A process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

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Full path name of bash? and base process of Linux?

I am new to Linux and I recently had a test at school which had the following questions: What is the full path name of bash? What is the base process of Linux? I couldn't answer these. Does anyone ...
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117 views

A command which returns either a process ID, if running, or some other output if not?

I'm looking for a command that will give me the PID, and it's not running it should give me some output other than blank. In my program, sometimes the library I'm using gives blank output even if ...
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How to move process from one namespace to other?

This question is similar to my question about how to list namespaces. So in addtition, I'd like to know some information about moving processes from one namespace to other? E.g. I have processes of ...
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1answer
48 views

How do I identify the user that is attempting to create a file?

I have a PHP script that is attempting to create a file, but it can not because of permissions. I would like to identify which user the system sees as the one requesting to create the file. I would ...
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154 views

how to find out namespace of a particular process?

I already asked a question about how to list all namespaces in Linux, but there wasn't any correct and exact answers, so I want to find out a method which can help me to find out the namespace of PID ...
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1answer
59 views

How to renice a group of processes?

lb build can build live system image, and it invokes many processes while building the image. If I start it as below: # nice -n 19 ionice -n 7 -c 3 lb build all the children processes get the same ...
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1answer
35 views

tftpd runs as root, despite explicit option “--user tftp”

I start my tftp server with the option --user tftp so that it runs as user tftp instead of root. However, ps shows that the process still runs as root ps aux| grep tftp root 2542 0.0 0.0 ...
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How does Linux “kill” a process?

It often baffles me that although I have been working professionally with computers for several decades, and Linux for a decade, I actually treat most of the OS' functionality as a black box, not ...
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115 views

How do I run two ongoing processes at once in linux/bash?

I would like to know how I can run two ongoing processes at the same time in Linux/bash. basically, I have a Node web server, and a MJPG-Streamer server. I want to run both these processes at once, ...
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279 views

How to get the Job ID? [duplicate]

As we know, the shell enables the user to run background processes using & at the command line's end. Each background process is identified by a job ID and, of course, by it's PID. When I'm ...
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Why do forked processes sometimes appear with brackets [] around their name in ps? [duplicate]

On a Linux system a C process is started on boot, which creates a fork of itself. It is not a kernal process or something. In most cases a ps -ef show both processes as expecxted, but sometimes it ...
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50 views

Increase nice value for many processes

Say I have launched a couple of non-timecritical applications such as a text editor a web browser etc and one more time critical (audio)application. Is there a utility that simulates the opposite of ...
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133 views

Processes do not respond to my signals

I have a strange behavior on my system. When I invoke a command in the shell (bash version 4.2.45(1)-release), say top or cat, the running program (the process) does not respond to Ctrl+C. I even ...
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1answer
144 views

Why do I need dbus?

I recently removed dbus from my system (along with consolekit and polkit). I didn't notice any change (I was running it as system daemon and per-user from .xinitrc). However, many people claim that ...
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177 views

If you ^Z from a process, it gets “stopped”. How do you switch back in?

I accidentally "stopped" my telnet process. Now I can neither "switch back" into it, nor can I kill it (it won't respond to kill 92929, where 92929 is the processid.) So, my question is, if you have ...
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1answer
86 views

fg a bg process because you forgot to redirect output to /dev/null

I did Ctrl+Z bg with the intention of disowning next, but I forgot to redirect, now I cant get to my terminal because the scrolling of the output (tarballed a huge directory with verbose set). How do ...
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6answers
4k views

Does pressing ctrl-c several times make the running program close more quickly?

I often start to read a huge file and then want to quit after a while, but there is a lag from pressing Ctrl+C to the program stops. Is there a chance of shortening the lag by pressing the Ctrl+C key ...
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176 views

root permission denied on /proc/1/exe

I just performed a fresh ubuntu install and i am seeing the following in lsof: userA@az1:~$ lsof COMMAND PID TID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME init 1 ...
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130 views

How to terminate a background process in Linux when the pid is unknown?

I have a job dispatcher bash shell script containing below codes: for (( i=0; i<$toBeDoneNum; i=i+1 )) do while true do processNum=`ps aux | grep Checking | wc -l` ...
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105 views

moving from user mode to kernel mode

I read the following: "All processes begin execution in user mode, and they switch to kernel mode only when obtaining a service provided by the kernel." When it says "obtaining a service ...
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1answer
307 views

How to check the status of bash shell script while executing from Python script?

I have a simple Python script which will execute a shell script using subprocess module in Python. Below is my Python shell script which is calling testing.sh shell script and it works fine. import ...
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133 views

Detect process if not found then run it

I am running several process at startup using "crontab -e" @reboot tranmission-daemon && python defualt.py && python MonitorService.py But for some reason, those service can ...
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194 views

Finding the PID of the process using a specific port?

I am installing hadoop on my Ubuntu system. When I start it, it reports that port 9000 is busy. I used netstat -nlp|grep 9000 to see if such a port exists and I got this: tcp 0 0 ...
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121 views

How does the piping in this command ultimately achieve to kill the process?

I have seen the following line in a bash script for killing a process(in this case started with the command loadgen): ps xww | grep -i "loadgen" | grep "PATTERNMATCH_FACT.xml" | cut -c1-5 | xargs -i ...
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Processes lose attachment to shell when started via bash -x

Normally, if I run emacs & and then close the shell, emacs will exit. However, if I run bash -x foo.foo (where foo.foo is a script that runs emacs &), then emacs will remain open even when I ...
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Why Process/program becomes zombie?

