Questions about the command line and other Unix-like aspects of Mac OS X, including the Mach/BSD-based kernel and FreeBSD-based userland. You may want to consider using Ask Different instead.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

7
votes
1answer
1k views

Bash history with timestamps

I would like to keep timestamps on the commands logged in my Bash $HISTFILE, is it possible? I did not manage to set it up using man bash as an information source. My other options are as follows: ...
7
votes
2answers
233 views

Hibernate and security considerations

How do Linux and OSX handle sensitive memory pages (e.g. cryptographic keys) when running OS is suspended to disk? If the memory image written is encrypted, how are its keys handled?
7
votes
1answer
7k views

lsof and listening ports

I am trying to get all the processes listening for a network connection on Mac OS X. netstat does not have the -p option and I am trying with lsof lsof -i -sTCP:LISTEN gives me a fair list of ...
7
votes
2answers
120 views

How do I only undo pasted text in vim?

TL;DR; version - How do I undo text that was pasted in from my OS copy buffer without undoing other text that was typed in since I went into insert mode? Longer description: Put something in your ...
7
votes
2answers
328 views

Bash inside Vim not working properly

In MacVim I'm using Conque to run bash commands inside Vim. I have a problem with the text navigation while using Conque. If I'm at the end of a line of text and press down Alt← I skip a word to the ...
7
votes
1answer
661 views

Screen cuts off beginning of long command when accessed through bash history

I'm using the default versions of bash and screen in OS X Lion. When I'm in a screen session and I scroll back through the bash history and I come to a command that is long enough to wrap. I might ...
7
votes
1answer
280 views

in zsh, how do I hide the backslashes in the completion menu

On Mac OS X 10.6, zsh. I have set in .zshrc: setopt automenu …to get a completion menu below the prompt. When I type: cd <TAB> I see a completion menu with all directories that have spaces ...
6
votes
5answers
4k views

How to copy all html files from a directory tree to a single directory?

I want to copy all the .html files in myDir and its subdirectories to ~/otherDir. Here's what I tried (it doesn't work): $ find myDir -name *.html -print | xargs -0 cp ~/otherDir usage: cp [-R [-H | ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How to make bash put prompt on a new line after cat command?

What I get: host:~ user$ cat example.txt some texthost:~ stas$ What I want to get: host:~ user$ cat example.txt some text host:~ stas$ Is there a way I can make cat behave like this? I'm using ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Grep_color on mac

I am trying to get my regex highlighted on mac using terminal. I have put this is my .profile: export GREP_COLOR='1;30;40' Nothing changes, so I added the same to my bash.profile still nothing, ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Which is the best practice when replacing a system binary?

I'm working on Mac OS X which is shipped with several binaries mostly located in /usr/bin/ and /usr/sbin/. Since it doesn't have a native package manager like some Linux distros, I got used to ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Mac OS X: dircolors not found?

I just switched to a Macbook Air. I installed zsh using homebrew, but when I use some of the code that I (originally had) in my .zshrc, I get an error saying that .dircolors was not found. Below is ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

SSH LocalCommand on exit

In ~/.ssh/config you can use the LocalCommand directive to execute a local command whenever you connect to a remote machine via SSH. But how do I execute a command when I exit an SSH connection? It ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculate the date from 1125 days ago on non-GNU systems?

On the Unix Bash commandline, I want to calculate the date from 1125 days ago using the base operating system (e.g. No Perl or Python). On systems running GNU Date, I can do something like this: ...
6
votes
2answers
166 views

Why do some applications stop working when permissions are changed in /usr/bin?

On OS X, a friend of mine changed the permissions on /usr/bin recursively using Finder, in order to grand write access to everyone. Here is how it's done: Go to /usr/bin in Finder, then mess with ...
6
votes
2answers
606 views

FHS differences between OS X, Linux and FreeBSD

I've read that there is a different behavior between FreeBSD and Linux with the /usr/local, in FBSD ports are installed there, in Linux not, can someone explain more on this? I'd like to know where ...
6
votes
2answers
374 views

Why wouldn't a symlink to a symlink work?

