A process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

8
votes
3answers
261 views

If you ^Z from a process, it gets “stopped”. How do you switch back in?

I accidentally "stopped" my telnet process. Now I can neither "switch back" into it, nor can I kill it (it won't respond to kill 92929, where 92929 is the processid.) So, my question is, if you have ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Gnu Parallel: more than one per CPU? [closed]

If I only have two cores, does parallel only run two processes at a time? I guess I'm still confused about processes, threads, and cores....
15
votes
6answers
5k views

Is there a way to limit the amount of memory a particular process can use in Unix?

I need to test a process for memory management. I do not have the source, so I need to do all the testing from the OS side. I want to be able to say something like limitmemory 400k -p <pid> ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

How can I rejoin a process running

I am very new to using Linux. I have a 'machine' on Amazon and I was trying to learn how to use Python on this machine. I started running Python—had to step away for a few minutes and the connection ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Understanding top and load average

I'm observing a high load average on a certain machine (about 9) in all three load fields. I understand load as the number of processes in state "run" / currently desiring CPU time. Am I correct at ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Full path name of bash? and base process of Linux?

I am new to Linux and I recently had a test at school which had the following questions: What is the full path name of bash? What is the base process of Linux? I couldn't answer these. Does anyone ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How do I identify the user that is attempting to create a file?

I have a PHP script that is attempting to create a file, but it can not because of permissions. I would like to identify which user the system sees as the one requesting to create the file. I would ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How to send keystrokes (F5) from terminal to a process?

I'm using an Raspberry Pi in combination with Chromium (kiosk mode) to show up some stats. The Pi doesn't have an connected keyboard so I searched for a solution to send keystrokes from the terminal ...
10
votes
4answers
14k views

How can I kill a particular thread of a process?

$ ps -e -T | grep myp | grep -v grep 797 797 ? 00:00:00 myp 797 798 ? 00:00:00 myp 797 799 ? 00:00:00 myp 797 800 ? 00:00:00 myp This shows the process ...
8
votes
1answer
339 views

how to find out namespace of a particular process?

I already asked a question about how to list all namespaces in Linux, but there wasn't any correct and exact answers, so I want to find out a method which can help me to find out the namespace of PID ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How to renice a group of processes?

lb build can build live system image, and it invokes many processes while building the image. If I start it as below: # nice -n 19 ionice -n 7 -c 3 lb build all the children processes get the same ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

tftpd runs as root, despite explicit option “--user tftp”

I start my tftp server with the option --user tftp so that it runs as user tftp instead of root. However, ps shows that the process still runs as root ps aux| grep tftp root 2542 0.0 0.0 ...
2
votes
4answers
145 views

ssh ncat keeps ncat process running after disconnect; how do I prevent that?

If I run the command $ ssh othermachine ncat localhost 10000 that opens an ssh session to "othermachine" and pipes it into an ncat process. (There's something else listening on "othermachine" port ...
6
votes
3answers
622 views

Simple queuing system?

Given a commodity PC, we would like to use it to execute some tasks in the background round the clock. Basically, we would like to have commands like: add-task *insert command here* list-tasks ...
15
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the maximum value of the PID of a process?

What is the maximum value of the PID of a process? Also, is it possible to change the PID of a running process?
17
votes
1answer
12k views

Getting information about a process' memory usage from /proc/pid/smaps

For a given process in /proc/<pid>/smaps, for a given mapping entry what are: Shared_Clean Shared_Dirty Private_Clean Private_Dirty Is Shared_Clean + Shared_Dirty the amount of memory that ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

How to get the Job ID? [duplicate]

As we know, the shell enables the user to run background processes using & at the command line's end. Each background process is identified by a job ID and, of course, by it's PID. When I'm ...
5
votes
2answers
185 views

Why do forked processes sometimes appear with brackets [] around their name in ps? [duplicate]

On a Linux system a C process is started on boot, which creates a fork of itself. It is not a kernal process or something. In most cases a ps -ef show both processes as expecxted, but sometimes it ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

How to get a process uptime under different OS?

Under Linux I can get a process's uptime in seconds with: echo $(($(cut -d "." -f1 /proc/uptime) - $(($(cut -d " " -f22 /proc/$PID/stat)/100)))) But how can I get it under different OS? ex.: ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Increase nice value for many processes

Say I have launched a couple of non-timecritical applications such as a text editor a web browser etc and one more time critical (audio)application. Is there a utility that simulates the opposite of ...
69
votes
4answers
1k views

Can I somehow add a “&& prog2” to an already running prog1?

Most shells provide functions like && and ; to chain the execution of commands in certain ways. But what if a command is already running, can I still somehow add another command to be executed ...
5
votes
2answers
274 views

Processes do not respond to my signals

I have a strange behavior on my system. When I invoke a command in the shell (bash version 4.2.45(1)-release), say top or cat, the running program (the process) does not respond to Ctrl+C. I even ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Is there a way to tell which file (script, specifically) executed a command?

I'm running Slackware 13.37, and I was wondering if there was a way to tell which script executed a command. I tracked the process and its arguments, but I would like to know where the command ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

bash: Run command in background and capture pid [duplicate]

Am writing a bash 4.1 script... Would like run another script (or internal function) in the background... And capture the pid of that background job in a variable in the foreground script... If the ...
9
votes
1answer
181 views

Why do I need dbus?

