OpenSSL is an open-source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols. The core library, written in the C programming language, implements the basic cryptographic functions and provides various utility functions.

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86
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How do I recover from the Heartbleed bug in OpenSSL?

CVE-2014-0160 a.k.a. Heartbleed is a vulnerability in OpenSSL. It looks scary. How do I determine whether I am affected? If I'm affected, what do I need to do? Apparently upgrading isn't enough.
22
votes
2answers
55k views

How can I verify SSL certificates on the command line?

I'm trying to validate/verify that the rsa key, ca-bundle, and certificate stored here are ok. They are not being served by a webserver. How can I verify them?
19
votes
3answers
42k views

How do I convert a ssh-keygen public key into a format that openssl PEM_read_bio_RSA_PUBKEY() function will consume?

I'm having an issue generating a public key that the openssl PEM_read_bio_RSA_PUBKEY() function can consume. I keep getting errors. Obviously I cannot simply use the ASCII string in the ssh-keygen &...
18
votes
3answers
761 views

Untrusting an intermediate CA in Linux?

From this blog. Intermediate CAs are certificates signed by a root CA that can sign arbitrary certificates for any websites. They are just as powerful as root CAs, but there's no full list of ...
17
votes
4answers
9k views

“openssl dgst -sha1” producing an extraneous “(stdin)= ” prefix and trailing newline

If you run this command on your Unix echo -n "foo" | openssl dgst -sha1 You will get this output: (stdin)= 0beec7b5ea3f0fdbc95d0dd47f3c5bc275da8a33 (followed by a newline). How can I force ...
15
votes
4answers
7k views

How do I generate SSHFP records?

I need to setup SSHFP records in the DNS for my host. I have done some searching but I haven't found any good example. What are SSHFP records? What does SSHFP records look like? How do I create ...
14
votes
1answer
35k views

make fatal error: openssl/sha.h: No such file or directory

I'm trying to compile a program that, according to the documentation, requires the "OpenSSL library". I have OpenSSL installed, and it's still giving me the error openssl/sha.h: No such file or ...
12
votes
3answers
39k views

How to encrypt messages/text with RSA? (using openssl?)

I have Alice's public key. I want to send Alice an RSA encrypted message. How can I do it using the openssl command? The message is: Hi Alice! Please bring malacpörkölt for dinner!
12
votes
3answers
19k views

Trust a self signed PEM certificate

I have set up a proxy server with SSL using a PEM certificate. Now, there is a couple of machines of mine that I would like to trust this certificate automatically (without the web browser complaining)...
10
votes
2answers
21k views

Get common name (CN) from SSL certificate?

I have a SSL CRT file in PEM format. Is there a way that I can extract the common name (CN) from the certificate from the command line?
10
votes
3answers
15k views

Safe way to pass password for >1 programs in bash

I'm writing a bash script, and need to ask user for his password and pass it to openssl. Whilst openssl can read the password itself, I need for two runs of the program and don't want to ask the user ...
9
votes
0answers
5k views

OpenSSL Package Rebuild CentOS 6.4 [closed]

Rebuilding openssl with Elliptic Curves on CentOS 6.4 The strategy is: 1) Download the "official" CentOS source package (.src.rpm) 2) Modify the .spec file to enable elliptic curves. (change no-EC ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

Verifying a SSL certificate's fingerprint?

I'm toying around with a Puppet agent and a Puppet master and I've noticed that the Puppet cert utility provides a fingerprint for my agent's public key as it has requested to be signed: $ puppet ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it too early to try LibreSSL? [closed]

I've been somewhat following the development and recent release of LibreSSL and coincidentally I have a new FreeBSD web server that I've been configuring for my personal/hobbyist projects recently. I'...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Cli verification of digitally signed email

I am Alice and I've received signed email from Bob. I use Web e-Mail client (e.g. GMail) and I see that one of attachements is smime.p7s. I've found option "show original message" and saved contents ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I extract all subjects of a cacertfile with the openssl command line?

Is there an openssl command to extract all certifacte subjects of a cacertfile (a file containing several certificates like /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt)? I tried openssl x509 -in /etc/ssl/...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

RSA 2048 keypair generation: via openssl 0.5s via gpg 30s, why the difference?

RSA 2048 keypair generation: via openssl 0.5s via gpg 30s, why the difference There are several programs which can gerate RSA public/private keypairs GnuPG/OpenPGP for instance has a wizzard being ...
7
votes
3answers
29k views

How can I get TLSv1.2 support in Apache on RHEL6/CentOS/SL6?

I'd like to have TLSv1.2 support in Apache on my Scientific Linux 6 (RHEL6 rebuild) server. Is there some semi-supported pathway to getting this working? Preferably with minimal custom rebuilding. ...
7
votes
6answers
27k views

How do I upgrade OpenSSL?

According to these instructions: http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/NameBasedSSLVHostsWithSNI I need to use OpenSSL 0.9.8k or later (right now it's on 1.0.0c) to use name based virtual hosts in apache. ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

script to check if SSL certificate is valid

I have several SSL certificates, and I would like to be notified, when a certificate has expired. My idea is to create a cronjob, which executes a simple command every day. I know that the openssl ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Openssl upgraded via apt-get, `openssl version` showing previous version

I am running Debian Wheezy. I have just upgraded my system and should have the latest version of openssl (1.0.1g which fixes a critical bug), but it does not appear to be being used. I have run: apt-...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

Encrypting and compressing

Is there a better way to compress and then encrypt files other than tar followed by openssl or gpg?
6
votes
1answer
623 views

Are Debian- and RedHat-style repositories compromised by Heartbleed OpenSSL bug?

