procfs (or the proc filesystem) is a special filesystem in UNIX-like operating systems that presents information about processes and other system information in a hierarchical file-like structure

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Kernel /proc ipv6 settings precedence

I'm about to connect our network to the IPv6 Internet and need to control the kernel ipv6 settings found under /proc. I know there are configurations for each interface, for all interfaces, and the ...
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Does “syslogd” cause “cat /proc/kmsg” not to work properly?

I'm using cat /proc/kmsg to determine which process and file was involved in certain disc writes. I'm using the method given in this answer. But when I use cat /proc/kmsg, the output doesn't always ...
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775 views

When do jiffies increment? How a process runs in a jiffy?

I know that jiffies length is selected at kernel compile time and it is defaulted to 250 (4ms). Source: man 7 time - The Software Clock, HZ, and Jiffies I wonder what happens inside a jiffy. What are ...
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309 views

Plotting the sleep/wait chain of a process

I often want to know why a process in the middle of a pipeline is sleeping and not busy processing data. My current method is: find the pid of interest sudo strace -pt pid to get the blocking ...
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775 views

How can I test whether a block device is read-only from /sys or /proc?

On a CentOS6 system I have /dev/block/sr0 (read only) and /dev/block/sda (read/write). How can I find out programmatically which devices are read-only? There is a ro file in there, but it's '0' for ...
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886 views

Timer interrupts count in `/proc/interrupts` is updated very slowly and is very small

There is the result of cat /proc/interrupts|grep timer on my Ubuntu 11.04 machine: 0: 63 0 0 0 IO-APIC-edge timer LOC: 59 44 27 ...
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92 views

Is there a way to show all flags in /proc/mounts?

Some filesystem flags seem to be hidden in /proc/mounts, depending on whether they are defined as defaults. Is there a way to show all flags in /proc/mounts, also including the default ones? And if ...
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75 views

How to get environmental variables of a very short process?

I have a very short process for which i want to check the environmental variables for debugging purposes. The process is instant from a human perspective. The example illustrates it better. Example ...
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561 views

Is it possible to tell df to use /proc/mounts instead of /etc/mtab?

Installing gentoo in chroot I found that commands like mount and df doesn't work: they try to read file /etc/mtab (which of course is empty). Can I (for future use) setup or even recompile them so, ...
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418 views

No /proc in a Busybox-based embedded Linux distribution

I am making an embedded Linux distribution and my board is a Raspberry Pi. My kernel version is 3.2.27 without initramfs and my root file system as follows: /lib /* contains ...
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297 views

System IDLE Time > System Uptime?

I was testing out the linux api while working on something but got stuck on the following output. [Abhii@localhost net]$ cat /proc/uptime 39135.53 149657.73 As per specs the first number should be ...
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503 views

Is there a utility that interprets /proc/interrupts data in time?

is there something out there ? Like top is for ps
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where does lspci gather its information from?

In kernel.org's documentation on proc I found "[The latest version of this document is available online". There I says: "… lspci is a synonym for cat /proc/pci". Which isn't the ...
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823 views

File delete versus overwrite and link at /proc/pid/fd

It is well known that UNIX systems won't actually delete a file on disk while the file is in use. So if a file is being accessed by process 1 and process 2 deletes the file using rm, process 1 ...
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Detecting Kernal Thread on Older Kernel Version

Looking at the proc man page (http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man5/proc.5.html) it is possible to detect which processes are kernel threads in /proc/<pid>/stat by looking at the flags value ...
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486 views

Is there a way to identify which process turns into Zombie process

One of the ubuntu server has 82 zombie processes. All processes shows '[sh] defunct' as process command. Is there a way to find out which process is becoming a zombie process? I tried checking the ...
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parsing process ID/names from /proc, thread IDs

When I'm parsing process IDs from /proc, obviously each thread of a process gets its own ID. And I realize that all the threads in that same process can be gathered from /proc/${pid}/task/. But my ...
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73 views

How to find out easily whether a block device (or a part of it) is mounted somehow

I want to know what the easiest way is to determine (without root privilege) whether a block device (say sdb) or any part of it is mounted (and which part of it). Checking /proc/mounts for sdb is not ...
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549 views

Chroot Risks w/ /dev and /proc

I am planning to set up a few chroot jails for some users to run/test Java applications (lets just assume each application is untrusted). Is there any risk involved with mounting /dev and /proc into ...
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57 views

What is the Inverse of Idle in /proc/stat?

/proc/stat/ includes the following fields: "user", "nice", "system", "idle", "iowait", "irq", "softirq", "guest", "guest_nice", Which subset of those fields + idle accounts for 100% CPU? Is there ...
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2answers
217 views

Busybox ash script does not exit cleanly after executing cat; unable to get exit code

Consider the following script wrapcat.sh (a wrapper for cat) for illustrative purposes. It is run with busybox (ash) in an embedded Linux 2.6 box. #!/bin/sh cat $1 Under certain circumstances, this ...
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247 views

What is the connection between jiffies and IPS? How to convert jiffies to IPS?

Reading from /proc/PID/stat a lot of information can be processed. I would like to see how many percentages has been used of CPU power by this process. There are a lot of variable around here (utime, ...
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196 views

Accounting for /proc/net/dev reported traffic

I noticed that according to /proc/net/dev I am constantly receiving around 6Kb/s on my wireless usb interface. But I can't account for anything even close to that with the individual connections that ...
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42 views

/proc/self/maps - 3rd mapped piece of file?

