Questions regarding password-based authentication and password management

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2
votes
2answers
575 views

securely automating a script which requires a key to do its task

I have a script that downloads bank transactions to store in a database. To get these transactions requires a password for each account. The database is encrypted and requires a key to access it. All ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Force Firefox to remember passwords on particular sites

Usually, when I log into a website with username and password, Firefox asks whether it should remember the login details. When I click yes, next time I visit the website, the username and password ...
-1
votes
1answer
40 views

How can I get a log of all incorrectly entered passwords in linux?

How can I get a list of all incorrect passwords used whenever someone tried to log in. And how can this be generalized to all types of password fields in linux? As it mentioned by K1773R, yes it's a ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Script to read line by line from a file pipe that to another command and output to another file

I've got this weird old app that I'm trying to support and it stores the passwords in plain text and I'd like to hash them. I'd really like to have an input file in csv with a username,password for ...
1
vote
4answers
204 views

How to “cat /etc/shadow” on an HMC?

hscroot@hmcserver:~> grep root /etc/group root:x:0:hscroot,ccfw hscroot@hmcserver:~> hscroot@hmcserver:~> ls -la /etc/shadow -r-------- 1 root shadow 5252 2015-05-06 19:36 /etc/shadow ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How can I manually decrypt the hard drive?

I've just switched to Ubuntu 12.04 one year ago and moved all my photos, documents, etc to the 1TB main hard drive that has been encrypted during the installation process - not LVM but only the home ...
0
votes
0answers
164 views

Cracking .cap file without dictionary

.cap file taken by airodump handshake I need to crack .cap file with bruteforce attack If the password between 8 and 12 letter containing characters+numbers+symbols I tried simple crunch command ...
13
votes
4answers
26k views

How to check password with Linux?

I want to check, from the linux command line, if a given cleartext password is the same of a crypted password on a /etc/shadow (I need this to authenticate web users. I'm running an embedded linux.) ...
2
votes
0answers
306 views

Password protected zip archives open without password

I have a zip archive that is password protected in linux(the password is "secret"). However, whenever I try to open the zip file I am not prompted for a password or anything. I also have a python ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Set a password on Damn Small Linux

I'm running Damn Small Linux. When you open the command prompt, you are automatically logged in as the default user called dsl and granted root privileges (with sudo). How can I set a password for the ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

passwd does not work after change CRYPT_DEFAULT

I want to change algorithm for password encryption in Solaris 10 server. When I change CRYPT_DEFAULT option from __unix __ to 6, I can not change my old password with passwd command and I get ...
3
votes
1answer
752 views

sudo command executes without prompting for password

For some reason, I suddenly do not need to enter the password when issuing sudo some_cmd. Entered command just runs without ever prompting password, even if I am not logged in as user root. Commands ...
19
votes
10answers
5k views

How to create strong passwords in Linux?

I wonder how I can create strong passwords on Linux (for both normal and admin users) and if there are specific programs to do that.
4
votes
2answers
99 views

how to prevent a buffer from swap

this question is specific to Unix and Linux. but it is programming and security, too. my program will get a clear password or decryption key by one of a few ways (decrypting a password file, asking ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

How can I store an encrypted rdesktop password for easier sign-in?

I am using rdesktop on a Fedora laptop to connect to Windows computers at work. To make it easier, I've made an alias in my .bashrc: alias companyremote='rdesktop -u USER -p - -g 1920x1040 -K' So I ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

How to make the script automated to take password on its own?

I have a script that is doing sftp some files from one server to another, like inside the script script.ksh I have the below lines; sftp user@ip_address << EOF cd path put file1 bye EOF When ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

What is the user and password for Sabayon Linux?

I am currently unable to use my computer because I can not login. I've burned thrice the daily minimal-dev Sabayon Linux ISO onto the same USB flash device. Each time, the login screen asks for login ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

NCR unix system v/386 release 4 recover root password

we have NCR 3455 system from long time as attached all information for server (images) , so we need your help to assist us to get root password which lost it , really we appreciate your efforts if ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

logging wrong passwords in /var/log/auth.log

/var/log/auth.log logs (among other things) failed login attempts to my debian linux. I was wandering if it is possible to ask it to log the password that was used in the failed attempt. This is ...
20
votes
2answers
29k views

Manually generate password for /etc/shadow

I need to manually edit /etc/shadow to change the root password inside of a virtual machine image. Is there a command-line tool that takes a password and generates an /etc/shadow compatiable password ...
2
votes
3answers
10k views

Lost password for a user on a Linux Server: How reset it?

On a Server an user 16040 has lost his password. I have password for root but don't have password for user 16040. How can I reset his password? With passwd 16040, unix ask me current password that I ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does pam_mount ask for password?

I used the pam-auth-update tool in order to enable some pam configuration profiles: PAM configuration PAM profiles to enable: [*] encfs encrypted home directories [*] Unix ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

GNU Screen - any way to remove password when detached?

Protecting a GNU screen session with a password is good security. However, how does one remove the password if you need to share a session with a colleague? I tried the following to clear it and got ...
-2
votes
2answers
32 views

A little help passwd status on linux

On a linux distro user mino report this passwd status passw -S mino mino P 04/21/2015 0 90 15 -1 P=passwd ok 04/21/2015 = date creation 0 min pass? 90 max pass valid 15 = ? -1 = ? Thanks
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Change Password Programmatically

In the current version of Raspian, I know it is possible to change the password of the current logged in user from the command line like so: sudo passwd which will then prompt the user to enter a ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Linux can't recognize the right password when ssh'ing?

