Disk partitioning is the act of dividing a hard disk drive into multiple logical storage units referred to as partitions, to treat one physical disk drive as if it were multiple disks.

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How to check accurately the remaining disk space on a partition?

I have my /home partition formatted as ext3. Occassionally, some program that is part of GNOME is giving notifications about there only being 700mb of space left. Nautilius tells me I have 5.6GB. Disk ...
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Do I only need one swap partition for multiple Linux distros? (and other questions)

I have Linux Mint 14 installed as my only OS. I have one extended partition containing /swap, / and /home, and I have some unallocated space on my drive. I'm guessing that Mint decided to put this ...
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Prevent non-root user from formatting a partition

Few days back I mistakenly formatted a partition on my external hard drive by clicking Format from the Context menu in Computer. I want to know that how can I prevent non-root user from being able to ...
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/etc files on a different partition

My setup requires that some of my /etc files reside on a separate partition. For this purpose I've created a softlink: ls -li /etc/group 956 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 21 May 7 15:48 /etc/group -> ...
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How do I find the offset of an ext4 filesystem?

I have a failing hard drive that is unable to write or read the first sectors of the disk. It just gives I/O errors and that is all there is. There are other areas on the disk that seem (mostly) fine. ...
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area on disk after the MBR and before the partition start-point

If I use a MBR partitioning scheme and create a primary or extended partition with fdisk(version 2.20.1), then it starts on sector 2048. If I remember correctly, then older versions of fdisk started ...
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How to format a write protected pen drive in Linux?

How can I format the write protected pendrive?
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Shrink Windows partition to install Fedora 20

I want to install Fedora 20 along already installed Windows 8.1 on my notebook. I found a good how-to on Techotopia, however, the installer for Fedora 20 looks completely different, is simpler (cough ...
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Best Disk Partitioning Scheme for a Linux-based Developer Machine

Is there some kind of "best disk partitioning scheme" for a Linux-based web and application developer machine, in terms of performance, organization or others?
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Does Linux support Mac OS partitions format?

I want to install Linux alongside Mac-OS. There is something I'm in doubt about. Does Linux support Mac-OS partitions format?
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Does the order of partitions matter much?

I've just ran a test install of Arch on a separate computer, and now I'm ready to do the real thing on my main one. However, since the guide didn't explicitly recommend it, I did not install with a ...
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Finding all partitions with filesystems

I'm writing a script that will copy all of the files on a device to a directory. The problem is that some of the devices have multiple partitions and some of the partitions don't have filesystems to ...
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Is it safe to use GParted while booted?

I have Linux Mint installed on an external hard drive, and I have the 4 main partitions (/boot, swap, /, and /home). I also have 600GB of unallocated space. I know there's always the chance of data ...
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How can I shrink a LUKS partition, what does `cryptsetup resize` do?

I am in progress of resizing a LUKS encrypted partition that contains a single ext4 filesystem (no LVM or something). The cryptsetup FAQ recommends to remove the old partition and recreate it, but ...
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Copying an HDD to a larger one by dd

I'm trying to copy an entire HDD which has IBM PC-style partition table to a larger one by dd on GNU/Linux. The questions are: Can I use the additional space on the larger disk by changing the ...
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Linux Mint: drives' map changing at reboot brings fstab error

I've set up fstab to auto mount media drives on a Linux Mint machine. The OS is installed on a IDE/ATA Disk while 3 SATA disks hold data to share. The BIOS has the ATA disk as first boot device. All ...
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Is the crazy partition layout in Fedora 15 really nessesary?

As I'm installing Fedora 15 on another computer I'm really starting to question the crazy partition layout. On this computer there's an existing Windows 7 installation, so I'm cramming Fedora right ...
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Adding an unused partition to a linux filesystem

I am running kubuntu 11.04. I installed it in a dual-boot scenario on a single drive, with Windows XP installed first. The XP installation is fubar so I now would like to use the space in kubuntu. I ...
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How to get size of a block special file? [duplicate]

I need to be able to determine the size of a block special file. For example, given /dev/sda, I need a command that will provide the size of the device. (By size I mean capacity, since this is a ...
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What's the limit on the no. of partitions I can have?

I would like to know how many Primary and Extended Partitions I can create on a x86_64 PC with Linux running on it? Update : If there is a limit to the number of partitions, why is that the ...
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How to format a partition inside of an img file?

I created an img file via the following command: dd if=/dev/zero bs=2M count=200 > binary.img It's just a file with zeroes, but I can use it in fdisk and create a partition table: # fdisk ...
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How do I resize partitions and filesystems on them?

How can I resize partitions from the command line? I've heard of GParted, but I don't want to use a GUI program.
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Software RAID 10 + LVM on mixed drives, sector alignment?

I have 4 2.5" 7.2k drives lying about and I'd like to build some RAID arrays for a bit of VM storage on my KVM lab box. There are 2x 320GB drives and 2x 500GB drives. I'm looking to create a RAID 10 ...
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“unknown partition table” - misconfigured kernel

I was compiling a custom linux kernel for a newly installed machine, and after booting into the new kernel (3.12), the init process fails to find a root device, which I traced to the system getting an ...
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Command to reread partitions from media

When I insert media (e.g. an SD card) the system (Ubuntu 12.04) reads the partition table and creates all the /dev/*[1234] links to each partition. If I repartition the media I have to physically ...
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Understanding partition table with sda1 sda2 sda5

I just inherited a system and I am trying to understand it's partition table for the hard drive. (I'm new to this) machine:~# fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250000000000 bytes 255 heads, ...
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How do I name a partition?

