Permissions are the unix way of controlling access to resources such as files, directories and devices and may be specified for an owner, group, or all users.

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Two users, full access to same folder

I have a laptop running Arch Linux, and an owncloud-client. I have an owncloud server on my local network. When outside of my local network, I must use a dyn dns URL to get to my server. When on the ...
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139 views

What permissions should I set for an executable I'm likely to share?

I'm writing a bash script that does a little house-cleaning for me (clearing the log files from any Rails projects in the current directory). I'm making it executable, and I'm not sure what best ...
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1answer
324 views

Limit access on external drive mounted and used by sftp

I've got a unix user "popolo" who is chrooted in /srv/ftp/ and I mount my two external drives by /etc/fstab in /srv/ftp so I have /srv/stp/dude and /srv/ftp/sweet. Popolo has access to those drives ...
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Why do I get “Permission Denied” errors even though I have group permission?

I'm trying to run a game called "Dofus", in Manjaro Linux. I've installed it with packer, that put it under /opt/ankama folder. This folder ownership (and for every file inside it) is root user, and ...
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1k views

How does ACL calculate the effective permissions on a file?

I ran the following command to give the wheel group rwx permissions on new files and subdirectories created: [belmin@server1]$ ls -la total 24 drwxr-sr-x+ 2 guards guards 4096 Aug 27 15:30 . drwxr-...
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147 views

Permissions to change only directory content and not itself

We have a directory and want to protect that from remove and rename, but we need to be able to rename, remove and create contents. What we can do?
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364 views

confuse about User:Group what is the best for /var/www, and Crontab user?

I'm new on linux server. I have 2 question that I'm confuse about this. 1 1. user:group now I chown my /var/www/html like this. my nginx.conf is set server{ user www-data } and in terminal I set ...
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1k views

How do I fill my password automatically from .bash_profile when running command as sudo?

I know I could just put something like sudo mypassword in my .bash_profile, but I don't want to run every command as root. I want password to autofill under following circumstances: only the ...
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222 views

Software like Iceweasel and LibreOffice wont run without root/sudo

I recently decrypted my home directory by making a backup of my home directory, deleting the directory, and then replacing it again with the backup (followed a guide). Ever since, I can no longer run ...
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3k views

Why setuid does not work on executable?

I know that enabling setuid on scripts has security issues and so is inactive by default, but expect that it works for executables. I created and executable which shows uid as an output following ...
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3answers
71 views

What is the system-level effect of file permissions? [closed]

I know that r means read permission, w means write permission, and x means execute permission in the output of ls -l, like -rwxr-xr-x. But My question is what is behavior difference on operation ...
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7k views

What does “execute” permission on a folder means? [duplicate]

I have read this topic, which gave me some info but I feel I am not fully getting it. What does the execute permission actually means on a folder? I fully understand what it means on a file, but on a ...
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1answer
1k views

monitor file permission changes

How can I figure out which process is changing the permissions of a file? on a Debian server, I have the problem that something is changing the permissions on /dev/null every day at 6:20 (since 3 ...
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2answers
299 views

Terminal is not opening in Linux after accidental permission overwrite [duplicate]

I am using Debian. I tried to give a permissions to /opt/folder by using chmod -R 0755 / filename Unfortunately it changed the permissions of a lot of folders in the root filesystem. So it leads ...
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1answer
4k views

startx cannot open /dev/fb0: Permission denied

When I try to start my WM using startx, I am unable to because the permission of something called /dev/fb0 are restricted. From home/user/.local/share/xorg/Xorg.0.log: [ 198.569] (--) controlling ...
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1answer
891 views

Permission denied when trying to run script as other user

I'm trying to run a script as another user that starts a piece of software (Etherpad), which is run like so (from root): su -c "/var/www/etherpad-lite/bin/run.sh" -s /bin/bash etherpad but I'm ...
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43 views

Make that only members of a group can access a specific disk

All members of group vip should be allowed to read,write,execute to a specific disk. Currently, only the logged in user is allowed to access such disk. What is the correct way to allow members of ...
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3k views

