RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A Storage technology to provide redundancy and performance, to reduce I/O bottlenecks involved in using multiple disks for large storage.

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How to setup a RAID system using USB sticks as storage media

I want to create an inexpensive self-hosted private git server with redundant storage. To that end I have bought a Raspberry Pi and configured both git and ssh on the Pi. I can access the Pi both from ...
2
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1answer
262 views

Proper way to setup RAID in linux

I have installed Debian 7.4 on a server, and through the installer I setup both RAID and LVM for the drive that the OS is installed on. However, now I want to add two 4TB drives in a RAID-1 array to ...
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1answer
44 views

understanding the “chunk size” in context of RAID

Am I correct that chunk size in context of RAID is essentially the same thing as cluster in file-system context? In other words, chunk size is the smallest unit of data which can be written to a ...
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1answer
207 views

Debian Squeeze RAID 5 Install?

I have a box with four Hard Drives on it. I am going to install Debian Squeeze (I know it's old... I have to) on it. I want to be able to treat the the four Hard Drives as a single Harddrive. Durringt ...
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2answers
276 views

Grow LVM RAID10?

RHEL LVM has supported RAID4/5/6 as of 6.3 and RAID10 as of 6.4. It's well-known that mdadm won't let you --grow raid10, my question is whether this is a limitation of LVM RAID10 too? If it is ...
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372 views

Proxmox Master Node crashes

I've inadvertently discovered a Proxmox bug. I run a personal cluster of 4 nodes (a technology lab for giggles and gags). Each node has a Dell Perc 5i and 4 HDDs in RAID 10. The standard Proxmox ...
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1answer
104 views

mdadm large memory consumption [closed]

I am building a RAID 6 with mdadm (8 WD Red 3 Tb) on Ubuntu 13.10x64 server with ext4 filesystem. When I download torrent on the array, server RAM is filled for maximum cap (8 Gb) memory is free when ...
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317 views

Fdisk cannot read size of this disk is 4.0 TB under RAID-0 enviroment

I have server from OVH data center , I have Two SATA Hard Disk Drive , each Disk Size 2.0 T.B , I have RAID controller card but I convert the RAID-1 to RAID-0 through OVH Rescue mode and here is the ...
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521 views

mdadm - RAID5 array size vs. actual disk size mismatch

I have 4x 3TB WD RED disks that are in mdadm RAID5, which should total an array size of 9TB usable space, however I only have 6TB. I have confirmed all disks are in the array, the only strange thing ...
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150 views

Tuning a CentOS VM running on an MDRAID-based XenServer storage repository

I've run out of ideas for tuning disk write speeds on a handful of CentOS VMs running on a lab XenServer 6.2 host. Running under the free license (so vendor support not a concern), the lab host is a ...
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230 views

Why is my ext4 filesystem recognizable only on the machine it was formatted on?

Xubuntu liveCD 11.04 running on "bad machine" with mdadm RAID1 array with an unrecognizable ext4 filesystem: To rescue some files, I installed a new hard drive and formatted it to ext4. I copied ...
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573 views

Mount an existing RAID 1 Logical Volume after OS upgrade

I just upgraded from Ubuntu 10.04 to Mint 16. The installer did not detect my existing RAID 1 array, and I can't access it anymore. My drives are: SDA - First RAID Disk SDB - Second RAID Disk SDC - ...
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44 views

How to migrate the content of one disk on a Raid5?

I have one 1.5Tb HDD with Debian Wheezy. I have also four 2Tb empty HDDs. I want to configure the four 2Tb disks in Raid5 and install LVM. Then migrate the content of the 1.5Tb disk on the Raid5. ...
0
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1answer
169 views

raid1: how to synchronize harddisks (Debian 6)

My system is Linux/Debian 6, using GPT (GUID Partition Table). If I run the command cat /proc/mdstat I see the following situation: Personalities : [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] ...
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1answer
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bit rot detection and correction with mdadm

I'm about to re-organise all my HDDs in my linux box nas and would like to use mdadm raid for data protection and its flexibility for reshaping the arrays. However, before I use mdadm for this I'd ...
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2answers
1k views

Best way to create RAID on an existing system drive

I want to add another disk as RAID 1 to test my database performance. I am trying to not re-do the whole system, is it possible? Currently I have a single 1TB HDD with one 100GB system partition (and ...
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3answers
302 views

Software RAID 1 with dissimilar size and performance drives

Background I was experimenting with a home server setup in a small box I had that was supposed to be a media centre but never found much use. I installed CentOS 6.5 in a software RAID1 configuration ...
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Strange error message during CentOS 6.5 installation regarding disk containing BIOS RAID metadata?

