RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A Storage technology to provide redundancy and performance, to reduce I/O bottlenecks involved in using multiple disks for large storage.

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md raid5: translate md internal sector numbers to offsets

TL;DR summary: Translate an md sector number into offsets(s) within the /dev/mdX device, and how to investigate it with xfs_db. The sector number is from sh->sector in ...
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215 views

automatic disconnection of RAID array

A RAID array connected to my system (Debian 7) via USB frequently disconnects itself for no apparent reason. Upon initial connection to the system, the device is detected, and the array can be ...
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37 views

What chunks are mismatched in a Linux md array?

This is a repost of a question I asked on ServerFault and was automatically deleted for lack of activity. Let's hope it will have better luck here. After performing a "check" (by writing check to ...
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58 views

BTRFS has become unmanageable

I'm struggling with a btrfs RAID0 filesystem. It's expanded on 4 disks but i need to remove one of those disks. This is the current status of the filesystem: [root@osgiliath detlev]# btrfs fi show ...
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281 views

Running a btrfs RAID 5 array on Arch Linux

For two weeks, I've been trying to run my Raspberry Pi (model B) as root from a btrfs RAID 5 without success. The RAID runs on three 1TB disks /dev/sda, /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc. The three disks were ...
3
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785 views

What happens if I delete dmraid?

I am new to Linux and am trying to install Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS from a live-USB and have it run alongside my Windows 7 installation. On the installation screen for Ubuntu, at the partition page, I get ...
3
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968 views

Bad superblock after server crash

My server (CentOS 6) crashed, and it now kernel panics on boot. It's currently using a mdadm RAID1 array with two 1TB drives. vg_server2422-LogVol01 is / vg_server2422-LogVol00 is Swap ...
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25 views

RAID: ZFS or Btrfs?

I've mounted my own NAS with ArchLinux on an old HDD. I want to add 3x4To to have real storage capabilites and I would like to use a RAID5 system with these 3 disks. I've read a lot about ZFS Raid-z ...
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139 views

Install CentOS on RAID (manually) on UEFI system

I'm struggling with the manual configuration of a RAID1 + RAID10. I'm trying the procedure on a VM (VirtualBox 5.0.14 r105127) on OSX 11.10.3. The strategy I took is: The complete set of commands I ...
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99 views

LVM partition not mounting

There was a drive failure on a disk in a RAID1 configuration. I removed the bad disk and reconfigured the RAID1 to only use the good disk. When I reboot the machine there are missing LVM partitions. ...
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18 views

Can I convert and deconvert a bache0 device to a standard block device and still read the filesystem?

When I set my raid (ex. /dev/md0) as a backing device. To work with the raid device, I have to interface with /dev/bcache0. However, if I wanted to add to the raid using mdadm, I need to address ...
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19 views

EFI boot and RAID6

I am a Linux beginner and I am trying to install SLES on a server with 8 HDDs, 3 TB each, but I am testing the configuration first on a VM (virtualbox). I tried following configurations and both got ...
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140 views

Why is my raid5 always resyncing ? (device names no persistent?)

I have a Intel RST software raid on ubuntu 14.04 with mdadm: (4 x 6TB drives in Raid 5, created with device names /dev sudo mdadm -C /dev/md/imsm /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdh /dev/sdi -n 4 -e imsm sudo ...
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75 views

How to replace faulty device on RAID5

I wanted to replace a corrupted raid5-device on my linux system (opensuse 13.2) but missed the step of set-faulty/removing the device (/dev/sdc1). So i accidently just switch the device with a cloned ...
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338 views

Dual Boot Debian on Raid 0 in UEFI mode

My new notebook came from the factory with Windows 8 on two 128GB SSDs in RAID 0 mode. I wanted to dual boot it with a Linux distro, I settled on Debian, so I resized my C: drive as one normally would ...
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106 views

BTRFS - Raid incomplete after balancing

I have two 3TB drive that are formated as btrfs and mounted on /media/andy/btrfs as one drive. I run btrfs balance start -dconvert=raid1 -mconvert=raid1 /media/andy/btrfs/ which takes forever. It ...
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282 views

how to reverse the effect of sgdisk -R=/dev/sdb /dev/sda?