I've created a local port forwarding and I was trying to ssh into my own port. During the process, I found that my own Linux won't recognize me even when I have the right password ...
0
votes
2answers
5k views

vsftp user authentication problems

I configured my ftp user's home dir to /var/www and set a password but I cannot login with ftp 127.0.0.1, it keep giving me 530 Login incorrect. Why is this? I'm sure I have typed the password right. ...
5
votes
2answers
371 views

How to set default password algorithm to sha512 on Linux?

on AIX, it would be a simple: chsec -f /etc/security/login.cfg -s usw -a pwd_algorithm=ssha512 Question: But how can we set the default password algorithm to sha512? UPDATE: I think pwd_algorithm ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

LDAP Force Password Change Through HTTPS

We have a "master" server running Suse Enterprise with LDAP that controls user's access to our systems. We want to implement a 90 day expiration policy, but the issue is that most of our servers are ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Is there a root password on OS X and Ubuntu?

When you setup a new Ubuntu or OS X installation a user is generally created for you. On OS X it is whatever username you pick. On Ubuntu (the server version) usually the ubuntu user is created. The ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Configuring Exim on Debian to authenticate using only a password?

I am attempting to configure Exim in such a way that clients who wish to relay email through the server must supply a single passphrase. The file /etc/exim4/conf.d/auth/30_exim4-config_examples ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Sudo Su automated login

I want to automate the login process with sudo su. I have seen lot of questions on these, but none of them are working for me. Automate login with sudo and su Here's my what I tried so far echo ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

shell script prompting for password but not taking it while doing tar

In my shell script, I have following lines: function tarIt() { FILE_OWNER=$1 TAR_FILE_NAME=$2 FILE_NAME=$3 su - $FILE_OWNER -c "tar -czf $TAR_FILE_NAME $FILE_NAME 2>&1" if [ ${?} ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

SSH authenticity couldn't be established

Last night I SSH'ed to different systems.... one system/SSH reported that the "authenticity of HOSTNAME couldn't be established......." and it asks if I want to continue or something, I didn't and ...
1
vote
5answers
5k views

Is there some default password for a new user in Linux?

I am a Windows user gradually moving towards Linux. In Windows we have an option of either having or not having some password for a user. Once we do not put a password we can directly log in to the ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Policy in /etc/pam.d/password-auth is not being enforced

I've updated login.defs and password-auth to include a minimum length on passwords (12), but the minlen is not being enforced when I attempt to change a user's password with passwd. None of the ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

How to change the password display in linux? [duplicate]

In general when we enter the password, nothing is display in the screen. I want to display * when I enter password in Linux. Current behavior: abc@123:$ su testuser ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How to show the password of a user? [duplicate]

I am a newbie. I know one can make new password for a user, but is there a way to retrieve the current password of a user?
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Allow user1 to “su - user2” without password

I need to allow user martin to switch to user martin-test without password su - martin-test I think this can be configured in /etc/pam.d/su. There are already some lines in that file which can be ...
4
votes
3answers
224 views

How to unlock account for public key ssh authorization, but not for password authorization?

The ssh won't let me login, because account is locked. I want to unlock the user on my server for public key authorization over ssh, but do not enable password-ed login. I've tried: # passwd -u ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

How can I decrypt my encrypted /home partition?

A year ago I installed Linux Mint 17 on my laptop. I partitioned the HDD and separated the system (/ mount point) and the data (/home mount point). I chose to encrypt the whole /home using the basic ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Samba passwords expiring in x days - how do we fix them to not expire

We use OpenLDAP and Samba v3. Recently some Samba-defined users (no accounts on the shared linux server) started being listed in logwatch as having their passwords come up to "will expire"...I ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Change the root password of a Linux image

I'm building a jessie build of Debian. Passwords are saved in /etc/shadow in the build tree, but they are salted obviously so I cannot change it just by editing the file. If this was my installed ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How do I log in to Mint when I've forgotten my password?

I'm brand new to Linux. I bought a laptop with Linux Mint 17.1 installed on it, but I can't remember the log in password. Is there a way of disabling it?
0
votes
2answers
52 views

/etc/passwd shortest password

I need to put one character inside the password file so that nobody can notice. I thought that if I was able to put the password as plain text and put something like a space nobody would ever find ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the difference between these two ways of reseting the root password?

I know several ways to reset root user's password, but want to know which is the best and why it is. For example: A method: Grub > 'e' init=/bin/sh (Remove rhgb and quiet tags if necessary) > ctrl+x ...
9
votes
2answers
223 views

A consistent and safe approach to passwordless accounts with SSH

I must admit that I like servers without passwords in some cases. A typical server is vulnerable to anyone who has physical access to it. So in some cases it is practical to lock it physically and ...
8
votes
4answers
25k views

rsync without prompt for password

I need to execute rsync, without it prompting me for password. I've seen in rsync manpage that it doesn't allow specifying the password as command line argument. But I noticed that it allows ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

smd5 - generate by unix tool or perl

I have problem on Unix, have to create a lot of passwords in smd5 but don't know how to generate smd5 passwords using some unix tool or perl in a form: {smd5}DoZgZ.OE$vSg4ZH7Bpy0BCdXNzBj001 I have ...
-3
votes
2answers
44 views

How to Find the number of password entries that are on the server? in unix [closed]

Find the number of password entries that are on the server? in UNIX