Permissions are the unix way of controlling access to resources such as files, directories and devices and may be specified for an owner, group, or all users.

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UMASK privacy- how can I make user files private to the users

I have a debian virtual machine set up and thought of something in regards to UMASK. First I would like to ask if the function of UMASK is to set CHMOD values on any file created by a user. Secondly, ...
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1answer
127 views

How to allow users to copy files with different user and group?

Good Day, There is a linux user and group called "developers" (has no sudo access) with home folder in "/home/developers". There is nginx running on the same server, there is a web folder for a ...
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125 views

Why is my pip-installed Python script not executable for everyone?

In my Vagrant instance: vagrant@archlinux:~$ sudo pip2 install vcard Downloading/unpacking vcard Downloading vcard-0.9.tar.gz Running setup.py (path:/tmp/pip_build_root/vcard/setup.py) egg_info ...
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2k views

chmod: cannot access 'file' : No such file or directory error when the file exists

I downloaded and saved 2 files on Linux tails live os. I have set the appropriate permissions on those 2 files to allow them as executable. This is the command I used. sudo chmod 777 ...
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1answer
61 views

How do I search for every file with executable permission (+x) in my system? [duplicate]

I need to find every single file that has executable permissions in my system, i think they end with x@. I tried to ls every file and then grepping the output to match files with x@. Like this: ls ...
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1answer
80 views

Delete a directory under Cryptkeeper without access to its account

I have a computer with read-write permissions for one of it is directories. I lost the password that can help me to log in to that directory. How can I delete this folder. I am using the following ...
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4answers
775 views

Forcing owner on created files and folders

I have a directory that contains data shared between a number of users. Access to this directory and anything underneath, will be controlled by the directory's group, which will be added to the users ...
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2answers
162 views

Automatically set group and permissions on files in a folder? [duplicate]

When I create new files and folders in a specific folder, I would like them to inherit the group and permissions of the parent folder. Is this possible ? For example mkdir -p example.com/public cd ...
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216 views

Permission denied when run script via ssh

I wrote script which download via scp and install some packages. SSH keys are added to host and when I run [root@HostB ~]# ./myscript everything is ok and packages are downloaded via scp without ...
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1k views

What is the difference between 'ls' and 'ls -l' when I don't have execute permission on that directory?

I created a directory called folder and took away execute permission. $ mkdir folder $ touch folder/innerFile $ mkdir folder/innerFolder $ chmod -x folder Now if I do $ ls folder it outputs a ...
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72 views

rsync doesn't preserve directory ownership even with -a

I use this rsync invocation to backup my home directory: rsync -aARrx --info= --force --delete --info=progress2 -F "$USER_HOME" "$BACKUP_MNTPOINT" rsync man page says that -a implies -g and -o ...
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37 views

facl ignoring the “x” permission but only on files

When I use setfacl to manage on what permissions should the children files / directories have, for some reason the files have all the permissions except the execute ("x") one. ...
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76 views

Installing packages on multiple Centos machines

I have to install standard package like java 1.7 in 40 of my lab machines which are connected over a LAN. I know I can simply write a shell script to install something in user space of each system, ...
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1answer
27 views

Grant rights to create / manage users

Is there a way I can grant a user or a group the permission to add/edit other users without the ability to alter anything else on the system? The idea is to give helpdesk agents the ability to grant ...
2
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1answer
112 views

How do I mount a Windows folder on Linux (with Samba) and see the correct permissions?

I have a Windows 7 box and a Linux machine. I can correctly access the files on the Windows machine from the Linux machine. however, when I look at the permissions from Linux and from Cygwin on my ...
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1answer
130 views

In a Virtualbox VM how do I set the filesystem permissions?

