A process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

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Is there a way to see if process listening on TCP port receives a message?

According to tcpdump, my server receives the following TCP packet: 12:52:29.603233 00:19:e2:9e:df:f0 00:16:3e:6a:25:3f, ethertype IPv4 (0x0800), length 74: 10.10.10.65.38869 192.168.215.82.22: ...
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Terminating a bash shell script running in the background

I often use bash shell scripts to run simple commands for many different files. For example, suppose that I have the following bash shell script, called script.sh, that runs the program/command foo ...
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545 views

will the same pid be used after getting killed?

I had a file opened using vim editor. It was in a ssh session and since I had been idle for a long time, the session got closed and I had to establish the connection again. I opened the file again ...
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Why are there so few “running” processes?

On all of BSD/Linux/MacOS and Solaris, I made an observation - no matter how busy the system is, top always reports very few (usually 1-2) running processes. According to my limited understanding, a ...
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905 views

What does it mean each process has a current directory?

I'm reading "The Unix Programming Environment", but I don't comprehend the concept current directory of process. Each process, has a current directory, and all filenames are implicitly assumed ...
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How do I start a process with a nice value of -20 and not give it root privilege?

I would like to start a process with a nice value of -20. This requires me to use a command like - sudo nice -n -20 matlab. However, this starts matlab as root too. Is there a way to have matlab as ...
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How to see complete list of processes in top

When I do 'top', I learn that there are many processes running out of which many are in sleep state. I need to see complete snapshot of all processes at that point. the 'top' is able to show listing ...
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How can I chase a program who is rising up my laptop's temperature?

After 40 days of non-upgrading I came back from a trip and I decided to dist-upgrade my Debian Sid box. Everything went fine but after rebooting I noticed that the temperature was 15°C over its ...
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The meaning of output of pmap

I wrote main.c in Linux: int main() { while (1){} } When I compile and start it, I can pmap it: # pmap 28578 28578: ./a.out 0000000000400000 4K r-x-- /root/a.out 0000000000600000 4K ...
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How can I allow a user to prioritize a process to negative niceness?

I want a user to run a specific process on the system with a negative nice value. I can't simply fork the process to background as this specific program is a minecraft server and I rely on the command ...
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ps switches to display PID, PPID, PGID, and SID collectively

I tried ps with different kinds of switches e.g. -A, aux, ef, and so forth but I cannot seem to find the right combination of switches that will tell me the Process ID (PID), Parent Process ID (PPID), ...
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Can I pipe any two processes to each other?

In this page from The Design and Implementation of the 4.4BSD Operating System, it is said that: A major difference between pipes and sockets is that pipes require a common parent process to set ...
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Stuck process: is it a bad sign?

Sometimes a few process are in a stuck state. For example: PID COMMAND %CPU TIME #TH #WQ #POR #MREGS RPRVT RSHRD RSIZE VPRVT VSIZE PGRP PPID STATE 99357 plugin-container ...
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528 views

Why does process substitution result in a file called /dev/fd/63 which is a pipe?

I am trying to understand named pipes in the context of this particular example. I type <(ls -l) in my terminal and get the output as, bash: /dev/fd/63: Permission denied. If I type cat <(ls ...
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Bash way to check if a process is already running in the background (and skip re-execution based on that)?

Can I make a bash command line that only runs a certain command if the process is not already running (in the background)? How do I check*, if a command is already running? (so I can add the next ...
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931 views

Simple queuing system?

Given a commodity PC, we would like to use it to execute some tasks in the background round the clock. Basically, we would like to have commands like: add-task *insert command here* list-tasks ...
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Dump process core without killing the process

Is there a way to get a core dump (or something similar) for a process without actually killing the processes? I have a multithreaded python process running on an embedded system. And I want to be ...
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Viewing foreground process using ps

I can see the background process using ps. But Is there a way to view the foreground process? For example, $nohup process1 & then ps -ef | grep "process1" would display the process ...
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How to identify a process which has no pid?

I have a process which listen to 2 ports : 45136/tcp and 37208/udp (actually I assume it is the same process). But netstat doesn't return any pid : netstat -antlp | grep 45136 tcp 0 0 ...
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All about ssh ProxyCommand

I am looking for an in-depth explanation of the following ProxyCommand, down to the nuts and bolts of its operation, please. Can you kindly completely dissect it for me and improve on it if you can? ...
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bash: Run command in background and capture pid [duplicate]

Am writing a bash 4.1 script... Would like run another script (or internal function) in the background... And capture the pid of that background job in a variable in the foreground script... If the ...
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Unkillable apache2 processes

After upgrading from debian lenny to squeeze (apache2 2.2.16-6+squeeze4 and php 5.3.10-1~dotdeb.1), my apache processes started to exit with segmentation fault. It happens every 5-30 minutes (for 1 ...
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when does the system send a SIGTERM to a process?

