procfs (or the proc filesystem) is a special filesystem in UNIX-like operating systems that presents information about processes and other system information in a hierarchical file-like structure

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What's the meaning of the letter 's' in file name “/proc/$$/smaps”?

I know /proc/$$/maps means sections in a process' virtual address space. However, I cannot guess the meaning of the letter s in file name /proc/$$/smaps. Any explanations?
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Owner can't read /proc/$pid/io

On CentOS 7, I am trying to debug an issue where the nginx amplify agent cannot read /proc/$pid/io even though it is owned by the proper user. One of the nginx worker processes right now is pid 5693: ...
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How should I check whether a given PID is running?

I'm writing a Perl script that parses logfiles to collect PIDs and then checks whether that PID is running. I am trying to think of the best way to make that check. Obviously, I could do something ...
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24 views

How to tell if a block device needs cache flushes

I want to know if a particular block device claims to requires cache flushes. From the xfs faq (emphasis mine): Q. Should barriers be enabled with storage which has a persistent write cache? ...
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Why is ulimit -u higher than /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max?

On my system ulimit -u reports 63172 and /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max reports 32768. Why is it that the value for ulimit -u is higher than the kernel's value? From my understanding, ulimit -u shows the ...
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Does the format or columns of /proc/dev/net change often?

I'm writing a script to scrape some data from this. I'm wondering if this file changes often or is different between distros.
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Why does reading /proc/net/tcp take a long time ss is quick to return the same sort of data about the connections table?

On Linux 2.6.32, if you read (for example, cat) /proc/net/tcp, on a very loaded system (for example, a web server), you will find that reading 100K entries takes over 30 seconds. That's a long time. ...
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When does a new system call get added to Linux?

When exposing kernel functionality, there are several alternatives for kernel developers. They can either create a new system call or expose the functionality through /sys, or /proc entries. Is ...
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Incorrect permissions on special files

I've noticed a lot of special files on Linux have what appears to be incorrect permissions: E.g.: $ ls -l /dev/fuse crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 10, 229 May 29 09:59 /dev/fuse appears writable but in ...
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Strange PFN read from pagemap

I m trying to find the physical page to which a range of virtual addresses are mapped in a piece of C code that I ve written. I m using the /proc/self/pagemap to read the mapping. I ve used the code ...
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sar command vs /proc/stat for cpu usage

I have been using /proc/stat for calculating the cpu usage. Recently I have been going through sar command for calculating cpu usage. And what I found was that their values were not related (I was ...
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Getting the original command invocation from /proc/self

I'm trying to run some startup code in all procesess via the dynamic linker. The code should do stuff based on the zeroth argument of the process. I'm getting the arguments from /proc/self/cmdline (...
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38 views

How to obtain counters for swap-in/swap-out on Linux?

I'm trying to obtain counters for swap-in/swap-out activity on CentOS 6. The intention is to feed raw data into RRDtool to generate graphs, and use it to generate alerts. I've had a look at common ...
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40 views

How to manipulate a file descriptor in another process? [duplicate]

Is there any way to manipulate (read, write, etc..) a file descriptor for any app which can be found in the path /proc/{pid}/fd? Especially for sockets. $ ll /proc/4229/fd total 0 lrwx------. 1 ...
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How to find the pci slot of an usb controller in Linux?

I have a nearly common Linux machine here. So, it has a PCI (*-X, etc) bus, on that some USB controllers, and I have USB devices on these USB controllers. Similar to this: $ lspci|grep USB 00:12.0 ...
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Why some shells `read` builtin fail to read the whole line from file in `/proc`?

In some Bourne-like shells, the read builtin can not read the whole line from file in /proc (the command below should be run in zsh, replace $=shell with $shell with other shells): $ for shell in ...
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Is sysfs a strict subset of procfs? [duplicate]

Is the information that the Linux kernel provides to the user via sysfs a strict subset of the information that the Linux kernel provides to the user via procfs? If not, then which information is ...
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why do I find (under /proc/pid//fd) sockets with broken symlinks

I don't think they're closed, because I would expect that after a close() the fd would disappear, but I see a bunch of lingering fd -> socket[xxxxx] entries with broken symlinks which don't seem to be ...
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How does Linux decide the /proc/PID/stat “name” of a process?

Currently my machine has 5 processes running scripts through python, but Linux thinks only 2 of them have the name python (according to /proc/$pid/stat). That is, pgrep -af python shows: 1784 /usr/...
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53 views

Duration of /proc/pid/stat

I have a process that starts a child process and when the child exits, scans /proc/<pid>/stat to gather some information about the CPU and memory the child used. However I am worried that I am ...
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How to get the path of a current running script file?

Knowing that program's PID, I want to list out the executable file of a running program. For binary programs, I can read /proc/$pid/exe, which is a symlink to the executable. However for scripting ...
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55 views

Get the process start time irrespective of NTP updates

I'm trying to record the start time of a process kicked off by an @reboot cronjob. I'm using ps -p $$ -o ltime= presently, but I've run into a catch. My machine (a Raspberry Pi) connects to the ...
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OOM Killer: Processes have a score of over a 1000

All top links when Googling for OOM score seem to indicate that the values must be between -1000 and 1000. I tried to verify that with a simple cat /proc/*/oom_score | sort -n | less and I ...
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Get Linux architecture from /proc filesystem

I'm writing a program in Java and I need to determine the architecture for which Linux was compiled. I need something like uname -m, but without running any program, but instead from the /proc pseduo-...
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du access failures

I ran du on a particular machine and two instances of failure: Since I ran as superuser I do understand how I can get denied. Second problem was with the proc tree: I kind of get the gist of why ...
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How can I check read permission of /proc/*/* files?

