PATH (all upper case) is the name of an environment variable on Unix-like operating systems, DOS, OS/2, and Microsoft Windows, specifying a set of directories where executable programs are searched for.

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modify path globally

Is there a standard for $PATH and the order of things that are supposed to be in there? out of the box Arch Linux doesn't have /usr/local/bin in the $PATH. I want to add it but I'm not sure if there's ...
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2answers
244 views

awk + paste for cleaning up PATH?

I have seen this code in .cshrc init files on a few machines. I went through a few awk tutorials in trying to understand how it works, but I am still unable to decrypt it. setenv PATH `echo $PATH | ...
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2answers
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How to export LD_LIBRARY_PATH to all users and system services

I want to export LD_LIBRARY_PATH to system services and all users. System services are run before login, so .bashrc is not applicable. How to achieve this?
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4answers
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How does Bash path completion work with sudo?

Tab path completion does not work (at least on Ubuntu and AFAIK Arch) with sudo mount <whatever> The iso file I am trying to mount is not in /etc/fstab. If I just type mount <whatever> ...
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2answers
6k views

Adding a folder of jar files to my path

Unix newbie here. I have java tools that I need to use. The tools are in a folder full of jar files. I wanted to add this folder to my path, for the obvious reasons, but after I edit my .bash_profile ...
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3answers
78 views

Find latest copy of same file in folder structure

I need to get the path of foo.txt in a folder structure. There are multiple foo.txt files in this structure but I need an automated to find the latest. Suggestions?
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2answers
159 views

Default preference of executable over built-ins with the same name

I was playing around a bit with the names of some executables, putting them in a folder, ~/bin, which is in my $PATH. Now I'm wondering how I can set the preferences of a bash-3.2 terminal so that it ...
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1answer
2k views

How to identify executable path with its PID on AIX 5 or more

On AIX 5 or 6, `ps -ef` shows the executable full path randomly. Why and how to determine it? I find many thread through internet and also Unix & Linux and this stack overflow post about finding ...
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1answer
2k views

Reloading the $PATH from the GUI terminal

My machine is running Fedora 16 x86_64 I am trying to figure out why I can not get my GUI terminal window to refresh the path. I recently added a new location to the path (in .bash_profile), after ...
5
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1answer
144 views

Can non-canonicalized forms of filesystem paths be significant? (eg. “foo//bar”, “foo/./bar”, and “foo/../bar”)

I have a script for building a particular flavor of GCC cross-compiler. Throughout the script there are many paths that are not in canonical form, such as duplicate path separators (/xxx/foo//bar/yyy) ...
5
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1answer
349 views

zsh - fully expand binary path on <tab>

In my current zsh behaviour, hitting tab after typing "sudo" just adds a space. $ sudo ... What I really want is for the tab to fully expand to the path of the binary it is about to execute when I ...
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1answer
2k views

Global /etc/profile setenv or export overwriting user settings in .profile

I need to call a modified version of a program in /home/user_name/bin rather than the (older) version in /opt/program_name/current on a CentOS 5.3 cluster. The program creates a tcsh script using ...
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3answers
6k views

Adding to path vs. linking from /bin

Our sys admin installed a software (Maven) on the server, and told everyone to add the "/usr/local/maven/bin/" folder to their path. I think it could be more convenient to just link the few programs ...
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6answers
771 views

Will $0 always include the path to the script?

I want to grep the current script so I can print out help and version information from the comments section at the top. I was thinking of something like this: grep '^#h ' -- "$0" | sed -e 's/#h //' ...
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8answers
272 views

“which” with a little “grep”-like solution?

# which mkdir /bin/mkdir # which mkdi # How can I get the path of the e.g.: mkdir's binary without knowing the name of the binary file? (command). So that which mkdi would output the /bin/mkdir ...
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3answers
11k views

Adding directory to PATH through Makefile

I'm having some trouble in exporting the PATH I've modified inside the Makefile into the current Terminal. I'm trying to add to the PATH, the bin folder inside wherever the Makefile directory is. ...
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2answers
743 views

Basic commands in Unix not working i.e: -bash: ls: No such file or directory

I'm new to Unix and in the process of installing a program for my dissertation I must have played with the PATH for the basic Unix commands such as ls. Every time I type ls and the directory name I ...
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3answers
765 views

Does sudo a command temporarily change $PATH to be the root's?

