Strings are typically delimited by quotes, which raises the problem of dealing with strings that include quotes.

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277 views

Pass bash script arguments in double quotes to php cli script

I am trying to pass arguments to a bash script and then to a php script, I have literally looked at 30+ links, and tried over a dozen examples, and I for whatever reason have not been able to get the ...
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2answers
640 views

Quoting within $(command substitution) in Bash

In my Bash environment I use variables containing spaces, and I use these variables within command substitution. Unfortunately I cannot find the answer on SE. What is the correct way to quote my ...
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1answer
37 views

Proper use of escape characters in desktop file

I have a command with a working .desktop Exec key as follows: Exec=env XDG_CONFIG_HOME=/home/bean/.config/gedit/ gedit %U I would like to use the $HOME variable instead and it works in the terminal ...
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2answers
204 views

Why does bash add single quotes to unquoted failed pathname expansions in a command before executing it?

I was exploring the tracing of commands using set -x (set +x to unset) in bash: Print a trace of simple commands, for commands, case commands, select commands, and arithmetic for commands and ...
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3answers
163 views

echo bytes to a file

I'm trying to connect my rasberry Pi to some display using the i2c bus. To get started I wanted to manually write stuff, bytes in particular to a file. How do you write specific bytes to a file? I ...
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4answers
200 views

How to quote a string containing dollar sign $ and single quote '?

My directory's name contains a $ and ', for example :~$ export DIR=\$my\'dir :~$ sh -c "ls $DIR" How can I run above command without $my being expanded? I know the single quote doesn't work since ...
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5answers
311 views

Quoting and escaping

I have a shell script, the arguments of which are collected in quote as a single argument and passed to a perl script. /usr/local/API/check_api.sh "-D x.x.x.x -C Test_Internal_Cluster -u user -p pass ...
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1answer
56 views

Assignment to variables

I was trying to devise a solution to a different question asked on the site and came across this curious issue. Here is the set of commands that I issued: $ foo=82a9948422 $ echo $foo 82a9948422 $ ...
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1answer
25 views

Need to set a variable with “[]”

I have a tcsh script, in which I need to set a variable to this value defining my system type. type=abc project=def sysname=["Linux"] I tried various combinations to escape the [ and " but have ...
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3answers
77 views

How to alias a command with '

I wanted to make an alias turn caps lock off: python -c 'from ctypes import *; X11 = cdll.LoadLibrary("libX11.so.6"); display = X11.XOpenDisplay(None); X11.XkbLockModifiers(display, c_uint(0x0100), ...
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154 views

variable expansion within command substitution over SSH bash 4.X

I want to do this ssh ${w100user}@web100 'ls -l "$(grep "${1}" /etc/pure-ftpd/pureftpd.passwd|cut -d':' -f6)"' Which obviously performs an ssh session to server web100 as w100user and then greps ...
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2answers
553 views

Unable to use date command to change specific date format in Bash shell on OS X terminal

I am using the date -d command to change a specific date format to another. Below is the example used currDate=`Wed 12 Feb 2014` formattedDate=`date -d"${currDate}" +%Y%m%d` echo $formattedDate
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Why can't I do ls *.txt in a subshell?

~$ echo $(ls) arguments.txt cecho.sh Desktop Documents Downloads example.txt Music Pictures Public ~$ echo $(ls "*.txt") ls: cannot access *.txt: No such file or directory Why does the ...
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2answers
78 views

Different behavior of sed with respect to an array and a string in the presence of backslashes

Let the file foo.txt contain foo\\ bar baz xx Why does the following correctly change "foo\\ bar" to "someotherstuff" in foo.txt? sed -i 's/foo\\\\ bar/someotherstuff/gI' foo.txt while this ...
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2answers
457 views

Do I need to encapsulate awk variables in quotes in order to sanitize them?

As per an answer on stackoverflow, it's my understanding that encapsulating bash variables in double-quotes is a fairly safe way of sanitizing user input. What about awk variables? For example, if ...
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3answers
160 views

bash adds extra single quotes

I have a problem executing my script. When executing it in debug mode (bash -x), I can see that bash is adding extra quotes. Therefor my script is failing. Here this is within my script: ...
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2answers
95 views

How do you preserve a space in a literal expression in an array value in bash and how to trim down results from a sort command?