I accidentally used sgdisk -R=/dev/sdb /dev/sda instead of sgdisk -R=/dev/sda /dev/sdb after replacing a broken drive in a raid. Can I recover from this or is all data lost now?
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16 views

How to increase an FS using a LiveCD - that has SW RAID+LVM

If we have an older OS and can only increase the FS if we umount the FS because it is the ex.: /usr - then we have to use a LiveCD. The /usr is in the rootvg (LVM) that is on a SW raid Q: What are ...
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2k views

What steps can I use to recover a RAID 1 array with LVM and EXT3 on it?

Someone handed me a drive that used to be part of a RAID 1 (mirror) array. The drive apparently has LVM (1?) on it and EXT3 (I believe). What steps can I take to regain access to this drive? ...
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695 views

Disable RAID auto detect at runtime

In Linux, I'm partitioning two disks for RAID1 with fdisk. The first disk partitioning succedes, but the second fail because the raid starts automatically and occupy also the second disk (why? it ...
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363 views

Media server RAID difficulties (on FreeNAS)

Disclaimer: I've never used FreeNAS or any type of RAID before, so this is a first. I've decided to build a media server in my new apartment. I'm going to be going with a total 10TB of space (6x2TB ...
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487 views

Software raid checksumming slow

On my new 24 disk array I get 900 MB/s of raw read or write using dd to all the disks. When I set the disks up as a 24 disk RAID6 I get 400 MB/s write and 600 MB/s read. It seems to be due to ...
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903 views

Linux Mint installer does not see fakeraid drive

I have a computer with a fakeraid 0 array (the computer came with it, and I don't want to remove my other OS to get rid of it), and I am trying to install Linux Mint. When I first boot up from the ...
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20 views

Is there a way to mount two folders into one mounting point, so that folders are mirrored?

I want some tool like $ mirroring_mount ~/first_location ~/second_location ~/mount_point So, when I edit file in ~/mount_point, it is edited in both locations, and if ~/first_location and ...
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12 views

Partition on raid array incorrectly states it is full

Sorry if this is the wrong place to post this question. I have a small home media (samba) server, which has a software (mdadm) raid10 array, with 4 disks, each being 3TB. It has only one xfs ...
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19 views

Debian boot with encrypted disks: RAID is not assembled

Situation I am running Debian 8 on my machine. The disk setup is as follows: # lsblk NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 55.9G 0 ...
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72 views
+50

How do I (re)build/create/assemble an IMSM RAID-0 array from disk images instead of disk drives using mdadm?

The question: Using Linux and mdadm, how can I read/copy data as files from disk images made from hard disks used in an Intel Rapid Storage Technology RAID-0 array (formatted as NTFS, Windows 7 ...
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43 views

Why is uEFI firmware unable to access a software RAID 1 /boot/efi partition?

BIOS firmware can boot a BIOS formatted /boot partition installed on a software RAID 1 pair no problem. It can even boot from a /boot installed on LVM volume that lives on a software RAID 1 pair. But ...
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45 views

Why does my RAID array keep changing names?

I have my Linux system on my SSD, and have 2 1TB HDDs set up as a RAID-0 array (for some reason it's named "Raid 0", I don't like the fact that the person who set it up put a space in the name instead ...
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78 views

lsblk shows non-existent md partitions after reboot

I'm getting weird behaviour while setting up an mdadm RAID1 array on debian 8.2. After I set-up the array, lsblk shows: simon@debian-server:~$ lsblk NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE ...
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68 views

How to recover an Intel RAID 0 on a Rocks cluster distribution

We had a Rocks 5.5 distribution on our cluster and wanted to upgrade to 6.2. The "/export" partition was mounted on a Intel software RAID 0 array of 2 identical hard drives (HD) (/dev/sdb and ...
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240 views

BTRFS RAID6 array is broken, how do I fix it?

