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7
votes
4answers
4k views

Monitor disk health using smartd (in smartmontools) on a high availability software RAID 1 server

I have a server with three identical SATA/600 3TB drives: /dev/sda, /dev/sdb, /dev/sdc. The drives are partitioned, using GPT with three partitions each: 1 MB: Reserved partition for boot loader 1 ...
7
votes
5answers
6k views

Backup whole hard disk Linux

I am looking for a method to backup a whole disk in case something is screwed up... I don't even know what to install on some special devices of the server, and every time it is not the same. ...
7
votes
1answer
13k views

mdadm raid1 and what chunksize (or blocksize) on 4k drives?

I want to use two 3 TB drives in a mdadm raid1 setup (using Debian Sequeeze). The drives use 4k hardware sectors instead of the traditional 512 byte ones. I am a bit confused because on the one hand ...
6
votes
1answer
401 views

md raid1 ext3 and 4k sectors slow with directory operations

I recently moved from a hardware RAID1 enclosure to using two eSATA drives with md. Everything seems to be working fine, except for the fact that directory traversals/listings sometimes crawl (on the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does btrfs allow to create a raid1 with mismatched drives?

I'm creating a btrfs using sudo mkfs.btrfs -m raid1 -d raid1 <small-disk> <large-disk> or sudo mkfs.btrfs -m raid1 -d raid1 <large-disk> <small-disk> it creates the fs with ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

mdadm - Can't Remove Components In RADI1

I have my /boot partition in a RAID 1 array using mdadm. This array has degraded a few times in the past, and every time I remove the physical drive, add a new one, bring the array being to normal, ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

Are disks interchangeable in a mirrored RAID setup?

It is often written that disks in a mirrored RAID (like RAID 1) are an exact mirror copy one of another. So can I turn the machine off and simply swap the two harddisks cables? And if one of the two ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

mdadm - Accidentally ran “mdadm --create” on an existing raid-1. The superblock is now corrupt and I am unable to recover data. Did I bork my data?

I have /dev/sdb1 and /dev/sdc2 that were previously setup into a RAID-1 with mdadm, but then I reinstalled and lost the old configuration. Out of idiocy, I ran sudo mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 ...
3
votes
1answer
816 views

What are the advantages of swap on a raid-1 (mirror) device?

What are the advantages of swap on a raid-1 (mirror) device? (in a server environment running linux) I mean, you can just use multiple disk devices in linux for swap. And with swap devices that have ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to install Debian Jessie properly onto multiple devices with BTRFS in mode RAID 1?

As a short introduction I'm going to tell you, what kind of setup I have and what I want to achieve. After that I try to explain my problem. Since this is my first question on U&L I have to ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Recover data from raid 1 when both drives are faulty

I had a RAID 1 on my server, and apparently both of hard drives have failed at the same time. Server support did a quick check to confirm that HDDTEST-W1F21M6K ERROR Finished (Selftest, Device: ...
3
votes
0answers
170 views

LVM RAID 1 for root [closed]

I have LVM RAID 1 (not mdadm RAID 1, but exactly LVM2 RAID 1) for my root partition. I would like to make my system boot without either of the HDDs where the underlying PVs of the root LVM partition ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

RAID Lag-Behind Burst Write

I would like to setup RAID1 so that a ramdisk in the RAID configuration has occasional synchronisation with a physical disk (that is very battery intensive to run, so I hope to let it spinout). Is ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Using a larger drive in a RAID 1 setup

Is it possible to introduce in a RAID 1 setup a larger drive using its free space for further uses? E.g: What we have: sda - 250 GB HD |-- sda1 - /boot |-- sda2 - / sdb - 500 GB HD |-- sdb1 - ...
2
votes
2answers
977 views

Rebuild RAID1 from existing disk, and add another

This question is a problem derived from solving another problem that you can see on this thread. To make it short, my dedicated server has a RAID1 array with 2x3TB HDD. A week ago, one of them ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

convert /dev/md0 to /dev/sda1

I used a Software-RAID I and want to access the data without RAID now. After mdadm --fail /dev/md0 /dev/sda1 mdadm --remove /dev/md0 /dev/sda1 I tried mount -t ext4 /dev/sda1 /mnt but dmesg ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

How to set up disk mirroring (RAID-1)

I have a computer with two WD 1TB drives and I want to configure disk mirroring on it. I tried setting up RAID during the installation by creating RAID partitions but that does not work for me. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
421 views

“error: no such device” at boot in Ubuntu Server 11.10 with Raid1

I have a configuration of 4 HDD's as Raid1 2 pairs of 2 HDD's. First Raid1 pair is for system, so I just made an 40GB space for swap, and the rest of it for the root, the second pair of Raid1 is for ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

RAID1 that can be enlarged when adding a new disk: convert to lvm --type raid1? [closed]

For the last ten years, I have been making inexpensive servers for small businesses. Each server has two identical drives mirrored with raid1. Later, SATA became available, then eSATA. In the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Mount an existing RAID 1 Logical Volume after OS upgrade

I just upgraded from Ubuntu 10.04 to Mint 16. The installer did not detect my existing RAID 1 array, and I can't access it anymore. My drives are: SDA - First RAID Disk SDB - Second RAID Disk SDC - ...
2
votes
1answer
650 views

Kernel failure with software RAID-1 due to single drive read errors

I am running Fedora 19 (kernel 3.11.3-201.fc19.x86_64) with a software RAID-1 (mdadm) setup on two identical Seagate 1GB drives: # cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md1 : active raid1 ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

mdadm Software RAID1 with GPT on Debian 8.0 amd64 - Does not boot on disk removal [closed]

