Disk partitioning is the act of dividing a hard disk drive into multiple logical storage units referred to as partitions, to treat one physical disk drive as if it were multiple disks.

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Partition table not recognized by Linux kernel

I experience relatively often that the partition table of a USB stick or SD card is suddenly no longer recognized by the kernel while (g)parted and fdisk still see it, as do other systems. I can even ...
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Partition not mounting from fstab

I have mounted a partition and add it to fstab file and then rebooted but I see that the partition is not mounted although it was added to fstab. What is wrong, and how can I solve it? fstab line: /...
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How do I check how much free space left on a device to create a partition

Let's say I have this virtual machine running: [root@centos ~]# fdisk -ul Disk /dev/sda: 8589 MB, 8589934592 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1044 cylinders, total 16777216 sectors Units = sectors ...
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Define physical volume inside non-partitioned disk

I've been able to define a physical volume (LVM) in two ways: Creating a 8e (Linux LVM type) partition and then # pvcreate /dev/sdb1 Usign pvcreate directly using a non-partitioned disk and then # ...
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FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS using only a part of the disk

I'm having a bit of trouble here. I'll try and be as concise as possible in describing my objective: I'm setting up a storage server for my employer, using two Intel DC S3500 series 120GB solid state ...
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Problem mounting GPT disk partition

I am trying to mount a partition on a GPT disk, but I get the following error: $ sudo mount -t ext4 /dev/sda1 disk/ mount: special device /dev/sda1 does not exist Looking at dmesg, I don't see any ...
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Why are logical volumes used with LUKS partitions?

All of the instructions I've seen on setting up a LUKS encrypted drive require using logical volumes to create root and swap partitions inside a LUKS device. Why not just put standard partitions ...
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Debian 6 - Disk partitioning too long

I just got a new pc that comes with an empty 250GB 3G SATA Non-Hot Plug 7,200rpm HDD. I decided to install Debian 6 from a USB, I chose the partition to be Guided - use entire disk and set up ...
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How do I create new partitions and format my hard drive in parted?

I'm somewhat new to working with commandline tools when dealing with partitioning, so you'll have to excuse my newness. I'm basically trying to create a new logical partition on /dev/sdb and would ...
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Rearrange partitions to install a second Linux distribution

I am new to Linux and just got some foggy idea of partition tables. To be precise here it is: Model: ATA ST3500418AS (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 500GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition ...
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“inode_size (128) * inodes_count (0) too big for a filesystem with 0 blocks” while creating a file system

My partition table looks like this: Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 2048 32505855 16251904 83 Linux /dev/sda2 32505856 33554431 ...
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How can I diagnose and repair missing drive space?

I have a small ext3 / partition on a 2T drive which appears to have a discrepancy in its free space. How can I determine what is causing it and how it can be fixed. After trying everything I could ...
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How do I check if a particular hard disk is dynamic?

What commands do I have to check the dynamic or basic type disk/volumes of the Windows partitions? Topic of interest because: Warning: Don't install linux on a Windows Dynamic disk! Bug Report: ...
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mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sdb on CentOS 6.0

Somehow my partition on /dev/sdb has gotten all buggered up. This hard drive contains a lot of data that I need to recover and haven't been able to backup yet. When I attempt to mount it: # mount -t ...
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Linux Mint freezes on startup

Premise I am running Linux Mint on my sister's computer. Everything was working fine, but than one day she turned it on and she got a strange message she didn't understand. I think it was some kind ...
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Why do some of my lvm partitions have “-real” appended to their names?

In the /dev/mapper directory I can see my lvm partitions, but then I'll see some other ones with the same names, but with "-real" appended to them. What's that about?
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How to resize an LVM partition at the beginning

I have resized lvm partitions in the past, but after the resize there is space at the end of the partition. What I want to achive is to have the space at the beginning of the partition instead. The ...
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How is the size of the block containing the “MBR” determined

I have used fdisk to move Ubuntu Mate partitions from a 1M boundary to start on a 4M boundary on a SD card. The "boot" partition now starts at block 8192. This is how the Raspbian distributions are ...
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Partitions same size but different block [closed]

I tried to backup my partition using dd on another disk and I created a partition of the same size. When I finished the copy I had problems mounting the partition since I got bad geometry: block ...
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Which partition is mounted to where? [duplicate]

How can we check the mount points for partitions listed in /dev/sd*? For example, I would like know if the partition for my home is /dev/sda4.
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If I have an SSD and a hard disk in a system, can the SSD act as cache for the hard disk?

Say I have some partitions; one on a SATA drive and one on an SSD. I want to create a "virtual" hybrid disk. Is this possible?
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Is there an inode for a directory?

Each file has an inode. Is there an inode for every directory ? If not, how does Linux manage directories.
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How does Linux deal with a separate /boot partition?

I am interested to learn about how Linux deals with a separate boot partitions. I am not interested in actually doing this, but I would like to know how this works under-the-hood. Consider a hard ...
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How do I find the offset of an ext4 filesystem?

I have a failing hard drive that is unable to write or read the first sectors of the disk. It just gives I/O errors and that is all there is. There are other areas on the disk that seem (mostly) fine. ...
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Create a partition from a directory

I have a Linux system with only one partition /dev/sda1 on /dev/sda disk with / mount point. Is it possible to create partitions after installation? e.g. create /dev/sda2 with the mount point /home/ ...
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Figuring out what OS is on which partition?

