Disk partitioning is the act of dividing a hard disk drive into multiple logical storage units referred to as partitions, to treat one physical disk drive as if it were multiple disks.

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Why are there so many different ways to measure disk usage?

When I sum up the sizes of my files, I get one figure. If I run du, I get another figure. If I run du on all the files on my partition, it doesn't match what df claims is used. Why are there so many ...
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What mount points exist on a typical Linux system?

I have 2 questions. During Linux installation we specify memory space for 2 mount points - root and swap. Are there any other mount points created without the users notice? Is this statement ...
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The merits of a partitionless filesystem

I ran into something a couple of weeks ago that I'd never seen before: A filesystem (ext3 I believe) installed to a storage device without a partition. In essence /dev/sdb was the entire filesystem. I ...
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What is the /boot partition really for?

I'm reading a relatively old text on Linux partitions and file systems (the LPIC 1 Certification Bible). It says: Some versions of the Linux boot loaders cannot access a kernel that is outside ...
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Clear unused space with zeros (ext3,ext4)

How to clear unused space with zeros ? (ext3,ext4) I'm looking for something smarter than cat /dev/zero > /mnt/X/big_zero ; sync; rm /mnt/X/big_zero Like FSArchiver is looking for "used space" ...
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How can I increase the number of inodes in an ext4 filesystem?

I had a problem (new to me) last week. I have a ext4 (Fedora 15) filesystem. The application that runs on the server suddenly stopped. I couldn't find the problem at first look. df showed 50% ...
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2answers
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Can I resize the root partition without uninstalling and reinstalling Linux (or losing data)?

I have started using a machine that has both Debian and Windows 7 installed. However, after installing some programs I started getting a message that there is not enough space. I knew that the system ...
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6answers
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Different linux distros sharing the same /home folder?

What is the best way to share the same /home directories between different linux distribution? I mean, I want to have both, say, Fedora and Arch, and I want to find my files at home no matter which ...
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Reading a filesystem from a whole disk image

I ran these commands: VBoxManage clonehd d6b9f0a5-98df-48ca-83c8-91a0809ec349 --format RAW Debian.raw sudo dd if=~/.VirtualBox/HardDisks/Debian.raw of=/dev/sda5 When I try to mount the partition, I ...
33
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3answers
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Are there any side effects when two distros share a swap partition?

In order to save disk space, I want to have two OS installations share a single swap partition (a dual-boot). Is this a good idea?
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How to copy the partition layout of a whole disk using standard tools

I want to take a backup of the whole partition layout of a hard drive, including logical drives, so that I can restore that layout to another disk. I do not want to copy the contents of the ...
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List partition labels from the command line

Is there a command that will list all partitions along with their labels? sudo fdisk -l and sudo parted -l don't show labels by default. EDIT: (as per comment below) I'm talking about ext2 labels - ...
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How can I shrink a LUKS partition, what does `cryptsetup resize` do?

I am in progress of resizing a LUKS encrypted partition that contains a single ext4 filesystem (no LVM or something). The cryptsetup FAQ recommends to remove the old partition and recreate it, but ...
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How to clone a NTFS partition (WinXP) from a damaged disk to a new one?

I'm an Italian Windows programmer. I know almost nothing of Linux, so please be patient if the question is dumb and pardon my bad english. I need to clone a NTFS partition from a damaged, near to die ...
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2answers
364 views

Change main partition size to install another distribution

I have CentOS 5.5 installed, I have no un-partitioned space and the only ext3 partition I have is huge with lots of free space. Can I change that partition size in order to allocate another one? I ...
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How to reduce Volume Group size in LVM?

[root@localhost ~] vgdisplay --- Volume group --- VG Name vg_root System ID Format lvm2 Metadata Areas 1 Metadata Sequence No 7 VG ...
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7answers
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How can I use DD to migrate data from an old drive to a new drive?

I am upgrading the internal SATA hard drive on my laptop from a 40G drive to a 160G drive. I have a Linux/Ubuntu desktop which has a SATA card. I would actually like to do the same thing for a couple ...
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Creating formatted partition from nothing

I need to create filesystem with just one partition from nothing (/dev/zero). I tried this sequence of commands: dd if=/dev/zero of=mountedImage.img bs=512 count=131072 fdisk mountedImage.img n ...
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What is the difference between “extended” partition and “logical” partition

What is the difference between "extended" partitions and "logical" partitions on my hard disk? What's the need for each? I am using Linux
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LVM2 partition alignment

How to do the following with Linux tools : LVM partition alignment and alignment of partition on LVM ? What in case where I want to setup LVM partition (for "pv") and then partitions ? To be more ...
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4answers
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How do I find the offset of an ext4 filesystem?

I have a failing hard drive that is unable to write or read the first sectors of the disk. It just gives I/O errors and that is all there is. There are other areas on the disk that seem (mostly) fine. ...
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How can I diagnose and repair missing drive space?

I have a small ext3 / partition on a 2T drive which appears to have a discrepancy in its free space. How can I determine what is causing it and how it can be fixed. After trying everything I could ...
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Linux Mint: drives' map changing at reboot brings fstab error

I've set up fstab to auto mount media drives on a Linux Mint machine. The OS is installed on a IDE/ATA Disk while 3 SATA disks hold data to share. The BIOS has the ATA disk as first boot device. All ...
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how should I mount my ext4 partition in fstab

so that it appears in Thunar's sidebar under the name 'Schijf-2'? I am running linux mint13 xfce and this has been a headache causer for the last couple of days. the UUID of this partition is: this ...
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How to mount ext3,ext4 sitting on VDI VirtualBox HDD?

