Strings are typically delimited by quotes, which raises the problem of dealing with strings that include quotes.

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6
votes
3answers
599 views

Why I can't escape spaces on a bash script?

I'm trying to escape the space char for a path in Bash, but neither using a backslash or quotes works. .sh script: ROOT="/home/hogar/Documents/files/" FILE=${ROOT}"bdd.encrypted" ...
1
vote
1answer
629 views

bash: export: `--wait': not a valid identifier

When I run git-sh from my terminal it works fine. But I get the following warning. bash: export: `--wait': not a valid identifier What is this and how do I get rid of it?
4
votes
3answers
235 views

How do you process an entire command as sudo that involves redirecting or piping?

I am trying to follow what I assume is best practises of using sudo instead of root account. I am running a simple concat file operation such as: sudo echo 'clock_hctosys="YES"' >> ...
18
votes
6answers
10k views

How to add newlines into variables in bash script

When I do str="Hello World\n===========\n" I get the \n printed out too. How can I have newlines then?
2
votes
3answers
239 views

awk print ' char

I want to print: cat file.log | awk '{print nir's $1}' output should be: nir's aaa nir's bbb nir's abc nir's dbc The problem is with the ' in nir's. I also tried: cat file.log | awk '{print ...
0
votes
3answers
139 views

the difference between '..' and “..” when I use ssh usr@ip 'pscp …'

My Server machine run Window,and it installed Cygwin. My Client machine run linux. In Clinent machine.I do this: [sikaiwei@login-1-2 v1.4]$ bash test.sh CHUN~19900405 ...
5
votes
3answers
72 views

how do I set quotes around a variable so that the programs sees them as quote marks

I am trying to get quotes around a variable to make is just like I typed it in the terminal to get this script to work. it shows " quotes around the varibale " but still does not see it as quotes, as ...
6
votes
3answers
203 views

ImageMagick on multiple files

I have converted a single file from BMP to PNG with ImageMagick's convert using the command below convert CD\ Front.bmp CD\ Front.png I have many such files, thus I tried: for f in */*.bmp ; do ...
1
vote
3answers
88 views

Quoting in command substitution

The command pdftk FileOne.pdf "File two.pdf" output Combined.pdf works as expected, merging PDF's One and Two. However, if I put the filenames in a file FileOne.pdf "File Two.pdf" and ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

How can there be a directory named `~`?

I was trying to test out this buggy/new tool to see how it works, and it prompted me to choose a directory to use for stuff I am doing. From the directory ~/Code/indep, I typed in ...
5
votes
3answers
257 views

cp doesn't work in script but works in terminal

Now, this is a strange problem, I have this kind of script: CWD="$(cd -P -- "$(dirname -- "$0")" && pwd -P)" RESOURCES_PATH="${CWD}/resources" PROJECT_NAME="something" ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Could not get a command to work with bash -c

I am trying to execute a command to find out which process is listening on a particular port and i cannot get it to work if the command is passed as an argument to bash using bash -c netstat -tnlp ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Cat write text with “$” inside

I want to write configuration information to a specific file which has dollar signs ($) inside. That seems to be a problem. Here's what I did: $ cat >> /etc/nginx/nginx.conf <<EOF # For ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

double-quoting parameter (representing filename) doesn't help if spaces are contained

When iterating over some filenames double-quoting the parameter does not prevent the filename from being broken: $ mkdir temp $ cd temp/ $ touch a\ b $ for f in $(find .) ; do echo "$f" ; done . ./a ...
8
votes
3answers
98 views

POSIX compliant way to work with a list of filenames possibly with whitespace

I have seen Bash scripting guides suggesting the use of array for working with filenames containing whitespace. DashAsBinSh however suggests that arrays are not portable so I am looking for a POSIX ...
21
votes
4answers
6k views

Quoting in ssh $host $FOO and ssh $host “sudo su user -c $FOO” type constructs

I often end up issuing complex commands over ssh; these commands involve piping to awk or perl one-lines, and as a result contain single quotes and $'s. I have neither been able to figure out a hard ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

How to properly escape exclamation points in bash?

