RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disks. A Storage technology to provide redundancy and performance, to reduce I/O bottlenecks involved in using multiple disks for large storage.

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Btrfs: available space not used after migrating from RAID1 to RAID6

I had 8 2TB disks running in a RAID1 setup but it started to get full so I converted it to a RAID6. However, it seems I can't use the space I've gained by switching to RAID6. My filesystem is pretty ...
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Why does my RAID array keep changing names?

I have my Linux system on my SSD, and have 2 1TB HDDs set up as a RAID-0 array (for some reason it's named "Raid 0", I don't like the fact that the person who set it up put a space in the name instead ...
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Ubuntu Server: How to make bootable bios_grub RAID device?

I have a stable Ubuntu (14.04.3) Server-powered file server that I have set up, and want to set up a RAID10 array for it. For reference, I have been following this guide so far, but using RAID10 ...
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97 views

Recover LVM (on RAID1): No volume groups found. Partition table erased?

I'm trying to recover a LVM (no encryption) on a RAID1 using Debian Live. Apparently, the RAID1 can be assembled without issue, but the LVM is broken. You may skip to LVM section. The RAID part is ...
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What chunks are mismatched in a Linux md array?

This is a repost of a question I asked on ServerFault and was automatically deleted for lack of activity. Let's hope it will have better luck here. After performing a "check" (by writing check to ...
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24 views

Software RAID using network shares as drives

Disclaimer: This is probably crazy from a performance point of view, also from a reliability point of view, and maybe only of academical value (as in: would it work at all?). That being said: Will ...
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lsblk shows non-existent md partitions after reboot

I'm getting weird behaviour while setting up an mdadm RAID1 array on debian 8.2. After I set-up the array, lsblk shows: simon@debian-server:~$ lsblk NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE ...
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BTRFS has become unmanageable

I'm struggling with a btrfs RAID0 filesystem. It's expanded on 4 disks but i need to remove one of those disks. This is the current status of the filesystem: [root@osgiliath detlev]# btrfs fi show ...
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In Linux what setup would allow striping data across multiple drives?

How would a system be set up to stripe data like raid does, preferably with out using raid. Could lvm be used for this?
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HowTo Suspend / Sleep / Spin down disks in RAID - Creted by the debian installer?

I have created a RAID 1, with two disks using the debian installer. The RAID is used in my server. Due to the fact that it's a private server and I don't care about performance but more about ...
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1answer
56 views

Can I get SSD rw performance while keeing data security if I combine SSD & HDD in btrfs RAID1

I have 2 storage devices; classical slow HDD (750GB, /dev/sda) and faster SSD (128GB, /dev/sdb). Currently I have installed Ubuntu & Mint on same btrfs partition on SSD (/dev/sdb5). My btrfs pool ...
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Is there a way to rebuild only part of a disk in an mdraid5 setup?

Last night I accidentally used dd to overwrite the first ~20GB of a drive in a RAID5 array. When I noticed, I repaired the array with $ mdadm --fail /dev/md127 /dev/sdb $ mdadm --remove /dev/md127 ...
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1answer
60 views

Disappearance of files in all ext4 filesystems of a Debian server

Apparently the disappearance of files and directories occurred in all ext4 filesystems, including files and directories usually "read-only" in /var and /usr, like binaries installed for gcc, and ...
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3answers
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What types of RAID does Linux support? [closed]

What types of RAID does Linux support?
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33 views

Upgrading from SSH1 to SSH2 on Linux RAID Array command line

Any ideas of how I could upgrade from SSH-1 to SSH-2 on RAID array on the command line. Raid Model: HP StorageWorks MSA2312i. Below shows that the raid node 10.5.5.75 has SSH-1.99. I need to ...
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1answer
30 views

Cannot boot into LUbuntu after configuring RAID

I am having some problems trying to get LUbuntu working with RAID 0. (I am using LUbuntu Alternate 64bit). My Setup: /dev/sda 2.0TB Physical Disk; /dev/sdb 2.0TB Physical Disk; /dev/sdc 2.0TB ...
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1answer
165 views

Btrfs/ZFS Network Replication

Is it possible to replicate a ZFS or Btrfs raid volume in real-time (or as close to as possible, network specs aside) over a network? ZFF and Btrfs are ideal because of their CoW properties. I'm ...
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1answer
82 views

How do I clone a single drive onto a new RAID 1 array?