While attempting to use an old 40GB HDD to setup a kind of junky though usable Athon 1GHz system I ran into the following error during the HDD identification/partitioning phase of the installation: ...
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2answers
412 views

Is a ZFS storage array portable across operating systems & CPU Architectures?

I know that ZFS is available on variety of operating systems Solaris, Illumos, Linux, BSD etc. Suppose I have a bunch of disks that are part of ZFS raid file system that was created on Linux, could ...
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1answer
4k views

New md array is auto-read-only and has resync=PENDING

I've created a new md array with the following command: mdadm --create /dev/md1 -l 1 -n 2 /dev/sd[ed]1 But now /proc/mdstat shows the array as "auto-read-only" with resync=PENDING: ~ # cat ...
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202 views

What happens if I delete dmraid?

I am new to Linux and am trying to install Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS from a live-USB and have it run alongside my Windows 7 installation. On the installation screen for Ubuntu, at the partition page, I get ...
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1answer
64 views

RAID mount not happening automatically

I've configured RAID array in my SUSE machine. Everything works just fine as expected. However, I need to mount the RAID array automatically when I boot my system. For this I added the mount point in ...
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1answer
333 views

RAID configuration disappears after reboot

I am using SUSE to install Hana in my system. I have 2 298 GB HDDs which I am going to configure as RAID 0. I am using mdadm to create a RAID array. I use the below command to create the RAID array. ...
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76 views

raid array not mounted

I have configured RAID array in my SUSE machine using mdadm command. The /etc/mdadm.conf is fine and cat /proc/mdstat shows up the array and it is also fine. However, if I run the df -h command, it is ...
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32 views

RAID configuration file not present

I am trying to configure RAID disks in my SUSE machine. I have 2 disks currently. I am trying to configure them as RAID using the below command. mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=stripe ...
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1answer
55 views

Linux installation in RAID

I am a fairly new systems administrator and I have to configure the RAID on a Linux machine. From my understanding so far, RAID is an array of multiple disks. I have some questions though. Question ...
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2answers
142 views

Are disks interchangeable in a mirrored RAID setup?

It is often written that disks in a mirrored RAID (like RAID 1) are an exact mirror copy one of another. So can I turn the machine off and simply swap the two harddisks cables? And if one of the two ...
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1answer
260 views

mdadm; previously working; after “failure”, cannot join array due to disk size

Abstract I had a functional Raid 5 array, I rebooted the box, and then mdadm couldn't re-assamble one part. Seeing that it was only one part, I thought it would be easy to just re-sync. But that ...
3
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1answer
2k views

recovery data from RAID and disk failure (Linux)

Some background A friend of mine was using in his office a NAS Buffalo-LS-WVL with two disks of 1TB each. It seems that the two disks were mounted as raid 1, but, as you will read, probably they have ...
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1answer
538 views

bootloader configuration with GPT, RAID1, and LVM

Using the GUID Partition Table and RAID 1, the bootloader (syslinux or GRUB) is not able to boot into the machine, which was installed with Arch Linux. First off, there are two drives identical ...
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50 views

Restored VG has shifted volumes

I'm recovering a PV on a mdadm RAID 1 with a single VG containing several LVs. The underlying devices have several bad sectors (one just a few, the other really much) and a silly typo made it ...
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error running raidctl on Solaris 10

I am trying set up a disk mirror on a Solaris 10 system. The two disks are identically formatted and not mounted. Neither is a boot disk. I ran the following: # raidctl -c c1t2d0 c1t3d0 ...
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RAID 5 with 4 disks fails to operate with one failed disk?

I found a question about mdadm spare disks which almost answers my question, but it isn't clear to me what is happening. We have a RAID5 set up with 4 disks - and all are labeled in normal operation ...
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25 views

Change 4 mirrored HDDs to RAID 10

My boss has a large computer (12-core, 4 HDD computer that we use for scientific computing) and he has all of the HDDs mirrored. Is it possible to change this to RAID 10 without data loss and without ...
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569 views

What steps can I use to recover a RAID 1 array with LVM and EXT3 on it?