Deleted /tmp accidently

Accidently, I ran sudo rm -r /tmp, is that a problem ? I recreated it using sudo mkdir /tmp, does that fix the problem ? After I recreated the directory, In the places section in the sidebar in ...
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2answers
969 views

Preserve ownership with rsync and nonexistent user

I have two computers with the same user, me@Home and me@Work. I usually kept their folders synced by bringing Work home (it's a laptop) and rsyncing over LAN. However, now I'm not bringing Work home ...
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1answer
5k views

Move preserves ownership of source files not allowing writes

Kindly Consider: $ id # Me uid=100(user1) gid=200(group1) groups=200(group1) $ ls -l tnsnames.ora # So user1 has only read permission on below file. -rw-rw-r-- 1 oracle dba 411024 Jul 28 2010 ...
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2answers
823 views

Cannot delete File on Fedora

I have a file with following permission: -rwSr-s---. 1 1634630331 1818884080 118784 Jun 29 1970 DailyUpdateClass.class If I try to delete this file with root login, I get error. rm: cannot remove ‘...
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Logrotate no longer reads symlinked configuration file due to non-root ownership [closed]

We are currently upgrading from Ubuntu 12.04 LTS to 14.04 LTS on our ruby on rails application servers, and have noticed that the log files are no longer rotating. On both machines we have a file /...
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1answer
216 views

Why does `mkdir -pm` not set the permissions I asked for?

I created some directories with the command mkdir -pm 700 /tmp/a/b/c I was surprised to find that /tmp/a had permissions 775 rather than the 700, I had requested. Is there some reason for mkdir to ...
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1answer
496 views

What privileges are needed to delete a read-only btrfs subvolume?

I want to delegate non-root user to delete read-only subvolumes (snapshots). What exactly capabilities/rights I need to grant, so that he can remove his own read-only snapshots? I've already ...
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28k views

How to remount as read-write a specific mount of device?

How to remount as read-write a specific mount of device? (one folder) The file is "Read-only file system", rw-r-r, so it not allow to change permissions. I need to replace that file, then change ...
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424 views

Folder with ONLY write permission is useless… right?

Having worked with Linux for years, and finding myself with some free time, I decided to revisit some basics. So I re-read the stuff about permissions (without checking source code), and its special ...
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81 views

How would you assign read-only permissions to run ls -l /proc/{pid}/fd for processes you don't own

How would you assign read-only permissions to run ls -l /proc/{PID}/fd for PIDs (processes) you running as another user. Ideally, you wouldn't be able to do anything else and you would not have ...
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1answer
3k views

Why do I get “Permission denied” when redirecting the output of sudo echo “xyz” to a file? [duplicate]

Why do I get -bash: test: Permission denied when I run sudo echo "xyz" > test The directory permissions are: drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2014-08-05 16:26 I have no problem creating a ...
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1answer
379 views

How to set special folder permission on proFTPD?

On one of my servers, I have ProFTPD installed in Debian 7. I need special permission only for 2 specific folders. These are: append - user must be able to append data to an existing file rename - ...
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1answer
9k views

Force new permissions on files after rsync from seedbox

I have a seedbox-account which I use for torrenting. I have set up a cron job that uses rsync to download all files from the seedbox to my 14.04.1 ubuntu server. The download folder is a samba share, ...
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Cannot edit crontab as non root user

When I use the command crontab -e on my Debian server as a non root user (in this case as postgres), I can't edit it because of "/tmp/crontab.SJlY0Y/crontab" [Permission Denied] crontab -l on the ...
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1answer
1k views

how to make logstash read kannel log

I got logstash installed on ubuntu 12.04 using the apt repository. But logstash is not reading any document. In logstash log there are the following: {:timestamp=>"2014-08-01T22:06:09.722000+0000"...
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3k views

How do I delete a file in a read-only directory?