I have a virtualbox VM with arch Linux running on my windows PC (which I unfortunately have to use for work). I use this to work on my windows PC with a Linux environment as an alternative to Cygwin. ...
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1answer
88 views

Single user for sharing vs. multiple users

In my lab, a group of people work each at one workstation, and they share a number of drives over NFS. They run shared software residing in one of those NFS drive and they run it on the NFS drives ...
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2answers
196 views

print the /etc/shadow file in the console

How do I change the permissions of an executable file to access the /etc/shadow file? So far I have the following bash script: #!/bin/bash gcc print.c -o print chmod +s print ./print exit 0 and ...
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128 views

How to set up the permissions using the CUPS backend?

I'm trying to write a script that takes command line parameters and parameter order, formats the output from CUPS server backend query, and configure the permissions and locations to install the ...
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1answer
175 views

Permissions for /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf

I'm just starting with my own Virtual Server (and Linux). I've an apache2 and a few wordpress sites. I need to send mails via PHP (contact forms). I managed to install ssmtp with the help of a few ...
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0answers
80 views

How to correct Linux file system permission?

I've recently install Elementary OS on my PC and i mistakenly installed a program named "mount management", apparently it changed my file-system permission or i guess it does (because i checked theme ...
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89 views

How to gain ownership of external HDD (and all files/folders) mounted to /mnt

I've plugged in a USB Hard Drive to my new Debian Jessie machine. I've got it to auto-mount by updating /etc/fstab: UUID=21AE-9B96 /mnt/local/ext001 vfat defaults 0 2 ...but it's owner is root and ...
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32 views

What permissions should each file under .ssh have?

What permissions should each file under .ssh have? I just experienced some glitch caused by .ssh/config not having 600. What permissions other files there should have?
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3answers
424 views

Why is dd not protected against writing on the active disk ?

I use dd a lot. I live in a contant fear of making a mistake one day, for example writing on sda (computer disk) instead of sdb (USB disk) and then erasing everything I have on my computer. I know dd ...
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1answer
55 views

Moving physical disk from local computer to network server

In my Debian GNU/Linux based workstation I have a big nice disk (3TB), apart from my ssd where the OS is installed. I recently got an intel nuci5 and set it up as a home server, together with my ...
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1answer
235 views

What has priority - owner/user vs group permission? [duplicate]

I have just run into the case in which the owner-group of a file has more permissions than the owner-user of a file. user1@pc:/tmp$ ls testfile -l ----rw---- 1 user1 user1 9 Okt 16 13:16 testfile ...
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354 views

Noip “Can't locate configuration file”, but the file is there

I installed Noip and ran the command which created the config file /usr/local/bin/noip2 -C and then I ran the run command /usr/local/bin/noip2 and it returned Can't locate configuration file ...
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22 views

Granting access permission to normal user to a logical volume of a volume group [duplicate]

When I need to run a program with direct disk access, like read/write from /dev/sdb, I simply add the user to 'disk' group. In this way we don't need to disclose the root account the the user. However ...
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67 views

Maildir permissions for courier

I'm having difficulty with maildir permissions for Courier, an IMAP server I've installed on a box running Debian Wheezy. The mail directory I use is /var/mail/users, with the following permissions: ...
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1answer
29 views

Arrange for files created in a directory to belong to the directory's group

How do I set permissions so that whoever creates any files or directories in /directory, the group owner should automatically be the same group owner of /directory? This is on RHEL.
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1answer
725 views

Grant FTP access to specific directory

I have setup CentOS on a box on my local network and installed httpd, PHP, Webmin (and UserMin) etc. I opted for ProFTPd and have opened up ports for FTP, Webmin and Apache. I can now access Webmin ...
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1answer
452 views

Is there a way to prevent git from changing permissions and ownership on pull?

Everytime I do git pull or git reset, git resets changes to permissions and ownership I made. See for yourself: #!/usr/bin/env bash rm -rf 1 2 mkdir 1 cd 1 git init echo 1 > 1 && git add ...
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333 views

Do I need to chmod 777 mounted volumes?

