tools for installing and maintaining software packages

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

18
votes
5answers
924 views

Keeping track of programs

When I install a simple program it often uses make && make install and doesn't often even have an uninstall target. If I wish to upgrade a program is it standard protocol to assume it just ...
26
votes
7answers
5k views

Non-Root Package Managers

From my research, I seem to notice that all package managers insist on being used as a privileged user and must be installed into /. Typically, what I like to do is create a throwaway account, ...
11
votes
3answers
6k views

How to find out which (not installed) package a file belongs to?

On Debian systems (and derivatives): $ dpkg --search /bin/ls coreutils: /bin/ls That is, the file /bin/ls belongs to the Debian package named coreutils. But this only works if the package is ...
60
votes
17answers
6k views

Where should I put software I compile myself?

I need to compile some software on my Fedora machine. Where's the best place to put it so not to interfere with the packaged software?
22
votes
4answers
13k views

List packages by installation date

How can I list installed packages by installation date? I installed a lot of stuff to compile a certain piece of code, and I want to get a list of the required packages, which are the ones I installed ...
7
votes
2answers
283 views

Is it possible to install a linux desktop environment from a live cd?

My question is about Linux in general but lets suppose my ubuntu isn't working property, booting in tty or whatever. I have no internet connection but I have ubuntu live cd. Is it possible to ...
128
votes
9answers
39k views

What is the real difference between “apt-get” and “aptitude”? (How about “wajig”?)

I know that both apt-get and aptitude are command line package management interfaces on Debian derived Linux, with different options, but I'm still somewhat confused. Under the hood, aren't they ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Openssl upgraded via apt-get, `openssl version` showing previous version

I am running Debian Wheezy. I have just upgraded my system and should have the latest version of openssl (1.0.1g which fixes a critical bug), but it does not appear to be being used. I have run: ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

What packages are installed by default in Debian? Is there a term for that set? Why some of those packages are `automatically installed` and some not?

It's a very simple question, but I wonder, is there a term to refer to the subset of packages that is automatically installed by Debian distribution? I though that it had something to do with ...
7
votes
6answers
20k views

How do I upgrade OpenSSL?

According to these instructions: http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/NameBasedSSLVHostsWithSNI I need to use OpenSSL 0.9.8k or later (right now it's on 1.0.0c) to use name based virtual hosts in apache. ...
2
votes
1answer
597 views

Fedora's command-not-found doesn't work

I've recently installed Fedora 19. Packagekit-command-not-found is installed. But its own examples don't work. When I enter gedti the output is: bash: gedti: command not found... Similar command is: ...
5
votes
1answer
297 views

Equivs: enhance or update an existing package without uninstalling?

Some background: I'm using Debian 7 as my main environment, and I want to tell my system that I have glibc = 2.15 in addition to the environment's required glibc = 2.13 for the purposes of using some ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the Fedora equivalent to the Debian/Ubuntu package search pages?

The Debian/Ubuntu package search pages are very useful to look up what version of a program is available in what distribution series, how programs are split along multiple packages etc. For example I ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

How to install software on Red Hat?

What's the simplest way to download/install software on Red Hat Linux (from bash command line)?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I install mercurial on openSUSE?

Hi I need to install mercurial on my opensuse but I couldn't find the rpm so I just download mercurial.rpm and wanted to install it by using: sudo zypper ... but it said to need python 2.6 so I ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

install firefox in ubuntu-server edition

I have ubuntu server edition installed and I want to install firefox inside it , I don't want full ubuntu-desktop package just a minimal setup which would let me run firefox inside ubuntu-server 10.04 ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

removing linux kernels

Below are all the linux kernels that are running on my machine. I am trying to make a debian base install as light as possible. The kernel I am running is linux-image-2.6.30-vortex86mx-apm. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Wrapper for package managers

There are a lot of language-specific package managers like cpan for perl, cabal for haskell etc. When we want to install some software, it can sometimes be installed from a corresponding repo, with ...
0
votes
1answer
232 views

How to automatically install packages?

I want to install packages automatically by running a script I can write yum install php, but I want it to install another package once installation of the php package is completed. Is there any ...
21
votes
9answers
7k views

List explicitly installed packages

In Gentoo there is the file /var/lib/portage/world that contains packages that I explicitly installed. By explicit I mean, packages that I choose, not including anything installed by default, or ...
11
votes
5answers
4k views

How to see package version without install?

I want to see the version of a package before I install it. How can I do this?
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How to make dpkg faster?

Package (un)installation on a Debian system is horribly slow, partly because it works with a whole bunch of (small) files. Short of getting faster storage, how do I speed it up? I'm thinking maybe ...
14
votes
2answers
541 views

Why do package names contain version numbers?

While working with Ubuntu and other Debian-based distros, I've noticed that packages in the software repos often contain the major version number. For example, Apache: apache2 Tomcat: tomcat7 PHP: ...
4
votes
5answers
177 views

Correlating filename with package

Say, I'm given a filename like libasound.so.2. Is there a way to query the package manager to correlate the filename with its corresponding package? I'm interested to get answers for any package ...
9
votes
4answers
866 views

How can I reliably “hold” a package in Debian?

I have a package in Debian that has been manually patched (not ideal, I know) that I must hold at its current version so upgrades don't overwrite the patched changes (I will manually inspect and apply ...
8
votes
3answers
536 views

User-local package management system

I need to deploy, manage and run software as a non-privileged user in SuSE (that is, no root access whatsoever, can't use system's package management, etc). What are my options? I'd prefer reusing ...
7
votes
2answers
793 views

How to install exactly the same packages on another computer in openSUSE?

