Disk partitioning is the act of dividing a hard disk drive into multiple logical storage units referred to as partitions, to treat one physical disk drive as if it were multiple disks.

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How to format a partition inside of an img file?

I created an img file via the following command: dd if=/dev/zero bs=2M count=200 > binary.img It's just a file with zeroes, but I can use it in fdisk and create a partition table: # fdisk ...
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Software RAID 10 + LVM on mixed drives, sector alignment?

I have 4 2.5" 7.2k drives lying about and I'd like to build some RAID arrays for a bit of VM storage on my KVM lab box. There are 2x 320GB drives and 2x 500GB drives. I'm looking to create a RAID 10 ...
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Command to reread partitions from media

When I insert media (e.g. an SD card) the system (Ubuntu 12.04) reads the partition table and creates all the /dev/*[1234] links to each partition. If I repartition the media I have to physically ...
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Understanding partition table with sda1 sda2 sda5

I just inherited a system and I am trying to understand it's partition table for the hard drive. (I'm new to this) machine:~# fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250000000000 bytes 255 heads, ...
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How much disk space should be allocated for FreeBSD?

I have a Samsung N150 netbook with 160 GB hard disk. I want to install FreeBSD OS. There will be no other OSs, no dual booting or like that, just FreeBSD. So the manual says to have a separate ...
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Change main partition size to install another distribution

I have CentOS 5.5 installed, I have no un-partitioned space and the only ext3 partition I have is huge with lots of free space. Can I change that partition size in order to allocate another one? I ...
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130 views

How can I set up overflow /tmp partition?

I run Antergos as my OS. I have several drives in my computer: a 240gb SSD, a 320gb SATA hard drive, and a 120gb IDE drive. I store most everything on the SSD because I don't generally need more room ...
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How to split FHS read-only and read/write directories across two disks with Linux/systemd, without partitioning the raed/write disk?

My objective is to have the physical storage for the Linux FHS read/write directories (/home, /srv, /tmp, /var) on a separate (logical or physical) disk from the potentially read-only rest of the root ...
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What is happening with the Linux swap partition data when running Windows via dual-boot

Hmm, I would like to know what is happening with the data on the Linux swap partition when the Linux system is turned off and by the next start the Windows operating system via GRUB2 will start. 3 ...
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Advantage of GPT over MBR partition table [closed]

What is the advantage GPT partitioned hard drives on older BIOS system ? when boot drive is bellow 2TB on a BIOS system or UEFI boot disabled grub on BIOS system with GPT partitioned needs an ...
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643 views

Add ArchLinux to Ubuntu dual-boot

I would like to dual boot ArchLinux with my Ubuntu. I would like some hints at how to do it without messing my partitions too much. Presently, my Computer partition scheme goes like this: (Ubuntu ...
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How to inspect the raw contents of a partition?

I'm trying to see the contents in raw bytes of a dummy partition /dev/sda3, which I've made to be 100MiB through gparted. I want to test writing and reading on that partition. Is there a tool that ...
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dd to clone to smaller sdcard

One of my Raspberry Pi's is using a 4GB SDcard for the root/boot filesystem. As seen when mounted on another system: Disk /dev/sdc: 3904 MB, 3904897024 bytes 121 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1016 ...
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understanding the “chunk size” in context of RAID

Am I correct that chunk size in context of RAID is essentially the same thing as cluster in file-system context? In other words, chunk size is the smallest unit of data which can be written to a ...
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If /usr partition not specified, does it go on same partition as root by default?