I have a server running a btrfs raid 6 array which seems to have broken. When try to mount it I get the following error message. I don't know how or why it broke maybe a power outage or something (it ...
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18 views

After xfs repair, only files from root user are accessible

After a power failure during server installation of CentOS, the external storage system that contains user data could not be mounted due to failed superblocks. I performed an xfs_repair on the system, ...
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68 views

mount LVM RAID 5 with missing disk

I have a software RAID 5 (LVM, XFS) with three 2 TB drives. Is it possible to mount the RAID with one missing drive (instead of having to rebuild it)? How would this be done? [Edit] My /etc/fstab ...
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20 views

Shrinking root partition on Debian

I'm using a headless Debian Wheezy server with 2x3TB disks. It was installed automatically with RAID1. This is the output of df -h: $ df -h Sys. fich. ...
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45 views

change device names in LVM

We have a server crash situation for our Oracle Database Server. The operating system was SLES 10 SP2 and Oracle Release 11.1.0.6.0. Now the system had this setup before crash. 1 boot disk --- ...
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92 views

BTRFS - removing drive by devid instead of path

I recently lost a 5 TB drive using btrfs. I had a system freeze (unsure why) while a balance was running. My SMR drive got corrupted. I was able to mount my array degraded and balance my data. ...
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26 views

Is it reliable to assemble md from two machines at the same time

Say we have the same disks accessible from two machines. I want to do assembling md from two machines. Is it possible/reliable ? The disks are connected through SAS. All I need to have is reliable ...
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82 views

Converting RAID partitions to LVM

I have a 3TB HDD. of type RAID 5. I want to convert it to LVM. How can I do this without data loss and without needing for installing the OS again? $ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% ...
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31 views

Linux software raid assembled “itself” with failed drive. Why?

I have two raid1 arrays: md3 (sda3 + sdb3) and md5 (sda5 + sdb5). I deliberately failed the sdb disks because I wanted to change the partition table: # mdadm /dev/md3 --fail /dev/sdb3 # mdadm ...
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374 views

Linux / Windows 8.1 : Installation on raid0

I need to install a linux distribution on my laptop (an Asus UX302LA). I tried again and again but I couldn't even begin the installation. To explain you my problem, I know that Windows 8 is installed ...
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89 views

How is default readahead value determined

I have two different devices running XFS and the default readahead value set differs between the two disks. Why is that ? How is the default size computed ? Is it device dependent ? I might also add ...
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224 views

error running raidctl on Solaris 10

I am trying set up a disk mirror on a Solaris 10 system. The two disks are identically formatted and not mounted. Neither is a boot disk. I ran the following: # raidctl -c c1t2d0 c1t3d0 ...
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35 views

Change 4 mirrored HDDs to RAID 10

My boss has a large computer (12-core, 4 HDD computer that we use for scientific computing) and he has all of the HDDs mirrored. Is it possible to change this to RAID 10 without data loss and without ...
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703 views

Installing 12.04LTS Server on a Fake RAID10

Scenario Install Ubuntu 12.04LTS Server on a RAID10 with boot on a RAID1. 4 - 2Tb SATA Hard Drives 3 Partitions (/boot, /, and swap) boot (256Mb from each disk) setup in RAID1 /dev/md0 partition ...
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229 views

What chunk size for KVM under Debian linux is optimal with RAID 5?

I would like to know, how to set optimal chunk size for my debian squeeze in future. I Work with 3x WD RE4 500Gb 7200RPM in SW-RAID 5, under debian squeeze. (in the future maybe under wheezy) I Saw ...
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238 views

Dual/Triple Booting with dmraid and non-raid disk

I currently have 3 hard drives in my computer The first two disks are in a RAID-1 array, using an Intel P55 chipset, and accessed through dmraid, with the third drive partitioned like so: Filesystem ...
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12 views

mdadm does not automount raid0 disks under /media/storage

I've beat my head against this issue all night and I can't seem to wrap my head around it. I've recently installed Linux Mint 17.3 Mate to replace my Windows 10 machine and after some tinkering I've ...
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24 views

Mount existing RAID 5 to Open Vault Media but cannot see any file

I have an existing mdadm RAID5 pool with 3 disks running on Debian. When I connect this RAID5 pool to Open Media Vault (OMV), OMV recognise the pool and all information: disks, usage, free space.... ...
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12 views

Archlinux Raid Setup

So I want to setup a raid setup with 2 drives but I want to have the possibility to upgrade along the line. I watched a video on Linus Tech Tips today and saw he used a Raid card with 2 SAS ...