Here's a little background on the situation at hand. I have a DELL Precision T7600 at work that I'm responsible for maintaining, which just lost a hard-drive, thankfully just the /home directory was ...
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1answer
48 views

How do I handle Linux RAID0 and Windows striped dynamic volumes on the same set of hard disks?

I recently got a 1TB disk to supplement my two 500GB disks, and I decided to use some form of RAID on the latter. I divided the 500GB disks into two partitions each. Then, I created a RAID0 using the ...
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1answer
55 views

Soft raid1 schedule resync

Debian has a cronjob /etc/cron.d/mdadm that starts a raid check (& resync?). It costs a lot of IO and can take up to 96 hours on 3TB disks. At this time the performance of the service will go ...
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1answer
24 views

What happens if my RAID fails while the swap is on it?

Today I removed swap from the system drive on my Debian. And created a swapfile on md0. So, I have a RAID1 array for data and a swapfile (the only swapfile). The system with boot partition is on ...
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2answers
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I'd like to verify mdadm RAID1 is completely fine

Is there some mdadm --verify similar command, which would read all sectors of both disks in RAID1 to truly verify it's fine?
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1answer
54 views

Restore disk image from non raid installation to RAID1

I had a disk Running Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Desktop that crashed. I have a disk image of the drive and i want to put it onto a raid 1. That's it, i thought it would almost as easy as it sounds but ...
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72 views

Why does mdadm believe my raid1 “has failed so using --add cannot work”?

TLDR: Trying to add a blank partition to a degraded RAID1 with mdadm 3.3.2 (Debian Jessie) fails, saying the (perfectly working!) array has "failed" and "--add cannot work". Is it telling me of a real ...
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146 views

FIx RAID configuration after upgrade to Debian/Jessie with ICH9 chipset

I upgraded from Squeeze to Wheezy without problems. But after upgrading to Jessie the system cannot boot anymore (using LILO). LILO ERROR: Duplicated Volume ID O 24.1 Loading Linux ....(snip) BIOS ...
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365 views

Intructions for Debian 8.2 net install dual boot with Windows 8.1

I cannot prepare dual boot installation in my hp zbook 14, I have windows 8.1 installed and want dual boot with Debian 8.2. I have configured the things for a standard ubuntu installation, preparing a ...
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82 views

LVM partition not mounting

There was a drive failure on a disk in a RAID1 configuration. I removed the bad disk and reconfigured the RAID1 to only use the good disk. When I reboot the machine there are missing LVM partitions. ...
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How to recover an Intel RAID 0 on a Rocks cluster distribution

We had a Rocks 5.5 distribution on our cluster and wanted to upgrade to 6.2. The "/export" partition was mounted on a Intel software RAID 0 array of 2 identical hard drives (HD) (/dev/sdb and ...
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2answers
42 views

how to access data on RAID10 (consisting of 2 disks) using only 1 disk?

A long time ago I setup a RAID consisting of 2 disks. I wanted more than else safety/redundancy and indeed I think I wanted a RAID1. Now I have only access to one of those 2 disks and looking at it I ...
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1answer
27 views

How to check RAID 1

I have my very first server computer. It has two disks in BIOS (fake) RAID 1. The BIOS RAID controller says the status is Normal. But I would like to know if there is a way to check from the ...
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raid10 “recovery aborted due to read error” drives being marked spare

I'm trying to recover my RAID10 array. All devices are plugged into a PCI controller that I've been using for a number of years now. I just replaced all of the drives in the system, as they all seemed ...
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Can I convert and deconvert a bache0 device to a standard block device and still read the filesystem?

When I set my raid (ex. /dev/md0) as a backing device. To work with the raid device, I have to interface with /dev/bcache0. However, if I wanted to add to the raid using mdadm, I need to address ...
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37 views

Can I make a degraded RAID-Z on NAS4Free?

