A process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

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Real time priorities in non real time OS

If I do the following command on my standard Linux Mint installation: comp ~ $ ps -eo rtprio,nice,cmd RTPRIO NI CMD ... 99 - [migration/0] 99 - [watchdog/0] 99 - [migration/1] - 0 [...
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120 views

Cron creates vim process but does not display vim

Under MacOSX 10.8.2 I am able to run vim as follows in the bash shell: /usr/bin/vim -c "normal G" -c 'startinsert' ~/.journal If I put the exact same command in a script: #! /bin/bash export ...
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Which script from /etc/init.d/ started the process?

Let's say we have a PID of a process and we know that it was started by init during startup. How do we find the script name that started it? One way is to run grep $PROCESS_NAME /etc/init.d/*, but ...
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2answers
348 views

What does the term static variable mean in unix speak?

From the section 2.7 of the book - The Linux programing Interface named Process memory layout : Data is defined as the static variables used by the program. What is the significance of the word ...
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368 views

How to monitor all executions of an executable over a time period

I know how to monitor a process. Commands like top and so forth can monitor the CPU time and memory usage for a given process instance. But say I expect a given executable to be run several times in ...
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959 views

Host process for multiple processes?

I am maintaining an application that currently consists of 4 processes that are dependant on each other in various ways. At the moment these processes are started, stopped and monitored via a rather "...
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2k views

Why “uninterruptible sleep” is not counted as “IDLE”?

When I run top -bi, where the parameter -i means "ignore idle processes", the resulted list(see below) of processes are either R or D, although there're S processes at that time. So, why ...
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What does <defunct> mean in the output of ps?

I had issued the ps -ef|grep java command and this is one of the entries that I got : subhrcho 875 803 0 Jan23 pts/5 00:02:27 [java] <defunct> What is <defunct> implying here ? ...
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194 views

receiving command as a parameter in bash

I have a following simple script called single-instance that executes the given command if there is no process under that command running. If I hard-code the command after the else statement, it has ...
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4answers
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How do I know what service is running on a particular port in linux?

I am trying to run weblogic server on my linux machine and I am getting the following error : ERROR: transport error 202: bind failed: Address already in use ERROR: JDWP Transport dt_socket failed to ...
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788 views

$BASHPID And $$ differ in some cases

I'm reading "BASH pocket guide of Oreilly". It said: The process ID of the current Bash process. In some cases, this can differ from $$. Above explanation , explained $BASHPID variable. ...
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921 views

Please explain the -f option in pgrep

man pgrep says the following about -f option: -f The pattern is normally only matched against the process name. When -f is set, the full command line is used. What does it ...
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What's the best way to determine the working directory for UNIX process using 'ps'?

I am running a Ruby command line script (rufus.sh)which ultimately calls Thread.new, which spawns a UNIX process as shown below. I run this script for more than 1 directory as the output of the ps ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between exiting a process via Ctrl+C vs issuing a kill -9 command?

I know I can kill any process with kill -9 command . But sometimes i see that even if I have terminated a program with CTRL+C , the process doesn't get killed . So I want to know the difference ...
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4answers
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What is the difference between running a executable just by name and by appending a dot /slash before it?

This is the output from ls -all command : -rwxr----- 1 subhrcho dba 3600 Nov 13 17:26 jdev -rw-r----- 1 subhrcho dba 1566 Nov 13 17:26 jdev-Darwin.conf -rw-r----- 1 subhrcho dba 347 Mar 6 2009 ...
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Please explain this output of ps -ef command?

A part of the output from the ps -ef command is given below : UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD root 1 0 0 2012 ? 00:00:01 init [3] root 2 ...
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38 views

How can I see a process' thread count? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there a way to see details of all the threads that a process has in Linux? I want to see the thread count which belongs to a process in linux. What command should I use?
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3answers
4k views

What happens to suspended jobs in unix?

We can issue CTRL+Z to suspend any jobs in Unix and then later on bring them back to life using fg or bg. I want to understand what happens to those jobs that are suspended like this ? Are they ...
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1answer
785 views

Please explain the output from the jobs command

When I ran jobs command I see the following output : [1] - Suspended ./startWebLogic.sh [2] + Suspended (signal) top What does -/+ indicate in the second column ? ...
6
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1answer
879 views

Files bigger than max(off64_t) on Solaris, eg “/proc/../as”

How do I read or seek from a file that's bigger than the maximum off64_t? The problem arises because the address space of a process is represented in the /proc/.../as file, which is a huge sparse file ...
5
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1answer
325 views

Can I add to my groups in the current (shell) process? [duplicate]

If I add myself to a group, it applies only to newly launched processes. Actually it's more restricted than that; it seems to apply only to new logins. I'm not sure what the exact mechanism is, but ...
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1answer
206 views

How to ensure a process has started reading a file before continuing?