Someone handed me a drive that used to be part of a RAID 1 (mirror) array. The drive apparently has LVM (1?) on it and EXT3 (I believe). What steps can I take to regain access to this drive? ...
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3answers
702 views

mdadm with overlaying lvm - remove a hard drive

This is a hypothetical question, I'm just evaluating in which way I should configure my hard drives for my home-server and for that I need to know this: Let's say I have a Raid5 configured with mdadm ...
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1answer
333 views

Debian update fails with “Raid version incompatible”

While installing proftpd, it dropped with following error: [....] Starting ftp server: proftpdhexadecacordis proftpd[26849]: mod_tls_memcache/0.1: notice: unable to register 'memcache' SSL session ...
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Couldn't fill logical volume maps [closed]

So I have a big problem here. On our server, there is an LVM raid with one volume group called raid. It contained two volumes, secured and unsecured and some unallocated space. Today I tried to remove ...
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4answers
61 views

How to find the device in a RAID1 under Linux?

besides: head -2 /dev/dm-16 | strings | grep ^id how can I find that which device belongs to a given MD RAID1 array?
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2answers
90 views

What is a good way of layering zfs filsystems to manage unpredictable future workload that doesn't severely compromise performance?

I've been playing around with ZFS and using sparse files as virtual devices to learn how to use the zfs tools. It seems that there isn't much of a hit in performance by creating a raid pool out of ...
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2answers
281 views

Can I create a 2 TB RAID-1 array out of one 2 TB disk and two 1 TB disks while preserving 1 TB of data?

I currently have 1 TB of data on a RAID-1 mdadm array. This array consists of one 1 TB disk and a 1 TB partition on a 2 TB disk. I have now bought a second 1 TB disk, and I would like to use this to ...
4
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1answer
116 views

Reusing older raid discs

I have a software RAID5 array (Linux md) on 4 disks; the OS is OpenSUSE 12.3. Recently I replaced a disc with a larger one (fail disc, remove it, add new disc). The capacity of the array has not yet ...
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2answers
209 views

Can one use a md-type raid-0 as a drive for zfs pool

I want to play with ZFS at my CentOS. At the moment I have two 750Gb drives and two 400Gb spare drives that I could use. Of course the simplest solution would be to take all of them and use only 400Gb ...
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2answers
589 views

erased md0, md1 and can't recreate them

I previously had a working RAID 1 array. I think as a result of running grub-install /dev/sdb and grub-install /dev/sdc I somehow wiped my computer of md0 and md1. I need to set them up again. When ...
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1answer
340 views

EBS Volumes Mounted On Wrong Directory After Reboot

I have three EBS RAID 10 volumes in my /etc/fstab on an Amazon AMI hosted with AWS/EC2... Everytime I reboot the instance, the volumes get mounted to the wrong mount points. Any ideas on how I can ...
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1answer
438 views

How do I increase my root volume

I have a server using software RAID (raid1) and I need to increase my volume on my root partition. I've been googling around with no luck of finding out how I can do this. I have 2x1TB RAID1. My df ...
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375 views

Linux won't install on RAID set: disks “contain BIOS RAID metadata, but [are] not part of any recognized BIOS RAID sets”

I plugged a Q-Tec 340R ATA-133 IDE RAID card, with two IDE connectors and support for up to four IDE drives, into an old P4 machine, attached two hard drives and managed to set up RAID0 and install ...
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2answers
133 views

RAID on USB stick

I have a USB stick that's showing some weird problems. I'd like to create a number of partitions (3?) and use RAID over those partitions to ensure resilience to failure. Is this a good idea? How do I ...
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1answer
163 views

Does CentOS 5.9 need Grub to run on hardware RAID?

I'm doing a fresh install of CentOS 5.9 x64 on a server with 8 disks in RAID5. At some point during the install, it gave me the option of configuring Grub, or not bothering. I chose not to bother, ...
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No /etc/mdadm.conf in centos 6

I have installed centos 6 and setup a new RAID array with two disks. every thing is ok and I have partitioned the array but I don't see any /etc/mdadm.conf or /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf files. I have ...