Today, I was caught redhanded while attempting to code golf a password generator for Twitter. import string as s,random;print ''.join(random.sample(s.letters+s.digits+s.punctuation,9)) 90 chars. ...
3
votes
2answers
222 views

“grep: Unmatched [” error when using regex

I'm trying to find a pattern similar to this: tail -n 100000 gateway.log | grep -B10 -A10 'Nov 22 11:13:56 Received Packet from [10.50.98.68' Where "11:13:56" could be any time. This is what I ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Can't echo or create a symbolic link to a file with special characters in its name inside bash script

I'm trying to create a symbolic link to files with the following naming convention: .$abc$namehere.zip;1 As can be seen, it has the following special characters in it: . $ ; In my bash script I ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

date doesn't accept its own output

What is the option for date to give output in a format acceptable to date --set ? I'm trying to remotely set the date, using the current computer clock of my workstation. ssh user@host sudo date ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

What does this regex mean?

I was working on the conversion of Unix newline to Windows newline. I tried to unix2dos but it gave me some binary error, so I looked it up and stumbled upon this regex sed 's/$'"/`echo \\\r`/" ...
4
votes
2answers
102 views

Word-splitting when parameter is used within command substitution

What needs to be done to ensure that a parameter containing embedded spaces is handled correctly when used within a command substitution? Perhaps an example will illustrate $ file="/home/1_cr/xy z" $ ...
4
votes
4answers
238 views

How can I grep for a string containing regex metacharacters like $ and '?

I want to search all files in the current directory and below for the substring $form['#node']. So, I have tried, initially: grep -R "\$form\[\\\\'" . and grep -R "\$form\[\'" . But it returns no ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

Variable in sed

I have a file that contains filenames with absolute path. In the middle of that path, is a variable directory, whenever I hard code the variable part, it works fine, but when I replace it with the ...
4
votes
3answers
251 views

using awk to split a line on single spaces not multiples

I'm trying to split a line that I have no control over the format of. If parameter 7 and 8 are missing which is possible they will be replaced by a space so I would end up with, field1 field2 field3 ...
9
votes
2answers
264 views

Are quotes needed for local variable assignment?

Can I safely omit quotes on the right side of a local assignment? function foo { local myvar=${bar} stuff() } I'm mainly interested in bash, but any info on corner cases in other shells are ...
0
votes
2answers
161 views

Making md5sum understand file names with spaces

I need to use md5sum in Python by using pipe to calculate checksum for a bunch of .mp3 files... is there a command which ignore whitespaces in filenames on the command line of md5sum program? For ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

What is the difference between ' and "? [duplicate]

I tried to create a text file in a bash script. The echo command spans multiple lines and has some double quotes "". #!/bin/bash echo "blabla bla bla bla "blabla" bla bla " bla bla bla" and so on ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Awk not rendering any result

My goal is to get the file created in the current month in a directory. It seems that the command is correct but not rendering any result: Date=`date '+%b'` echo $Date Oct ls -l | awk -v d="$Date" ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Zsh possibly adding quotes to variable value (works in bash though)

I'm fairly new to zsh (shifted yesterday from bash) I had a bash function in bash like vl() { cmd=`echo $1 | sed -r 's/(.+):([0-9]+).+/\1 +\2/g'`; vim $cmd } This basically converts a argument ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Why does copying from a script screw with my files?

I am at a loss here, trying to find out the reason why a shell script that is basically copying a couple of files and directories from one place to another will result in the content of two of the ...
12
votes
2answers
337 views

Should I use $* or $@?

Which one of $* or $@ is better to use (in array syntax,command line parameters, etc.) to avoid any bugs/problems in code? Or it does not make any difference?
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Why does backslash get converted to space in echo statement if IFS='\'?

Why is \ is converted to space on setting IFS='\' var="'(]\\{}\$\"" IFS='\' echo $var # '(] {}$"
1
vote
2answers
371 views

awk,how to change the value of the file using parameter sets?

