreoffice Writer. I would like to set a part of it as read-only, while the rest of the document as non-read-only. Is it possible to do it? How?
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Tar overwrites read only files

I created directory test, created file 1.txt in test, wrote 'Before' in this file. Then I went cd .. and used the command: tar -cvzf ./test.tgz ./test Then I entered the test dir again. Opened ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Unset Read Only Variables

Is it possible to unset or change a readonly variable in Korn Shell? I am using AIX 5.
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Mount USB on Read-Only filesystem

I've got a damaged Mac filesystem, and in single-user mode the command mount -uw / fails (error is something like SATA warning: Enable auto-activate failed). However, I don't need the whole filesystem ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Building a Read-Only Linux System With a Writable Layer in RAM

I have a requirement to boot RHEL 6.6/7.0 into read-only mode with a writable layer only in RAM. I believe this is similar to how live CDs work, in that the file system is read-only, but certain parts ...
3
votes
2answers
889 views

how to create ISO and hide certain files

I am a newbie here and my apologies if I am posting a question which has been answered many times in a another thread. I did my homework find some relevant information But could not. Thanks for ...
3
votes
3answers
132 views

resolv.conf - read-only filesystem

I'm in the process of configuring raspbian jessie to run as read-only. Only /tmp is writable and the system is configured to write DHCP ip information in /tmp. Everything is working fine except ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

bash silently does function return on (re-)declare of global associative read-only array

Obviously cut out of a much more complex script that was more meaningful: #!/bin/bash function InitializeConfig(){ declare -r -g -A SHCFG_INIT=( [a]=b ) declare -r -g -A SHCFG_INIT=( [c]=d ) ...
3
votes
2answers
16k views

Give read-only access to specific folders?

I would like to give read-only access to a user but I want him/her to see only the exact folders I give access. for example he/she shouldn't travel around all the server and browse to all users ...
3
votes
1answer
765 views

How to mount FreeBSD 9.0 iso file writable mode?

I want to edit bsdinstall script of freebsd 9.0 iso file. I tried to extract files,edit and recreate iso but I couldn't boot it.I realized that some of files missed while extracting. I also use ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

How to get bash tab completion to work with read only file system?

I have deliberately configured the file system of my RaspberryPi (Raspbian - Jessie) to be read only. One of the things that's not (yet) working is tab (aka auto) completion in bash, where I often get ...
3
votes
1answer
303 views

systemd: running a script on shutdown after filesystems are mounted read-only

Is there a way to run a script on shutdown, after the file system is remounted as read-only? I've a raspberry pi connected to a wireless socket, which I can control via a sender and a script. I want ...
3
votes
0answers
665 views

remount chrooted read-only subdirectory (non-mountpoint) to read-write from within jail?

I'm trying to do the same of this question (multiple linux installation on same filesystem) but I get this result (root filesystem mounted as read-only) . I'm using debian/sid, have successfully ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

file still read-only after a mount --bind from a rw partition

I use mount --bind to "overlay" a file from one ext4,rw filesystem onto another file in ext4,ro filesystem. For example, /etc/hosts is on a read-only / partition, but I have another partition where ...
2
votes
1answer
11k views

Read-only file system error while accessing the files on Ubuntu

I have a Ubuntu machine. I am connected to it remotely and getting the following errer: mkdir: cannot create directory `/testFolder': Read-only file system LIKE WINDOWS, REBOOTING the machine ...
2
votes
3answers
25k views

Linux, how to change HDD state from ReadOnly after temporarly crash?

At this time no ansver for this problem. Usually after some problems with readings or writings to block device, kernel decides to switch flag for WHOLE DEVICE as read-only. After this any writings to ...
2
votes
2answers
407 views

How do I prevent Ubuntu from writing ANYTHING to an external harddrive?