How to mount ext3, ext4 partition sitting on "Fixed-Size VDI" VirtualBox HardDisk ? To be more specific, I ma interested in case when VM is not running.
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Resize root LVM and FS in Debian 7

I have a Debian server and I would like to increase the "root" partition from 5GB to 17GB and to diminish the "home" partition from 14GB to 2GB. I am a newbie in linux sysadmin, so a really need your ...
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Why put things other than /home to a separate partition?

So recently a Debian 5.0.5 installer offered me to have separate /usr, /home, /var and /tmp partitions (on one physical disk). What is the practical reason for this? I understand that /home can be ...
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How to (safely) move /tmp to a different volume?

Today the /tmp directory filled up on a machine at work. The problem was, it was on the root partition which wasn't very big. In order to fix this, a co-worker created a /new/tmp directory elsewhere, ...
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how to find the type of img file and mount it

I have to mount a .img file but I don't know what type of .img it is. How can I figure out what type of .img file it is? # mount -t auto -o ro,loop gmapsupp.img /mnt/iso/ mount: you must specify the ...
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4answers
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Backup of LVM2 logical volume

I'd like to make backup on external drive of LVM2 logical volume in dd manner. Approach I consider is to make lv on extranl drive with identical size copy with dd (Please let me know if you see ...
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Primary vs Logical partition

I know that you can only have 4 primary partitions on a hard drive. But if you're using less than 4, is there a benefit/penalty for using logical partitions?
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How can I move the home directory to a separate partition?

I would like to install another distribution but keep my home directory. Is there a way to move the home directory to a separate partition? I don't have an external hard drive available to back up my ...
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Command to reread partitions from media

When I insert media (e.g. an SD card) the system (Ubuntu 12.04) reads the partition table and creates all the /dev/*[1234] links to each partition. If I repartition the media I have to physically ...
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How do I resize a partition in Ubuntu linux without losing data?

I ran out of space in my on the drive only to find that there was another unformatted partition in the system that is available. I now want to resize the current partition to take in the empty ...
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3answers
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To secure my data, is it good to have separate data partition (along with separate home partition)

I am installing fresh Ubuntu 15.10 on my laptop after erasing my hard disk completely. Now, what I am interested to know is whether it is good to have a separate data partition along with separate ...
2
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3answers
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Why creating partitions in linux is a good solution for easy recovery?

I have heard if you don't make partitions in linux, it is so hard to recover the data. And if you make few partitions it would be easy to recover the data. for example if you make /par1 /part2 /part3 ...
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How to recover the partition table (Windows, Ubuntu) of an unallocated disc?

The following screenshot shows the current state of my hard disc. The unallocated part of the disc used to contain two operating systems: Windows and Ubuntu, in this order. Windows has been ...
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Ignorantly dd'd /dev/sda*

I was trying to write an iso to a flash drive. I mistakenly thought that all /dev/sda* are flash drives attached to the system. I wasn't sure how to figure out which was which, so I just unplugged my ...
4
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Figuring out what OS is on which partition?

So I have both Ubuntu and Crunchbang installed on my laptop, and I'm trying to figure out which one is on which partition. I'm going to install another OS (probably BT) and need to know what ...
4
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1answer
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How to mount some folders on a different partition

I recently got an SSD for my computer. Therefore I reinstalled my system and mounted / on /dev/sda1 (which is a partition on the SSD). To protect the SSD, I managed to mount /tmp on the RAMdisk. ...
2
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1answer
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USB flash-drive with hard-coded partition

I have a Kingston DataTraveler 2.0 16GB USB flash-drive: The weird part with this USB flash-drive is that despite the fact that I have zero-filled the flash-drive: # dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdc ...
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Filesystem for boot partition

I created a BIOS boot partition on a hard drive, using gdisk : $ sudo gdisk /dev/sdb Command (? for help): p Disk /dev/sdb: 7821312 sectors, 3.7 GiB Logical sector size: 512 bytes Disk identifier ...
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Forced reread of partition table: difference between BLKRRPART and BLKPG ioctl? (Linux)

When I want Linux to consider newly created partitions without rebooting, I have several tools available to force a refresh of the kernel "partition cache": partx -va /dev/sdX kpartx -va /dev/sdX ...
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2answers
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Restore formated Partition Table on LVM Physical

I have a machine (guest VM running CentOS 6.5) with 2 disks. Main OS on sda and then a 2TB LVM on the second sdc. I added 2 more 2TB disks to the machine and was going through the process of ...
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how partition for OpenSuSE dual-boot

Currently I'm running Ubuntu 14.10 and have quite a bit of free space on this disc: thufir@doge:~$ thufir@doge:~$ sudo fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors ...
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Resize an extended partition to the whole drive

I previously had the following partitions on my sda: - - /home - /var - /tmp - swap Now I deleted /var, /tmp and the swap partition of that drive. This leaves me with around 35G of empty space. ...
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Disk /dev/sda doesn't contain partition table

I am unable to booting with my laptop getting this error No operating system after booing with Live cd if i give this command fidsk -l getting below error. mint@mint ~ $ sudo fdisk -l Disk ...
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How do I partition a USB drive so that it's bootable and has a Windows-compatible data storage partition?

split from here I have a 16gb flash drive, which I want a live ISO to boot from (via unetbootin or something similar). It'll be some 32bit distro that I can plug-in and boot on whatever computer I ...
10
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How do I determine the new size for resize2fs?

I want to shrink an ext4 filesystem to make room for a new partition and came across the resize2fs program. The command looks like this: resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/ExistingExt4 $size How should I ...
12
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How to extend CentOS 5 partition on VMware?

I have a CentOS 5 virtual machine and I added 20GB more to disk size. How do I initialize and extend the available space? I'm new to Linux, so what should I do? I tried loading GParted as well, ...