RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A Storage technology to provide redundancy and performance, to reduce I/O bottlenecks involved in using multiple disks for large storage.

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Software RAID 10 Array Space Loss

I purchased a dedicated server from a hosting company for a forum I am starting and the drives are configured as 4 x 64GB SSD's in a RAID 10 software array. The total amount of space I was expected ...
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1answer
82 views

ZFS Mirror on same drive for redundancy?

The device I would like to use as a home server has only a single 2.5'' internal hard drive bay currently fitted with 1TB. The actual data storage (2x 1TB) will be attached to the external USB 3.0 ...
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96 views

BTRFS - removing drive by devid instead of path

I recently lost a 5 TB drive using btrfs. I had a system freeze (unsure why) while a balance was running. My SMR drive got corrupted. I was able to mount my array degraded and balance my data. However,...
3
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1answer
891 views

Wheezy to Jessie update broke root software RAID, can it be fixed?

Last night I attempted to update my PC from Debian 7, Wheezy (now old stable), to Debian 8, Jessie (now stable). On rebooting, the system broke at 0.267166 minutes into the launch telling me it can't ...
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1answer
388 views

How to prevent UDEV rules assigning a device to a specific set of names

I have some UDEV rules for a RAID array; 10 hard disks are assigned names from /dev/sda to /dev/sdj. The disks can be absent at any time. How do I write a UDEV rule to prevent a device such as an ...
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1answer
103 views

Where to install GRUB?

I am running Ubuntu 14.04 on a remote server. It's the only OS installed. I need to be super-cautious before rebooting the machine since KVM access to the server is quite tricky. During a GRUB update,...
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1answer
52 views

No Raid feature in Redhat Hypervisor

We purchased Supermicro Server "SUPERMICRO CSE-827H-R1400B" . And each of its node has 9TB Storage . And we planned to use this server as a Host for Virtual Machines. So i started to install the ...
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1answer
401 views

proper way to stop software RAID before system shutdown

This should be straightforward, but I have been unable to find a direct answer by searching. I find that if I unmount an mdadm-managed array and then either (1) unplug the array, (2) power off the ...
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1answer
667 views

ZFS Raid or Hardware Raid in FreeNAS

We bought SuperMicro server "SUPERMICRO CSE-826E16-R1200PB" which will be used for storage. Total HDD 10 - 4TB Seagate HDDs 2 - 60 GB SSDs Now im planning to install FreeNAS on it . And i will ...
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2answers
1k views

Raid devices are mounted with different UUID

Centos 7.1 64. This is what I have: Two raids, but not md0 and md1 [root@localhost]# cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md126 : active raid1 sdb2[1] sda2[0] 974711616 blocks super 1.0 [2/...
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924 views

Debian : Mounting a raid array

I have a Debian system on which we migrated to a SSD for faster execution. Before that we had a 2.0Tb hard disks in RAID. Now we want to use the RAID drives to perform storage generated by the ...
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318 views

Running a btrfs RAID 5 array on Arch Linux

For two weeks, I've been trying to run my Raspberry Pi (model B) as root from a btrfs RAID 5 without success. The RAID runs on three 1TB disks /dev/sda, /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc. The three disks were ...
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3answers
2k views

mdadm: can't remove components in RAID 1

I have my /boot partition in a RAID 1 array using mdadm. This array has degraded a few times in the past, and every time I remove the physical drive, add a new one, bring the array being to normal, ...
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1answer
2k views

Required GRUB modules for booting on mdadm RAID1

I have a mdadm-managed RAID1 with a single EXT4 partition on it (having both the OS files and GRUB's files in /boot/grub), and I'd like to know what modules and what configuration do I need for GRUB ...
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1answer
575 views

Resize MDADM/Software RAID underlying partition and filesystem

I am running out of space on my root partition and would like to steal some from a different partition. The drives are 2x120GB with mdadm software RAID. I am using CentOS 6.5 64-bit. I used the centos ...
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1answer
437 views

Repairing a RAID5 array

For a friend I'm trying to repair a RAID5 array, consisting of 3 2TB disks. After working perfectly for quite some time, the computer (running Debian) suddenly wouldn't boot anymore and got stuck at a ...
2
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2answers
383 views

Disassemble a RAID 1 arragement without removing/reinstalling the system

I've set up a Soft Raid 1 using Debians built in RAID systems. I set up the raid because I had a space HDD when I set up the server and thought why not. The RAID is set up using what-ever Debian did ...
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1answer
33 views

