Disk partitioning is the act of dividing a hard disk drive into multiple logical storage units referred to as partitions, to treat one physical disk drive as if it were multiple disks.

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Why are there 2048 sectors of free space between each logical partition?

I know about the advanced format and setting 2048 free sectors at the beginning of a disk. But I just converted a partition table of my disk from MS-DOS to GPT, and I noticed this: Before: Number ...
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Difference between bootable and non-bootable partitions

What is the difference between a bootable and non-bootable partition? I know that a user cannot boot a system from a partition marked non-bootable and can from one marked bootable. I want to know ...
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Is there a BSD operating system that can be booted off a logical drive partition?

From several BSD operating systems' documentation, there is a requirement for it to be booted off a primary partition. Is there any BSD that can be booted off a logical partition in some indirect ...
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How to properly unplug/plug removable LVM2 device?

How to properly unplug (remove) and later plug (insert) removable (hot-plug, usb etc) storage device with LVM2 on it ? I've found this note Remove (unplug, eject): lvchange -an ...
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Deploying filesystem images onto a partition of arbitrary size

I would like to establish a deployment process for Ubuntu machines based on root FS images. I would like to restore the image onto a simply-formatted hard drive (I can completely erase the disk during ...
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Is it possible to enlarge the / partition without rebooting?

I can enlarge the root (/) partition with fdisk without rebooting (deleting an recreating it with the same 1st sector, but greater last sector). However, I cannot make the kernel to re-read the ...
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What's the easiest way to resize an ext4 partition from the command line?

What's the easiest way to resize an ext4 partition (or any type partition depending on the method) from the command line (potentially with the fewest commands, but also the easiest to understand)? ...
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Linux/GParted can see partition table but dd bs=512 count=1 can't

I have an MBR formatted sd card and when connect to a Linux machine (xubuntu 12.04) it can mount a partition and parse the file system (as can GParted). However, when I try to read the MBR from the ...
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Primary vs Logical partition

I know that you can only have 4 primary partitions on a hard drive. But if you're using less than 4, is there a benefit/penalty for using logical partitions?
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How to properly align partitions?

I'm trying to understand what are the rules for creating correctly aligned partitions. For the moment I'm playing with parted on a virtual machine, but I'm planning to move to a real hard disk when I ...
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Change the number of the partition from sda1 to sda2

I have a disk with two partitions: sda1 and sda2. I would like change the number of sda1 to sda2 and sda2 to sda1. It's possible but I don't remember the procedure. i.e. My first partition will be ...
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What's the best tool chain or single tool to transform a NTFS to ext[n] filesystem?

I've decided to go Linux only, finally! This also means that I have a bunch of disks still under NTFS. I don't have spare space anywhere to transfer the files to and then just re-format the drive so ...
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How can I expand ext4 partition size on debian

I have a drive with this configuration: fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes Sector size ...
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Unpack files and directories from an image created by dd?

I created an image of an NTFS partition using dd. I wonder if I can unload/unpack the files and directories in the image to any partition whose size is larger than the image size, so that I can ...
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Ignorantly dd'd /dev/sda*

I was trying to write an iso to a flash drive. I mistakenly thought that all /dev/sda* are flash drives attached to the system. I wasn't sure how to figure out which was which, so I just unplugged my ...
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How do I determine the new size for resize2fs?

I want to shrink an ext4 filesystem to make room for a new partition and came across the resize2fs program. The command looks like this: resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/ExistingExt4 $size How should I ...
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How do I permanently mount a separate partition as folder in a separate home partition?

I'd like to create the following situation: A separate partition for my user's home directory, A second separate partition for ~/Documents, and A third separate partition for ~/Videos and ~/Music. ...
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Accidentally deleted the partitions on my boot disk. The system is still running. How can I recover?

I just accidentally scrubbed all the partitions from the wrong disk. /dev/sda is the boot disk, and /dev/sdb is a new disk I am trying to set up as a RAID mirror. I accidentally fat-fingered it, ...
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Partition not mounting from fstab

I have mounted a partition and add it to fstab file and then rebooted but I see that the partition is not mounted although it was added to fstab. What is wrong, and how can I solve it? fstab line: ...
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Reading a filesystem from a whole disk image

I ran these commands: VBoxManage clonehd d6b9f0a5-98df-48ca-83c8-91a0809ec349 --format RAW Debian.raw sudo dd if=~/.VirtualBox/HardDisks/Debian.raw of=/dev/sda5 When I try to mount the partition, I ...
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Define physical volume inside non-partitioned disk

I've been able to define a physical volume (LVM) in two ways: Creating a 8e (Linux LVM type) partition and then # pvcreate /dev/sdb1 Usign pvcreate directly using a non-partitioned disk and then # ...
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FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS using only a part of the disk

I'm having a bit of trouble here. I'll try and be as concise as possible in describing my objective: I'm setting up a storage server for my employer, using two Intel DC S3500 series 120GB solid state ...
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Swap partition in LVM?

I was wondering if putting the swap partition into a logical volume group has any drawbacks (e.g. performance), or would it be "just the same" as having it as a separate primary/logical partition? I ...
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Why are logical volumes used with LUKS partitions?