I have an openstack VM with the following users: [foo@influxdb ~]$ id root uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root) [foo@influxdb ~]$ id foo uid=500(foo) gid=500(foo) groups=500(foo),10(wheel) ...
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1answer
100 views

can't execute a command even i'm in the group and command is -rwx--x---

I'm in $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch directory and when I type opatch then I get the response as, -bash: opatch: command not found If I do ./opatch, then I get the response as, /bin/sh: ./opatch: ...
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3answers
36 views

Setting global browsable permissions for subdirectories (r-x) but making files inaccessible to everyone but the owner and group members

I typically have a directory where I want all users to be able to browse through but having files be unreadable and unexecutable. I see some related questions that do not exactly match what I want: ...
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397 views

Tomcat unable to create file in dir owned by same group

I have a server running Tomcat, and I need Tomcat to create a file in a particular folder. Tomcat (technically a Java app) runs as the user 'tomcat', as evidenced by top: #top 1251 tomcat 20 0 ...
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1answer
190 views

Shell script permission denied despite +x flag

This is an odd one, it only happens on one server (shared hosting, so I have limited access to configuration and logs), but I can't wrap my head around it. I have a shell script which runs some app's ...
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2answers
153 views

Why the S_ISUID and S_ISGID mode bits got cleared when the owner or group of an executable file are changed by an unprivileged user

I was reading the man page of chown. I don't understand why S_ISUID and S_ISGID mode should be cleared when the function returns successfully.
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57 views

id mapping of NFS does not work for all directories

I have an NFS server/client setup. On both server and client, the user me exists and has the same UID. If I mount the /home directory from the NFS server on the client, I see that nobody owns the ...
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3answers
978 views

What mechanism prevents any user from accessing any other user's files via root?

On a multi-user system, what protects against any user accessing any other users files via root? As context, the question is based on my understanding as follows: There are two commands related to ...
2
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1answer
83 views

How to let a user create a directory although not create a sub directory

I'm trying to create a Bash shell script that allows for the transfer of files from a flash device to a archive in which the user will specify. Although I'd like to restrict this user from not being ...
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1answer
343 views

Deluge permissions on a Synology NAS

I installed Deluge through this guide. I have a Synology DS212+. To summarize: I installed Debian chroot (from the SynoCommunity repository). Through that I installed the packages deluged (server ...
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2answers
773 views

How to non-invasively test for write access to a file?

In a shell script, how do I easily and non-invasively test for write access to a file without actually attempting to modify the file? I could parse the output of stat, but that seems really complex, ...
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3answers
228 views

Is there a Linux equivalent of the Windows super-administrator?

Windows has a super-administrator account that has not only elevated privileges to perform protected system functions, but unfettered access to anything on the computer, regardless of user ownership. ...
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1answer
89 views

www-data has access to my home directory files and folders

I've never noticed this before and I have no idea how this has happened but some files and directories in my home directory belong to the www-data group. Here is what I have. drwx------ 2 root ...
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48 views

Copying files to a directory shared via ACL doesn't get default mask

I'm trying to setup a simple shared directory on an ext4 filesystem for a group of users to work on. Let's say i just need to give all permissions to all users belonging to the group "workgroup" to ...
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44 views

Find files belonging to a group

Actually I want to find all the files and folders that are under the same group, for example I have this : [test] user1/sam a.txt user9/sam b.txt user4/sam I'm looking for a command ...
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82 views

How do I recursively apply default ACLs of a directory to its descendants?

If I have a directory with default ACL entries assigned to it, but some or all of its descendant files and sub-directories have access or default ACLs that do not agree with those defaults, how do I ...
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2answers
151 views

How to check if the “sudo” permission will be necessary to run a command?

Is there a way to determine easily whether I can read or write to/from a given file, or whether I will need to use "sudo" to do so? Running commands unnecessarily as sudo means that those files get ...
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2answers
171 views

what is the purpose of setuid enabled with no executable bit?

I am trying to understand permissions in detail. I was reading about setuid and it's uses. However, this particular case confuses me. I have made a small script and now I have set the suid bit for ...