Here is my situation. Old whitebox PC. I planned to change this to home NAS with three 1TB HDDs. But I found out one of them needs to be replaced. So only two drives are available now. Third ...
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EFI boot and RAID6

I am a Linux beginner and I am trying to install SLES on a server with 8 HDDs, 3 TB each, but I am testing the configuration first on a VM (virtualbox). I tried following configurations and both got ...
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1answer
42 views

Prevent debian from hindering boot if a software-raid problem exists

I have a computer that I rarely have physical access to. All my access to that computer is done using SSH. On that computer, there's a software RAID5 using MDADM. This array contains data in one ...
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1answer
203 views

Partition resize in CentOS 7

I have a RAID 6 array set up under CentOS 7 which originally had four 1TB drives assigned, resulting in a total capacity of 2TB. After much fussing about as described here, I was able to add a fifth ...
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215 views

BTRFS RAID6 array is broken, how do I fix it?

I have a server running a btrfs raid 6 array which seems to have broken. When try to mount it I get the following error message. I don't know how or why it broke maybe a power outage or something (it ...
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After xfs repair, only files from root user are accessible

After a power failure during server installation of CentOS, the external storage system that contains user data could not be mounted due to failed superblocks. I performed an xfs_repair on the system, ...
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79 views

Why is my raid5 always resyncing ? (device names no persistent?)

I have a Intel RST software raid on ubuntu 14.04 with mdadm: (4 x 6TB drives in Raid 5, created with device names /dev sudo mdadm -C /dev/md/imsm /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdh /dev/sdi -n 4 -e imsm sudo ...
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1answer
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How to make Drives visible to OS using MegaCLI / MegaRAID not puting them in to RAID at all?

So I have 12 [12:0-12] drives that are "Unconfigured Good" as WebBIOS would say. They are not in any virtual drive span or drive group. I want to use software ZFS RAID instead of hardware one. How to ...
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2answers
1k views

Drivers for Marvell 88SE9230 SATA controller on Linux

I have just purchased a SuperMicro X10SBA, where i intend to use the onboard Marvell 88SE923 SATA controller for RAID1. Unfortunately SuperMicro has written that RAID is only compatible on Windows ...
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212 views

Scsi parity error leads to I/O error

We're using a fiber channel-connected disk array on a blade server. The disk array is set up as RAID 6. Since the beginning of the week our file systems have started to remount as read only due to ...
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1answer
145 views

Booting off raid'ed > 2GB drives, btrfs, handling bios boot partition [duplicate]

Setting up an array of (3) 5GB drives using btrfs. It will soon grow to (6) 5GB drives. Starting with raid 1, will rebalance once all the drives are installed to either raid5, 6, or 10. I will be ...
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mount LVM RAID 5 with missing disk

I have a software RAID 5 (LVM, XFS) with three 2 TB drives. Is it possible to mount the RAID with one missing drive (instead of having to rebuild it)? How would this be done? [Edit] My /etc/fstab ...
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Replacing a disk to RAID5 failed

I removed a faulty disk from my RAID5 with mdadm --manage /dev/md0 -r /dev/sdd1 and replaced it with a new one. I tried to add it with mdadm --manage /dev/md0 -a /dev/sdd1 but it's only added as a ...
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How to replace faulty device on RAID5

I wanted to replace a corrupted raid5-device on my linux system (opensuse 13.2) but missed the step of set-faulty/removing the device (/dev/sdc1). So i accidently just switch the device with a cloned ...
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1answer
52 views

Btrfs RAID1 mismatched sized drives full

I have a 500 GB HDD and a 300 GB HDD. I have formatted them as btrfs raid1 between. The total size is 800 GB. If I copy 50 GB onto the filesystem, it causes 100 GB to be used. If I copy 300 GB onto ...
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1answer
79 views

Btrfs distribute files equally across multiple devices

I have a btrfs volume across two devices that has metadata RAID1 and data RAID0. In the event one drive would fail, practically all files above the 64KB default stripe size would be corrupted. As this ...
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79 views

Is it sensible to use multiple LVM layers with mdraid

I'm building up a home server that will be used for a handful of different things. I'd really like to try a Btrfs raid 1 array for a large data store, but I'm using CentOS 7 (older kernel although ...
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116 views

Using Btrfs to eliminate corrupted archives

I am trying to get my personal filesystem in order I want to tar everything and get it organized into proper directories I have many HDDs and a few SSDs I want to use Btrfs with it's checksum and ...