A process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

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retrieving names of all open pdf files (in evince or otherwise)

I constantly have many PDF files open. These are usually downloaded using chrome and immediately opened using evince. I sometimes want to persist the state of all my open PDF files, so I could ...
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40 views

htop shows only the processes of the user that's running it?

On my old Debian Wheezy I see as a normal user without sudo all processes from all user in htop. On my new Debian Wheezy I only see my own processes. Old system kernel: 3.2.0-4 New system kernel: ...
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2answers
35 views

Determining maximum memory usage for an extremely short process

I have a program I am testing and I need to determine the maximum memory used by the process. I know that in general ps -aux can give me this information, but the process runs in under 1/10 seconds ...
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1answer
1k views

Real time processes scheduling in Linux

I have been learning some scheduling concepts. Currently my understanding so far is as below. There are real time processes and non real time processes. Non real time processes can have nice values ...
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1answer
50 views

Suspend and edit previous single line commands

Say I want to modify the latter of some concatenated command line options, is it possible without killing the first command? Specifically I have compile and run scripts executed thusly: > compile ...
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1answer
403 views

How to know which commands are executed when I do something in GUI

This is for academic purpose. I want to know which commands are executed when we do something in GUI, for example creating a folder. I want to show that both the mkdir shell command and create folder ...
4
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1answer
131 views

Get process list with logical intersection of selectors?

The Linux ps command allows multiple selectors, such as user and command name, but always returns the logical OR of those selectors (more than I want). Does anyone know of a method or tool already ...
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994 views

How does forking affect a process's memory layout?

Please see the following figure showing the memory layout of a process: : When someone forks(), and a new task_struct is assigned, what happens to the addresses of the process? In more or less other ...
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765 views

controlling a process from a different session

So, I ssh into my remote computer and launch a process... time passes... my ssh session breaks. I log in again, and of course, I don't have access to the original process now. I can see it still if I ...
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248 views

start process so that it can't spawn new ones

Is it possible to start new process so that it couldn't spawn new ones (untrusted code)? Also how do I start a process so it couldn't make any input/output to files and in general any devices?
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783 views

Difference between process group and job?

What's the difference between a process group and a job? If I type pr * | lpr then is it both a process group as well a job? What exactly is the difference between a process group ID and a job ID? ...
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1answer
442 views

Alternative to iotop for non-root user without sudo privileges

I'm looking for an alternative to iotop. Here's my situation: I want to find out if a program is accessing the hard drive a lot while running. iotop requires root/sudo privileges. My account is on ...
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1answer
102 views

How to completely detach a process

I want to spawn a process and run it at the top level so that when the shell exits, the process keeps running. I had mistakenly thought that nohup would do this, but when I exit from the shell (the ...
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1answer
1k views

Maximum memory usable by a 32 bit RHEL 6 system

I have installed a 32 bit RHEL OS on a 64 bit system. From the wiki page of PAE: The Linux kernel includes full PAE mode support starting with version 2.3.23, with Linus Torvalds mentioning ...
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159 views

CPU percentage of a single process

How do I get the average CPU percentage (for every second) consumed by a single process since it starts until it ends (exists)? Could I make this with Top?
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2answers
580 views

What does it mean exactly when a processes “Time” has stopped in top?

I'll be looking into why we're getting critical swap alerts, and I'll find something like: PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ SWAP COMMAND 14683 user1 30 10 16.0g 772m ...
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261 views

Get PID of the application running in the active terminal emulator

My end goal is to be able to open a new terminal window (urxvt) directly in the current working directory of the program running in the window currently active. I'm currently using the shell (Bash), ...
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2k views

Why “uninterruptible sleep” is not counted as “IDLE”?

When I run top -bi, where the parameter -i means "ignore idle processes", the resulted list(see below) of processes are either R or D, although there're S processes at that time. So, why ...
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1answer
2k views

I don't want other users see my processes in ps aux. I have root. It's Debian. How to use grsec?

I installed 'linux-patch-grsecurity2' and it has some sort of interface. ~$ sudo gradm2 gradm 2.1.14 grsecurity administration program Usage: gradm [option] ... Examples: gradm -P ...
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1answer
536 views

Is it possible to send a keyboard event to a background script that's expecting user interaction? (Using 'read')

Ex: $read & [1] 15139 [1]+ Stopped $jobs -l [1]+ 15139 Stopped (tty input) read
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1answer
171 views

Raise Brightness When Maximizing Terminal

I'm looking to raise the brightness when I maximize or foreground the Terminal window which has Vim running. I would like to reset the brightness to normal when I minimize or background that process ...
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2answers
238 views

How to kill a process giving it a number of seconds before a doing the forced kill?

I do have the PID of the process to be killed but I do want to give it the chance to die peacefully, without doing a -9. Expected behaviour: check if PID is still running for up to ten seconds and do ...
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682 views

What process created this window with no PID associated? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What process created this X11 window? I need to kill a process that spawned a window which seems to have no PID associated with it. At least that is what xdotool says: ...
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Strange cpu usage values reported by pidstat

I have a script that reports the cpu usage of a specific program reading values from pidstat. The script launches as: pidstat -C ^frontend$ -h -l -p ALL 1 1 The values reported this way sometimes ...
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179 views

How do I execute in background / return early?