In the context of searching for expressions in log files, I was wondering generally if there was a way to quantify and qualify the contents of the logs in /var/log in some way. In particular, does the ...
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4answers
166 views

Using a generated list of filenames as argument list — with spaces

I'm trying to invoke a script with a list of filenames collected by find. Nothing special, just someting like this: $ myscript `find . -name something.txt` The problem is that some of the pathnames ...
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2answers
117 views

Why is my grep + regex not working?

I recently decided that enough was enough -- I was going to learn to use grep fluently. It's been all of three hours and I'm already stumped by this toy problem. I'm currently syncing a RAID5 array, ...
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1answer
121 views

.bash_profile alias escape quotes?

On the rare occasion I use the command line, I usually forget syntax. This is one of those times. I want to add a simple alias to my .bash_profile but no matter what quote method I use, I get an ...
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3answers
342 views

Help Shell script to pass variables to rsync

I'm trying to create a simple wrapper shell script for rsync. When I send file names to my script, rsync can never seem to identify the correct location. The file names have spaces in them. I've tried ...
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2answers
91 views

Escaping blackslash in sed

I am trying to write a sed command to replace a line in a file. The sed replace required the current working directory, which starts making the command a bit messy because of the characters that need ...
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1answer
119 views

How to escape spaces while using command's output in command line [duplicate]

I want to perform the following command in command line : $ md5sum $(find . -type f) But this would cause problems when it encounter files with spaces in filenames : md5sum: Kaufmann: No such ...
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2answers
142 views

Command substitution interpreting spaces within quotes as argument separators

I'd like an alias that additionally appends itself to ~/.bashrc, e.g. function tailias { $(echo "alias $1='${*:2}'" | tee -a ~/.bashrc) } I'm using tee to split the command to ~/.bashrc while ...
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2answers
126 views

Expansion of a shell variable and effect of glob and split on it

This post actually contains two separate questions but I think grouping them together will give some more context. I have gone through this question on quotes around variables but I do not quite ...
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1answer
32 views

Problematic quotations

#!/bin/ksh typeset FILE_SIZE1=$(stat -f '%z' test.txt); typeset -r BK_STATARGS="-f '%z'" typeset FILE_SIZE2=$(stat ${BK_STATARGS} test.txt); echo without arg var ${FILE_SIZE1} echo with arg var... ...
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3k views

Why I can't escape spaces on a bash script?

I'm trying to escape the space char for a path in Bash, but neither using a backslash or quotes works. .sh script: ROOT="/home/hogar/Documents/files/" FILE=${ROOT}"bdd.encrypted" ...
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3answers
548 views

How do you process an entire command as sudo that involves redirecting or piping?

I am trying to follow what I assume is best practises of using sudo instead of root account. I am running a simple concat file operation such as: sudo echo 'clock_hctosys="YES"' >> ...
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3answers
360 views

awk print ' char

I want to print: cat file.log | awk '{print nir's $1}' output should be: nir's aaa nir's bbb nir's abc nir's dbc The problem is with the ' in nir's. I also tried: cat file.log | awk '{print ...
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3answers
170 views

the difference between '..' and “..” when I use ssh usr@ip 'pscp …'

My Server machine run Window,and it installed Cygwin. My Client machine run linux. In Clinent machine.I do this: [sikaiwei@login-1-2 v1.4]$ bash test.sh CHUN~19900405 ...
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87 views

how do I set quotes around a variable so that the programs sees them as quote marks

I am trying to get quotes around a variable to make is just like I typed it in the terminal to get this script to work. it shows " quotes around the varibale " but still does not see it as quotes, as ...
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3answers
304 views

ImageMagick on multiple files

I have converted a single file from BMP to PNG with ImageMagick's convert using the command below convert CD\ Front.bmp CD\ Front.png I have many such files, thus I tried: for f in */*.bmp ; do ...
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3answers
119 views

Quoting in command substitution

The command pdftk FileOne.pdf "File two.pdf" output Combined.pdf works as expected, merging PDF's One and Two. However, if I put the filenames in a file FileOne.pdf "File Two.pdf" and ...
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1answer
60 views