When running sudo <command> under a user login session, will that change $PATH to be the root's $PATH during the running of sudo <command>? If <command> relies on the user's $PATH, ...
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2answers
714 views

What does '//' mean in return from `which`

I have an executable script test under the full path /home/sawa/foo/bar/test. The directory /home/sawa/foo/bar is within $PATH, and has priority over the default ones including /usr/bin. When I do ...
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2answers
204 views

Compiler cannot find header file, do I add the directory to PATH?

I am trying to work with gtk which is located at /usr/include/gtk-3.0/gtk/ .., but all of the header files in the toolkit have #include <gtk/gtk.h>. Aside from adding /usr/local/gtk-3.0 to ...
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2answers
3k views

Problem with $PATH and executable file

I am a complete unix noob so please forgive my simple question. I have a unix executable file located in a directory I generated. I believe I need to get this directory in my $PATH so that the unix ...
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1answer
231 views

Keep getting the same result after “export PATH”

I am doing this: $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal $ export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.cabal/bin $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal I expect to get /.cabal/bin/cabal for $ which cabal (this path exists) after this. ...
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1answer
62 views

How to update 'command cache' after change of soft links?

I have changed multiple soft links on my system with ln -f -s. When I view the link with ls -l, I see they point to the right target. However, when I try to run the command, it still tries to use the ...
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4answers
6k views

Running python script from Linux Terminal

I have downloaded this script named, pyAES.py and put it in a folder name codes, inside a Desktop directory of my Linux, According to this example, ...
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1answer
436 views

Why does root not have /usr/local in path?

I've noticed that the default path for root on my of my vm's and servers do not include /usr/local/bin sudo -s echo $PATH /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin Whereas normal users on the server do have ...
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2answers
1k views

How do you set the path in a non-shell environment (KDE)? [duplicate]

I'd like to override one of the applications set in /usr/bin/. I have created an alternative with the same name in ~/bin/ which in in my PATH (as set both in .bashrc and in .profile). When I start ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is PATH reset in a sudo command?

After much frustrating head-brick-wall contact, I've discovered this: $ echo $PATH /usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/steve/bin $ sudo bash # echo $PATH ...
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2answers
1k views

Installed sqlite3 v3.8, but mac terminal still runs old version 3.6 by default

I have a Mac running OS X 10.6.8, which comes pre-installed with SQLite3 v3.6. I installed v3.8 using homebrew. But when I type "sqlite3" in my terminal it continues to run the old pre-installed ...
4
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1answer
615 views

mpirun fails to recognize program in $PATH

Somehow mpirun fails to acknowledge my $PATH. The program PyroDist, that I have in $PATH, works: $ PyroDist Can't find asked option -in PyroDist - pairwise distance matrix from flowgrams -in ...
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2answers
575 views

Getting the current path in .desktop EXEC command

Im trying to make a .desktop file run a .sh which is stored in the same directory as the .desktop. The whole directory needs to be portable and moved from machine to machine. my run script is run.sh ...
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3answers
398 views

What's the right way to set “dynamic” PATH in bash? (for android sdk)

I have android sdk installed, and I want the binaries in build-tools/android-VERSION to be available in PATH, so I add few lines: ...
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3answers
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Add directory to path for all shells and users in SLES 11.1

I'm using a server running Suse Enterprise 11.1. I need to add some locations to the path for all users and for all the shells. Is there a nice and easy way to do this or do I have to modify the ...
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2answers
1k views

How to add a path to system $PATH for all users's non-login shell and login shell on debian

I installed some programs in /opt/my-program/bin, I wanted to add /opt/my-program/bin to system $PATH for all users's non-login shell and login shell. What should I do? Changing /etc/environment is ...
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2answers
4k views

Change user and load entire environment in shell script

I'm having some trouble with an upstart script of ours that changes user and starts up a few ruby daemon processes. In the past i would simply bash -c "do the business" -l someuser making sure to use ...
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2answers
404 views

Inhibit Variable Expansion in Paths

How do I prevent Zshell (and Bash I assume) from expanding environment variables in paths be completed as shown in the following example: $PREFIX/alt/li should expand to $PREFIX/alt/lib and not ...
4
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1answer
737 views

Why do Mono applications only start from their own directory?

