tools for installing and maintaining software packages

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24
votes
5answers
1k views

Keeping track of programs

When I install a simple program it often uses make && make install and doesn't often even have an uninstall target. If I wish to upgrade a program is it standard protocol to assume it just ...
29
votes
8answers
6k views

Non-Root Package Managers

From my research, I seem to notice that all package managers insist on being used as a privileged user and must be installed into /. Typically, what I like to do is create a throwaway account, ...
11
votes
3answers
8k views

How to find out which (not installed) package a file belongs to?

On Debian systems (and derivatives): $ dpkg --search /bin/ls coreutils: /bin/ls That is, the file /bin/ls belongs to the Debian package named coreutils. But this only works if the package is ...
7
votes
2answers
604 views

Is it possible to install a linux desktop environment from a live cd?

My question is about Linux in general but lets suppose my ubuntu isn't working property, booting in tty or whatever. I have no internet connection but I have ubuntu live cd. Is it possible to ...
72
votes
17answers
8k views

Where should I put software I compile myself?

I need to compile some software on my Fedora machine. Where's the best place to put it so not to interfere with the packaged software?
32
votes
4answers
20k views

List packages by installation date

How can I list installed packages by installation date? I installed a lot of stuff to compile a certain piece of code, and I want to get a list of the required packages, which are the ones I installed ...
152
votes
9answers
50k views

What is the real difference between “apt-get” and “aptitude”? (How about “wajig”?)

I know that both apt-get and aptitude are command line package management interfaces on Debian derived Linux, with different options, but I'm still somewhat confused. Under the hood, aren't they ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Openssl upgraded via apt-get, `openssl version` showing previous version

I am running Debian Wheezy. I have just upgraded my system and should have the latest version of openssl (1.0.1g which fixes a critical bug), but it does not appear to be being used. I have run: ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

What packages are installed by default in Debian? Is there a term for that set? Why some of those packages are `automatically installed` and some not?

It's a very simple question, but I wonder, is there a term to refer to the subset of packages that is automatically installed by Debian distribution? I though that it had something to do with ...
7
votes
2answers
27k views

CentOS - install using yum Apache 2.4

I need Apache 2.4 in CentOS because with Apache 2.2 mod_proxy_wstunnel is not possible. I have tried https://fedorahosted.org/SoftwareCollections/ but unfortunately its for RHEL after installing i ...
7
votes
6answers
22k views

How do I upgrade OpenSSL?

According to these instructions: http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/NameBasedSSLVHostsWithSNI I need to use OpenSSL 0.9.8k or later (right now it's on 1.0.0c) to use name based virtual hosts in apache. ...
2
votes
1answer
923 views

Fedora's command-not-found doesn't work

I've recently installed Fedora 19. Packagekit-command-not-found is installed. But its own examples don't work. When I enter gedti the output is: bash: gedti: command not found... Similar command is: ...
5
votes
1answer
435 views

Equivs: enhance or update an existing package without uninstalling?

Some background: I'm using Debian 7 as my main environment, and I want to tell my system that I have glibc = 2.15 in addition to the environment's required glibc = 2.13 for the purposes of using some ...
15
votes
2answers
10k views

CentOS: List the installed RPMs by date of installation/update?

I'm on a CentOS machine. I updated and installed some packages a few weeks back, but I don't remember the name of every package or the names of every dependency. I used yum. Can I list the packages ...
4
votes
5answers
396 views

Correlating filename with package

Say, I'm given a filename like libasound.so.2. Is there a way to query the package manager to correlate the filename with its corresponding package? I'm interested to get answers for any package ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to download a file from repo, and install it later w/o internet connection?

Assuming that I want to install a program called leafpad later. Currently the only way to install it is via: yum install leafpad -y but I want to save this and install it later without internet ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

How do I remove/uninstall a program that I have complied from source? [duplicate]

How do I remove a program that I have compiled from source using the ./configure; make; make install method? Does it matter whether I have kept the original directory that the source was stored in or ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the Fedora equivalent to the Debian/Ubuntu package search pages?

The Debian/Ubuntu package search pages are very useful to look up what version of a program is available in what distribution series, how programs are split along multiple packages etc. For example I ...
7
votes
4answers
7k views

How to install software on Red Hat?

What's the simplest way to download/install software on Red Hat Linux (from bash command line)?
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I install mercurial on openSUSE?

Hi I need to install mercurial on my opensuse but I couldn't find the rpm so I just download mercurial.rpm and wanted to install it by using: sudo zypper ... but it said to need python 2.6 so I ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

install firefox in ubuntu-server edition

I have ubuntu server edition installed and I want to install firefox inside it , I don't want full ubuntu-desktop package just a minimal setup which would let me run firefox inside ubuntu-server 10.04 ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Wrapper for package managers

There are a lot of language-specific package managers like cpan for perl, cabal for haskell etc. When we want to install some software, it can sometimes be installed from a corresponding repo, with ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

removing linux kernels

Below are all the linux kernels that are running on my machine. I am trying to make a debian base install as light as possible. The kernel I am running is linux-image-2.6.30-vortex86mx-apm. I am ...
0
votes
1answer
259 views

How to automatically install packages?

I want to install packages automatically by running a script I can write yum install php, but I want it to install another package once installation of the php package is completed. Is there any ...
27
votes
8answers
11k views

List explicitly installed packages

In Gentoo there is the file /var/lib/portage/world that contains packages that I explicitly installed. By explicit I mean, packages that I choose, not including anything installed by default, or ...
22
votes
2answers
10k views

What is yum equivalent of 'apt-get update'?