Could not get a command to work with bash -c

I am trying to execute a command to find out which process is listening on a particular port and i cannot get it to work if the command is passed as an argument to bash using bash -c netstat -tnlp ...
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1answer
127 views

Cat write text with “$” inside

I want to write configuration information to a specific file which has dollar signs ($) inside. That seems to be a problem. Here's what I did: $ cat >> /etc/nginx/nginx.conf <<EOF # For ...
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2answers
66 views

double-quoting parameter (representing filename) doesn't help if spaces are contained

When iterating over some filenames double-quoting the parameter does not prevent the filename from being broken: $ mkdir temp $ cd temp/ $ touch a\ b $ for f in $(find .) ; do echo "$f" ; done . ./a ...
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3answers
473 views

cp doesn't work in script but works in terminal

Now, this is a strange problem, I have this kind of script: CWD="$(cd -P -- "$(dirname -- "$0")" && pwd -P)" RESOURCES_PATH="${CWD}/resources" PROJECT_NAME="something" ...
8
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3answers
118 views

POSIX compliant way to work with a list of filenames possibly with whitespace

I have seen Bash scripting guides suggesting the use of array for working with filenames containing whitespace. DashAsBinSh however suggests that arrays are not portable so I am looking for a POSIX ...
3
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2answers
516 views

“grep: Unmatched [” error when using regex

I'm trying to find a pattern similar to this: tail -n 100000 gateway.log | grep -B10 -A10 'Nov 22 11:13:56 Received Packet from [10.50.98.68' Where "11:13:56" could be any time. This is what I ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Can't echo or create a symbolic link to a file with special characters in its name inside bash script

I'm trying to create a symbolic link to files with the following naming convention: .$abc$namehere.zip;1 As can be seen, it has the following special characters in it: . $ ; In my bash script I ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

date doesn't accept its own output

What is the option for date to give output in a format acceptable to date --set ? I'm trying to remotely set the date, using the current computer clock of my workstation. ssh user@host sudo date ...
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2answers
170 views

What does this regex mean?

I was working on the conversion of Unix newline to Windows newline. I tried to unix2dos but it gave me some binary error, so I looked it up and stumbled upon this regex sed 's/$'"/`echo \\\r`/" ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

Word-splitting when parameter is used within command substitution

What needs to be done to ensure that a parameter containing embedded spaces is handled correctly when used within a command substitution? Perhaps an example will illustrate $ file="/home/1_cr/xy z" $ ...
3
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1answer
152 views

How can there be a directory named `~`?

I was trying to test out this buggy/new tool to see how it works, and it prompted me to choose a directory to use for stuff I am doing. From the directory ~/Code/indep, I typed in ...
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4answers
317 views

How can I grep for a string containing regex metacharacters like $ and '?

I want to search all files in the current directory and below for the substring $form['#node']. So, I have tried, initially: grep -R "\$form\[\\\\'" . and grep -R "\$form\[\'" . But it returns no ...
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1answer
206 views

Variable in sed

I have a file that contains filenames with absolute path. In the middle of that path, is a variable directory, whenever I hard code the variable part, it works fine, but when I replace it with the ...
4
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3answers
439 views

using awk to split a line on single spaces not multiples

I'm trying to split a line that I have no control over the format of. If parameter 7 and 8 are missing which is possible they will be replaced by a space so I would end up with, field1 field2 field3 ...
6
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4answers
488 views

What is the difference between echo `date`, echo “`date`”, and echo '`date`'?

What is the difference between these three commands? echo `date` echo "`date`" echo '`date`' I am confused on what the differences actually are. I think that when the ' are around it means that it ...
9
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2answers
366 views

Are quotes needed for local variable assignment?

Can I safely omit quotes on the right side of a local assignment? function foo { local myvar=${bar} stuff() } I'm mainly interested in bash, but any info on corner cases in other shells are ...
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2answers
209 views

Making md5sum understand file names with spaces

I need to use md5sum in Python by using pipe to calculate checksum for a bunch of .mp3 files... is there a command which ignore whitespaces in filenames on the command line of md5sum program? For ...