I'm running Arch linux on my laptop, which is kernel 3.12.9 right now. Something has changed about the way the kernel maps in a dynamically-linked executable and I can't figure it out. Here's the ...
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477 views

/proc/cpuinfo showing zero cpu clock speed

I saw an interesting issue where the cpuinfo file from /proc filesystem shows the cpu clock speed as zero. It is a physical host with no virtualization. Can someone explain to me some probable reasons ...
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265 views

files in /proc/$PID (e.g. ssh-agent, Chrome) are not owned by user but by root

I am just answering another question here :-) and thus had a look – wanted to have a look at /proc/$PID/fd of ssh-agent in order to find out which socket it uses. But I can't. I am quite surprised to ...
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289 views

iotop but for particular disk?

Is there a tool like iotop but for monitoring IO on specific volumes? (Or perhaps I missed a way to filter iotop?) If not is there any way to get at this information via (say)/proc? (dstat etc. ...
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134 views

/proc/net/wireless does not show values unless run as root

cat /proc/net/wireless does not show statistics for wireless devices unless it is run as root, even though the permissions on the file are 444. The same seems to apply when accessing statistics via ...
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92 views

“ps” output and comments

I'm pretty sure you cant do this but maybe someone has some weird hack... Is there a way to get comments (#blahblah) to show up in ps output? My problem is that i have a script, lets call it ...
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467 views

How can I disable /proc pseudo-filesystem on a shared Linux environment?

Is it possible to disable the /proc pseudo-filesystem to prevent w, ps, top, etc, from showing what other users are doing? Of course, I still want "everything else" to work correctly. Is there a ...
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263 views

Making Bootable USB, problems copying /proc

I'm creating a bootable usb as a cloned partition and am running into problems copying /proc to the usb. I know /proc contains a lot of virtual files, but I'm not sure how to copy them over. It seems ...
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how to determine the max user process value?

Which value is correct?(or they are all correct, but which one will take effect?) $ cat /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max 32768 $ ulimit -a |grep processes max user processes (-u) 77301 $ cat ...
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389 views

How to clone a read-only portion of /proc file system

The problem with reading /proc file system is that it is not atomic. I tried using a library (procfs in Python) that wishes to read it, but it has glitches about 5% of the time because the process ...
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112 views

Looking for /procfs documentation, describing values and units of measurement

Surprisingly, comprehensive documentation for /procfs is hard to find. For my specific question, I am looking at: cat /proc/1/statm (let's use pid=1 because it seems to be always there). I just ran ...
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340 views

vmstat on virtual machine and large values

Hi I'm using vmstat to track machine performance during some tests (jmeter). This is virtual machine running on a big machine where lots of other virtual machines are installed (about 20 virtual ...
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911 views

Is there a faster interface for info from /proc/net/tcp?

Given a linux TCP socket's inode (obtained via /proc/<pid>/fd), is there a faster way to look up the information that I can get from /proc/net/tcp about this socket? I have written a ...
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87 views

processor(s) statistics that is one day old

I already know how to use grep -w cpu /proc/stat in order to get the cpu stats and identify the user mode. Percentage wise, I just divide it my the total time from the /proc/uptime. However, how can ...
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132 views

Ubuntu: /proc/pid/comm file missing

On my development box, under /proc/[pid]/ there is a file called comm containing the name of the executable for that process. I use this to validate the process to which I am sending a signal. On our ...
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195 views

Do kernel counters for jiffies in state exist in Linux?

I am looking to get time/jiffie stats on the state of a daemon process. The states I'm referring to are mentioned in the Linux Kernel Proc Filesystem document. Running, Sleeping, uninterruptible ...
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237 views

About sector and blocks, and a little confusion in /proc/diskstats

I've been studying about diskstats lately, and I get that the amount of hdd read comes in sectors. But in most places I've noticed that there exists a slight misunderstanding about sectors and blocks. ...
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1answer
62 views

Do VmPeak & VmHWM have any measurement periods?

While reading kernel documentation I came across VmPeak & VmHWM, and it's a bit unclear to me. VmPeak in /proc/<pid>/status is described to be peak virtual memory size. Peak for what ...
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63 views

Value of /proc/sys/kernel/hostname

I've set computer hostname in /etc/hostname a while ago (also there are record in /etc/hosts). Everything worked fine, but recently I've noticed that value of hostname (and /proc/sys/kernel/hostname) ...
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406 views

Modify 'Soft Limit' of 'Max processes'

I tried ulimit -u 2000 and ulimit -Su 2000 to modify the 'Max processes', and started up my program, but failed. I found file '/proc/pid/limit' is still: Max processes 1024 ...
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70 views

Viewing shared segments created by shmget

I'm trying to "visualize" shared memory between two processes. I've created a little server-client example where the client writes some data to a shared memory location and the server reads from it. ...
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109 views

Determine how much a process is using each disk?

How do I tell how much load a particular process is contributing to each of several available volumes/mounts? It seems that dstat only shows aggregate stats across all processes per disk, and iotop ...
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how long use of linux? [duplicate]

/proc/uptime shows how long the system has been running since the last time I turned it on. Is there a way to determine the total amount of time the system has ever been on since I first installed it? ...
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218 views

Process VSS and Size: entry in /proc/pid/smaps

I was wondering why the sum of all 'Size:' entries in /proc/pid/smaps does not equal the process VSS as reported by top, ps, /proc/pid/status VmSize, /proc/pid/statm 1st entry? Any clues?
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Rogue Java process brings my computer to a halt

In reference to my earlier post: Is there a log of past threads that are now closed? I gave the process a kill -STOP signal and started examining the details. I can't seem to figure out why it is ...
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How to get total disk read/write in bytes per hdd device from /proc

How to get total disk read/write in bytes per hdd device? for example if i have sda, sdb, and sdc, is there any file on /proc that i could use similar to /proc/net/dev for networking?
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root permission denied on /proc/1/exe

I just performed a fresh ubuntu install and i am seeing the following in lsof: userA@az1:~$ lsof COMMAND PID TID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME init 1 ...