If script is running fine from command line then, why the same script becomes zombie state after running through cron and How you will troubleshoot the same ? Here following real example : [root@abc ...
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Locate a directory from a relative path in ps output

When I executed the command to give the pid of my processes running, it gave me like this - user@machineA:/$ ps -eo pid,command | grep exhibitor | grep java | grep -v grep 1615 java -jar ...
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232 views

How can I create a hard to kill process

I want to create a program that will be difficult to stop (even for the administrator) once it is started (with root privileges). Once started the process should continue to start itself at startup ...
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4answers
96 views

ssh ncat keeps ncat process running after disconnect; how do I prevent that?

If I run the command $ ssh othermachine ncat localhost 10000 that opens an ssh session to "othermachine" and pipes it into an ncat process. (There's something else listening on "othermachine" port ...
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How to stop a background process?

I have started a wget on remote machine in background using &. Suddenly it stops downloading. I want to stop its process, then start it again. How can I stop it? I haven't close its shell window. ...
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1answer
219 views

How can I track executables created by my user on Linux?

Using Linux, I would like to track the executables that are executed in my name, including the whole command line (in practice, every exec*() done as my own user). A program I do not control is ...
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Why do I see more processes in KVM than in OpenVZ?

I've got a 512mb Centos 6 VPS running on KVM. Now another VPS from a org. I manage is running on OVZ. When I type top on the KVM one, I get a whole list of all sort off processes. But when I do this ...
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Owner of init and xterm

I don't understand what is owner of process. Owner of bash is me. Then who is owner of init and xterm? I searched on google but I can't find.
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435 views

Cannot kill teamviewer process

My main desktop has Mint 14 and I approached it via SSH from another computer, because I didn't have a screen on the Mint one. Then I tried to start teamviewer just I order to launch its desktop ...
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108 views

How do I draw a process tree from my shell to the kernel?

I can't understand this problem For each process in the tree, indicate the name of the process, the process's ID number, and the name of the owner of the process.
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How do I wait on a program started in another shell

I have a program that does a large a amount of work (takes about 4-5 hours) that gets started by cron when all the data it works with becomes available. Sometimes, when I am waiting for it to finish, ...
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How to get start time for a defunct process on AIX?

When I run the following commands on AIX: 22:root@SERVER:/root # ps -ef | head -1 UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD 22:root@SERVER:/root # ps -ef | grep defunct | head -1 ...
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1answer
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Limiting processes by memory under Linux

We must launch several hungry processes on a Linux system. These processes often need several Go (~5Go) of memory to run (total memory: 16Go RAM + 2Go swap). At first, when the system was running ...
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Why are there so few “running” processes?

On all of BSD/Linux/MacOS and Solaris, I made an observation - no matter how busy the system is, top always reports very few (usually 1-2) running processes. According to my limited understanding, a ...
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169 views

How can I allow a user to prioritize a process to negative niceness?

I want a user to run a specific process on the system with a negative nice value. I can't simply fork the process to background as this specific program is a minecraft server and I rely on the command ...
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1answer
109 views

Which system calls could create a new process?

When executing ps command in my Linux system i see some user processes twice (different PID...). I wonder if they are new processes or threads of the same process. I know some functions in standard C ...
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228 views

Using `kill -s 0 $pid` vs `[[ -e /proc/$pid ]]` to detect if PID is running

One of the idioms often used to check if process is running is to use kill -s 0 $pid. My question is, does it have any upsides over using [[ -e /proc/$pid ]] construct? The script I'm writing is ...
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1answer
79 views

Difference between process in background and daemon [duplicate]

What is technically the difference of a process that started in foreground and was manually put into background and a daemon? Do they have different properties?
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1answer
56 views

What is the rtsbpp-polling process doing?

In Ubuntu 12.04 LTS when I run the top command I see a process called rtsbpp-polling. Googling it gives only just a few hits to the Gentoo Linux forum that does not seem to be relevant (they don't ...
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933 views

If computers start counting at 0, why does the init process have a pid of 1?

Not much to put here in the body, the question is self explanatory.
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How to send a running process to jail?

"Go directly to jail; do not pass go, do not collect $200" — Monopoly Is there any way to make a running process's all future file access behave as if it has always been in a chroot environment?
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Grep Wvdial output while it is running

I want to grep the output from wvdial while wvdial is running. Actually I want to fire a task when the modem is connected. I want to do this in the following way: grep string "IP address", if it is ...
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What information about a process is retrievable after it is terminated? [duplicate]

After a process has been terminated, is it possible to retrieve any information about it, such as when it started and finished, &c. Is it possible to enable logging of this information?
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Can I somehow add a “&& prog2” to an already running prog1?

Most shells provide functions like && and ; to chain the execution of commands in certain ways. But what if a command is already running, can I still somehow add another command to be executed ...
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Is it possible to control xterm (or specifically a process that xterm has started) from another process?

If I start a process with xterm like this (where omxplayer is the process xterm is starting): xterm -fullscreen -fg black -bg black -e omxplayer -o hdmi -r %f Is it possible for me to write to ...