Currently, I have a partition where Crunchbang is installed, which shows up as a folder in Mint named either 0d71227f-66fc-45ac-8bfc-93280b93dc8c or "10.0 GB Volume". First question is, of ...
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Mac OS X partition type problem

As a 2 decades of MS-Windows user I have switched to Mac OS X a month ago. And my knowledge is not enough to fix my big problem which I encountered yesterday and my brand new MBPro is dead now. I ...
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LVM with SSD and SATA hard disks

Is it possible to create LVM partitions for both SSD and SATA hard disks? I mean if there isn't any conflicts.
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Is there a GUI alternative to GParted?

GParted 0.7.0 is less than ideal, so am looking for something else. Is there a credible alternative? [update] The two issues I was having had nothing to do with GParted.
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Change main partition size to install another distribution

I have CentOS 5.5 installed, I have no un-partitioned space and the only ext3 partition I have is huge with lots of free space. Can I change that partition size in order to allocate another one? I ...
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Add ArchLinux to Ubuntu dual-boot

I would like to dual boot ArchLinux with my Ubuntu. I would like some hints at how to do it without messing my partitions too much. Presently, my Computer partition scheme goes like this: (Ubuntu ...
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How to inspect the raw contents of a partition?

I'm trying to see the contents in raw bytes of a dummy partition /dev/sda3, which I've made to be 100MiB through gparted. I want to test writing and reading on that partition. Is there a tool that ...
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understanding the “chunk size” in context of RAID

Am I correct that chunk size in context of RAID is essentially the same thing as cluster in file-system context? In other words, chunk size is the smallest unit of data which can be written to a ...
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If /usr partition not specified, does it go on same partition as root by default?

I plan to install Fedora Linux on a machine with an SSD and an HDD. /boot, and the root will have their own partitions on the SSD. If I want /usr to be on same partition as /, will that occur by ...
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Creating an ext4 partition fails with “invalid blocks count”

Environment: - Virtual machine on VMWare ESX 4.0 - OS: fully up to date RHEL 5.8 After adding a new (virtual) disk I want to create an ext4 partition on LVM on this disk. Steps taken so far: $ sudo ...
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Create iso image of ext3 type

I want to create an ISO image which can be mounted with an ext3 partition type. How can I do that? I am using this command: [root@manage upload]# dd if=testParti.txt of=./diskImage.iso 41+1 records ...
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How much disk space should be allocated for FreeBSD?

I have a Samsung N150 netbook with 160 GB hard disk. I want to install FreeBSD OS. There will be no other OSs, no dual booting or like that, just FreeBSD. So the manual says to have a separate ...
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How to create a new partition on a hard disk?

How do I create a new partition on a hard disk, from the terminal? I've been reading the man pages for fdisk and mkfs, but they're confusing. I need to know how to create a new partition on a blank ...
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Installing a second hard drive

My system currently runs an XBMC live install. I am installing a second hard drive in my system, but I am somewhat of a linux newb and only know the basics. Since it is XBMC I believe I need to do ...
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How to find out how the filesystem was created?

You can create the filesystem with mkfs... -- how to find out not only what filesystem is used on given partition, but what parameters where passed to mkfs? So how to perform mkfs in reverse -- ...
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Can I partition around a bad block on a harddrive?

I used a computer too much, running a script for many weeks. Eventually, Debian printed a thousand errors and shutdown, and won't start again. When I ran DBAN on the drive, to write 0's to the disk ...
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How to know if /dev/hda2 is Primary partition or Extended partition

If all four primary partitions exist on an IDE drive, they are numbered as follows: /dev/hda1 /dev/hda2 /dev/hda3 /dev/hda4 We have also the partitions on a disk with one primary partition and ...
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How to renumber GPT partitions on an umounted disk?

I tried to sort (renumber) partitions on /dev/sdb via terminal, using gdisk from the operating system (running on /dev/sda) and none of the sdb partitions mounted but the only option I get is [-l] ...
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Moving unallocated space from Extended partition to create a Primary partition

This is my partition structure : I want to create another primary partition from that unallocated space. If I shrink sda2 to a size less than what I needed for to create another primary partition, ...
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lvm: what's the purpose of a Volume Group?

Each Volume Group can have many resizeable Logical Volumes. each of Logical Volume can have different filesystem, encryption options etc. that means having a single Volume Groups is enough. so why LVM ...
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WD Advanced Format confusion

One of my Hitachi DeskStar 7K160 hard disks died today and the other one is not safe (has bad sectors) so I've ordered a new 1 TB WD Blue WD10EZEX. Apparently nowadays new hard disks come with this ...
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Create partition with exact size not to specific distance

How does one create a partition of exact size not to specific distance? I have tried: parted -a optimal /dev/sdd mkpart primary 0% 0%+1GB # and... parted -a optimal /dev/sdd mkpart primary 0% +1GB ...
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Boot SystemRescueCd using UEFI?

How would you boot SystemRescueCd if you don't have the option to use the legacy-bios? I have the new UEFI and I have no luck booting SystemRescueCd(with a USB stick). I am planning to back up my ...
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Removing windows partition from dual-boot

I have a dual boot of Windows 8 and Linux Mint 14. I want to remove the windows partitions and format them to ext4. sudo fdisk -lu gives me this.. Disk /dev/sda: 320.1 GB, 320072933376 bytes 255 ...