I've run into a weird issue when installing SWI-Prolog using homebrew on my OSX 10.9 box. I'm trying to debug it to figure out whose bug it is (SWI-Prolog's, homebrew's, or OSX's), so I can report it ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How similar is Apple's terminal.app to a bash terminal on Linux?

I know that Apple's Terminal.app provides a bash shell. Are there any differences between this and a bash on Linux?
5
votes
3answers
5k views

How to cd to a Windows file share?

At work, I spend a lot of time manipulating files on a networked computer that's running SME Server (but that's set up for Windows filesharing, if that somehow makes a difference). I have been ...
5
votes
2answers
915 views

ssh-add in not persistent between reboots

I add a ssh key to the agent by $ ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa_mac Identity added: /Users/alex/.ssh/id_rsa_mac (/Users/alex/.ssh/id_rsa_mac) After reboot I don't have this key added anymore: $ ssh-add -l ...
5
votes
3answers
529 views

Any tips for surviving Terminal.app?

I've recently switched to using a Mac full-time, and am having trouble getting used to Terminal.app after years of loving gnome-terminal. I miss having URLs show up underlined, using alt+arrow to ...
5
votes
1answer
651 views

What is equivalent to Mac's purge in Linux?

In Mac I use purge to free up some memory. What is equivalent to it in Linux(Ubuntu Server)? apt-get install purge gave me nothing. If you are no familiar with Mac's purge here is it's man page: ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

run perl script with unknown perl location

I'm developing a perl script which expected to be downloaded by Mac users with a very small knowledge of shell, linux etc, let's say office managers and accountants. After the downloading the script ...
5
votes
2answers
46k views

How to install apt-get or YUM on Mac OS X

I am new to Mac OS command line, I want to use either of apt-get or yum. Can anyone help me to install them and make them successful running?
5
votes
2answers
290 views

Prevent a file from being deleted even after rm -f

I usually stay on StackOverflow but I think on this topic you guys are much more experts here. So today's exercise is weird, I have to write a script.sh and in it do whatever I can to prevent ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

+ or @ mark after running 'ls -al'

In Mac OS X, run 'ls -al' gives me something like this. drwxrwxrwx+ 4 smcho staff 136 May 5 09:18 Public drwxr-xr-x+ 6 smcho staff 204 Feb 1 2010 Sites drwxrwxrwx 9 smcho staff ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Where to install applications

I'm a long-time Windows user in the middle of a multi-year personal migration to Linux-based development. On Windows when I installed an application it got put in the Program Files folder and I'd ...
5
votes
3answers
180 views

Extracting data from complex file structure

I have a txt file that is a dump from a database, that contains one entry per line. The structure is like this: 1500 29/03/2010 18 02 09 47 17 45 28.248 0 0.01 130 12.721 7908 298,809 YES ...
5
votes
2answers
376 views

Zsh: Automatically modify executed command

I've recently installed grc (generic colorizer) to my system via MacPorts, giving me the ability to get colorized output for plenty of commands which by default don't support it (see screenshot ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What should I be aware of when installing Linux on a Mac?

I have a Macbook Pro and I am loving it, though I still miss my Linux box, there are many things I need which are not completely compatible with Mac OS X. I heard many stories about installing Linux ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

rsync “skipping non-regular file” when cloning my Aperture library

I am trying to use rsync to maintain a backup copy of my Aperture library. When I run the sync command to see what would happen this is the outcome: rsync --dry-run -r "/Volumes/Data/Aperture ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Stuck process: is it a bad sign?

Sometimes a few process are in a stuck state. For example: PID COMMAND %CPU TIME #TH #WQ #POR #MREGS RPRVT RSHRD RSIZE VPRVT VSIZE PGRP PPID STATE 99357 plugin-container ...
5
votes
2answers
924 views

On Mac OS X, how to encrypt a small folder and copy that to Google Drive or DropBox?

On Mac OS X, right now I use the following to back up a small project folder to a USB Flash drive: alias a='alias' a dateseq='date "+%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S"' a backup_proj='cp -a ~/code/MyProj ...
5
votes
2answers
303 views

Is it possible to record audio directly to a computer's optical drive?