Storing documents and backups on several different drives

Currently I have Ubuntu installed on a 120GB SSD. However I also have 3 more hard drives installed on the computer, 2 x 640GB in aRAID array and a 60GB SSD. What I am trying to achieve is to use the ...
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4answers
96 views

RAID 1 on server - need file from mirrored drive

About 3yrs back I had setup an Ubuntu server for a medical clinic. I had set in 2 HDD's for the purpose of having RAID 1 (software RAID) Today suddenly they can't access a table on one of the mySQL ...
2
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1answer
4k views

How to assemble a specific RAID array without using /etc/mdadm.conf

Is it possible to assemble a specific RAID array using mdadm and its scan-functionality, but without the need for a configuration file? Background: I'm using a custom-made initramfs to setup my ...
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1answer
405 views

How mdadm recognizes which device is right one to sync others with

Imagine you have mdadm raid1 with 2 disks. Then you turn off the server, split the disks each one to different machine and boot both of them, so they will become slightly inconsistent Now you turn ...
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1answer
166 views

mount mdadm disk without partition table

I've a debian installation and during the installation I had made 3 mdadm raid disk: swap, root and home. I had done it with partman and it had made the mdadm disk without partition table. Now I want ...
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2answers
64 views

challenging failed raid5 recovery

I have a personal raid 5 array that is in rough shape. The failed array has eight 2 TB drives that were built up over time in my n-2 desktop machine. The array is from an in-house computer that ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Rebuild linux raid array?

I'm going to be building a media server soon and I want to know how hard it would be to rebuild an array in the event of an ssd failure. Here's what I'm doing. I'm going to have a 128GB SSD boot drive ...
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2answers
1k views

Slackware 14.1 software raid kernel panic unable to mount root fs

Trying to install slackware onto a raid 1 on 2 2TB drives. I followed the official readme. I have two drives, sda and sdb. They each have two partitions, one for /(50GB) and one for /home(Rest of ...
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0answers
358 views

Dual Boot Debian on Raid 0 in UEFI mode

My new notebook came from the factory with Windows 8 on two 128GB SSDs in RAID 0 mode. I wanted to dual boot it with a Linux distro, I settled on Debian, so I resized my C: drive as one normally would ...
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3answers
1k views

How to map a sata device name to a physical sata interface for RAID systems

I have a system with 10 SATA ports, and another SATA as the boot disk. The 10 SATA ports make up 5 software RAID1 arrays. The RAID disks may be removed between boots, and swapped in with arbitrary ...
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1answer
26 views

SCSI's, SATA's, RAID's oh my. Please direct me the wizard of RAID recovery [closed]

I have 4 disks (SATA) that I am 95% certain belong to a raid. The client/boss handed me a box with some disks in them and said recover data, reuse disks. There is another SCSI drive that I suppose ...
3
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2answers
695 views

Replace both disks in a raid 1 mirror

I have a 3 years old server with two same disks. I'm planning to replace both before they fails. Can I add two more new disks to the raid and (after it has been rebuild) eventually remove the two old ...
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1answer
5k views

Why does my RAID 1 NAS have to “synchronize”?

I have a new QNAP TS-451 NAS with two new 3TB drives, installed as a RAID 1 pair. As I copy data on to it, it seems to spend the next few hours "synchronizing" the RAID group. (The web console shows a ...
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608 views

installing Centos 7 and configure RAID 10

I had a system with 4x500GB HDD and a 16GB pendrive. I would like to build a homeserver with RAID 10. Currently i use nas4free. But i am planning to setup a local file server as well as a webserver. ...
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1answer
2k views

HP Microserver Gen8 (Intel Celeron G1610T) with Ubuntu Server 14.04?

I'm looking for a small home server working with Ubuntu Server 14.04. I want to install SAMBA and a UPNP streaming server on it. I found this small HP Proliant Microserver with an Intel Celeron G1610T ...
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1answer
371 views

An existing mdadm RAID5 is not mounting, Either a problem drive or Superblock

I have 4 x 3TB NAS setup as RAID5 which has been working great for almost a year. After a recent abrupt shutdown (had to hit the power button) the RAID will no longer mount on boot up. I've run: ...
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2answers
74 views

Are RAID formats compatible across distributions?

