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69
votes
4answers
8k views

Is there a “.bashrc” equivalent file read by all shells?

Is ~/.bashrc the only place to specify user specific environment variables, aliases, modifications to PATH variable, etc? I ask because it seems that ~/.bashrc seems to be bash-only, but other ...
20
votes
5answers
18k views

Making zsh default shell without root access

I am using my school's computers and would like to use zsh instead of bash. I'd like to make it default, but I cannot run a command such as $ chsh -s $(which zsh) because I don't have admin privileges....
17
votes
4answers
24k views

Difference between ~/.profile and ~/.bash_profile

What is the difference between ~/.profile and ~/.bash_profile?
37
votes
3answers
26k views

What is the difference between ~/.profile, ~/.bashrc, ~/.bash_profile, ~/.gnomerc, /etc/bash_bashrc, /etc/screenrc …?

Answers to the questions on SO and askubuntu, along with poking through (and reading headers of) $HOME and /etc/, indicate a number of files that can be used to set environment variables, including: ...
25
votes
4answers
18k views

how can I use bash as my login shell when my sysadmin refuses to let me change it

The unix sysadmin where I'm working is reluctant to give me access to change my login shell from ksh to bash. He has given various excuses, the funniest being that since they write all their scripts ...
7
votes
2answers
15k views

How to add home directory path to be discovered by Unix which command?

I have installed node.js at custom location and added the location to the $PATH in .profile file. Hoons-MacBook-Air:npm Eonil$ node --version v0.6.2 Hoons-MacBook-Air:npm Eonil$ which node Hoons-...
9
votes
5answers
8k views

sh startup files over ssh

I have some important commands I need to execute before any sh shell starts. This is required for passing SSH commands in the SSH command (ssh host somecommand) and other programs that run commands. ...
19
votes
4answers
34k views

Why doesn't my ~/.bash_profile work?

I'm using Linux Mint. My login shell (cat /etc/passwd | grep myUserName) is bash. After I start my graphical desktop environment and run terminal emulator from it, I could see that .bash_profile is ...
11
votes
3answers
17k views

How to add a function to .bash_profile/.profile/bashrc in shell?

I have a function which converts epoch time to date. Here is the definition date1(){ date -d @$1 } I'd like to be able to write: $ date1 xxxyyy Where xxxyyy is the parameter I pass into my ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

.profile is not sourced in Debian Wheezy LXDE

I add $HOME/bin to $PATH from ~/.profile. However, it seems it is not sourced during login. I use a login manager - lxdm I think, and not startx. I know this matters as to which scripts are executed. ...
6
votes
2answers
42k views

Setting PATH vs. exporting PATH in ~/.bash_profile [duplicate]

What's the difference and which is better to use when customizing my bash profile? Documentation on the export command is scarce, as it's a builtin cmd. Excerpt from version 1 of my ~/.bash_profile: ...
4
votes
2answers
15k views

Colorful ssh banner

I would like to colorize my ssh banner. I know I can perform it like so: In /etc/profile I can put: echo -e "\e[1;31m Colorful text" echo -e "\e[0m Reset" But I have some ASCII art in the banner ...
3
votes
2answers
27k views

Auto running bash script on login

I wanted to make a script which ran automatically on login so I put it into the file ~/bash.profile, but it didnt run. When I put it in bashrc, it ran on opening a terminal. What I was doing in the ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Add an application to the command search path in csh

Recently, I have installed an application (gnuplot) under user directory (/home/usr/bin). I want to run the application whenever I type 'gnuplot' in any directory. What could I do? I tried to set the ...
3
votes
2answers
37k views

How to set environment variable JAVA_HOME that will be saved on exit? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I set a user environment variable? (permanently, not session) I use Suse. First was installed jdk7, so JAVA_HOME remains like: /usr/java/jdk1.7.0_05/ After I have ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Execute a program at login

I'm running Arch-Linux ARM on a Raspberry Pi. My project goal is to have a barcode scanner attached to the Pi that forwards the scanned messages to a server in a LAN. To harden the system against ...
1
vote
1answer
656 views

How do I set Keyboard and profile preferences when connecting to Solaris via SSH?

I'm connecting to a Solaris box from Mac OS X. Whenever I have connected to linux boxes in the past it has been much easier to navigate around. How do I fix these configuration issues on Solaris? ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

.profile is written in shell script — can I instead make my system understand that I want it to execute a Python script instead?

I get Python. I don't get shell script. I could learn shell script, but I would rather not if I can use Python in its place. A good place for me to start would be the .profile script. Currently, for ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

.profile in SCO

Where can I find the .profile in my user's logon in SCO? I am needing to edit it, so I can add a PATH to it, so that my PATH loads up in start up. I have to add: echo $PATH ... as I have already ...
0
votes
2answers
963 views

Bash script error trying to find directory of script itself: unexpected end of file

Borrowing graciously from this StackOverflow answer, I want to find the directory a script is running in so I can load relative paths for it on login: The script is pretty small right now: SOURCE="${...
0
votes
3answers
915 views

Checking if line in file exists

I have a bash script which asks a user for the number of CPU cores and saves it to variable named $cores. Now I want to add this variable to .bashrc, so I ask user how many CPU cores he has and then ...
0
votes
4answers
230 views

Unable to add folder to PATH in .profile file

The following is my .profile file: # ~/.profile: executed by the command interpreter for login shells. # This file is not read by bash(1), if ~/.bash_profile or ~/.bash_login # exists. # see /usr/...