There are two reasons you would want to prevent Linux from writing anything to an external harddrive or USB drive when you plug it in: To recover accidentally deleted files from now "empty" part of ...
2
votes
3answers
8k views

How to format write protected SD card

I am newbie in Linux, I want to format my SD card using Ubuntu, for this I follow this tutorial After typing df command , I got list of storage devices.From here I can see my SD card name is ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Readonly in mounted partition's root

/etc/fstab UUID=<someuuid> /mnt/data ext4 defaults,relatime,data=ordered 0 2 and /mnt$ ll drwxr-xr-x 2 manuel users 4096 15. Apr 18:25 data /mnt$ mount -a /mnt$ ll drwxr-xr-x 4 root root ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Mark an ext4 filesystem as read-only

I want to create an ext4 filesystem, and add some files to it, then "freeze" it so it is henceforth read-only. I know it's possible to use the ro mount option. But is there some way to indicate in ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

How to re-mount home partition?

My home partition went read-only. I believe this was after trying to access a file that was damaged. I am trying to re-mount it as write with mount -o remount,rw /. But get the message: sudo: unable ...
2
votes
3answers
467 views

Unable to delete files as a root user using RS232 serial cross cable

I have a device(CCTV decoder) which was rebooting itself, so cant login using LAN cable. It has RS232 port only, no VGA and keybord/USB port(Embeded PC). I connected RS232 cross cable and used ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Can I remount as readonly if there's a swap image in use?

When am playing with my Android phone (CyanogenMod 10.1 with kernel 3.0.78), I found this: A script in /etc/init.d/99system.swap.sh It remount /system as rw, and creates an image file in ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Changing file permissions on an HFS+ filesystem

I ran the command fdisk -l to find out what my external drive is formatted to, I found out it's uses GPT partitions and the filesystem is HFS+. When I try and create a new folder on the external ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

Linux VM's disk went read-only = no choice but reboot?

I have several Linux VMs on VMware + SAN. What happened A problem occured on the SAN (failed path) so that for some time, there were I/O errors on the Linux VMs drives. When the path failover had ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Adding files to Linux readonly-root

I've a netboot Linux server where the the /root is mounted as readonly. # Set to 'yes' to mount the system filesystems read-only. READONLY=yes # Set to 'yes' to mount various temporary state as ...
2
votes
1answer
504 views

How to use history commands with readonly PROMPT_COMMAND?

I'm sometimes logged in on a host which I do not control and where PROMPT_COMMAND is readonly. Is there some way to work around this to run history commands anyway, for example using PS1? I've tried ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Remote queue-like auditing service (“append-only pastebin”)

I am looking for an existing service / tool which would support the following in a UNIX-like shell environment: append-only writes, with writes guaranteed to be persistent for some well-specified ...
2
votes
1answer
939 views

How can I get write access to my usb drives?

I have trouble writing to external drives. They are monuted automatically in Nautilus, but I can not copy anything there ('Paste' and 'create Folder' are just greyed out). Does Anyone have ideas what ...
2
votes
0answers
346 views

Set PERM_WRITE_PROTECT on an SD card

From what I read here and here I gather that there is a bit on SD cards called PERM_WRITE_PROTECT that will allow me to make an SD card read only. Is it possible to set this bit from Linux? If so, ...
2
votes
1answer
456 views

aufs with lower writable branch

I'm trying to hide some directories on a mounted file system (it's not about security, just aesthetics). I've mounted the file system regularly on /mnt/data and wanted to use aufs to overlay a ...
2
votes
0answers
278 views

/home is Read Only after coming out of screensaver (intermittent)

I am using Linux Mint 13 (Maya) and I have my "/home" partition formatted as ext4 and mounted at "dev/sdc1". Occasionally I have a strange problem coming up that looks a lot like this bug that I ...
2
votes
0answers
279 views

Making USB drives readonly on an specific USB port or for an user account

I have a Multiseat machine and the second seat has USB access from a signle port by HUB (a Keyboard and a mouse are connected to it). I need make all storages drives that is connected to to this HUB ...