PATH (all upper case) is the name of an environment variable on Unix-like operating systems, DOS, OS/2, and Microsoft Windows, specifying a set of directories where executable programs are searched for.

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535 views

Sudo changes PATH, yet executes the same binary

There are two Python interpreters installed: [user@localhost ~]$ /usr/bin/python -V && /usr/local/bin/python -V Python 2.4.3 Python 2.7.6 Sudo changes PATH when executed: [user@localhost ...
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3answers
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Why is PATH reset in a sudo command? [duplicate]

After much frustrating head-brick-wall contact, I've discovered this: $ echo $PATH /usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/steve/bin $ sudo bash # echo $PATH ...
7
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3answers
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Added bin directory to my path, can't execute commands in it with 'sudo command'

I made a bin directory in my home folder where I place all my scripts. Then in my .bashrc I added the following: export PATH=$PATH:/home/myusername/bin So I could access files I placed in there ...
7
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2answers
13k views

Adding a folder of jar files to my path

Unix newbie here. I have java tools that I need to use. The tools are in a folder full of jar files. I wanted to add this folder to my path, for the obvious reasons, but after I edit my .bash_profile ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Why Bash unable to find command even if $PATH is specified properly?

I am specifying path to my command in the file /etc/profile: export PATH=$PATH:/usr/app/cpn/bin My command is located in: $ which ydisplay /usr/app/cpn/bin/ydisplay So, when I performing "echo ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

List all files / binaries in current PATH

Is there an "easy" way of running an "ls -la" style command for listing all files / executable binaries in the current PATH? (I intend to pipe the output into grep, for looking for commands with ...
6
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2answers
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How to add home directory path to be discovered by Unix which command?

I have installed node.js at custom location and added the location to the $PATH in .profile file. Hoons-MacBook-Air:npm Eonil$ node --version v0.6.2 Hoons-MacBook-Air:npm Eonil$ which node ...
6
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4answers
13k views

Running python script from Linux Terminal

I have downloaded this script named, pyAES.py and put it in a folder name codes, inside a Desktop directory of my Linux, According to this example, ...
6
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3answers
6k views

Create a command for a Linux executable file

I'm using a program called node-webkit, but I can't start the program without specifying the full path to the executable file. Is there any way to associate a command (such as node-webkit) with an ...
6
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2answers
421 views

What does an @ symbol denotes in the beginning of a unix domain socket path in Linux?

When I run netstat --protocol unix or lsof -U I see that some unix socket paths are prepended with @ symbol, for example, @/tmp/dbus-qj8V39Yrpa. Then when I run ls -l /tmp I don't see file named ...
6
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1answer
188 views

What's the difference between “command directory” and “command directory/”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When should I use a trailing slash on a directory? Does the slash make any difference?
6
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2answers
3k views

Which is the best practice when replacing a system binary?

I'm working on Mac OS X which is shipped with several binaries mostly located in /usr/bin/ and /usr/sbin/. Since it doesn't have a native package manager like some Linux distros, I got used to ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does root not have /usr/local in path?

I've noticed that the default path for root on my of my vm's and servers do not include /usr/local/bin sudo -s echo $PATH /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin Whereas normal users on the server do have ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

Correct handling of Python2 and Python3

What is the correct way running scripts that depend on python2.x but on a system where python3.x is aliased with python. The solution should take into account the following things : Python2 ...
6
votes
4answers
9k views

How to add a path to system $PATH for all users's non-login shell for debian

After installing some programs in /opt/xxx/bin, I want to add /opt/xxx/bin to system $PATH for all users's non-login shell. What should I do?
6
votes
5answers
421 views

execute a command in $PATH matching a wildcard

I'd like to find and execute a command in the current $PATH matching this wildcard libreoffice?.? (eg. libreoffice4.0, libreoffice4.3, etc.) EDIT: if multiple matches are found, you can pick one ...
5
votes
4answers
17k views

Adding directory to PATH through Makefile

I'm having some trouble in exporting the PATH I've modified inside the Makefile into the current Terminal. I'm trying to add to the PATH, the bin folder inside wherever the Makefile directory is. ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Does sudo a command temporarily change $PATH to be the root's?

