RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A Storage technology to provide redundancy and performance, to reduce I/O bottlenecks involved in using multiple disks for large storage.

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How do I handle Linux RAID0 and Windows striped dynamic volumes on the same set of hard disks?

I recently got a 1TB disk to supplement my two 500GB disks, and I decided to use some form of RAID on the latter. I divided the 500GB disks into two partitions each. Then, I created a RAID0 using the ...
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Soft raid1 schedule resync

Debian has a cronjob /etc/cron.d/mdadm that starts a raid check (& resync?). It costs a lot of IO and can take up to 96 hours on 3TB disks. At this time the performance of the service will go ...
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28 views

What happens if my RAID fails while the swap is on it?

Today I removed swap from the system drive on my Debian. And created a swapfile on md0. So, I have a RAID1 array for data and a swapfile (the only swapfile). The system with boot partition is on ...
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I'd like to verify mdadm RAID1 is completely fine

Is there some mdadm --verify similar command, which would read all sectors of both disks in RAID1 to truly verify it's fine?
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96 views

Restore disk image from non raid installation to RAID1

I had a disk Running Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Desktop that crashed. I have a disk image of the drive and i want to put it onto a raid 1. That's it, i thought it would almost as easy as it sounds but ...
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Why does mdadm believe my raid1 “has failed so using --add cannot work”?

TLDR: Trying to add a blank partition to a degraded RAID1 with mdadm 3.3.2 (Debian Jessie) fails, saying the (perfectly working!) array has "failed" and "--add cannot work". Is it telling me of a real ...
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246 views

FIx RAID configuration after upgrade to Debian/Jessie with ICH9 chipset

I upgraded from Squeeze to Wheezy without problems. But after upgrading to Jessie the system cannot boot anymore (using LILO). LILO ERROR: Duplicated Volume ID O 24.1 Loading Linux ....(snip) BIOS ...
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375 views

Intructions for Debian 8.2 net install dual boot with Windows 8.1

I cannot prepare dual boot installation in my hp zbook 14, I have windows 8.1 installed and want dual boot with Debian 8.2. I have configured the things for a standard ubuntu installation, preparing a ...
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106 views

LVM partition not mounting

There was a drive failure on a disk in a RAID1 configuration. I removed the bad disk and reconfigured the RAID1 to only use the good disk. When I reboot the machine there are missing LVM partitions. ...
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73 views

How to recover an Intel RAID 0 on a Rocks cluster distribution

We had a Rocks 5.5 distribution on our cluster and wanted to upgrade to 6.2. The "/export" partition was mounted on a Intel software RAID 0 array of 2 identical hard drives (HD) (/dev/sdb and ...
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141 views

how to access data on RAID10 (consisting of 2 disks) using only 1 disk?

A long time ago I setup a RAID consisting of 2 disks. I wanted more than else safety/redundancy and indeed I think I wanted a RAID1. Now I have only access to one of those 2 disks and looking at it I ...
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35 views

How to check RAID 1

I have my very first server computer. It has two disks in BIOS (fake) RAID 1. The BIOS RAID controller says the status is Normal. But I would like to know if there is a way to check from the ...
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58 views

raid10 “recovery aborted due to read error” drives being marked spare

I'm trying to recover my RAID10 array. All devices are plugged into a PCI controller that I've been using for a number of years now. I just replaced all of the drives in the system, as they all seemed ...
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18 views

Can I convert and deconvert a bache0 device to a standard block device and still read the filesystem?

When I set my raid (ex. /dev/md0) as a backing device. To work with the raid device, I have to interface with /dev/bcache0. However, if I wanted to add to the raid using mdadm, I need to address ...
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49 views

Can I make a degraded RAID-Z on NAS4Free?

