A process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
3answers
1k views

What is meant with terminating a process normally?

In an examination it is stated: Give 2 different ways that a process can terminate normally. Describe the differences. What is meant with terminate normally?
5
votes
1answer
242 views

Why is the following command killing a system?

Anyone understand the following code , running in bash ? :(){ :|:& };: It seems to be a "fork" bomb on Linux.
1
vote
1answer
193 views

Alert when a process exits

I often download files using wget and cURL. Is there anyway I can make my Linux box give a visual alert when either of those processes exit (i.e: the download completes) PS : I am using Ubuntu ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How to run java process to be seen not as 'java…' in processes list?

Is it possible to run a Java process in Linux in a way that it could be seen in ps as some sort of alias? It would be easier to restart it when it is down.
6
votes
4answers
17k views

Finding the ID of a process and killing it

When ever I need to kill a background process I do ps -e | grep <process_name> Which prints something like this 1766 ? 00:00:13 conky , Then I use the process ID to kill it like so kill 1766 . ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Will process ids be recycled? What if you reach the maximal id?

Process IDs are strictly increasing, but if your system runs long enough and there is a lot of processes terminating and starting, you could at some point reach the limit of the underlying integral ...
1
vote
2answers
699 views

Why does my one instance of VLC have many processes?

As you can see from the image below (htop), I have several vlc processes running, all with only the command vlc. However, I'm only running one vlc instance. What are the other instances? Would it ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

killing a process on a remote machine when the machine is stuck

I started a very resources-consuming process on a remote server via ssh. It is an optimization problem run in MATLAB. It takes full memory and CPU. In fact, I am not even able to ssh to the machine, ...
0
votes
1answer
719 views

Enter process running in background/bring to foreground [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown it a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? I started a java client using nohup to get it to run in the background (needed to log out ...
1
vote
0answers
247 views

Rogue Java process brings my computer to a halt

In reference to my earlier post: Is there a log of past threads that are now closed? I gave the process a kill -STOP signal and started examining the details. I can't seem to figure out why it is ...
2
votes
2answers
517 views

add “check if fetchmail is running” to this script

while ! postqueue -p | grep -q empty; do sleep 1 done killall wvdial this script checks if my mail queue is empty, then disconnects my modem. now i would like to add also a checking to fetchmail ...
4
votes
2answers
11k views

How to pkill by “command name”?

So I'm executing a command like: COMMANDNAME -PARAMETERS But..why can't I kill it with "pkill"? I'm trying with: pkill -9 "COMMANDNAME -PARAMETERS" but it doesn't kills the "COMMANDNAME ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

What is a subshell (in the context of the documentation of make)?

I'm reading a book about the make command and there is a paragraph: If any of the prerequisites has an associated rule, make attempts to update those first. Next, the target file is considered. ...
3
votes
2answers
728 views

How is FireFox running on a virtual machine that has no display?

I am using a Red Hat virtual machine, accessible only remotely. However when I use the top command, one of the displayed processes taking up the most memory is firefox, located at ...
2
votes
1answer
665 views

There is no bash indicator prompt after a forked process terminates

I am reading the book Advanced Programming in the Unix Environment. There is a test program to test the fork function. It works well in my Ubuntu. But what I confused is that why there is no command ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Start and stop multiple executable for easy debugging

I'm debugging a networking project, which involves interacting of 3 programs, ie a server, two different clients. However I find it difficult to start and stop them for debugging. Some methods I have ...
1
vote
1answer
700 views

rpc.statd and avahi-daemon listening on all networks?

Background: - I'm running a home Debian GNOME desktop connected to the internet through an ethernet cable to an ethernet router. - I have a printer connected directly to my PC with a USB cable. - My ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Do sleeping processes get the same CPU time?

Some processes spend most of their "lives" in a sleep status. Daemons, servers and general listener come to mind. I was wondering if they get the same CPU time in that state? On something like my ...
4
votes
1answer
895 views

controlling a process from a different session

So, I ssh into my remote computer and launch a process... time passes... my ssh session breaks. I log in again, and of course, I don't have access to the original process now. I can see it still if I ...
5
votes
3answers
38k views

How to find which Process is causing High CPU usage

Is there any way to find out from terminal which process is causing high CPU Usage ? It would also be useful to order processes in descending order of cpu Usage
33
votes
2answers
15k views

What do the brackets around processes mean?

mark@mark-VirtualBox:~/auto/lib$ ps -Awwo pid,comm,args PID COMMAND COMMAND 1 init /sbin/init 2 kthreadd [kthreadd] 3 ksoftirqd/0 [ksoftirqd/0] 5 ...
8
votes
2answers
16k views

Launch process as another user/group (in init.d script)

I am editing a init.d script. The init.d script runs a utility script which then runs an process. From either bash scripts how would I make it launch the main process as a specific user and group?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

lsof for a specific process?

There's a bzip2 process running in the background and I have no idea where it came from. It's eating up a lot of resources. Can I do a reverse lsof to see which files are being accessed by this ...
5
votes
1answer
649 views

How can I search/browse in some process's memory?

I'm using MacOS X 10.7 and I'm not very familiar with unix. Is there a command for a search in some process's memory for a string?
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Getting disk i/o statistics for single process in Linux

I need to monitor the I/O statistics of a process that writes to disk. The purpose is to avoid write rates too high for long periods. I know there's iostat tool to accomplish this task on a ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

How do you make a cross-process locking in Linux (C/C++)?