My server program received a SIGTERM and stopped (with exit code 0). I am surprised by this, as I am pretty sure that there was plenty of memory for it. Under what conditions does linux (busybox) send ...
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Is it possible to transfer a running process to your terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I pause up a running process over ssh, disown it, associate it to a new screen shell and unpause it? It is fairly easy to disown a process, or make it run ...
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564 views

Files bigger than max(off64_t) on Solaris, eg “/proc/../as”

How do I read or seek from a file that's bigger than the maximum off64_t? The problem arises because the address space of a process is represented in the /proc/.../as file, which is a huge sparse file ...
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chdir(<directory>) doesn't change directory after exiting to shell

I wanted to make a simple C program to change to my project directory. Its content is following: #include <unistd.h> int main(){ chdir("/home/enedil/projects/algo"); return 0; } I ...
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Threads vs (Forked) Processes

Linux applications generally fork then exec (with execve() ), but Java applications, and certain Apache MPMs use threading. If forking, uses the fork + exec to spawn a process, what is the high level ...
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237 views

Why is the following command killing a system?

Anyone understand the following code , running in bash ? :(){ :|:& };: It seems to be a "fork" bomb on Linux.
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How to determine what instructions a process is executing?

I know about strace and ltrace, but that only tells me what system calls and library calls a process is executing, respectively. I would like to know exactly what instructions a process is executing. ...
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Drop Process Privileges

I have a process that gets started by a damon running as root, now I want to "downgrade" this process's privileges to those of your average user. Is this possible? If yes how? PS: Running unix on a ...
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Determining the particular processor on which a process is running

I have access to an 8-core node of a Linux cluster. When logged in to the node, I can see a list of processors using this command: more /proc/cpuinfo In my 8-core node, the processors are numbered ...
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ls -l /proc/self | increamental PID?

Each time, when the commandls -l /proc/self is executed, the link points to process who's PID keeps increasing. Why is this so ? Is it the PID of the ls command ?
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Return value of a process and comparison of the number

I have a val.py python script that returns a negative number. import sys sys.exit(-1234) When I run this bash script, I get the value $? as return value of 46 (not -1234). Even when I tried to ...
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How to find which Process is causing High CPU usage

Is there any way to find out from terminal which process is causing high CPU Usage ? It would also be useful to order processes in descending order of cpu Usage
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766 views

Portability of file descriptor links

I've always wondered this but never took the time to find out, so I'll do so now - how portable is the usage shown here of either /proc/$$/fd/$N or /dev/fd/$N? I understand POSIX guarantees /dev/null, ...
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Is it possible to support multiple processes without support for Virtual memory?

Is it possible to support multiple processes without support for virtual memory? I would like to know more about it if so.
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How can I see what processes are running?

I use Ubuntu Server 10.10 and I would like to see what processes are running. I know that PostgreSQL is running on my machine but I can not see it with the top or ps commands, so I assume that they ...
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Processes in Linux

As I understand it, process descriptors are stored in a doubly linked list data structure. But a fork can create multiple children for the same process, so that makes me think that there is a tree ...
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init: is it a user thread or a kernel thread?

init is the first task executed after kernel is loaded, right? Then who is its owner. also I can see [swapper/0] [swapper/1] ..... [swapper/7] having pid 0 PID PPID CPU TASK ST %MEM ...
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What does <defunct> mean in the output of ps?

I had issued the ps -ef|grep java command and this is one of the entries that I got : subhrcho 875 803 0 Jan23 pts/5 00:02:27 [java] <defunct> What is <defunct> implying here ? ...
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root owned program with setuid bit on

Ping is a a program owned by root with the user id bit set. $ ls -l `which ping` -rwsr-xr-x 1 root root 35752 Nov 4 2011 /bin/ping As I understand it, if a user runs the ping process, then the ...
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Does linux kill heavy and long running background processes after they reach some threshold?

If I start a really heavy (memory/cpu intensive) running really long running process will the OS terminate it after a period of time arbitrarily? I.e. are there any limits beyond which the OS would ...
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How can you change the process name of Wing IDE from python to something more descriptive

In my process list under Ubuntu (using top/System Monitor) one of the largest memory hogs (200+Mb) was python. I searched a bit for one of my programs to be the cause until I realised this was my ...
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How to poll existence of a background script correctly

I have a problem with the following kind of script: #!/bin/sh long_running_script.sh & while [ `pidof long_running_script.sh` ] do echo "." sleep 1 done The sript will ...
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Find processes using a network interface

I'm trying to find a way to safely shutdown a network interface, i.e. without disturbing any processes. For this I need to find out what processes are currently using that interface. Tools like ss, ...
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Preventing program from using internet

Is there a way to block certain programs from being able to connect to the internet in Debian (a firewall blocking outgoing connections), so for example, to block a windows program running in wine ...
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Obtaining PID of command earlier in Pipeline

I'm writing a bash script to use inotifywait to monitor a directory and kick off actions when changes are detected. Something like: inotifywait -m ... | while read f; do something; done Since ...
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Using `kill -s 0 $pid` vs `[[ -e /proc/$pid ]]` to detect if PID is running

One of the idioms often used to check if process is running is to use kill -s 0 $pid. My question is, does it have any upsides over using [[ -e /proc/$pid ]] construct? The script I'm writing is ...
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How to see process created by specific user in Unix/linux

I want to see list of process created by specific user or group of user in Linux Can I do it using ps command or is there any other command to achieve this?
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Best practices for job/process tracking and multi-tasking

I run 10+ different commands from 10+ different directories, and I need a better process to track everything. I do a lot of debugging, and often times I need to work on multiple issues in parallel. I ...