When running sudo <command> under a user login session, will that change $PATH to be the root's $PATH during the running of sudo <command>? If <command> relies on the user's $PATH, ...
5
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4answers
272 views

How do I use which(1) with the system's default $PATH?

I would like to use which with the system's default path, ignoring any embellishments from the user's shell configuration files. Motivation I am attempting to write a script to find the system's ...
5
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2answers
5k views

Problem with $PATH and executable file

I am a complete unix noob so please forgive my simple question. I have a unix executable file located in a directory I generated. I believe I need to get this directory in my $PATH so that the unix ...
5
votes
2answers
680 views

modify path globally

Is there a standard for $PATH and the order of things that are supposed to be in there? out of the box Arch Linux doesn't have /usr/local/bin in the $PATH. I want to add it but I'm not sure if there's ...
5
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2answers
261 views

awk + paste for cleaning up PATH?

I have seen this code in .cshrc init files on a few machines. I went through a few awk tutorials in trying to understand how it works, but I am still unable to decrypt it. setenv PATH `echo $PATH | ...
5
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3answers
136 views

Find latest copy of same file in folder structure

I need to get the path of foo.txt in a folder structure. There are multiple foo.txt files in this structure but I need an automated to find the latest. Suggestions?
5
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2answers
4k views

How to identify executable path with its PID on AIX 5 or more

On AIX 5 or 6, `ps -ef` shows the executable full path randomly. Why and how to determine it? I find many thread through internet and also Unix & Linux and this stack overflow post about finding ...
5
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3answers
5k views

Add directory to path for all shells and users in SLES 11.1

I'm using a server running Suse Enterprise 11.1. I need to add some locations to the path for all users and for all the shells. Is there a nice and easy way to do this or do I have to modify the ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Reloading the $PATH from the GUI terminal

My machine is running Fedora 16 x86_64 I am trying to figure out why I can not get my GUI terminal window to refresh the path. I recently added a new location to the path (in .bash_profile), after ...
5
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2answers
270 views

Default preference of executable over built-ins with the same name

I was playing around a bit with the names of some executables, putting them in a folder, ~/bin, which is in my $PATH. Now I'm wondering how I can set the preferences of a bash-3.2 terminal so that it ...
5
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2answers
7k views

Change user and load entire environment in shell script

I'm having some trouble with an upstart script of ours that changes user and starts up a few ruby daemon processes. In the past i would simply bash -c "do the business" -l someuser making sure to use ...
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5answers
4k views

A system-wide way to set or get $JAVA_HOME in Ubuntu?

I wonder whether Ubuntu itself provides a system-wide way to find the current JAVA_HOME or whether there is right place for setting JAVA_HOME. Mac OS X does well in this, for /usr/libexec/java_home ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Can non-canonicalized forms of filesystem paths be significant? (eg. “foo//bar”, “foo/./bar”, and “foo/../bar”)

I have a script for building a particular flavor of GCC cross-compiler. Throughout the script there are many paths that are not in canonical form, such as duplicate path separators (/xxx/foo//bar/yyy) ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Global /etc/profile setenv or export overwriting user settings in .profile

I need to call a modified version of a program in /home/user_name/bin rather than the (older) version in /opt/program_name/current on a CentOS 5.3 cluster. The program creates a tcsh script using ...
4
votes
4answers
624 views

Add path to $PATH if not already in $PATH [duplicate]

I need to add a path in a bash script, but it may be executed several times: export PATH=${OPENSHIFT_HOMEDIR}/app-root/runtime/bin/:${PATH} I don't want that path to be added over and over. How can ...
4
votes
5answers
17k views

Removing a directory from PATH

I'm trying to compile wxWidgets using MingW, and I have cygwin in my path, which seems to conflict. So I would like to remove /d/Programme/cygwin/bin from the PATH variable and I wonder if there is ...
4
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8answers
277 views

“which” with a little “grep”-like solution?