Here is my situation. Old whitebox PC. I planned to change this to home NAS with three 1TB HDDs. But I found out one of them needs to be replaced. So only two drives are available now. Third ...
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21 views

EFI boot and RAID6

I am a Linux beginner and I am trying to install SLES on a server with 8 HDDs, 3 TB each, but I am testing the configuration first on a VM (virtualbox). I tried following configurations and both got ...
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1answer
59 views

Prevent debian from hindering boot if a software-raid problem exists

I have a computer that I rarely have physical access to. All my access to that computer is done using SSH. On that computer, there's a software RAID5 using MDADM. This array contains data in one ...
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255 views

Partition resize in CentOS 7

I have a RAID 6 array set up under CentOS 7 which originally had four 1TB drives assigned, resulting in a total capacity of 2TB. After much fussing about as described here, I was able to add a fifth ...
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244 views

BTRFS RAID6 array is broken, how do I fix it?

I have a server running a btrfs raid 6 array which seems to have broken. When try to mount it I get the following error message. I don't know how or why it broke maybe a power outage or something (it ...
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19 views

After xfs repair, only files from root user are accessible

After a power failure during server installation of CentOS, the external storage system that contains user data could not be mounted due to failed superblocks. I performed an xfs_repair on the system, ...
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149 views

Why is my raid5 always resyncing ? (device names no persistent?)

I have a Intel RST software raid on ubuntu 14.04 with mdadm: (4 x 6TB drives in Raid 5, created with device names /dev sudo mdadm -C /dev/md/imsm /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdh /dev/sdi -n 4 -e imsm sudo ...
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How to make Drives visible to OS using MegaCLI / MegaRAID not puting them in to RAID at all?

So I have 12 [12:0-12] drives that are "Unconfigured Good" as WebBIOS would say. They are not in any virtual drive span or drive group. I want to use software ZFS RAID instead of hardware one. How to ...
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2answers
2k views

Drivers for Marvell 88SE9230 SATA controller on Linux

I have just purchased a SuperMicro X10SBA, where i intend to use the onboard Marvell 88SE923 SATA controller for RAID1. Unfortunately SuperMicro has written that RAID is only compatible on Windows ...
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242 views

Scsi parity error leads to I/O error

We're using a fiber channel-connected disk array on a blade server. The disk array is set up as RAID 6. Since the beginning of the week our file systems have started to remount as read only due to ...
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207 views

Booting off raid'ed > 2GB drives, btrfs, handling bios boot partition [duplicate]

Setting up an array of (3) 5GB drives using btrfs. It will soon grow to (6) 5GB drives. Starting with raid 1, will rebalance once all the drives are installed to either raid5, 6, or 10. I will be ...
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70 views

mount LVM RAID 5 with missing disk

I have a software RAID 5 (LVM, XFS) with three 2 TB drives. Is it possible to mount the RAID with one missing drive (instead of having to rebuild it)? How would this be done? [Edit] My /etc/fstab ...
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Replacing a disk to RAID5 failed

I removed a faulty disk from my RAID5 with mdadm --manage /dev/md0 -r /dev/sdd1 and replaced it with a new one. I tried to add it with mdadm --manage /dev/md0 -a /dev/sdd1 but it's only added as a ...
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79 views

How to replace faulty device on RAID5

I wanted to replace a corrupted raid5-device on my linux system (opensuse 13.2) but missed the step of set-faulty/removing the device (/dev/sdc1). So i accidently just switch the device with a cloned ...
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69 views

Btrfs RAID1 mismatched sized drives full

I have a 500 GB HDD and a 300 GB HDD. I have formatted them as btrfs raid1 between. The total size is 800 GB. If I copy 50 GB onto the filesystem, it causes 100 GB to be used. If I copy 300 GB onto ...
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114 views

Btrfs distribute files equally across multiple devices

I have a btrfs volume across two devices that has metadata RAID1 and data RAID0. In the event one drive would fail, practically all files above the 64KB default stripe size would be corrupted. As this ...
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Is it sensible to use multiple LVM layers with mdraid

I'm building up a home server that will be used for a handful of different things. I'd really like to try a Btrfs raid 1 array for a large data store, but I'm using CentOS 7 (older kernel although ...
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143 views

Using Btrfs to eliminate corrupted archives

I am trying to get my personal filesystem in order I want to tar everything and get it organized into proper directories I have many HDDs and a few SSDs I want to use Btrfs with it's checksum and ...
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61 views

Debian 8 sytemd “found device” multiple times

I currently run a Debian 8 system (upgraded from Debian 7) with a software raid 1. Once in a while systemd reloads 3 times in a relatively short period and logs it into syslog. If it reloaded only ...
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187 views