There's a question over at audio.SE at the moment and I thought it may attract some answers here. I asked the user and he's happy to have it posted here to see if anyone has some ideas. Here it is ...
5
votes
3answers
239 views

Mac OS X find/grep generating “unknown --devices option”

I am entering a command I have done often with Linux, Unix perfectly fine but with Apple Mac OS X 10.8 (and probably before) I get a grep: unknown --devices option when I attempt to run the following ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Does Windows recognize Linux's symbolic links?

I was just wondering how a Windows system handles symbolic links. My best guess is that it will not recognize them, but I'm not entirely sure. Also, what do Macs do when confronted by one?
5
votes
1answer
593 views

How do I share applications windows between OS X and Linux?

I originally asked this question over on Super User, but I didn't get any answers. I'm trying to set up Xdmx on my Macbook Pro and my Ubuntu 10.04 workstation so that I can share my MBP's keyboard ...
5
votes
1answer
349 views

DTrace to trap any chmod applied to certain files

Underneath the Mac OS X directory /audit I have certain files which users can access and chmod to their liking. I need to audit any chmod done on any files by recording the time, user and file being ...
5
votes
1answer
524 views

How can I search/browse in some process's memory?

I'm using MacOS X 10.7 and I'm not very familiar with unix. Is there a command for a search in some process's memory for a string?
5
votes
1answer
475 views

Explain to a Linux user how do BSD/OSX drivers work

Linux drivers come in a form of kernel modules (*.ko files), which can be given parameters when loaded into the kernel and usually live in /lib/modules/<kernel version>. What's the similar ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

Execute multiple bash commands on the output of find

I want to execute some commands using the find -exec option, but I'm not sure what' wrong with this code. Currently, it's only processing the first find result, then getting stuck. I'm using bash in ...
5
votes
1answer
356 views

How to create yaboot partition using a ppc Mac

My computer g4 1.5 ghz PowerBook ppc I need to use this computer to make a yaboot partition on a USB stick. Here is documentation for making a yaboot partition with a Linux machine: ...
5
votes
0answers
40 views

How do folder name localizations work?

In Mac OS X, there are directories like Desktop, Users and Library. On localized systems, these would be named Skrivbord, Användare and Bibliotek (Swedish) But when I am in the terminal I can't ...
4
votes
5answers
769 views

If Mac OS X is UNIX, why is it that it is not open sourced and the license is proprietary?

If Mac OS X is a Unix, as answered in this question, why is it that it is not open sourced and the license is proprietary, as stated in this Wikipedia article? According the the genealogy from this ...
4
votes
2answers
868 views

How can I get the tac command on OS X?

I like to use tac to reverse the output of cat. However, it's not available in the Mavericks terminal. I tried to find it on MacPorts and again it's not available. Can anyone please show me how to get ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Tell if a folder/file is hidden in Mac OS X

I know you can set or unset the hidden flag of a folder/file by doing chflags hidden foo.txt and chflags nohidden foo.txt. But is there anyway of telling whether the folder/file is currently hidden ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

find & sed (search and replace)

I'm using the following command on my mac: $find . -name “*.java” -exec sed -i ’s/foo/bar/g’ {} \; and it seems to have no effect. I have two files in the directory that end in .java, which both ...
4
votes
3answers
213 views

OSX: dd quits after a few minutes

I'm trying to diagnose a possible disk problem on my OSX machine: I heard some funny noises, so I decided to do a read test of the entire disk using dd. A few months ago this worked: dd would run ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

remove duplicate files

On my Mac OS X 10.6.7, iTunes duplicated every single file in my music library. Now I have 3,840 files instead of 1,920. The problem is that iTunes didn't simply duplicate the whole folder, but each ...
4
votes
1answer
9k views

chmod: What does the `+a` parameter mean?

I was following a tutorial and it told me to run sudo chmod +a "SOME_PARAMS" some/dir I was surprised to see that fail telling me chmod: invalid mode: `+a' So I wonder: What does the +a mode ...