INTRO: I have spent countless days attaching/detaching MOLEX->SATA power cables, rebooting machines and trying hundreds of edits and commands. I am on the verge of desperation and desperately in need ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

BTRFS - Raid incomplete after balancing

I have two 3TB drive that are formated as btrfs and mounted on /media/andy/btrfs as one drive. I run btrfs balance start -dconvert=raid1 -mconvert=raid1 /media/andy/btrfs/ which takes forever. It ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Ubuntu 10.04 LTS hangs at 43% of preparing to partition raid 1drives

I have set up hardware raid 1 with two SAS drives using the Adptec 6405E controller. I am having a problem when installing Ubuntu 10.04 LTS as it hangs at 43 % when partitioning disk drives. So far ...
1
vote
2answers
492 views

Can't remount local file systems for read-write (RAID1)

I assembled a new machine on Asus P9X79 motherboard, using its RAID controller to create a RAID1 array of two 500Gb drives. When booting Arch from an external drive I am able to work fine with ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Clone installed system by using the hardware RAID 0+1 synchronization

Alright, following setup: 2 identical machines (DELL Power Edge T320) with a hardware raid. one machine is running for a while now, one machine hasn't even been set up at all The running machine ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Performance of RAID 1 with 3 Disks under Linux

The standard way to setup a RAID 1 under Linux is to use two disks of the same size. The write performance is almost as good as with a single disk drive. The read performance can be up to twice the ...
1
vote
2answers
338 views

Setting up a RAID 1 in Funtoo [closed]

In short Following the guide How to Set Up a RAID 1 Under GNU/Linux, I have setup a RAID 1. Checking the RAID Array for validity in various ways, appeared to be normal. However, after rebooting the ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Can't swap between two bootable drives

I'm attempting to setup a 2-drive (sda, sdb) RAID 1 in my PC, using Raider to convert from my old single drive (sda) system to the new RAID 1. From sda, on sdb I ran: # raider -R1 # raider --run ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

grub2 lvm2 raid1 /boot

Is it possible to boot from a system where /boot is located within an lvm2 raid1 partition. I've tried a variety of configurations, but I have yet to discover how to do it. I am using two 2TB disks. ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Degraded RAID1 array boots with one drive, not with the other

UPDATE It seems initramfs fails to properly mount the array. If I stop and reassemble them, they works: mdadm --stop /dev/md124 mdadm --assemble --run /dev/md124 /dev/sda6 Maybe initrd tries to ...
1
vote
1answer
307 views

Can't boot from RAID array - arrays not assembled at boot

On my lubuntu 13.10, I created a degraded RAID array, copied all the contents of the "main" disk and tried to boot from the array. I mostly followed these instructions. At boot the system does not ...
1
vote
1answer
239 views

Removing failed disk from raid 1

my server (Debian Wheezy) has a failed disk. I have sda and sdb and according to the support of my hoster, sdb needs a replacement. I send them this information with the mdstat: ...
1
vote
1answer
383 views

Ubuntu Server - OS on single HDD, file server on software RAID 1

I run a Windows Server 2008 machine. It is used as a file server (File Services feature), in addition to local shares I use CrushFTP for SFTP and HTTP access to my files. I would like to convert to ...
1
vote
1answer
239 views

How to rebuild a two drive raid 1 array on Linux?

I need to rebuild a two drive (160x2) raid 1 (mirror) array. It was an Intel raid from a 7 year old Dell computer (Windows). Both drives are assumed to be functioning. The raid was created with an ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

RAID Level 5 versus Level 1

Is it slower to write one block in RAID Level 5 with 5 disks than RAID 1 with two disks (mirroring only)? I think No since with Level 5 you are writing the data and the parity (two writes). With Level ...
0
votes
2answers
782 views

Can disks be accessed independently in a RAID-1 volume?

I want to create a RAID-1 array with Debian 6. This array will contain 6 disks, 3 for the OS and 3 mirrors. I used this RAID before but on windows, and maybe I didn't do it good at all, because I ...
0
votes
1answer
764 views

Why does my RAID 1 NAS have to “synchronize”?

I have a new QNAP TS-451 NAS with two new 3TB drives, installed as a RAID 1 pair. As I copy data on to it, it seems to spend the next few hours "synchronizing" the RAID group. (The web console shows a ...
0
votes
2answers
465 views

Need to Break RAID 1 on Linux Server

On one of our server Hardware RAID1(mirroring) is configured. Now we need to break the RAID1 and simply use the other Hard disk separated from RAID to extend the LVM on that server. Can some one tell ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Debian 8 sytemd “found device” multiple times

I currently run a Debian 8 system (upgraded from Debian 7) with a software raid 1. Once in a while systemd reloads 3 times in a relatively short period and logs it into syslog. If it reloaded only ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

2 X 2TB HD in RAID1 config, “Data volume failed to mount” error

I am using a Western Digital My Book Live Duo and for some reason it decided to go bad on me. The WD support people usual answer is that the device is bad and they even upgraded my warranty to get a ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

BTRFS Raid1 on SD card and HDD

I have the / partition on a btrfs SD card /dev/mmcblk0p2. /boot is on vfat /dev/mmcblk0p1). It's a Raspberry Pi running Arch Linux and its fstab looks like so: /dev/mmcblk0p2 / btrfs ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

RAID1 not working on 4K Sector Size

I have created a RAID1 configuration with two internal Fusion-io SSDs. When I formatted the cards to a sector size of 4K, Linux kernel will generate hourly errors stating one of the device has failed. ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

“Spare” disk in a 2-disk mdadm RAID1 array?

I recently had a RAID1 volume fail. It had three primary partitions in it, all participating in separate, but similarly configured VGs. This configuration comes from the fact that the machine is ...