Another computer can be as well virtual machine. I cannot make disk clone because of hardware differences and settings. I have computer A, installed and running, I also have computer B. I will ...
7
votes
4answers
16k views

Removing broken packages

Recently in a bout of frustration with getting phpmyadmin setup, I decided to start from scratch. Unfortunately, during the uninstall phase, I was prompted with the root password for mysql which I ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

wget downloaded file names with absolute path for use with apt-get

I'm looking for a way of updating a machine that is offline. For that purpose I found this explanation using --print-uris from apt-get. I have successfully installed new packages (and dependencies) ...
6
votes
2answers
108 views

How to remove a group of no longer needed Debian packages?

When building software, I sometimes need to install libraries, binaries, etc. which are only required to build the package but then I forget about removing them, so I end having to cleanup several ...
3
votes
2answers
695 views

The Right Distro for text-based needs

I'm searching for the right Linux Distro. My four current ideas are: Gentoo Grml Arch Debian But I'm absoluty open to more alternatives. Now a little bit more about my needs: I want it to be ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

CentOS - install using yum Apache 2.4

I need Apache 2.4 in CentOS because with Apache 2.2 mod_proxy_wstunnel is not possible. I have tried https://fedorahosted.org/SoftwareCollections/ but unfortunately its for RHEL after installing i ...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

How to download a file from repo, and install it later w/o internet connection?

Assuming that I want to install a program called leafpad later. Currently the only way to install it is via: yum install leafpad -y but I want to save this and install it later without internet ...
2
votes
2answers
956 views

Can I determine what changed in an upgraded package using apt or dpkg on Debian 6?

I just did an apt-get upgrade on my Debian 6 development server and noticed that a certain package named tinyproxy was upgraded. I have a particular interest in seeing precisely what changed in that ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Make package explicitly installed in pacman

I have a package that's installed on my PC as an dependency to another package. I would like to have the package explicitly installed, but without actually re-installing it, or downloading any files. ...
7
votes
1answer
631 views

How to find which package provides a file?

For example, I can't install package qcad because of error: "can't find qdict.h". How can I find the package which provides the file qdict.h so I can install the package qcad?
5
votes
2answers
718 views

What's up with this 'gnome' package?

I have recently grown tired of the way Rhythmbox starts up every time I plug in my MP3 player. I know I could simply disable this, but I've decided to uninstall Rhythmbox instead. It's such a ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

How to find where a library is installed?

I have installed libgoogle-perftools-dev via software center in Ubuntu 12.04. As suggested by http://pj.freefaculty.org/blog/?p=140, I want to add to my cpp file: #include ...
4
votes
1answer
28 views

track down executables installer

I have a freshly installed debian system It has vim installed using apt-get install vim Now I have the command xxd installed on the system. I know that this had to have come from the vim ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

I cannot install new packages: “Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock”

I am new to Linux (installed Ubuntu for the first time yesterday), and have never dealt with any unix-based OS. I started using Linux for the sole purpose of collaborating code with my partners via ...
3
votes
4answers
165 views

Get package sources and repository link

Is there any way (dpkg, apt?) to get a package's sources and URL to repository, if available, in Debian ?
3
votes
1answer
442 views

How to keep upstart installed-always, don't be replaced by sysvinit?

Each time I do apt-get dist-upgrade, the package sysvinit comes back and replaced upstart. Well, I have some scripts written for upstart, and I need to reinstall it every time (typing the annoying ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Fixing broken packages in a Debian testing distribution

I'm playing around with Linux Mint Debian Edition (LMDE) in a VirtualBox instance to try it out and see if it'd be good for a main operating system for me. I'm pretty competent with most system ...
3
votes
2answers
229 views

FreeBSD installed package location

I installed Unrealircd on FreeBSD via the sysinstall utility. I cannot seem to find the location where it was installed. How can I find the default location of installed packages? Edit: I found the ...
3
votes
2answers
577 views

Are packages cryptographically signed in Fedora 14?

I am installing Fedora 14 and I am wondering if the Fedora packages are cryptographically signed package signatures are checked by the installer by default package signatures are checked by yum when ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

What is the equivalent of apt-file in portage, if any? [duplicate]

Hunting for dependencies when compiling software from the scratch is practically unavoidable. In Debian-based Linux distributions which use the apt-get utility to manage packages, there is also a nice ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Can one install an armel Ubuntu package on armhf Ubuntu system?

My particular concern is about installing "coq" in Ubuntu 12.04 for Toshiba AC100 (armhf distro), which hasn't been built successfully for armhf, but is available for armel -- ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

not suceed in installing a self-built package using fpm

I am following this example to build a deb file from the result of configure/make/make install, which succeeds. Then I used fpm to create a deb file: # fpm -s dir -t deb -n nodejs -v 0.6.0 -C ...
1
vote
0answers
2k views

Mint 12: I can't open synaptic package manager

I have Mint 12 Lisa DVD edition, 32 bit verion. I have kde and gnome. I can't open the Synaptic package manager. When I click on it, I am asked to enter my password, I do so and click authenticate, ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How / where to get sources for kernel-2.6.36-gentoo-r4 in Gentoo Linux distribution?

How can I get (i.e. what command to use) sources for kernel-2.6.36-r4 (uname -a says that it is version 2.6.36-gentoo-r4), or where from I can download it? I want to compile the userside 'perf' ...