I'm planning a NAS/home media server build, probably with a HP Proliant Microserver. It will probably have two HDDs in RAID 1, while the OS while run from a USB drive. Question is: once I've set up ...
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1answer
133 views

Backup and restore of raid1 device, after OS upgrade

We have a physical RedHat server with two 60GB local disks, and two RAID 1 devices on them. There are also a few multipathed SAN luns. Disk /dev/sda: 60.0 GB, 60022480896 bytes Device Boot ...
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0answers
109 views

BTRFS - Raid incomplete after balancing

I have two 3TB drive that are formated as btrfs and mounted on /media/andy/btrfs as one drive. I run btrfs balance start -dconvert=raid1 -mconvert=raid1 /media/andy/btrfs/ which takes forever. It ...
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1answer
2k views

RAID-1 doesn't Assemble, elements listed as SPARE, how to recover?

I recently moved my Kubuntu 12.04 workstation to a new location. It was shutdown normally but when I rebooted it in its new home the RAID-1 array /dev/md0 was GONE! The Elements of the array are ...
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2answers
129 views

Raid 5 not starting

I had a raid 5 with 3 disks in my old computer, but the motherboard died. I put all the disks in a New computer, but the raid doesn't want the start anymore. When booting the pc, i can see all disks,...
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1answer
1k views

mdadm RAID 5 and parted unrecognized disk label

I have three 3 TB drives that I am attempting to put together into a RAID 5 setup with mdadm, but I am running into some issues. (Actually, I have four 3 TB drives I will be using, but one of them ...
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1answer
926 views

Prevent Debian from auto-assembling RAID at boot

I set up a Debian wheezy (7.6), installed openmediavault, and created a software raid 5 with that. It is listed at /dev/md127. Now I want to move that to a virtual XEN VM. To do so, I have to stop ...
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3answers
182 views

Software RAID10 setup writes small files extremely slowly, is this normal?

I have a software RAID-10 setup on Linux 3.16.6-203.fc20.x86_64, with 1.2 metadata and the default chunk size (512K): $ cat /proc/mdstat md0 : active raid10 sdc1[4] sdb1[0] sdd1[2] sde1[3] ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Grub fails to install - Debian Wheezy with mdadm RAID1 and GPT partition table

I've been trying all day to get my new Wheezy install completed but it fail to install Grub every time. I'm using x64 netinstall iso. Here is my partition table: Model: ATA ST3000DM001-1CH1 (scsi) ...
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1answer
108 views

mdadm - What's the difference between --detail --scan and --examine --scan?

From man mdadm: -E, --examine Print contents of the metadata stored on the named device(s). Note the contrast between --examine and --detail. --examine applies to devices which are ...
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1answer
501 views

btrfs balance fails due to enospc error

[taken over from stackoverflow since I figured that was probably the wrong place] I am currently testing btrfs as a possible replacement for my NAS running ZFS. I created 4 devices, 20GB each, and ...
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31 views

Files and Directories Dissappearing from Software Raid on Power Failure

I have a home samba file "server" (a raspberry pi) with two hard drives in a software raid 1, which have proven less reliable than any of my non-raid disks. I know there is a chance for data ...
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2answers
536 views

Spanning RAID over SSD and Mechanical HD

Currently I have my root (/) directory on my ssd, and my home directory on my mechanical drive. Wanting to utilize more of the ssd and hopefully get a speed benefit, I was considering spanning across ...
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1answer
116 views

File transfer between SSD and RAID array uber-slow

It's really simple: this server has an SSD for the main drive, and a RAID array (mdadm) for storage. Intermittently, it has a problem writing to the array: the write speeds slow down to the point ...
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2answers
78 views

Whose responsibility is to divide data into PEs or chunks?

When we create LVMs or the RAID partitions, the data we save in the parition is divided into PEs or the chunks respectively instead of the conventional blocks of ext3 or ext4. My doubt is whose ...
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1answer
888 views

A SparesMissing event had been detected on md device /dev/md0

I'm getting the following mail every day on a server: This is an automatically generated mail message from mdadm running on <host> A SparesMissing event had been detected on md device /dev/md0....
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72 views

server can't read newly installed centos 6.1

I have a server that has 12TB and I used RAID 1+0(RAID 10) so my logical drive in the server is now 6TB + (6TB Mirror) when I install the CentOS v.6.1 in the server, the installation has no problem at ...