All of the instructions I've seen on setting up a LUKS encrypted drive require using logical volumes to create root and swap partitions inside a LUKS device. Why not just put standard partitions ...
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how to use “Unusable” sectors outside defined partition boundaries

What might be a convenient way to stash some hidden data in the "Unusable" area following the last partition, or anywhere outside defined partition boundaries? For example, making it appear as a ...
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How do I check how much free space left on a device to create a partition

Let's say I have this virtual machine running: [root@centos ~]# fdisk -ul Disk /dev/sda: 8589 MB, 8589934592 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1044 cylinders, total 16777216 sectors Units = sectors ...
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Debian 6 - Disk partitioning too long

I just got a new pc that comes with an empty 250GB 3G SATA Non-Hot Plug 7,200rpm HDD. I decided to install Debian 6 from a USB, I chose the partition to be Guided - use entire disk and set up ...
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How do I create new partitions and format my hard drive in parted?

I'm somewhat new to working with commandline tools when dealing with partitioning, so you'll have to excuse my newness. I'm basically trying to create a new logical partition on /dev/sdb and would ...
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Rearrange partitions to install a second Linux distribution

I am new to Linux and just got some foggy idea of partition tables. To be precise here it is: Model: ATA ST3500418AS (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 500GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition ...
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How can I diagnose and repair missing drive space?

I have a small ext3 / partition on a 2T drive which appears to have a discrepancy in its free space. How can I determine what is causing it and how it can be fixed. After trying everything I could ...
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How do I check if a particular hard disk is dynamic?

What commands do I have to check the dynamic or basic type disk/volumes of the Windows partitions? Topic of interest because: Warning: Don't install linux on a Windows Dynamic disk! Bug Report: ...
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mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sdb on CentOS 6.0

Somehow my partition on /dev/sdb has gotten all buggered up. This hard drive contains a lot of data that I need to recover and haven't been able to backup yet. When I attempt to mount it: # mount -t ...
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Is it possible to change the sector size of a partition for zfs raidz pool in linux?

I've been migrating a zfs raidz pool on linux to new discs via virtual devices which were sparse files. I've used partitions on the discs as the discs are different sizes of 1.9T each. The last disc ...
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Linux Mint freezes on startup

Premise I am running Linux Mint on my sister's computer. Everything was working fine, but than one day she turned it on and she got a strange message she didn't understand. I think it was some kind ...
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Why do some of my lvm partitions have “-real” appended to their names?

In the /dev/mapper directory I can see my lvm partitions, but then I'll see some other ones with the same names, but with "-real" appended to them. What's that about?
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How to resize an LVM partition at the beginning

I have resized lvm partitions in the past, but after the resize there is space at the end of the partition. What I want to achive is to have the space at the beginning of the partition instead. The ...
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How to restore an LVM container to a bigger physical partition?

The setup is an encrypted LVM container/PV that holds a few ext4 partitions. I am moving these to a new machine, but there is more room on the disk. So, I have created a bigger encrypted LVM ...
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Problem Installing UBUNTU 14.04 (AND Mint 16, which is based on UBUNTU 13.10) as dual boot on RAID 0 with Windows 8.1

Ok, I know that there is Dual-Boot Ubuntu 14.04 and Windows 7 on FakeRAID Installation error - question marks "????..." and that that post has some answers for me, but I don't know if it ...
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Partitions same size but different block [closed]

I tried to backup my partition using dd on another disk and I created a partition of the same size. When I finished the copy I had problems mounting the partition since I got bad geometry: block ...
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Which partition is mounted to where? [duplicate]

How can we check the mount points for partitions listed in /dev/sd*? For example, I would like know if the partition for my home is /dev/sda4.
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Mounting a hibernated Windows 8 NTFS partition on Linux Mint

I used Ubuntu for long even along Windows and SOMETIMES I got this problem for mounting the corresponding NTFS partition at the beginning, however with a pair of command lines to the console I got it ...
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If I have an SSD and a hard disk in a system, can the SSD act as cache for the hard disk?

Say I have some partitions; one on a SATA drive and one on an SSD. I want to create a "virtual" hybrid disk. Is this possible?
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How to Expand LVM2 Partition in Fedora Linux

I've been using Fedora 15 on a VMWare virtual machine. Over time, the disk space I initially allocated for the file system began to run out, only 12GB left. I've expanded the disk space an extra 25GB. ...
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boot partition is almost full in CentOS [duplicate]

I got a warning of my /boot partition is almost full(85%). What should I do? Can I remove one of the backup kernel? How to do it safely? My partition right now Filesystem 1K-blocks ...
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Create a partition from a directory

I have a Linux system with only one partition /dev/sda1 on /dev/sda disk with / mount point. Is it possible to create partitions after installation? e.g. create /dev/sda2 with the mount point /home/ ...
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Figuring out what OS is on which partition?

So I have both Ubuntu and Crunchbang installed on my laptop, and I'm trying to figure out which one is on which partition. I'm going to install another OS (probably BT) and need to know what ...
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When and why do block devices need to be partitioned? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The merits of a partitionless filesystem So I've got a block device, say /dev/sda or /dev/loop0. Clearly if I want to boot from the former, or I want to subdivide it ...
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Remove /var partition and replace it with /var into / (root) partition

I accidentaly created a /var partition and I'd like to get rid of it. Is it possible to remove this partition and use the / partition to contain /var without reinstalling the OS or do I have to ...
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Will my programs installed in Ubuntu be usable by another distro in a dual-boot set-up?

I am interested in setting up my machine so that I can try different distributions of Linux. I want to always be running Ubuntu (10.04.3), but would then try other distros in a dual-boot setting. ...
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Filesystems and Partitions

I have been reading up more on UNIX and have brushed up on different filesystems and partitioning HDs. In the book it mentioned that filesystems are very much different than partitions and one ...