Questions about the command line and other Unix-like aspects of Mac OS X, including the Mach/BSD-based kernel and FreeBSD-based userland. You may want to consider using Ask Different instead.

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How do I parse namespaces from an XML file using XMLLINT and BASH

Below I have an example of an Adobe XML swidtag used to track inventory. I need to parse out relevant information using xmllint in bash and output that to a new text file. For example I would like ...
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2answers
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sed: inserting text before end of <HEAD> section

I need to insert some text into an HTML file before the end of the HEAD section. I'm trying: sed -i "s#</head>#<style> @page { prince-shrink-to-fit: auto } ...
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3answers
703 views

Send a specific signal to an external USB keyboard? Or, how do I fix fdopen()?

Some background: I'm trying to make the caps lock light on an external keyboard light up on-command when I run a command from the command line. Ideally it would be scriptable, so that I can use it for ...
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323 views

OSX: dd quits after a few minutes

I'm trying to diagnose a possible disk problem on my OSX machine: I heard some funny noises, so I decided to do a read test of the entire disk using dd. A few months ago this worked: dd would run ...
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1answer
3k views

Vim visual mode to system clipboard?

Using the vim text editor, I am looking for a method to copy content highlighted in visual mode to the system clipboard (i.e. I would then be able to Ctr-v that content say in a browser window). Is ...
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845 views

Command line friendly virtual machine

I've been using Virtualbox for a while now, but the only way I've learned to interact with it is through the graphical interface. Is there a way for me to send bash commands to the vm through the ...
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1answer
688 views

Can I write C programs for Linux on OS X?

In case I'm writing a program (of any kind) in C, that is meant to be run on Linux environment, can I write it under OS X? (concurrency wise for example) I'm asking this because I like programming in ...
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How can I change my bash prompt to show my working directory?

I can print my current working dir like this myPrompt$ pwd /Users/me/myDir I want my shell to look like this /Users/me/myDir$ pwd /Users/me/myDir Is that possible? How can I do it?
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213 views

terminal - having “$” instead of MyComputer:~ me$

Right now in my MacOS X terminal I have MyComputer:~ me$ before all the commands. In some videos I saw they have just $ - that's much less clutter, how is it done?
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Multi-month view in calendar (cal) in OS X

I am hoping to run some of the commands listed in this article, e.g.: cal -3 which is supposed to show me the last month, this month, and next month. This command does not work in OS X. $ cal -3 ...
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Rename multiple files, sub directories, and insert characters at specific location on OSX

I have files and directories starting with "cateory-icon-" in many sub directories. I am trying to rename them recursively to "category-icons-". Please note that I added missing "g" to the category ...
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How to find a file with specific permission of a specific user?

How do I get a list of all the files which permission is "read and write" for a specific user. For example, when I go on the desktop of my mac, then right click on file "A", then "get info", then on ...
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1answer
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Sharing Mac Snow Leopard directory via NFS

I am running a Mac Pro using Snow Leopard (not server). I would like to share a directory with a linux machine. I have edited /etc/exports on the Mac to: /Volumes/mstore/home/sdavis -maproot=root ...
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296 views

Best way to work through / display a tree of images sorted by size

I've got a deep directory tree containing .PNG files. I'd like to find all the .PNG files in the directory, sort them in order of size from smallest to largest, and then display every 50th image. ...
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List all chflags file flags?

Is there a way to see a file's flags, such as hidden, schg, etc? I've got an rwxrwxrwx file that I can't edit, and I think a flag might be responsible.
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1answer
430 views

Where does GCC look for its internal executables?

I have installed GCC to a custom prefix. When it is invoked, it complains that it cannot find some of its internal binaries. My computer's "official" GCC keeps them here: ...
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1answer
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Can you perform system calls from OSX Terminal?

