tools for installing and maintaining software packages

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23
votes
5answers
1k views

Keeping track of programs

When I install a simple program it often uses make && make install and doesn't often even have an uninstall target. If I wish to upgrade a program is it standard protocol to assume it just ...
28
votes
8answers
6k views

Non-Root Package Managers

From my research, I seem to notice that all package managers insist on being used as a privileged user and must be installed into /. Typically, what I like to do is create a throwaway account, ...
11
votes
3answers
7k views

How to find out which (not installed) package a file belongs to?

On Debian systems (and derivatives): $ dpkg --search /bin/ls coreutils: /bin/ls That is, the file /bin/ls belongs to the Debian package named coreutils. But this only works if the package is ...
66
votes
17answers
7k views

Where should I put software I compile myself?

I need to compile some software on my Fedora machine. Where's the best place to put it so not to interfere with the packaged software?
28
votes
4answers
16k views

List packages by installation date

How can I list installed packages by installation date? I installed a lot of stuff to compile a certain piece of code, and I want to get a list of the required packages, which are the ones I installed ...
7
votes
2answers
464 views

Is it possible to install a linux desktop environment from a live cd?

My question is about Linux in general but lets suppose my ubuntu isn't working property, booting in tty or whatever. I have no internet connection but I have ubuntu live cd. Is it possible to ...
140
votes
9answers
44k views

What is the real difference between “apt-get” and “aptitude”? (How about “wajig”?)

I know that both apt-get and aptitude are command line package management interfaces on Debian derived Linux, with different options, but I'm still somewhat confused. Under the hood, aren't they ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Openssl upgraded via apt-get, `openssl version` showing previous version

I am running Debian Wheezy. I have just upgraded my system and should have the latest version of openssl (1.0.1g which fixes a critical bug), but it does not appear to be being used. I have run: ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

What packages are installed by default in Debian? Is there a term for that set? Why some of those packages are `automatically installed` and some not?

It's a very simple question, but I wonder, is there a term to refer to the subset of packages that is automatically installed by Debian distribution? I though that it had something to do with ...
7
votes
6answers
21k views

How do I upgrade OpenSSL?

According to these instructions: http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/NameBasedSSLVHostsWithSNI I need to use OpenSSL 0.9.8k or later (right now it's on 1.0.0c) to use name based virtual hosts in apache. ...
4
votes
3answers
15k views

CentOS - install using yum Apache 2.4

I need Apache 2.4 in CentOS because with Apache 2.2 mod_proxy_wstunnel is not possible. I have tried https://fedorahosted.org/SoftwareCollections/ but unfortunately its for RHEL after installing i ...
2
votes
1answer
801 views

Fedora's command-not-found doesn't work

I've recently installed Fedora 19. Packagekit-command-not-found is installed. But its own examples don't work. When I enter gedti the output is: bash: gedti: command not found... Similar command is: ...
5
votes
1answer
368 views

Equivs: enhance or update an existing package without uninstalling?

Some background: I'm using Debian 7 as my main environment, and I want to tell my system that I have glibc = 2.15 in addition to the environment's required glibc = 2.13 for the purposes of using some ...
4
votes
5answers
300 views

Correlating filename with package

Say, I'm given a filename like libasound.so.2. Is there a way to query the package manager to correlate the filename with its corresponding package? I'm interested to get answers for any package ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I remove/uninstall a program that I have complied from source? [duplicate]

How do I remove a program that I have compiled from source using the ./configure; make; make install method? Does it matter whether I have kept the original directory that the source was stored in or ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the Fedora equivalent to the Debian/Ubuntu package search pages?

The Debian/Ubuntu package search pages are very useful to look up what version of a program is available in what distribution series, how programs are split along multiple packages etc. For example I ...
2
votes
1answer
747 views

How to download a file from repo, and install it later w/o internet connection?

Assuming that I want to install a program called leafpad later. Currently the only way to install it is via: yum install leafpad -y but I want to save this and install it later without internet ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

How to install software on Red Hat?

What's the simplest way to download/install software on Red Hat Linux (from bash command line)?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I install mercurial on openSUSE?

Hi I need to install mercurial on my opensuse but I couldn't find the rpm so I just download mercurial.rpm and wanted to install it by using: sudo zypper ... but it said to need python 2.6 so I ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

install firefox in ubuntu-server edition

I have ubuntu server edition installed and I want to install firefox inside it , I don't want full ubuntu-desktop package just a minimal setup which would let me run firefox inside ubuntu-server 10.04 ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Wrapper for package managers

There are a lot of language-specific package managers like cpan for perl, cabal for haskell etc. When we want to install some software, it can sometimes be installed from a corresponding repo, with ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

removing linux kernels

Below are all the linux kernels that are running on my machine. I am trying to make a debian base install as light as possible. The kernel I am running is linux-image-2.6.30-vortex86mx-apm. I am ...
0
votes
1answer
250 views

How to automatically install packages?

I want to install packages automatically by running a script I can write yum install php, but I want it to install another package once installation of the php package is completed. Is there any ...
23
votes
9answers
9k views

List explicitly installed packages

In Gentoo there is the file /var/lib/portage/world that contains packages that I explicitly installed. By explicit I mean, packages that I choose, not including anything installed by default, or ...
11
votes
5answers
5k views

How to see package version without install?

I want to see the version of a package before I install it. How can I do this?
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How to make dpkg faster?