For reference, I'm using phpseclib to control a remote SSH server using the 'root' account. I have to start/stop a java process which is ran in the background. Stopping works fine with killall java ...
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5answers
2k views

Getting pid of bash script from itself

I have a bash script with doing lot of things called script.sh: #!/bin/bash #It #Is #Doing #Things Is there a way that I be able to get the proccess of script and then kill it after 5 minutes? ...
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Graceful way to kill process

After my bash script is done with the selenium server, the script kills it like this: kill `ps -ef | grep selenium | awk '{ print $2 }'` While this works and it does kill the selenium script, it ...
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Keeping a process running on server even SSH is closed [duplicate]

I am running long program on server, which is basically Jar file of java program. I want to keep this program running even if SSH terminal is closed, how I can keep this program running on server?
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845 views

Killing an instance of a process

This is an output from pstree In the picture you can see the marked boxes in which the processes are multiplied by a number? What is this number? I had a doubt that it is the number of instances ...
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pkill can't kill processes with parent process id 1

I want to kill the following processes using pkill "run_tcp_sender.sh" or pkill -SIGKILL "run_tcp_sender.sh" root 14320 1 0 2012 ? 00:00:00 bash run_tcp_sender.sh ...
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434 views

$BASHPID And $$ differ in some cases

I'm reading "BASH pocket guide of Oreilly". It said: The process ID of the current Bash process. In some cases, this can differ from $$. Above explanation , explained $BASHPID variable. ...
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Run a process to particular/dedicated pid only

I have a c program executable or shell script which I want to run very often. If I want to stop/pause or to notify something I will send signal to that process. So every time I have to check the pid ...
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How to kill a process which can't be killed without rebooting?

There are 5 processes which can't be killed by kill -9 $PID and executing cat /proc/$PID/cmdline will hang the current session. Maybe they're zombie processes. Executing ps -ef or htop will also hang ...
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164 views

Detecting whether a server is loaded

I have to start some performance test on a Rhel 6 box, but before starting the test, i have to make sure there are no other java processes running. The manual way of doing it would be to use "ps -ef ...
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690 views

How do I execute a script later?

I need to compile gcc45 on my computer and that's a lengthy and resource-intensive process for my computer, so I'd prefer to have it do it while I sleep (at night). What's the closest thing to: $ ...
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158 views

Starting a process from one terminal from another terminal

I was wondering of there is any method to start a new process or a program from one terminal into other. What I mean is: Let's say I have to run gedit abc.txt, but I don't want it to block my current ...
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216 views

How to close a window of a crashed application?

Im using Awesome as desktop environment, as you can see in the image below, the application (aMule) crashed but the window is still open, so I would like to close it to restart it, but as you can see ...
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1answer
3k views

Is it possible to get process group ID from /proc?

In "http://stackoverflow.com/questions/13038143/how-to-get-pids-in-one-process-group-in-linux-os" I see all answers mentioning ps and none mentioning /proc. "ps" seems to be not very portable ...
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How to run java process to be seen not as 'java…' in processes list?

Is it possible to run a Java process in Linux in a way that it could be seen in ps as some sort of alias? It would be easier to restart it when it is down.
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how to ensure a program is always running but without root access?

Currently I need to have a program running all the time, but when the server is rebooted I need to manually run the program. And sometimes I'm not available when that happens. I can't use a normal ...
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97 views

Get PID of process started by time

Say I run time ./a.out, then I can get the PID of time by the variable $!. But how do I get the PID of a.out? Of course, I could parse the output of ps, but I want a more elegant solution. I've ...
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2answers
1k views

Kill a process that keeps restarting

What if 'kill -9' does not work? or How to kill a script which starts new processes? doesn't help me in anyway. I have a python script which starts automatically with another process id using ...
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1answer
177 views

Which process scheduling algorithm is used by Linux?

The Linux operating system switches between running processes to enable multi-tasking. What algorithm is used to determine when to suspend the execution of the currently running process and which ...
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6k views

In bash script, how to capture stdout line by line

In a bash script, I would like to capture the standard output of a long command line by line, so that they can be analysed and reported while initial command is still running. This is the complicated ...
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2answers
1k views

Wait for background processes to finish with inverse match process ID

I'm looking to run a number of background processes in a loop, but only want to wait for all of those processes to finish, still allowing another background process to continue. After doing some ...
3
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1answer
5k views

What does kill 0 do actually?

In the man page, it says: kill [ -s signal | -p ] [ -a ] [ -- ] pid ... pid... Specify the list of processes that kill should signal. Each pid can be one of five things: 0 All ...
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What does the term static variable mean in unix speak?

From the section 2.7 of the book - The Linux programing Interface named Process memory layout : Data is defined as the static variables used by the program. What is the significance of the word ...
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823 views

How to reload a background process?

I have a python script which I would like to run in the background. So I do this: $ nohup python script.py & If I am frequently making changes to the script, I need to terminate the process ...
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2k views

How can I test if a program is running from within a script

Let's assume that another user started a bunzip process, and I have a script that I'd like to start running after that bunzip finishes. What's the best way to check from inside my script that the ...
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I need help with a cronjob to watch for runaway processes and kill them

I have an interesting situation, I have a runaway ruby process - I know exactly how I trigger it. Point is, it got me thinking about runaway processes (CPU usage or memory usage). How would one ...