I need to make sure one process executes only in one instance at a time. On Windows you could use named mutex. But I have no idea what to use on Linux. I think I've seen an approach were app creates ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

A more readable ps

Are there any tools that improve the readability of ps in the same spirit as ack for grep? This would be especially on OS X where ps does not even have options such as --sort user. So far the nicest ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I test if a program is running from within a script

Let's assume that another user started a bunzip process, and I have a script that I'd like to start running after that bunzip finishes. What's the best way to check from inside my script that the ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

All about ssh ProxyCommand

I am looking for an in-depth explanation of the following ProxyCommand, down to the nuts and bolts of its operation, please. Can you kindly completely dissect it for me and improve on it if you can? ...
4
votes
3answers
291 views

What call before a fork?

A long while ago I went to a job interview with a thoroughly weird company in London who claimed to be expert Unix consultants. Anyway these people were complete nutters and not surprisingly the ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

start process so that it can't spawn new ones

Is it possible to start new process so that it couldn't spawn new ones (untrusted code)? Also how do I start a process so it couldn't make any input/output to files and in general any devices?
1
vote
1answer
5k views

How to know how long a process has been running? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to check how a long a program has been running? I am interested in doing this purely using bash.
5
votes
1answer
2k views

I don't want other users see my processes in ps aux. I have root. It's Debian. How to use grsec?

I installed 'linux-patch-grsecurity2' and it has some sort of interface. ~$ sudo gradm2 gradm 2.1.14 grsecurity administration program Usage: gradm [option] ... Examples: gradm -P ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to monitor or kill a process which has been started by cron?

I have some bots, which are run by the System scheduler at given time interval. But sometimes due to some logical error I have to stop these bots manually. How can I find these processes run by the ...
1
vote
1answer
382 views

Native and non-native support of thread/process programming in Linux?

POSIX thread (pthread) and OpenMP are both libraries for thread programming. But is it right that they are not native to Linux, i.e. they have to be installed by user later? If yes, what are the ...
19
votes
5answers
12k views

How can I close a terminal without killing its children (without running `screen` first)?

sometimes I run an app in the gnome-terminal, but then I suddenly have to restart gnome or something. I guess the answer to the question is also useful then I want to disconnect from SSH where ...
3
votes
1answer
767 views

Which processes should I NOT strace?

I've created a little function for strace'ing a set of the current user's processes by name: function pstrace() { local pattern="$1"; shift; prefixDashP $(pgrep -U $(whoami) $pattern) | ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How to stop xargs from badly merging output from multiple processes?

I'm using xargs with the option --max-args=0 (alternatively -P 0). However, the output of the processes is merged into the stdout stream without regard for proper line separation. So I'll often end ...
4
votes
3answers
459 views

Kill process when it stops to produce further output

Is there a shell tool which can probe if a subprocess is still producing output, and otherwise kill it after a specified timeout? I'm using offlineimap for Gmail backup, but that's very very very ...
2
votes
1answer
762 views

Check for process already running in webfaction?

I use Django framework on webfaction and have 5 different cron jobs. One of them lasts much longer than others and sometimes gets stuck (30-120 seconds or more). I have already set that cron job to ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

File descriptor limits are lost after a system reboot

I'm trying to increase the default file descriptor limits for processes on my system. Specifically I'm trying to get the limits to apply to the Condor daemon and its sub-processes when the machine ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Automount lookup failed. How to determine what is trying to access the file?

Is there a way to find out what is trying to mount this file? Jul 13 14:27:24 myhost automount[13527]: lookup(file): lookup for tmp_dir failed Something is looking for "tmp_dir", and I've ...
2
votes
1answer
867 views

Make top shows only server process

Can I make top show info about the web and db servers? Can it be done by piping the pids to the top? They can be many process from every one?!? Or is there any better method for this?
2
votes
1answer
3k views

parsing process ID/names from /proc, thread IDs

When I'm parsing process IDs from /proc, obviously each thread of a process gets its own ID. And I realize that all the threads in that same process can be gathered from /proc/${pid}/task/. But my ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Terminal command (called not from SU) that would restrict process from writting to all directories but one?

We have an app testApp. We have a folder called notRestricted in the directory where we run app from. We want to limit access of the app to file system so that app could write only to that folder (we ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

stop parallel processing for a cron triggered process

I have configured my webservers cron jobs to trigger some php script, every 15min, but sometimes the script takes morethan 15 min to complete execution, by the time another process of the same script ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding out with which parameters a program was started

Is there a way to find out for any given process with which parameters it was started?
3
votes
5answers
1k views

how to ensure a program is always running but without root access?

Currently I need to have a program running all the time, but when the server is rebooted I need to manually run the program. And sometimes I'm not available when that happens. I can't use a normal ...
8
votes
2answers
981 views

How to find tty from which a particular cmd “scp” is executed

How can I find out who executed a particular command and which terminal was used to run it? Original: how can i know particular cmd is executed by whom and to know about my terminal
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Solution to get data from memory of a process

If I'm using Firefox and filling out a big form (with lots of text to write), and for some reason I accidentally press F5 and all my text in the forms is lost, I can use e.g. HxD on Windows to ...