I plan to install Fedora Linux on a machine with an SSD and an HDD. /boot, and the root will have their own partitions on the SSD. If I want /usr to be on same partition as /, will that occur by ...
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extending a partition by resize2fs

I have a 4 GB SD card. Before the image load root@ubuntu# fdisk -l Disk /dev/sdb: 3965 MB, 3965190144 bytes 49 heads, 48 sectors/track, 3292 cylinders, total 7744512 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * ...
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Graphical Btrfs tool

Is there a graphical tool for creating Btrfs sub-partitions and in particular, subpartitions like "GParted" or "system-config-lvm"? I'm running Debian squeeze. In response to the first comment, Btrfs ...
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Creating an ext4 partition fails with “invalid blocks count”

Environment: - Virtual machine on VMWare ESX 4.0 - OS: fully up to date RHEL 5.8 After adding a new (virtual) disk I want to create an ext4 partition on LVM on this disk. Steps taken so far: $ sudo ...
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Create iso image of ext3 type

I want to create an ISO image which can be mounted with an ext3 partition type. How can I do that? I am using this command: [root@manage upload]# dd if=testParti.txt of=./diskImage.iso 41+1 records ...
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How to create a new partition on a hard disk?

How do I create a new partition on a hard disk, from the terminal? I've been reading the man pages for fdisk and mkfs, but they're confusing. I need to know how to create a new partition on a blank ...
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Installing a second hard drive

My system currently runs an XBMC live install. I am installing a second hard drive in my system, but I am somewhat of a linux newb and only know the basics. Since it is XBMC I believe I need to do ...
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/dev/mapper in fdisk

After installing CentOS, I see several lines like /dev/mapper/centos_jackpc--11-swap and /dev/mapper/centos_jackpc--11-root when I issue fdisk -l. What is the purpose of these? And why do they not ...
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How to stop caching a LVM partition?

I currently have LVM-cache set up on my Ubuntu install as described in https://rwmj.wordpress.com/2014/05/22/using-lvms-new-cache-feature/. (I did have to install some of the vivid/proposed packages ...
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How to find out how the filesystem was created?

You can create the filesystem with mkfs... -- how to find out not only what filesystem is used on given partition, but what parameters where passed to mkfs? So how to perform mkfs in reverse -- ...
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Can I partition around a bad block on a harddrive?

I used a computer too much, running a script for many weeks. Eventually, Debian printed a thousand errors and shutdown, and won't start again. When I ran DBAN on the drive, to write 0's to the disk ...
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How to know if /dev/hda2 is Primary partition or Extended partition

If all four primary partitions exist on an IDE drive, they are numbered as follows: /dev/hda1 /dev/hda2 /dev/hda3 /dev/hda4 We have also the partitions on a disk with one primary partition and ...
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Moving unallocated space from Extended partition to create a Primary partition

This is my partition structure : I want to create another primary partition from that unallocated space. If I shrink sda2 to a size less than what I needed for to create another primary partition, ...
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lvm: what's the purpose of a Volume Group?

Each Volume Group can have many resizeable Logical Volumes. each of Logical Volume can have different filesystem, encryption options etc. that means having a single Volume Groups is enough. so why LVM ...
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398 views

How can move a LUKS container from the middle of a partition to the beginning?

For the tl;dr, skip to the bottom. I have a dual-boot setup with Mac OS X at the beginning of my drive and three GNU/Linux partitions at the end of the drive. I don't have the relevant machine on ...
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129 views

WD Advanced Format confusion

One of my Hitachi DeskStar 7K160 hard disks died today and the other one is not safe (has bad sectors) so I've ordered a new 1 TB WD Blue WD10EZEX. Apparently nowadays new hard disks come with this ...
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Boot SystemRescueCd using UEFI?

How would you boot SystemRescueCd if you don't have the option to use the legacy-bios? I have the new UEFI and I have no luck booting SystemRescueCd(with a USB stick). I am planning to back up my ...
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419 views

Removing windows partition from dual-boot

I have a dual boot of Windows 8 and Linux Mint 14. I want to remove the windows partitions and format them to ext4. sudo fdisk -lu gives me this.. Disk /dev/sda: 320.1 GB, 320072933376 bytes 255 ...
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Partition table not recognized by Linux kernel

I experience relatively often that the partition table of a USB stick or SD card is suddenly no longer recognized by the kernel while (g)parted and fdisk still see it, as do other systems. I can even ...
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Mount NTFS image file created using partimage

From an old disk which I don't have at hand, I have created a file named winxp.img using partimage. As the filename suggests, the partition contained Windows XP and was formatted with NTFS. (The ...
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do my advanced filesystem partitions have problems?