If I want to run the application monodevelop, I need to chdir to /usr/lib/monodevelop/Bin and then execute ./MonoDevelop.exe. This is the same for all other Mono applications such as banshee, tomboy, ...
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3answers
180 views

Exporting just a single file

To make scripts accessible from anywhere in the terminal, one can use the following sequence of commands: PATH=$PATH:some_path_here export PATH Which includes all files at the path sent in ...
3
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1answer
109 views

Why isn't the first executable in my $PATH being used? [duplicate]

I have a script called jsl in /usr/local/bin. Running which jsl finds it there. I want to temporarily use a different version, and when I echo $PATH I see that /usr/bin is earlier in the path. So I ...
3
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2answers
1k views

/etc/ld.so.conf doesn't contain /usr/lib

I am using pkg-config to help supply the correct libs during c++ compilation. As I understand it, it searches in directories supplied by /etc/ld.so.conf. My ld.so.conf references the following lib ...
3
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4answers
437 views

Decomposition of path specs into longest-common-prefix + suffix

Given any two absolute Unix path specs1, one could decompose each spec as the concatenation of a longest common prefix and a specific suffix. E.g., /abc/bcd/cdf -> /abc/bcd + cdf ...
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5answers
85 views

search a command in PATH with the same name of the script

For example, my script is $HOME/bin/sudo. I'd like to search for an executable in $PATH with the same name, sudo, and run it - but not the script $HOME/bin/sudo itself, otherwise I will run into an ...
3
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2answers
4k views

Why does sshd requires an absolute path?

Why does sshd require an absolute path when restarting, e.g /usr/sbin/sshd rather than sshd Are there any security implications? P.S the error message: # sshd sshd re-exec requires execution with ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Recently installed applications missing from $PATH

When I install apps using apt-get or NVM or NPM on Ubuntu, I can type the command and it works. Then I log out of the shell and log back in. Now none of the things I installed work when I ask for ...
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3answers
371 views

Why can't I call this program using its full path?

I am trying to build a command line wrapper in Python 3 for an exiting command line tool called spooky and I am having a hard time understanding some strange behavior. If I type spooky on the command ...
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2answers
149 views

Basic steps to develop python API in Unix environment

I am developing an API in Unix environment for virtual machines. Most of the modules are developed in python. I have few questions on this. I have the file extension as abc.py. I would like to make ...
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3answers
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Why do 'ssh host echo $PATH' and printing the $PATH after ssh'ing into the machine give different results?

On a particular host, when I ssh into the machine and enter echo $PATH I get /home/wxy/bin64:/home/wxy/bin:/usr/kerberos/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin and if I ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Script not getting executed as per expectation

I have two Perl scripts at a predefined location in Unix. This predefined location is set in path variable ($PATH). Now when i try to run first script (from any location) the script runs successfully ...
3
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2answers
265 views

open a file using CDPATH and symlink

To quickly move around, I added a path to CDPATH that contains symlinks to different locations. I did this by adding the following line to .bashrc: export CDPATH=~/symlinks When working with ...
3
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2answers
213 views

Finding program name by wildcard pattern

I am trying to write a script that will attempt to find if a certain program is installed. Lets say that the program is called, myprog. The problem is that the program can be named in different ...
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2answers
1k views

path_helper and zsh

I read that Apple, instead of jamming more and more PATH variable variations to the end of shell profile file, created path_helper binary so that it could expand PATH variable automatically by reading ...