A process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
1answer
212 views

Equivalent command for ``time`` for memory usage?

by using time we can easily get the information about how long a program run, I was wondering if there is any equivalent command I can use for memory usages? Like how many memory are allocated for ...
2
votes
1answer
287 views

How to kill - softly? [duplicate]

If I want to kill a process as careful and politely as possible, which signals should I use in a kill command, in which order? I would like to give the programm any kind of time to clean up, if it ...
2
votes
3answers
13k views

process id and killing process - ps commmand

Please see the output of below ps command: abc@smaug:~/Desktop$ ps ax | grep firefox 2213 ? Sl 2:01 /usr/lib/firefox/firefox 2644 pts/0 S+ 0:00 grep --color=auto firefox Please ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does Firefox refuse to die despite killing it with pkill -9?

I am issuing the following command to kill Firefox on my Red Hat Linux box: [subhrcho@slc04lyo ~]$ pkill -9 -f firefox [subhrcho@slc04lyo ~]$ However, when I try to invoke Firefox through ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

How does the set-user-ID mechanism work in Unix?

Can someone please explain the set-user-ID mechanism in Unix ? What was the rationale behind this design decision? How is it different from effective user id mechanism ?
2
votes
1answer
3k views

A more readable ps

Are there any tools that improve the readability of ps in the same spirit as ack for grep? This would be especially on OS X where ps does not even have options such as --sort user. So far the nicest ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

list processes belonging to a network namespace

I am on Ubuntu 12.04, and the ip utility does not have ip netns identify <pid> option, I tried installing new iproute, but still, the option identify doesn't seem to be working!. If I were to ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

replace `while` with more suitable function so looping would wait for each process to end

I have a bash script that look out for files recursively under multi-sub folders, then use ffmpeg to each file. at debug, it works great if i use echo ffmpeg but the thing is, at real work where it ...
2
votes
1answer
288 views

Why can't I kill this process?

Problem I would like to kill a process called raspivid (program which records videos using a Raspberry Pi Camera) but I cannot... This is how I call it: #!/bin/bash #Start recording... raspivid -w ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Obtain user and kernel time of a running process?

Is there way to determine using standard Linux/Unix tools how much a process has spent in User mode and how much waiting for kernel? In other words, exactly the "user" and "sys" values that you get ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

determine what service is running a script

I share a dev server with some colleagues, it's a Ubuntu server and we have several scripts there, so basically the usual way we run a process is using a screen session. My problem is that when I do ...
2
votes
2answers
101 views

Limiting number of processes by name

is it possible to limit number of processes for a given group or user using the process name? Eg. I'd like to groups remotes have only 5 simultaneous ssh processes that are run on my server. I don't ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

a handy tool to measure memory consumption of a program [duplicate]

I develop a C code on Debian. I am looking for a program to monitor memory consumption of my code in real-time. The only value I care is the maximum RAM consumption, it should hold the value even if ...
2
votes
2answers
13k views

Zombie process cannot be removed or killed [duplicate]

I have a zombie process that refuses to be removed, have tried killall -9 1913 and pkill with no effect. Any help would be very much appreciated.Running Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS. Thank you. ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

what is the structure of a linux process? [closed]

what is the structure of a linux process? In linux there are processes executed on a address and which use system resources. Can anyone tell me the structure of a process and which parameter ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Find the PID of top CPU/MEM usage, save to a shell variable

Is there any way to get the PID of the top CPU/MEM usage, I need to use that in a script, top command doesn't seem to work for it.
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Quick and dirty way to run a process more than once

I am looking for very simple bash script that would allow me to launch a process a few times. What's essential to me is that after the processes terminate, everything will clean up automatically. ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What is meant with terminating a process normally?

In an examination it is stated: Give 2 different ways that a process can terminate normally. Describe the differences. What is meant with terminate normally?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Killing a running process in an Ubuntu machine remotely from a windows machine which is in LAN

Is it possible to kill a process running in an Ubuntu machine from a Windows (XP) machine remotely connected via LAN? I can kill the process in a windows machine from a remote windows machine (in ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How to kill a task that cannot be killed (uninterruptable?)

I have a task running that blocks pm-hibernate (on Linux 4.0.7-2). When I try pm-hibernate there is an error message "Freezing of tasks failed after 20.002 seconds (1 tasks refusing to freeze, ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

How do I kill a process after detaching it from bash?

I have multiple scripts that detach a process from bash using nohup and &>/dev/null &. My question is, how do I kill the process after completely detaching it from bash. using killall or ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

How to suspend a process for a certain period of time?

I have several running processes which is started by a shell, but I don't want them to run during 08:00am - 20:00pm for each day because they are really bandwidth-consuming, so , I have to suspend ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

(In)significance of [… ] and tty root processes

A colleague of mine assigned me to perform a root-cause analysis of an enterprise security server sometime ago. We knew the problem resided in one of the processes run by root but did not know which ...
2
votes
3answers
265 views

how to run the dialog command with proccess

Please look on my code – ( bash script ) I want to display both dialogs on the screen on the same time, one dialog display the: tail –f from - /var/log/proccess1.log , and the second dialog ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to change the kernel max PID number? [duplicate]

The default PID max number is 32768. To get this information type: cat /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max 32768 or sysctl kernel.pid_max kernel.pid_max = 32768 Now, I want to change this number... but I ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to configure the process open file limit of a user?