I recently removed dbus from my system (along with consolekit and polkit). I didn't notice any change (I was running it as system daemon and per-user from .xinitrc). However, many people claim that ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

fg a bg process because you forgot to redirect output to /dev/null

I did Ctrl+Z bg with the intention of disowning next, but I forgot to redirect, now I cant get to my terminal because the scrolling of the output (tarballed a huge directory with verbose set). How do ...
34
votes
6answers
4k views

Does pressing ctrl-c several times make the running program close more quickly?

I often start to read a huge file and then want to quit after a while, but there is a lag from pressing Ctrl+C to the program stops. Is there a chance of shortening the lag by pressing the Ctrl+C key ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Discovering the number of running and blocked processes in Mac OS X

In Linux, I could discover the number of running and blocked processes running grep "procs_running" /proc/stat and grep "procs_blocked" /proc/stat Is there a way to do it in Mac OS X? ...
1
vote
2answers
333 views

How to terminate a background process in Linux when the pid is unknown?

I have a job dispatcher bash shell script containing below codes: for (( i=0; i<$toBeDoneNum; i=i+1 )) do while true do processNum=`ps aux | grep Checking | wc -l` ...
15
votes
1answer
5k views

How to tell if a running program is 64-bit in Linux?

In Mac OS X, I could use the Activity Monitor program to see if a running program/process is 64-bit. How do I do that in a Linux OS, regardless of flavour?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Detailed Per-Process Profiling

I am looking for a way to profile a single process including time spent for CPU, I/O, memory usage over time and optionally system calls. I already know callgrind offering some basic profiling ...
0
votes
1answer
465 views

root permission denied on /proc/1/exe

I just performed a fresh ubuntu install and i am seeing the following in lsof: userA@az1:~$ lsof COMMAND PID TID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME init 1 ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

AIX why does ps display the process name between square brackets? [duplicate]

On AIX 7 I have a process whose name appears between square brackets in the ps output: PID TTY TIME CMD 7798784 pts/2 0:00 [myproc] 9044154 pts/2 0:00 ps 10485770 pts/2 0:00 ...
5
votes
3answers
621 views

Is it possible to support multiple processes without support for Virtual memory?

Is it possible to support multiple processes without support for virtual memory? I would like to know more about it if so.
1
vote
1answer
218 views

moving from user mode to kernel mode

I read the following: "All processes begin execution in user mode, and they switch to kernel mode only when obtaining a service provided by the kernel." When it says "obtaining a service ...
6
votes
3answers
259 views

Why is I/O uninterruptible?

What is the rationale behind making I/O uninterruptible? What would be the negative consequences if a process handling I/O were allowed to handle a signal?
2
votes
1answer
920 views

How to check the status of bash shell script while executing from Python script?

I have a simple Python script which will execute a shell script using subprocess module in Python. Below is my Python shell script which is calling testing.sh shell script and it works fine. import ...
9
votes
1answer
240 views

How can I track executables created by my user on Linux?

Using Linux, I would like to track the executables that are executed in my name, including the whole command line (in practice, every exec*() done as my own user). A program I do not control is ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

per process swapiness for linux

/proc/sys/vm/swappiness is nice but i want a knob that's per process like /proc/$PID/oom_adj so that i can make certain processes less likely than others to have any of their pages swapped out unlike ...
7
votes
2answers
430 views

Kill user processess on logout

I have a Ubuntu server that handles remote X sessions from users. However, I don't want to allow users to run any kind of background processes - so here is my question: How do I prevent users from ...
1
vote
3answers
228 views

Detect process if not found then run it

I am running several process at startup using "crontab -e" @reboot tranmission-daemon && python defualt.py && python MonitorService.py But for some reason, those service can ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding the PID of the process using a specific port?

I am installing hadoop on my Ubuntu system. When I start it, it reports that port 9000 is busy. I used netstat -nlp|grep 9000 to see if such a port exists and I got this: tcp 0 0 ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

How does the piping in this command ultimately achieve to kill the process?

I have seen the following line in a bash script for killing a process(in this case started with the command loadgen): ps xww | grep -i "loadgen" | grep "PATTERNMATCH_FACT.xml" | cut -c1-5 | xargs -i ...
0
votes
1answer
241 views

How to get pid of su --session-command file thats ran on there [closed]

This line ran in a script su --session-command="$javaCommandLine & >>$serviceLogFile 2>&1 & echo \$! >$pidFile" $serviceUser || return 1 pid="$(<$pidFile)" echo $pid The ...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

Can ps display only non kernel processes on Linux?

How can I ask ps to display only user processes and not kernel threads? See this question to see what I mean...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Are zombie processes something I should be concerned about? [duplicate]

I run a server. Should I be concerned about zombie processes? Do they consume any system resources (RAM, process table entry, etc.) that I should be concerned about?
2
votes
2answers
756 views

Removing zombie process from the process table

Can somebody please explain when parent process receives the exit status of a dead child process via wait, who actually reallocates the memory of the child process and removes it from the process ...
2
votes
2answers
646 views

Is there any impact of reaping zombie processes?

I will execute following command for reaping zombie /usr/bin/preap $(ps -ef | grep defunct | grep -v grep | awk '{ print $2 }' | xargs) Is there any service impact of this approach ?
2
votes
4answers
3k views

How to kill a process which can't be killed without rebooting?

There are 5 processes which can't be killed by kill -9 $PID and executing cat /proc/$PID/cmdline will hang the current session. Maybe they're zombie processes. Executing ps -ef or htop will also hang ...
2
votes
3answers
635 views

Is there a way to identify which process turns into Zombie process

One of the ubuntu server has 82 zombie processes. All processes shows '[sh] defunct' as process command. Is there a way to find out which process is becoming a zombie process? I tried checking the ...