Package (un)installation on a Debian system is horribly slow, partly because it works with a whole bunch of (small) files. Short of getting faster storage, how do I speed it up? I'm thinking maybe ...
14
votes
2answers
552 views

Why do package names contain version numbers?

While working with Ubuntu and other Debian-based distros, I've noticed that packages in the software repos often contain the major version number. For example, Apache: apache2 Tomcat: tomcat7 PHP: ...
10
votes
4answers
980 views

How can I reliably “hold” a package in Debian?

I have a package in Debian that has been manually patched (not ideal, I know) that I must hold at its current version so upgrades don't overwrite the patched changes (I will manually inspect and apply ...
8
votes
3answers
582 views

User-local package management system

I need to deploy, manage and run software as a non-privileged user in SuSE (that is, no root access whatsoever, can't use system's package management, etc). What are my options? I'd prefer reusing ...
7
votes
2answers
950 views

How to install exactly the same packages on another computer in openSUSE?

Another computer can be as well virtual machine. I cannot make disk clone because of hardware differences and settings. I have computer A, installed and running, I also have computer B. I will ...
7
votes
4answers
17k views

Removing broken packages

Recently in a bout of frustration with getting phpmyadmin setup, I decided to start from scratch. Unfortunately, during the uninstall phase, I was prompted with the root password for mysql which I ...
6
votes
3answers
353 views

Effect of compiling from source on already installed applications

I use Ubuntu 12.04. Say I have installed package x from the repository (with all its dependencies) at version 1.7 but I need some functionality that is only available in version 1.8, so I download the ...
2
votes
1answer
350 views

wget downloaded file names with absolute path for use with apt-get

I'm looking for a way of updating a machine that is offline. For that purpose I found this explanation using --print-uris from apt-get. I have successfully installed new packages (and dependencies) ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

On Gentoo, how do I rebuild all packages depended on some other package?

I made mistake and changed perl non-threaded version to threaded by unmerge first, change USE flags to include ithreads and emerge perl again. Now most packages depending on perl are broken. How do I ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

How to install some packages from “unstable” Debian on a computer running “stable” Debian?

On a computer running "stable" Debian, when trying to install a package which is in the unstable list on the Debian web site using the aptitude install <package>/unstable command, I get output ...
6
votes
2answers
147 views

How to remove a group of no longer needed Debian packages?

When building software, I sometimes need to install libraries, binaries, etc. which are only required to build the package but then I forget about removing them, so I end having to cleanup several ...
3
votes
2answers
773 views

The Right Distro for text-based needs

I'm searching for the right Linux Distro. My four current ideas are: Gentoo Grml Arch Debian But I'm absoluty open to more alternatives. Now a little bit more about my needs: I want it to be ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Can I determine what changed in an upgraded package using apt or dpkg on Debian 6?

I just did an apt-get upgrade on my Debian 6 development server and noticed that a certain package named tinyproxy was upgraded. I have a particular interest in seeing precisely what changed in that ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Make package explicitly installed in pacman

I have a package that's installed on my PC as an dependency to another package. I would like to have the package explicitly installed, but without actually re-installing it, or downloading any files. ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How to quickly create a local apt repository for random packages using a Debian based linux distribution?

Some situations call for manually installing a local package using dpkg -i <packagename>. Sometimes it may be further useful to leverage the functionality of apt with that package so the ...
7
votes
1answer
862 views

How to find which package provides a file?

For example, I can't install package qcad because of error: "can't find qdict.h". How can I find the package which provides the file qdict.h so I can install the package qcad?
5
votes
2answers
748 views

What's up with this 'gnome' package?

I have recently grown tired of the way Rhythmbox starts up every time I plug in my MP3 player. I know I could simply disable this, but I've decided to uninstall Rhythmbox instead. It's such a ...
4
votes
2answers
237 views

How to find where a library is installed?

I have installed libgoogle-perftools-dev via software center in Ubuntu 12.04. As suggested by http://pj.freefaculty.org/blog/?p=140, I want to add to my cpp file: #include ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

track down executables installer

I have a freshly installed debian system It has vim installed using apt-get install vim Now I have the command xxd installed on the system. I know that this had to have come from the vim ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

I cannot install new packages: “Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock”

I am new to Linux (installed Ubuntu for the first time yesterday), and have never dealt with any unix-based OS. I started using Linux for the sole purpose of collaborating code with my partners via ...
3
votes
4answers
193 views

Get package sources and repository link

Is there any way (dpkg, apt?) to get a package's sources and URL to repository, if available, in Debian ?
3
votes
1answer
526 views

How to keep upstart installed-always, don't be replaced by sysvinit?

Each time I do apt-get dist-upgrade, the package sysvinit comes back and replaced upstart. Well, I have some scripts written for upstart, and I need to reinstall it every time (typing the annoying ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

Fixing broken packages in a Debian testing distribution

I'm playing around with Linux Mint Debian Edition (LMDE) in a VirtualBox instance to try it out and see if it'd be good for a main operating system for me. I'm pretty competent with most system ...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

FreeBSD installed package location

I installed Unrealircd on FreeBSD via the sysinstall utility. I cannot seem to find the location where it was installed. How can I find the default location of installed packages? Edit: I found the ...
3
votes
2answers
586 views

Are packages cryptographically signed in Fedora 14?

I am installing Fedora 14 and I am wondering if the Fedora packages are cryptographically signed package signatures are checked by the installer by default package signatures are checked by yum when ...