PATH (all upper case) is the name of an environment variable on Unix-like operating systems, DOS, OS/2, and Microsoft Windows, specifying a set of directories where executable programs are searched for.

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How to add home directory path to be discovered by Unix which command?

I have installed node.js at custom location and added the location to the $PATH in .profile file. Hoons-MacBook-Air:npm Eonil$ node --version v0.6.2 Hoons-MacBook-Air:npm Eonil$ which node ...
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How do I use which(1) with the system's default $PATH?

I would like to use which with the system's default path, ignoring any embellishments from the user's shell configuration files. Motivation I am attempting to write a script to find the system's ...
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802 views

List all binaries from $PATH

Is there one-liner that will list all executables from $PATH in bash.
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modify path globally

Is there a standard for $PATH and the order of things that are supposed to be in there? out of the box Arch Linux doesn't have /usr/local/bin in the $PATH. I want to add it but I'm not sure if there's ...
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Why does sshd requires an absolute path?

Why does sshd require an absolute path when restarting, e.g /usr/sbin/sshd rather than sshd Are there any security implications? P.S the error message: # sshd sshd re-exec requires execution with ...
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250 views

awk + paste for cleaning up PATH?

I have seen this code in .cshrc init files on a few machines. I went through a few awk tutorials in trying to understand how it works, but I am still unable to decrypt it. setenv PATH `echo $PATH | ...
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How does Bash path completion work with sudo?

Tab path completion does not work (at least on Ubuntu and AFAIK Arch) with sudo mount <whatever> The iso file I am trying to mount is not in /etc/fstab. If I just type mount <whatever> ...
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95 views

Find latest copy of same file in folder structure

I need to get the path of foo.txt in a folder structure. There are multiple foo.txt files in this structure but I need an automated to find the latest. Suggestions?
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Add directory to path for all shells and users in SLES 11.1

I'm using a server running Suse Enterprise 11.1. I need to add some locations to the path for all users and for all the shells. Is there a nice and easy way to do this or do I have to modify the ...
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183 views

Default preference of executable over built-ins with the same name

I was playing around a bit with the names of some executables, putting them in a folder, ~/bin, which is in my $PATH. Now I'm wondering how I can set the preferences of a bash-3.2 terminal so that it ...
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How to identify executable path with its PID on AIX 5 or more

On AIX 5 or 6, `ps -ef` shows the executable full path randomly. Why and how to determine it? I find many thread through internet and also Unix & Linux and this stack overflow post about finding ...
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Reloading the $PATH from the GUI terminal

My machine is running Fedora 16 x86_64 I am trying to figure out why I can not get my GUI terminal window to refresh the path. I recently added a new location to the path (in .bash_profile), after ...
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145 views

Can non-canonicalized forms of filesystem paths be significant? (eg. “foo//bar”, “foo/./bar”, and “foo/../bar”)

I have a script for building a particular flavor of GCC cross-compiler. Throughout the script there are many paths that are not in canonical form, such as duplicate path separators (/xxx/foo//bar/yyy) ...
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1answer
367 views

zsh - fully expand binary path on <tab>

In my current zsh behaviour, hitting tab after typing "sudo" just adds a space. $ sudo ... What I really want is for the tab to fully expand to the path of the binary it is about to execute when I ...
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1answer
2k views

Global /etc/profile setenv or export overwriting user settings in .profile

I need to call a modified version of a program in /home/user_name/bin rather than the (older) version in /opt/program_name/current on a CentOS 5.3 cluster. The program creates a tcsh script using ...
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Adding to path vs. linking from /bin

Our sys admin installed a software (Maven) on the server, and told everyone to add the "/usr/local/maven/bin/" folder to their path. I think it could be more convenient to just link the few programs ...
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Will $0 always include the path to the script?

I want to grep the current script so I can print out help and version information from the comments section at the top. I was thinking of something like this: grep '^#h ' -- "$0" | sed -e 's/#h //' ...
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“which” with a little “grep”-like solution?

# which mkdir /bin/mkdir # which mkdi # How can I get the path of the e.g.: mkdir's binary without knowing the name of the binary file? (command). So that which mkdi would output the /bin/mkdir ...
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Adding directory to PATH through Makefile

I'm having some trouble in exporting the PATH I've modified inside the Makefile into the current Terminal. I'm trying to add to the PATH, the bin folder inside wherever the Makefile directory is. ...
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Basic commands in Unix not working i.e: -bash: ls: No such file or directory

I'm new to Unix and in the process of installing a program for my dissertation I must have played with the PATH for the basic Unix commands such as ls. Every time I type ls and the directory name I ...
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3answers
889 views

Does sudo a command temporarily change $PATH to be the root's?

When running sudo <command> under a user login session, will that change $PATH to be the root's $PATH during the running of sudo <command>? If <command> relies on the user's $PATH, ...
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734 views

What does '//' mean in return from `which`

I have an executable script test under the full path /home/sawa/foo/bar/test. The directory /home/sawa/foo/bar is within $PATH, and has priority over the default ones including /usr/bin. When I do ...
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399 views

Compiler cannot find header file, do I add the directory to PATH?

I am trying to work with gtk which is located at /usr/include/gtk-3.0/gtk/ .., but all of the header files in the toolkit have #include <gtk/gtk.h>. Aside from adding /usr/local/gtk-3.0 to ...
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Problem with $PATH and executable file

I am a complete unix noob so please forgive my simple question. I have a unix executable file located in a directory I generated. I believe I need to get this directory in my $PATH so that the unix ...
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1answer
264 views

Why isn't this directory being added to my PATH when I use sudo?