So I have both Ubuntu and Crunchbang installed on my laptop, and I'm trying to figure out which one is on which partition. I'm going to install another OS (probably BT) and need to know what ...
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Remove /var partition and replace it with /var into / (root) partition

I accidentaly created a /var partition and I'd like to get rid of it. Is it possible to remove this partition and use the / partition to contain /var without reinstalling the OS or do I have to ...
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Will my programs installed in Ubuntu be usable by another distro in a dual-boot set-up?

I am interested in setting up my machine so that I can try different distributions of Linux. I want to always be running Ubuntu (10.04.3), but would then try other distros in a dual-boot setting. ...
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Use backup file from dd to restore hard disk and also extract files

I made regular complete backups of my hard disk (with all partitions) using dd tool as backup.img file. I have several such files. Now that my old hard disk died, how can I use backup.img file to ...
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Filesystems and Partitions

I have been reading up more on UNIX and have brushed up on different filesystems and partitioning HDs. In the book it mentioned that filesystems are very much different than partitions and one shouldn'...
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How we can avoid rebooting the system after partition change with fdisk?

When modifying the partition table, fdisk usually returns the following error message: WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy. The kernel still ...
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Short read while trying to open partition

On my personal home computer running Kubuntu Linux 13.04 I'm having trouble mounting a partition that is very dear to me. My backup policy is to perform a backup about monthly, so I do have a backup ...
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How do I backup my partition table?

I just bought a new laptop with Windows 8 preloaded but without an actual Windows disk. I would obliterate the whole thing, but I need to use Visual Studio for one of my classes and the most recent ...
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Backup of LVM2 logical volume

I'd like to make backup on external drive of LVM2 logical volume in dd manner. Approach I consider is to make lv on extranl drive with identical size copy with dd (Please let me know if you see ...
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What happens to partition labels after removing a partition?

What will happen to all the remaining partition labels if I remove a single partition? For example if I have a layout that looks like this: /dev/sda1 /dev/sda2 /dev/sda3 /dev/sda4 /dev/sda5 and if ...
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How to change mount points

I'm not very deep into this mounting/unmouting think on Linux, so here goes my question: With df -h I get the following overview: Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda1 ...
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What's the limit on the no. of partitions I can have?

I would like to know how many Primary and Extended Partitions I can create on a x86_64 PC with Linux running on it? Update : If there is a limit to the number of partitions, why is that the limit?...
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Hard drive/device partition naming convention in Linux

What is the hard disk drive/device partition naming convention in Linux? For example, [hd0,0], sd0, etc. What does it actually mean? What is the significance of this when i need to install multiple ...
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Does the order of partitions matter much?

I've just ran a test install of Arch on a separate computer, and now I'm ready to do the real thing on my main one. However, since the guide didn't explicitly recommend it, I did not install with a ...
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Mac OS X partition type problem

As a 2 decades of MS-Windows user I have switched to Mac OS X a month ago. And my knowledge is not enough to fix my big problem which I encountered yesterday and my brand new MBPro is dead now. I ...
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Move / to a new partition

I have Windows 7 and Debian dual-booted on my laptop. I'm getting cramped for space on the Debian side, so I want to remove the Windows partition and use the whole computer for Debian. I'm currently ...
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What are the ramifications of not having a valid partition table?

I recently upgraded my Ubuntu from 11.10 (Oneiric) to 12.04 (Precise Pangolin) on a Dell Inspiron B130 Laptop. When I run fdisk -l it says that my HD doesn't contain a valid partition table. I have ...
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Linux Mint: drives' map changing at reboot brings fstab error

I've set up fstab to auto mount media drives on a Linux Mint machine. The OS is installed on a IDE/ATA Disk while 3 SATA disks hold data to share. The BIOS has the ATA disk as first boot device. All ...
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What is the effect of deleting utility manufacturer partitions?

I am about to erase everything off of my hard drive and install Linux Mint I'm doing this on a Dell laptop, there is a Dell utility partition that I have never used... I have seen these on other ...
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How can I fix a partition conflict?

I am running Ubuntu 10.10 on a 250 gb hdd. I chose at installation to install all on one partition (it was recommended for beginners). Unfortunately, I need to use Windows 7 too. I didn't want to ...
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Partially overwrote /dev/sda, can I recover anything?

I was messing around with my new hard drive, which only contains some personal files, and to check its write speed, I typed: sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda, /dev/sda/ being the new 2 TB connected to ...
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Finding all partitions with filesystems

I'm writing a script that will copy all of the files on a device to a directory. The problem is that some of the devices have multiple partitions and some of the partitions don't have filesystems to ...
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Fully seperate two accounts without installing seperate operating systems?

Our class is finally installing Mint Linux on our machines. The problem is our teacher is scared that we'll play war games against the two classes that use the computers. His solution is to install ...
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LVM with SSD and SATA hard disks

Is it possible to create LVM partitions for both SSD and SATA hard disks? I mean if there isn't any conflicts.
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How to resize an IMG file's partition info?

I made an ISO this way: sudo partimage save /dev/sdc1 /media/56AE8240AE82191F/Backup/xfcefat.iso The resulting iso file is very small but when mounted I see that it has correctly preserved the ...