Debian's apt-get update fetches and updates the package index. Because I'm used to this way of doing things, I was surprised to find that yum update does all that and upgrades the system. This made ...
11
votes
5answers
6k views

How to see package version without install?

I want to see the version of a package before I install it. How can I do this?
18
votes
3answers
7k views

In Arch Linux how can I find out which package to install that will contain file X?

I'm looking for a package that provides a specific binary, so I can install it. how can I search to find out what packages provide this binary? (note: I know there's at least one tool that does this, ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How to make dpkg faster?

Package (un)installation on a Debian system is horribly slow, partly because it works with a whole bunch of (small) files. Short of getting faster storage, how do I speed it up? I'm thinking maybe ...
19
votes
2answers
31k views

How can I instruct yum to install a specifc version of package X?

If there are 2 versions of a given RPM available in a YUM repository, how can I instruct yum to install the version I want? Looking through the Koji build service I notice that there are several ...
14
votes
2answers
559 views

Why do package names contain version numbers?

While working with Ubuntu and other Debian-based distros, I've noticed that packages in the software repos often contain the major version number. For example, Apache: apache2 Tomcat: tomcat7 PHP: ...
13
votes
3answers
5k views

How Debian package should create user accounts?

The package qqq.deb installs the program qqq that should run from uqqq user account. The package consist of the qqq program, qqq.conf config file and /etc/init.d/qqq initscript. How should the ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How can I reliably “hold” a package in Debian?

I have a package in Debian that has been manually patched (not ideal, I know) that I must hold at its current version so upgrades don't overwrite the patched changes (I will manually inspect and apply ...
9
votes
3answers
623 views

User-local package management system

I need to deploy, manage and run software as a non-privileged user in SuSE (that is, no root access whatsoever, can't use system's package management, etc). What are my options? I'd prefer reusing ...
8
votes
4answers
18k views

Removing broken packages

Recently in a bout of frustration with getting phpmyadmin setup, I decided to start from scratch. Unfortunately, during the uninstall phase, I was prompted with the root password for mysql which I ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to install exactly the same packages on another computer in openSUSE?

Another computer can be as well virtual machine. I cannot make disk clone because of hardware differences and settings. I have computer A, installed and running, I also have computer B. I will ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

How to install some packages from “unstable” Debian on a computer running “stable” Debian?

On a computer running "stable" Debian, when trying to install a package which is in the unstable list on the Debian web site using the aptitude install <package>/unstable command, I get output ...
6
votes
3answers
395 views

Effect of compiling from source on already installed applications

I use Ubuntu 12.04. Say I have installed package x from the repository (with all its dependencies) at version 1.7 but I need some functionality that is only available in version 1.8, so I download the ...
2
votes
1answer
407 views

wget downloaded file names with absolute path for use with apt-get

I'm looking for a way of updating a machine that is offline. For that purpose I found this explanation using --print-uris from apt-get. I have successfully installed new packages (and dependencies) ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

On Gentoo, how do I rebuild all packages depended on some other package?

I made mistake and changed perl non-threaded version to threaded by unmerge first, change USE flags to include ithreads and emerge perl again. Now most packages depending on perl are broken. How do I ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Is there a yum or apt-get like system on Solaris?

I am aware of the use of pkg to install an individual package file, but it does not include a repository infrastructure like other Linux distributions. Is there any solution that behaves like yum or ...
3
votes
2answers
837 views

The Right Distro for text-based needs

I'm searching for the right Linux Distro. My four current ideas are: Gentoo Grml Arch Debian But I'm absoluty open to more alternatives. Now a little bit more about my needs: I want it to be ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Can I determine what changed in an upgraded package using apt or dpkg on Debian 6?

I just did an apt-get upgrade on my Debian 6 development server and noticed that a certain package named tinyproxy was upgraded. I have a particular interest in seeing precisely what changed in that ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Make package explicitly installed in pacman

I have a package that's installed on my PC as an dependency to another package. I would like to have the package explicitly installed, but without actually re-installing it, or downloading any files. ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

How to quickly create a local apt repository for random packages using a Debian based linux distribution?

Some situations call for manually installing a local package using dpkg -i <packagename>. Sometimes it may be further useful to leverage the functionality of apt with that package so the ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How to find which package provides a file?

For example, I can't install package qcad because of error: "can't find qdict.h". How can I find the package which provides the file qdict.h so I can install the package qcad?
6
votes
2answers
174 views

How to remove a group of no longer needed Debian packages?

When building software, I sometimes need to install libraries, binaries, etc. which are only required to build the package but then I forget about removing them, so I end having to cleanup several ...
5
votes
2answers
770 views

What's up with this 'gnome' package?

I have recently grown tired of the way Rhythmbox starts up every time I plug in my MP3 player. I know I could simply disable this, but I've decided to uninstall Rhythmbox instead. It's such a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between i686 and x86_64 packages?

I have a machine with both glibc i686 and x86_64, and a very annoying problem with glibc. Is it normal to have two libraries of the same name installed on one computer? How can I know which library ...
4
votes
2answers
272 views

How to find where a library is installed?

I have installed libgoogle-perftools-dev via software center in Ubuntu 12.04. As suggested by http://pj.freefaculty.org/blog/?p=140, I want to add to my cpp file: #include ...