So I get system calls in the context of a C program, but my textbook doesn't really address making system calls in Terminal (on Mac OSX). Can you do these on the command line like with "commands", or ...
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1answer
372 views

Running an application with alternate/modified system time

I am looking for a way to start an application with an alternate system time than that which is set. Basically one of the beta programs I use has a bug (it really is a bug) that no longer lets it ...
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How to synchronize a networked drive and an external drive (Ubuntu & OS X)?

In light of a recent hardware failure, I've decided that it's time to be a little less lax regarding back-ups. What I have: An Ubuntu 10.10 'server/NAS' A MacBook 5,2 A WD external HDD The server ...
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I can't ssh on localhost at a certain port on os x

Here are basics information: $ which ssh /opt/local/bin/ssh It's like that because I'm using MacPorts and it did install there. I did the sudo port load openssh When doing a netstat -an | grep ...
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How to copy recursively and change file names to be unique

I have a large tree containing a lot of photos on an external drive that was formatted with one of the linux filesystem types (don't remember which one). It's mounted on my mac and I'm trying to copy ...
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/etc/paths in OS X and other Unices

Is /etc/paths read by every shell that I run in OS X? For example, if I use zsh, will it parse /etc/path to populate $PATH? What exactly is the sequence that OS X follows to populate $PATH? Does it ...
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Move position of an application window from the command line on OSX

An application — iA Writer — somehow got stuck off screen with only the corner showing. I can't grab it or use other means to move it from that position. All new windows open in that position, ...
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Fork bomb on a Mac?

I just learned about a fork bomb, an interesting type of a denial of service attack. Wikipedia (and a few other places) suggest using :(){ :|:& };: on UNIX machines to fork the process an infine ...
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Printing the current date/time with sub-second precision

GNU date(1) understands the %N format spec, which outputs nanoseconds, so: $ date +%H:%M:%S.%N outputs 19:10:03.725196000 BSD date doesn't understand %N. How can I print the current time with ...
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Rename folder with odd characters

I have a folder on my Mac called "␀␀␀␀HFS+ Private Data". I'm trying to delete it but it contains a bunch of odd characters that are choking unlink, rm and mv, making it difficult to remove it and ...
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591 views

Mac OS X how to verify particular packages are installed

In a BASH script I need to check if gcc, g++, cpp, make, libpng devel, zlib devel, git, Java (including devel files), ant and pkg-config are available on Mac OS X and if not, I need to prompt user to ...
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1answer
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Strange characters in GIT completion

I'm running bash GNU bash, version 4.3.25(1)-release (x86_64-apple-darwin13.4.0) on OS X 10.10.1. A week or so ago I've noticed that autocompletion has stopped working, but only for git. I'm ...
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ddrescue extremely slow on USB hard drive

I'm recovering the HDD from my laptop that died (wouldn't boot up at all, Disk Utility reported that there were no problems, but wouldn't mount the disk). I've hooked up the HDD through the USB ...
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1answer
4k views

How can I create a shortcut to resize panes in a tmux window?

I am having lots of issues with tmux in mac. Another problem I have is that I can not bind a key in my tmux.conf to be able to resize my panes. What I need is the CTRL-b: resize-pane -U 10 I currently ...
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Icon not showing in applications on OSX

I just re-installed Firefox, but the thumbnail is not showing in the dock applications folder. The icon DOES show both in dock and in finder. I have tried to re-install Firefox again but without ...
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Mac OS X Darwin: how to reset admin password?

Today I bought an ibook G4 from a garage sale. The people who sold it to me didn't know the password for the 2 accounts on it. Apparently it was the guys late father's laptop. Any suggestions on how ...
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Unix mail command not sending email

I'm having trouble trying to send email with the unix mail command. Currently I'm trying this: echo "something" | mail -s "test mail" email@address.com But when I check my email, I haven't received ...
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1answer
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Is there a way to integrate the unix “man pages” into OSX's Dictionary app?