Recently one of my drive's went bad in my RAID, and I'm replacing with a new drive. I used this answer to mirror the partition on my old drive for resyncing. But I'm concerned about the output. My ...
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Ubuntu 11.04 and large external drives

I have a Hitachi USB external 3 terabyte drive attached to a Dell Precision T1500. When connected to the computer running Ubuntu 11.04 (2.6.38-11-generic #50-Ubuntu SMP Mon Sep 12 21:17:25 UTC 2011 ...
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How to enable (format) a disk in SunOS then add it to a DiskGroup?

SERVER # vxdisk list DEVICE TYPE DISK GROUP STATUS c1t0d0s2 auto:none - - online invalid c1t1d0s2 auto:none - - ...
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LVM2 partition alignment

How to do the following with Linux tools : LVM partition alignment and alignment of partition on LVM ? What in case where I want to setup LVM partition (for "pv") and then partitions ? To be more ...
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974 views

Dual boot debian/Win XP - hidden partitions and primary partition limit

I decided it's (finally) time to make my eee a debian/WinXP dual boot. I have Windows already installed and chose to sacrifice most of an existing data partition for debian. Here's how the partitions ...
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Decrypt a portion of a corrupted drive

I have a hard drive that got corrupted after a doing an MTP mounting of a cell phone. It was created under Fedora Core 20 using defaults. Originally, I thought I did it as an ext4 partition. I ...
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How can I identify the filesystem/partition type

My hard drive got corrupted at some point after mounting an mtpfs system. I would ask how to fix that, but I'm not confident about the partition and file system types. My OS is new Fedora Core 23, ...
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Is there any way to prevent a bad drive from disappearing from /dev?

I'm trying to recover a partition on a bad drive with ddrescue. I run: $ sudo ddrescue -r -1 -v /dev/sdd3 OUT.img dd_rescue_logfile and it seems to do great for a while, but after about an hour, ...
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271 views

Problems with partition table on 3tb NTFS drive

I have a 3tb HDD which was formatted with NTFS and put in a USB enclosure. It was used under Windows and Linux, with no problems for a year. Recently it stopped mounting under Linux and Windows, and ...
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How do I create a utility USB?

I do a lot of work with many different bootable images all on different flash drives. However, it gets annoying to search for a specific drive, plug it in, and use it. Is there a way I can consolidate ...
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Can I delete my home partition and create a new(larger) partition with the same files without issue?

I installed arch linux and figured I might want to have another distro or 5, so I left over half my hard drive space unallocated. Due to the fact that I wouldn't know how to add another distro to my ...
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Can`t part disk because 'invalid token primary'

I`m trying to partition the external HDD on my raspberry, I am running Raspbian (debian). When I run the command; mkpart primary ntfs 45% It will say: But the help says: What I am doing wrong? ...
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Finding unallocated disk space (partitioning)

Another (hobbiest) sys admin on they same system as me, pointed out that there is 30Gb of unallocated space on the system. I have need of that space to create a new partition. (I'm going to make a ...
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267 views

Partitioning correctly for GPT in BIOS system

I am in doubt whether I have partitioned my hdd correctly as GPT on a BIOS motherboard. I used gparted to partition and I don't know if I aligned the beginning/end of the disk correctly, used correct ...
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Apache Server on different disk partitions

I have an Apache server installed with Debian. Later, I partitioned my hard drive and installed Ubuntu on the new partition. Afterwards, I realized I could not access my Apache server while booted ...
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What is the proper way to shrink a LVM partition?

I want to shrink a Linux LVM partition from 200GB to 150GB. A test is carried out with the following steps: Shrink a file system in a logical volume with reszie2fs Shrink the logical volume with ...