I am trying to reset my data using awk. I have a data of 54 columns where I want to change six of the column values using the following script. #!/bin/bash -x # optimal parameters set ...
5
votes
2answers
906 views

Single command taking two strings to extract string between them, like 'tr' (without expressions)

Saw here a way to use sed to get text between two other strings in a line, like: sed 's/.*starting_text\(.*\)ending_text.*/\1/' but I'd like a simple command (like tr, but for string extraction) ...
9
votes
2answers
339 views

What is the difference between “*.pl” and *.pl in grep? Why does quoting change the result?

What is the difference between: grep "string" . -r --include *.pl and grep "string" . -r --include "*.pl" The latter includes files in subdirectoried while the former not. Why?
4
votes
2answers
153 views

Why do I need to escape regex characters in sed to be interpreted as regex characters?

It seems e.g. cat sed_data.txt | sed 's/\b[0-9]\{3\}\b/NUMBER/g' that I must escape characters to form a regular expression. In this case I had to escape braces in order to be interpreted as a number ...
0
votes
1answer
605 views

Decrypt file using gpg in batch mode when passphrase includes a “!”?

I am trying to decrypt a file in a script with gpg batch mode, but command is not executed because the passphrase contains a "!" echo "m!pass"|gpg --batch --passphrase-fd 0 --decrypt-file plain.gpg ...
3
votes
1answer
998 views

Wrapping a command that includes single and double quotes for another command

I recently learned about watch, but am having trouble making it work with relatively sophisticated commands. For example, I would like to ask watch to run the following command on zsh every three ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How to grep including single quote in a file

I have this line from file.php: 'user' => '', What would be the appropriate command using grep to query the exact line?
3
votes
2answers
405 views

How to run a remote sed command through ssh if the data includes double quotes (“”)?

I'm trying to run through a list of servers and run the next command: itaig@itaig-lt:~$ ssh root@$srvname "sed -i 's/VNCSERVERARGS[6]="-geometry 1920x1080"/VNCSERVERARGS[6]="-geometry 1152x864"/g' ...
0
votes
2answers
213 views

sed with auto escape character [duplicate]

CommentAppend() { # Comment line and append line below commented line local comment="$1" # search this line and comment it local append="$2" # Append this line below commented ...
2
votes
3answers
442 views

Using a reference to a bash string variable in sed

I'm a relative Linux novice. Suppose that I have a text file a.txt that contains the following text: A B C Now, if I want to change the text on line 2 (which contains B), I can use the following ...
4
votes
4answers
842 views

How to grep for pipe |

How can I grep for line containing pipe character | or for character >: files content: |this is test where is > this is none now what I need using grep command is grep -iE "<some ...
1
vote
3answers
179 views

Escaping * with Regular Expressions and Grep

I have a file that has unique lines that start with 2 stars (**). However when I run a grep command for grep \*\* fileName I get all of the lines in the file. This is very unusual, and what I ...
2
votes
3answers
421 views

Quote a variable in shell script “if” statement

e.g. if [ "$FOO" = "true" ]; then vs if [ $FOO = "true" ]; then What is the different? Seems both of two statements also works.
2
votes
4answers
251 views

Why is bash interpreting characters that I have character escaped? [duplicate]

Why is it that when I run curl against a REST API, the special characters (!) in my key are interpreted by the shell? curl https://foo.my.salesforce.com/services/data/v28.0/ -H "Authorization: ...
6
votes
1answer
163 views

Where does this convention for quotation marks (`` …'') come from? [closed]

Frequently I get asked the question: ``K., where does this convention for quotation marks come from? You know, the one with the two grave accents introducing a quoted string and two regular ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Screen escape dollar sign

I'm trying to run a command using screen which contains the dollar sign, but the dollar sign does not get through. screen -d -m echo \$ > test.txt test.txt just ends up being an empty file...
2
votes
2answers
846 views

Passing a variable to sed

I cannot not use a shell variable in sed in the $NUMBER form. I have this line in my shell script: cat shared.txt sed 's/whatever1/$2 ... whatever2/' > shared2.txt The result in shared2.txt ...