The default open file limit per process is 1024 on - say - Linux. For certain daemons this is not enough. Thus, the question: How to change the open file limit for a specific user?
2
votes
1answer
161 views

“Kill the biggest process” button

This laptop has an SSD and therefore I decided to omit the swap. This works well in most cases, but sometimes the RAM gets a bit short and the computer gets really sluggish and tends to freeze up. Is ...
2
votes
2answers
979 views

How can a normal user trigger a root cron task to execute immediately, without delay?

I have a root cron task that runs every day. But I want to allow normal users to request that it run immediately, if they so wish. It is a harmless process and it can run as often as needed and these ...
2
votes
1answer
442 views

Which system calls could create a new process?

When executing ps command in my Linux system i see some user processes twice (different PID...). I wonder if they are new processes or threads of the same process. I know some functions in standard C ...
2
votes
2answers
219 views

Detecting kernel thread on pre-3.0 kernels

Looking at the proc man page (http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man5/proc.5.html) it is possible to detect which processes are kernel threads in /proc/<pid>/stat by looking at the flags value ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

“ps” command doesn't return to prompt

I have this linux box that I need to maintain periodically. To do that, I issue a ps command programmatically and check the running processes. But as shown in the screenshot, sometimes, the ps ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

what happens when a window manager is put to background

I am trying to understand the situation why .xsession file expects the last process to be in foreground otherwise it is supposed to stop X11 session. I have a small stand-alone script. when I run ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

vim not shown in fuser

First use Vim to edit a file, say /tmp/A. Assuming that vim process is the only one that accesses /tmp/A, then use "ctrl+z" to suspend the process, and execute fuser /tmp/A Then you see nothing ...
2
votes
4answers
164 views

How to find out what is this process for?

I have this 'java' process running for 3 hours ( I guess ). I didn't see it before and I wonder how could I find out where it's coming from? Here is a screenshot: EDIT: ok I figured it out, it's ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

How to constrain the resources an application can use on a linux web server

This is the situation: I have a PHP/MySQL web application that does some PDF processing and thumbnail creation. This is done by using some 3rd party command line software on the server. Both kinds of ...
2
votes
1answer
748 views

Using `pidof` with `sh -c`

I was wondering why this command line does not print pidof sh: $ sh -c "var=`pidof sh` ; echo \$var; ps -H" This one prints 123 as expected $ sh -c "var=123 ; echo \$var; ps -H" I am on Ubuntu ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

stop parallel processing for a cron triggered process

I have configured my webservers cron jobs to trigger some php script, every 15min, but sometimes the script takes morethan 15 min to complete execution, by the time another process of the same script ...
2
votes
2answers
930 views

Questions on Linux kernel internals [closed]

I was reading "Linux device drivers, 3rd edition" and faced a few kernel items I don't quite understand. Hope gurus on this forum will help me out. Does the Linux kernel internally operate with ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Using ps and watch to observe parent and child process

I got a parent and a child process running, I know their IDs. How do I utilize 'ps' and 'watch' to filter them out, so that I can see their used CPU times? I tried 'watch ps -u USERNAME', but as you ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Orphan process's parent id is not 1 when parent process executed from GNOME Terminal

I start a new process from GNOME Terminal and then this process fork a child. But when I killed the parent process the orphaned process's parent id became something other than 1 which represent init ...
2
votes
3answers
353 views

How can I determine if a process is a system process?

I'm reading the /proc directory (or pseudo-fs) to find all processes. I'm getting the information I need from /proc/[pid]/status but there's something else I need. Is there any way to figure out which ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

Bash update list of running jobs with ps

I need to run in parallel a set of computationally intensive tasks. What I was trying to do is to maintain a list of pids corresponding to the running jobs and update the list of running jobs with ps ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Find out to which directory a process is writing?

This question is NOT a duplicate of this question Find out current working directory of a running process?, because the writing directory can be different from the working directory. For example, I ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

How can I make a for loop starting a lot of processes?

I want to test some bug, and to do that I need to have a situation where the PID is larger than 99999. I am thinking of a bash script, a for loop. Any ideas?
2
votes
1answer
49 views

w command for the other network hosts

While the who command refers to the local machine, rwho shows the same informations about all the known hosts of the local network. Similarly, w shows informations about the users on the local ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

find out the memory allocated for a particular process in ubuntu

Could anyone please tell me how to find out the memory allocated for a particular process in ubuntu?
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Process IDs range

On GNU/Linux system I seen only positive PIDs, but when kernel panic occured I seen info about process with PID=0. What's it? On Minix 3 I seen processes with negative PIDs. Minix is POSIX-compatible ...
2
votes
1answer
934 views

Where is PCB on linux

A PCB is a process control block , this is its definition on Wikipedia Process Control Block (PCB, also called Task Controlling Block,[1] Task Struct, or Switchframe) is a data structure in ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

The current path of a process

Suppose I write a program, which outputs a file under a relative path (as opposed to a full/absolute path) - let's say, the current path. Then I compile it and store the executable under some dir ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Does this dispatcher produce zombie process?

I have such a dispatcher shell script. while read line do java TestProg $line & done < $tasklist On the zombie process Wikipedia page, it says if a parent fails to call wait, the ...