# which mkdir /bin/mkdir # which mkdi # How can I get the path of the e.g.: mkdir's binary without knowing the name of the binary file? (command). So that which mkdi would output the /bin/mkdir ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Basic commands in Unix not working i.e: -bash: ls: No such file or directory

I'm new to Unix and in the process of installing a program for my dissertation I must have played with the PATH for the basic Unix commands such as ls. Every time I type ls and the directory name I ...
4
votes
2answers
860 views

What does '//' mean in return from `which`

I have an executable script test under the full path /home/sawa/foo/bar/test. The directory /home/sawa/foo/bar is within $PATH, and has priority over the default ones including /usr/bin. When I do ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Compiler cannot find header file, do I add the directory to PATH?

I am trying to work with gtk which is located at /usr/include/gtk-3.0/gtk/ .., but all of the header files in the toolkit have #include <gtk/gtk.h>. Aside from adding /usr/local/gtk-3.0 to ...
4
votes
1answer
397 views

Why isn't this directory being added to my PATH when I use sudo?

Ive just compiled and installed apache webserver from sources, and now I want to add the apachectl script to PATH I know I need to add the directory to the root user's PATH (as the script needs to be ...
4
votes
1answer
664 views

Keep getting the same result after “export PATH”

I am doing this: $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal $ export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.cabal/bin $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal I expect to get /.cabal/bin/cabal for $ which cabal (this path exists) after this. ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

How to update 'command cache' after change of soft links?

I have changed multiple soft links on my system with ln -f -s. When I view the link with ls -l, I see they point to the right target. However, when I try to run the command, it still tries to use the ...
4
votes
2answers
31k views

Setting PATH vs. exporting PATH in ~/.bash_profile [duplicate]

What's the difference and which is better to use when customizing my bash profile? Documentation on the export command is scarce, as it's a builtin cmd. Excerpt from version 1 of my ~/.bash_profile: ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How is the path to search for 'man' pages set?

I'm puzzled by how the path used for finding man pages is set. The "right thing" seems to happen magically. For example, if change my PATH from ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you set the path in a non-shell environment (KDE)? [duplicate]

I'd like to override one of the applications set in /usr/bin/. I have created an alternative with the same name in ~/bin/ which in in my PATH (as set both in .bashrc and in .profile). When I start ...
4
votes
1answer
14k views

Solaris - permanently update PATH for all users

I have installed JDK and Groovy on my Solaris 11 machine. I would now like to set things up so that the PATH variable would contain the bin directories whenever I open a shell. It is my understanding ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

(G)VIM uses a different $PATH than my system

Because Ubuntu provides no up-to-date packages for TeXLive, I installed it manually. However, some programs need TeXLive as dependency. So what I did is I installed the TeXLive package from the Ubuntu ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

/etc/paths in OS X and other Unices

Is /etc/paths read by every shell that I run in OS X? For example, if I use zsh, will it parse /etc/path to populate $PATH? What exactly is the sequence that OS X follows to populate $PATH? Does it ...
4
votes
1answer
790 views

mpirun fails to recognize program in $PATH

Somehow mpirun fails to acknowledge my $PATH. The program PyroDist, that I have in $PATH, works: $ PyroDist Can't find asked option -in PyroDist - pairwise distance matrix from flowgrams -in ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to use libraries installed by nix at run-time?

I'm using nix in "single-user mode" in a system where I'm not the root (see below for a description of my nix setup). I wanted to quickly run one of my binaries which is dynamically linked with a ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Getting the current path in .desktop EXEC command

Im trying to make a .desktop file run a .sh which is stored in the same directory as the .desktop. The whole directory needs to be portable and moved from machine to machine. my run script is run.sh ...
4
votes
3answers
854 views

What's the right way to set “dynamic” PATH in bash? (for android sdk)

I have android sdk installed, and I want the binaries in build-tools/android-VERSION to be available in PATH, so I add few lines: ...