I've got a directory and a file in it, with the directory marked as read-only: $ mkdir directoryname $ touch directoryname/filename $ chmod a-w directoryname I cannot delete the file, even if pass ...
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1answer
2k views

What relationships do tie ACL mask and standard group permission on a file?

At first I create a file and check it's standard permissions and ACL entries: $ touch file; ls -l file; getfacl file -rw-r--r-- 1 user user 0 Jul 30 16:26 file # file: file # owner: user # group: ...
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1answer
985 views

How can I set device rw permissions permanently on Raspbian?

I'm using the Raspbian (a distribution made for Raspberry Pi, which is based on Debian). I have some scripts that use i2c. Normally only root has read and write permissions for i2c. I'm using this ...
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1k views

Debian file's permissions for secondary's group of user

I am installing a proftpd server on a debian dedicated server, In order to be able to update some website files in this folder : /var/www/website I have added a new user : my-ftp-user This user's ...
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1answer
26 views

A command showing if I have the right to perform writing?

I'm searching for a command which only says if the current user has r-rights (read) on the file passed as a parameter. This command could be something like haveIRights -x <file> and it has to ...
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4answers
3k views

How does the OS know that a command needs sudo?

When you run an executable, sometimes the OS will deny your permission to. For example running make install with the prefix being a system path will need sudo, while with the prefix being a non-...
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2answers
667 views

relation between chmod and sudo on an executable file

What is the relationship between chmod and sudo on an executable file for a user? Are the cases that "a user needs sudo to run an executable" the same as the cases that "chmod hasn't set the ...
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1k views

Should /usr owner be root?

After having installed the MySQL database on openSUSE I realized that for all files in /usr/bin the owner was changed to the "mysql" user of the "mysql" group. Maybe there was some mistake of mine. ...
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1answer
137 views

How to disable local file writes?

I maintain a shared public computer. Every user has their own directory in /home. We don't like to make /home a network mount because it takes a long time for new users to login, but we would like to ...
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3answers
16k views

-bash: /dev/null: Permission denied

I'm trying to create a new user on a Centos 6 system. First, I do useradd kevin Then, I tried to run commands as that user su - kevin However, I get the following error messages -bash: /dev/...
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1answer
173 views

How can a permission a directory so that a user can list the contents, but cannot read them

I am setting up a vstpd FTP server where people can upload files to be processed. I want them to be able to write and see the list of files, but not actually download them. I'm using virtual users ...
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2answers
262 views

Unable to get rid of root user and privileges

I am told that the most basic security to set up in Linux is to change the superuser name from root to something obscure so I run these steps to add new user $ /usr/sbin/adduser new_username $ ...
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12k views

-bash: cd: .ssh/: Permission denied

When I type in cd .ssh in terminal, it returns with -bash: cd: .ssh/: Permission denied. Now I cannot add my ssh keys to ssh. When I type ssh-add ~/.ssh/idname it says /Users/Dan/.ssh/idname: ...
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1answer
161 views

Give a user the permission to access files in a directory

I have mounted a volume from NAS storage to my Solaris 10 machine using NFS. I want to give read/write permission for a user to the directories and subdirectories and files. I have tried setfacl -m ...
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1answer
1k views

Changing file permissions on an HFS+ filesystem

I ran the command fdisk -l to find out what my external drive is formatted to, I found out it's uses GPT partitions and the filesystem is HFS+. When I try and create a new folder on the external ...
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2answers
327 views

need give read write access to a folder and its subfolders and directories for a particular user

Could you help me to provide read/write access to a folder, its sub-folders and all the files below for a particular user? I tried to use the getfacl command, but didn't find a solution. I'm using ...
2
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1answer
329 views

What to do when you removed execute permission from some system binaries or libraries?

It seems I removed executability from system binaries, resulting in loads of Permission denied. Do I have to force reboot into host's rescue mode or is there something else I can do while I'm still ...
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1k views

groupadd failure while writing changes to /etc/group

I have been following this guide on installing debian-kit on my Sony Xperia Tablet Z and the installation goes fine until I try to apt-get install andromize which fails with the error groupadd: ...