Files in /proc/ seem to be world-readable, but return permission denied: $ ls -lh /proc/5589/smaps -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Mar 18 13:11 /proc/5589/smaps $ cat /proc/5589/smaps cat: /proc/5589/...
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Can I add to /proc/self?

I want to create a number of named memory regions in my program, and mmap them somewhere so that other processes can read them. I can't guarantee that only one instance of my program will run at a ...
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64 views

Why doesn't INotify work with `/etc/mtab` or `/proc/mounts`? [duplicate]

When I used INotify with /etc/mtab or /proc/mounts, it doesn't detect changes when things mount or unmount, even though /etc/mtab and /proc/mounts both have changed when I check manually. Why is this, ...
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43 views

Can I set my core file location without being root?

It seems strange that I need to be root in order to say "place cores in my current directory" (via cat whatever /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern). Isn't there any user-specific override for this?
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Awk run time error: not enough arguments passed

Here is the script: TYPE="${BLOCK_INSTANCE:-mem}" awk -v type=$TYPE ' /^MemTotal:/ { mem_total=$2 } /^MemFree:/ { mem_free=$2 } /^Buffers:/ { mem_free+=$2 } /^Cached:/ { mem_free+=$2 ...
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Why would the size of /proc/stat show as zero? [duplicate]

ls -rlth /proc/stat -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Feb 21 04:25 /proc/stat Although if we cat it, its got enough contents. Any help regarding this virtual FS will be helpful.
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Meaning and usage of /proc/[pid]/make-if-fail

I am currently developing inside an embedded Linux environment (kernel 3.10.0), and while goofing around in the procfs mount of the system I found that all processes present the following file in ...
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56 views

Linux Unix /proc Rename

How can I rename /proc to something else forcefully? mv /proc /0 gives mv: cannot move ‘/proc’ to ‘/0’: Device or resource busy
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How to find out the reason why ssh processes are hanging?

When I run command like iostat -dkx 2 2 via ssh, I get the expected result, but the processes on the local computer are saying alive in status "interruptible sleep". Why is this happening? Is there a ...
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92 views

Convert meminfo kB to bytes [duplicate]

To convert the readings in /proc/meminfo from "kB" to bytes, should I multiply by 1024, or 1000?
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85 views

Encoding of /proc/<pid>/cmdline files

I am thinking about working with the /proc/<pid>/cmdline files, but I couldn't find any documentation about the file encoding. The only piece of information I could find is located in the man ...
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313 views

Is there any way to hide kernel threads from ps command results?

When I type ps -ef , there are lots of special kernel thread processes showing. I am not interested in kernel threads; I am only interested in user process/thread. Is there a way that I can hide the ...
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Recover from faking /proc/meminfo

So, without really thinking too much, I ran this script: #!/bin/bash SWAP="${1:-512}" NEW="$[SWAP*1024]"; TEMP="${NEW//?/ }"; OLD="${TEMP:1}0" sed "/^Swap\(Total\|Free\):/s,$OLD,$NEW," /proc/meminfo &...
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This name appears in multiple /proc/interrupts

The name of the interrupt appears as follows: Multiple.. (85:exynos4210-uart) root@test:~# cat /proc/interrupts CPU0 CPU1 CPU2 CPU3 28: 3543629726 1086578047 3268216812 ...
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How can I wake a process from sleep status via signal or /proc?

Many years ago I had an issue with Linux where processes would randomly go to sleep. Back then, I knew a trick with the /proc filesystem to trigger a wakeup of the process. I vaguely remember being ...
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fsync () get the impact of road /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches?

I have been testing the service life of TLC(1000write) SD card (4GB). SD card has been formatted with a fat partition. I am a write (), fsync () on a file of 10M SD card repeatedly. 1st (10M): ...
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cannot read key “net.ipv6.conf.all.stable_secret” in sysctl?

I am running kernel version as followings on an Arch Linux computer: [root@router ~ ]$ uname -a Linux router 4.2.5-1-ARCH #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 27 08:13:28 CET 2015 and I noticed that every time ...
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How is the data in /proc/* gathered, and how reliable is it? [duplicate]

Recently I've been working with a cluster monitoring tool (ganglia) which aggregates system metrics from /proc/* on each machine. How is the data in /proc/* gathered? Who writes the data there? How ...
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434 views

What is the BOOT_IMAGE parameter in /proc/cmdline

I'm currently reading the book How Linux Works and in chapter 5 it talks about Linux parameters. Curious I started to see what were the parameters passed to my installed kernel when it boots up and ...
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(standard_in) illegal character when looping through a for loop

I'm trying to get statistics related to processes and general system information. If I do it without looping it runs fine, but if I put it within a loop it just gives me a chained error of illegal ...
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Does SSH access trigger keyboard interrupts?

So, I've been studying the basics for my LPIC-1, and I have a question about /proc/interrupts When consoled into a server, I can see key logging occurring (cat /proc/interrupts | grep i8042 count for ...
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Why number of dirty pages is always 0 on 2.6?

In /usr/src/linux/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt i've found the string: Table 1-3: Contents of the statm files (as of 2.6.8-rc3) .....................................................................
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138 views

Why is the size of “/proc/kcore” file so bigger than the physical memory size?

From proc manual: /proc/kcore This file represents the physical memory of the system and is stored in the ELF core file format. With this pseudo-file, and an unstripped kernel (/usr/src/...
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Best way to programatically detect the current host (by hardware features)

I have a hard drive with a Linux installation on it that I like to boot from different physical computers. My question is whether it's possible to programmatically detect which computer the drive is ...
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There is no /proc/bus/usb directory

I'm running a centos VM on ESXi. Does the /proc/bus/usb directory not show up until a USB device is connected? I just added a USB controller to the VM (it previously had non) and ran lsusb: $ ...