218TB XFS LVM filesystem. 144TB Free. Error message “No Free Space Left on Device”

I have a giant 218 TB RAID6, across LVM. It is actually 2 separate RAID6s joined together through LVM to form one giant RAID6. df -h shows all space was available, and I mounted to /share. I wanted ...
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How should I approach designing my btrfs pool/s? [closed]

I am vaguely familiar with a few COW/modern filesystem concepts, and am nowhere near an expert or even beyond neophyte status when it comes to btrfs. I've just installed Rockstor on a machine I intend ...
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125 views

How to automatically check for failed hard drives in RAID array?

We've got a couple of servers in-house containing hardware RAID5 and RAID6 arrays with 8-15 disks each. What's the easiest way to automatically check for failing hard drives using a script so that ...
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31 views

Using a larger drive in a RAID 1 setup

Is it possible to introduce in a RAID 1 setup a larger drive using its free space for further uses? E.g: What we have: sda - 250 GB HD |-- sda1 - /boot |-- sda2 - / sdb - 500 GB HD |-- sdb1 - ...
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254 views

mdadm raid filesystem differs from disk filesystem

I have created a raid 5 using mdadm on Debian. I used 2 new and 1 "old" disks. The old one had ext3 before. Using "parted -l" I noticed the raid has ext4 as filesystem but the old disk has ext3. I ...
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High IO wait - How to determine the root cause?

I have a MySQL instance on two dedicated servers. One for the production, the other for the test platform. The 2 servers are pretty the same, the only difference is the RAID controller and the ...
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New RAID array will not auto assemble, leads to boot problems

I had just asked this question where I was unable to boot after installing a new RAID1 Array. I was able to get to the terminal, but once I sorted that out I realized that my problem isn't so much an ...
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Shrinking root partition on Debian

I'm using a headless Debian Wheezy server with 2x3TB disks. It was installed automatically with RAID1. This is the output of df -h: $ df -h Sys. fich. ...
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Software RAID 5 and 6 stripe size: why smaller is less efficient?

I read here and then that small stripe size is bad for software (and maybe hardware) RAID 5 and 6 in Linux. The rare benchmarks I saw fully agree with that. But the explanation given by everybody is ...
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How do I migrate a RAID system to a larger set of HDDS?

All the posts I've found are about moving to new machines or migrating an entire OS from one HDD to another. I don't really know what the hell I'm doing, but I'm apparently the Linux expert. We ...
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How do I prepare new drives for use in software raid?

Normally, I create RAID arrays during installation, but I'm trying to add an array to an existing system. The OS (Mint16) is on its own drive. I've added two brand new physical drives to the machine, ...
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100 views

data recovery after partial shred

well i issued the following command: shred -v /dev/sdb. However I wanted to shred /dev/sda. I realized my mistake after about 2gb had been shredded (out of 2.7tb raid volume). what is the ...
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138 views

mdadm refuses to add second identical disk to array

I have a RAID 1 array which is in a degraded state and want to add another drive to it. # mdadm --detail /dev/md1 /dev/md1: Version : 1.2 Creation Time : Fri Mar 21 17:23:00 2014 Raid ...
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change device names in LVM

We have a server crash situation for our Oracle Database Server. The operating system was SLES 10 SP2 and Oracle Release 11.1.0.6.0. Now the system had this setup before crash. 1 boot disk --- ...
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328 views

Software RAID 10 Array Space Loss

I purchased a dedicated server from a hosting company for a forum I am starting and the drives are configured as 4 x 64GB SSD's in a RAID 10 software array. The total amount of space I was expected ...
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77 views

ZFS Mirror on same drive for redundancy?

The device I would like to use as a home server has only a single 2.5'' internal hard drive bay currently fitted with 1TB. The actual data storage (2x 1TB) will be attached to the external USB 3.0 ...
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94 views

BTRFS - removing drive by devid instead of path

I recently lost a 5 TB drive using btrfs. I had a system freeze (unsure why) while a balance was running. My SMR drive got corrupted. I was able to mount my array degraded and balance my data. ...