I was thinking it would be cool to be able to look things up in the man pages the same way one looks up words with the "Dictionary" app. Is there a way to add the man pages that OSX supplies into ...
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875 views

Routing Tables: What is the effect of the RTF_IFSCOPE flag?

(Related to this question I posted a while ago on apple.stackexchange.) What is the difference between the following two routing table entries: default E.F.G.H UGSc 0 ...
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1answer
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Tmux and dim-ed colours in Terminal.app on MacOS

The problem On my Mac (10.11) Tmux does not show dim-ed colours properly, and this causes annoyance. In the following picture, the commit author's name is supposed to be represented in dim white. ...
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Is this a so-called “Hybrid” Mac Partition table, and how can I mount this in Linux?

I would like to better understand what is on this hard disk, and how I can mount it into Linux (specifically Debian GNU/Linux, Stable): It was created on a Powerbook g4 "alu book" with the default ...
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1answer
744 views

Sending raw video stream over network to an encoder

I'm trying to build a setup using OS X machines for streaming live video. Currently I use Flash Media Live Encoder on the same machine that is handling the video input unfortunately because FMLE uses ...
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Tool to compare files on one disk with registry information on another?

Been a long time since I got very far under the hood in Unix so I'm probably not even using proper terminology when I say 'registry,' but here's the situation. I have a disk thats dying. Lots of i/o ...
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Installing gcc without root?

I'm running OSX, and I don't have root, or an existing compiler. Is there any way I can install gcc? Are there official or trusted unofficial mach-o binaries that can be downloaded for a certain ...
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4answers
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Restrict search of locate to specific directories

Is there a way to restrict locate output to specific directories on Mac OS X Snow Leopard? I read about using regex on a Ubuntu forum. However, on my mac locate does not accept -r option. I also ...
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1answer
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Running vim on a remote Linux machine “freezes” OS X SSH connection

(cross-posted this from SuperUser as the question seems more relevant to this audience) I am attempting to SSH to a Linux (Fedora 14) machine and then open up vim to edit a file, however on my new ...
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1answer
773 views

Bind unprivileged application to privileged port on Mac OS X

I'd like to create launchd.plist file for an httpd server. Problem is - when the httpd is run as privileged user it daemonizes, which is not allowed by launchd.plist manual page. If I don't run it as ...
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What processes are used by DRM?

Whenever some content is DRM-protected, screenshots of such content are masked. Even using Terminal does not avoid such problems. Which processes in ps ax are used by DRM that is implemented by ...
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rm -rf ~/.Trash/* doesn't work, Mail Attachment.eml:OECustomProperty unable remove [closed]

I'm on OSX10.10.3, I've had a file in my trash for about 6 months or so. I have a file in my trash, 2 actually. That are from my mail cache that I dumped since I don't have the space on my SSD for my ...
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Disable networking only inside of a single terminal

I want to run a command in the terminal to disable networking, just in that terminal. How can that be accomplished? I'm running OSX. Note: I only want to disable the networking in that terminal. ...
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Can't figure out why ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host appear

At home, I have setup a Raspberry Pi with the latest version of Raspbian and with ssh enabled. I also use a Mac Book Pro with OS X 10.9.3. I use ssh pi@192.168.0.22 to do some work on the Raspberry ...
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OSX/Darwin ACL Format

In OS X, if you want to view the ACL information on a file, you can do so with the -e option of `ls. $ ls -lde app/cache drwxrwxr-x+ 7 alanstorm staff 238 Apr 1 10:02 app/cache 0: user:alanstorm ...
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OS X-like deadkeys behavior on Linux

I'm on Debian (actually Crunchbang), and my notebook has a default US layout keyboard. My native language is Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR), so I've changed my layout with setxkbmap -layout us -variant ...
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1answer
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Diacritics do not work in GTK+ applications running on Mac OS X Snow Leopard

I am using some GTK+ applications in Mac OS X Snow Leopard. My MacBook is configured for using the Brazilian layout, which allows it to enter diacritics as dead keys (so I can write á typing ' and ...