Ive just compiled and installed apache webserver from sources, and now I want to add the apachectl script to PATH I know I need to add the directory to the root user's PATH (as the script needs to be ...
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248 views

Keep getting the same result after “export PATH”

I am doing this: $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal $ export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.cabal/bin $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal I expect to get /.cabal/bin/cabal for $ which cabal (this path exists) after this. ...
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1answer
63 views

How to update 'command cache' after change of soft links?

I have changed multiple soft links on my system with ln -f -s. When I view the link with ls -l, I see they point to the right target. However, when I try to run the command, it still tries to use the ...
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Running python script from Linux Terminal

I have downloaded this script named, pyAES.py and put it in a folder name codes, inside a Desktop directory of my Linux, According to this example, ...
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599 views

Why does root not have /usr/local in path?

I've noticed that the default path for root on my of my vm's and servers do not include /usr/local/bin sudo -s echo $PATH /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin Whereas normal users on the server do have ...
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How do you set the path in a non-shell environment (KDE)? [duplicate]

I'd like to override one of the applications set in /usr/bin/. I have created an alternative with the same name in ~/bin/ which in in my PATH (as set both in .bashrc and in .profile). When I start ...
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(G)VIM uses a different $PATH than my system

Because Ubuntu provides no up-to-date packages for TeXLive, I installed it manually. However, some programs need TeXLive as dependency. So what I did is I installed the TeXLive package from the Ubuntu ...
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Installed sqlite3 v3.8, but mac terminal still runs old version 3.6 by default

I have a Mac running OS X 10.6.8, which comes pre-installed with SQLite3 v3.6. I installed v3.8 using homebrew. But when I type "sqlite3" in my terminal it continues to run the old pre-installed ...
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1answer
653 views

mpirun fails to recognize program in $PATH

Somehow mpirun fails to acknowledge my $PATH. The program PyroDist, that I have in $PATH, works: $ PyroDist Can't find asked option -in PyroDist - pairwise distance matrix from flowgrams -in ...
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814 views

Getting the current path in .desktop EXEC command

Im trying to make a .desktop file run a .sh which is stored in the same directory as the .desktop. The whole directory needs to be portable and moved from machine to machine. my run script is run.sh ...
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What's the right way to set “dynamic” PATH in bash? (for android sdk)

I have android sdk installed, and I want the binaries in build-tools/android-VERSION to be available in PATH, so I add few lines: ...
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How to add a path to system $PATH for all users's non-login shell and login shell on debian

I installed some programs in /opt/my-program/bin, I wanted to add /opt/my-program/bin to system $PATH for all users's non-login shell and login shell. What should I do? Changing /etc/environment is ...
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2answers
4k views

Change user and load entire environment in shell script

I'm having some trouble with an upstart script of ours that changes user and starts up a few ruby daemon processes. In the past i would simply bash -c "do the business" -l someuser making sure to use ...
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438 views

Inhibit Variable Expansion in Paths

How do I prevent Zshell (and Bash I assume) from expanding environment variables in paths be completed as shown in the following example: $PREFIX/alt/li should expand to $PREFIX/alt/lib and not ...
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1answer
756 views

Why do Mono applications only start from their own directory?

If I want to run the application monodevelop, I need to chdir to /usr/lib/monodevelop/Bin and then execute ./MonoDevelop.exe. This is the same for all other Mono applications such as banshee, tomboy, ...
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Exporting just a single file

To make scripts accessible from anywhere in the terminal, one can use the following sequence of commands: PATH=$PATH:some_path_here export PATH Which includes all files at the path sent in ...
3
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1answer
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Why isn't the first executable in my $PATH being used? [duplicate]

I have a script called jsl in /usr/local/bin. Running which jsl finds it there. I want to temporarily use a different version, and when I echo $PATH I see that /usr/bin is earlier in the path. So I ...
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2answers
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/etc/ld.so.conf doesn't contain /usr/lib

I am using pkg-config to help supply the correct libs during c++ compilation. As I understand it, it searches in directories supplied by /etc/ld.so.conf. My ld.so.conf references the following lib ...
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4answers
488 views

Decomposition of path specs into longest-common-prefix + suffix

Given any two absolute Unix path specs1, one could decompose each spec as the concatenation of a longest common prefix and a specific suffix. E.g., /abc/bcd/cdf -> /abc/bcd + cdf ...
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search a command in PATH with the same name of the script

For example, my script is $HOME/bin/sudo. I'd like to search for an executable in $PATH with the same name, sudo, and run it - but not the script $HOME/bin/sudo itself, otherwise I will run into an ...
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Recently installed applications missing from $PATH

When I install apps using apt-get or NVM or NPM on Ubuntu, I can type the command and it works. Then I log out of the shell and log back in. Now none of the things I installed work when I ask for ...
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How is the path to search for 'man' pages set?

I'm puzzled by how the path used for finding man pages is set. The "right thing" seems to happen magically. For example, if change my PATH from ...
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Why can't I call this program using its full path?

I am trying to build a command line wrapper in Python 3 for an exiting command line tool called spooky and I am having a hard time understanding some strange behavior. If I type spooky on the command ...
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Basic steps to develop python API in Unix environment

I am developing an API in Unix environment for virtual machines. Most of the modules are developed in python. I have few questions on this. I have the file extension as abc.py. I would like to make ...
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Why do 'ssh host echo $PATH' and printing the $PATH after ssh'ing into the machine give different results?

On a particular host, when I ssh into the machine and enter echo $PATH I get /home/wxy/bin64:/home/wxy/bin:/usr/kerberos/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin and if I ...
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1answer
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Script not getting executed as per expectation

I have two Perl scripts at a predefined location in Unix. This predefined location is set in path variable ($PATH). Now when i try to run first script (from any location) the script runs successfully ...