I'm trying to write a command to test that data is written to a file. My first approach was: Start reading in the background. Write some data to the file. Wait for the reader to find a result. ...
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5answers
7k views

Drop Process Privileges

I have a process that gets started by a damon running as root, now I want to "downgrade" this process's privileges to those of your average user. Is this possible? If yes how? PS: Running unix on a ...
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940 views

How to view commandline of processes executed in last 10 seconds

Is there a view to log and list down the processes executed in last 10 seconds ? I especially want to trace the command line.
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1answer
360 views

Can I transfer running process from dead ssh [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? I have started (as expected) a long copy process from ssh shell (putty) which died due to client ...
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1answer
381 views

Application in terminal still running but not directly accessible [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to suspend and bring a background process to foreground I have kind of an odd problem which I haven't encountered before. Here's what I did: I started an application ...
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1answer
1k views

What does m represents in VIRT column using TOP command

When we run top command it shows all the processes information. But under VIRT column there is m written against some values what does that m represents, is it MB . If yes then why it is only showing ...
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3answers
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Killing all the process of a command except first process

I am sometimes stuck in a situation where a script/command kept in Cron runs more than once because of some reasons (the first instance is not completed fully, the second instance of the same process ...
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2answers
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What is meant by stack in connection to a process?

From the book Advanced programming in the Unix environment I read the following line regarding threads in Unix like systems All the threads within a process share the same address space, file ...
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646 views

How to know which commands are executed when I do something in GUI

This is for academic purpose. I want to know which commands are executed when we do something in GUI, for example creating a folder. I want to show that both the mkdir shell command and create folder ...
15
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1answer
10k views

How do I monitor opened files of a process in realtime?

I know I can view the open files of a process using lsof at that moment in time on my Linux machine. However, a process can open, alter and close a file so quickly that I won't be able to see it when ...
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261 views

How to view output for ALL processes simultaneously?

I know that you can connect to various background processes to watch their console output, but is there a way to view the output of all processes at once? Likely it would scroll quickly and be hard to ...
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What is the `ucond` process state?

When debugging a program I saw that top -U username showed the following: 39769 eigenein 107 98 0 179M 38448K ucond 19 0:00 0.00% program What does it mean that a process in the ...
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3answers
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How does the set-user-ID mechanism work in Unix?

Can someone please explain the set-user-ID mechanism in Unix ? What was the rationale behind this design decision? How is it different from effective user id mechanism ?
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127 views

What does d signify in processes like syslogd and httpd?

Why there is a "d" after the name of processes like syslogd and httpd ? What is its significance ?
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268 views

What's the mechanism that a process listening to localhost refuses to process a request to its LAN IP address?

The private IP address of my machine is 192.168.44.182. If I started a process using nc -l localhost 20000 Then this process won't handle requests sent to 192.168.44.182. Since the process ...
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1answer
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vim not shown in fuser

First use Vim to edit a file, say /tmp/A. Assuming that vim process is the only one that accesses /tmp/A, then use "ctrl+z" to suspend the process, and execute fuser /tmp/A Then you see nothing ...
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How can I find which process sends data to a specific port?

I have a service, keeping a certain port open. I'm getting data to it, that I neither expect nor want to get, and I'm trying to pin-point the source of this data. So how can I find which process that ...
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690 views

How to run linux process and come back to it later?

I'm trying to run a minecraft server on linux. Running the server starts an important interactive session. I can run the server in the background by appending & at the end of the command and log ...
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Modify environment variable in a running process [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: change environment of a running process Is there a trick to modify an environment variable in a running process? I need to add a repository at the end of PATH. I have both ...
2
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1answer
68 views

remotely query text file associated with an instance of vi

I have opened several text files (a.txt, b.txt, c.txt, ...) in different sessions of vi launched from different instances of a bash shell. Having then accessed that machine remotely, I wish to ...
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2answers
9k views

Get PID of a function executed in the background [duplicate]

#!/bin/bash function abc() # wait for some event to happen, can be terminated by other process { sleep 3333 } echo "PID: $$" abc & echo "PID: $$" I need to retrieve the pid of this function, ...
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Suspend/resume single process to/from disk

On occasion, we would like to suspend memory-intensive processes on our Ubuntu and OS X servers to temporarily free up some RAM for other jobs. If all we were worried about was CPU usage, a simple ...
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1answer
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Stuck process: is it a bad sign?

Sometimes a few process are in a stuck state. For example: PID COMMAND %CPU TIME #TH #WQ #POR #MREGS RPRVT RSHRD RSIZE VPRVT VSIZE PGRP PPID STATE 99357 plugin-container 0....
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3answers
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What process is sending TCP SYNs on Solaris 10?

Some process on my Solaris 10 machine is sending TCP SYNs to a remote machine. The remote machine never responds, so the connection is not established. How do I find out what process is initiating ...
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666 views

How to stop a infinite running process (ztail) started by a ssh session after that session is closed

I have a peculiar problem. My server supports multiple ssh session simultaneously, so that multiple admins can manage (via command line interface) it simultaneously. We have a command which calls ...
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Why does a default Linux installation run more processes than a default OpenBSD installation?

If I ps -aux on Ubuntu (or any GNU/Linux distribution) without GUI I see ~100 processes running. If I ps -aux on OpenBSD without GUI, then I get ~10 processes. What is the explanation/reason for ...
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231 views

Is there any way to attach latrace to an already-running process?

I want to trace a running multi-threaded process's library calls. As of 5 November 2012, there's only one way to get ltrace to fully support tracing multi-threaded processes: you must check out and ...
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1answer
938 views

Korn shell timeout/kill script

I am trying to write a simple Korn shell script to execute a loading process. The process occasionally runs into connectivity issues, so I need to kill it if it runs too long. I have been trying the ...
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How to kill a process giving it a number of seconds before a doing the forced kill?

I do have the PID of the process to be killed but I do want to give it the chance to die peacefully, without doing a -9. Expected behaviour: check if PID is still running for up to ten seconds and do ...