The Heartbleed exploit (CVE-2014-0160) makes SSL connections using OpenSSL vulnerable to private key leakage. Does it mean that official update channels in RHEL/CentOS/etc. and Debian/Ubuntu shall be ...
5
votes
1answer
12k views

Disable SSLv3 In cURL?

I'm having a problem connecting to a website that is hosted with CloudFlare using cURL. When I try to connect to the website with HTTPS (using curl -v https://www.xxxxxx.com), it says: * About to ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

Cannot Compile Apache: “Error, SSL/TLS libraries were missing or unusable”

Arch Linux 2011.08.19 (Linux 3.4.2 i686) Apache 2.2.22 → 2.2.22 (recompile & reinstall) OpenSSL 1.0.1.c-1 These details are likely irrelevant, but: I’m using yaourt with customizepkg to build ...
5
votes
3answers
31k views

RHEL 6.4 and OpenSSL 1.0.1 - Dependency missing.. but it isn't?

I am trying to install phpMyAdmin, however I am getting an error about openssl libraries being missing. However, I have installed them using the ius repo; Error: Package: php-cli-5.4.26-1.el6.remi....
5
votes
2answers
2k views

libssl and libcrypto backward compatible?

I have an old server application that requires libssl.so.0.9.6 and libcrypto.so.0.9.6. My issue is I currently have libssl.so.1.0.0a and libcrypto.so.1.0.0a on my system. I tried symlinking to the ...
5
votes
1answer
450 views

Why doesn't GCM HTTPS work with nginx?

Since these two are using GCM (Galois/Counter Mode): www.ssllabs.com: ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 www.google.com: ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 We wanted to make our webserver's HTTPS connection ...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

Custom OpenSSL engine when running within Apache via mod_ssl

I modified my openssl.cnf to specify a custom engine for some operations. It works fine if I go through the openssl binary directly, but if I load libssl from another program it doesn't seem to use ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Backporting OpenSSL-1.0.1e to Debian Lenny (armv4l)

I have an old embedded board that supports only Debian Lenny. I need to install OpenSSL-1.0.1e on it. If I download the source code then try to compile the source code, I get this error ts7500:/home/...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

TLS over unix pipe

Can I use TLS/SSL over Unix pipe with Unix command line? I want the equivalent of $ mkfifo /tmp/spipe $ echo a|openssl s_server -acceptFifo /tmp/spipe & [1] 25563 $ openssl s_client -...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I decrypt a message using openssl's CLI?

I have a message, I know the password and the cipher that was used to encrypt it, but I can't figure out how to ask openssl to decrypt it. I see the cipher in the output from the ciphers command, and ...
4
votes
3answers
17k views

Obtain .cer file from .pem file

I have generated RSA private key using below command: openssl genrsa -out privkey.pem 2048 And created a self signed certificate using below command: openssl req -new -x509 -key privkey.pem -out ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

`openssl`: Subject Alternative Name

I wrote this bit of code to get the Common Name of the subject field in the SSL certificate for a given domain: $ echo -e "GET / HTTP/1.1\nEOT" | openssl s_client -connect google.com:443 2>&1 ...
4
votes
1answer
517 views

Encrypt word X to /etc/shadow encryption

I've changed my password to X and the shadow file has changed to: ahmad:$1$oYINSKjP$eCkCtJV/2dXerAD57WQPj/:15425:0:99999:7::: I see the encrypted X as $1$oYINSKjP$eCkCtJV/2dXerAD57WQPj/. How can I ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to display server's TLS certicicate details in terminal?

Having TLS certificate in local file, I can display its details using syntax like: openssl x509 -text -noout -in cert_filename Is there any way to display remote SMTP/POP3/HTTP server's TLS ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to encyrpt a message using someone's SSL smime.p7s file

I need to send a private key file to someone (a trusted sysadmin) securely. I suggested a couple options, but he replied as follows: Hi, I don't have neither LastPass nor GnuPGP but I'm using ssl ...
4
votes
1answer
9k views

Why openssl s_client verifies a cert against a mismatching CAfile?

I am trying to yield a certificate verification error with openssl s_client like this: $ openssl s_client -crlf -verify 9 \ -CAfile /etc/ssl/certs/TURKTRUST_Certificate_Services_Provider_Root_1.pem ...
4
votes
3answers
161 views

How to check for sslv2 from a remote server?

I have a server which I want to check if it supports sslv2. from a remote machine I do the following: openssl s_client -ssl2 -connect something.somethingcool.com:443 But this returns: unknown ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Decrypting a file encrypted on a different system

My home server runs OpenBSD 5.3 with Samba serving files to several Windows machines. I wrote a script to backup video files by encrypting each file with openssl enc -aes-256-cbc and uploading it to ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

mutt SSL unknown protocol - not able to connect

I am facing following situation. I am using arch linux I installed mutt the email client I followed the simple guidelines in the arch wiki to configure mutt to use imap For the simple config where ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

How to create large size encrypted file using openssl command

During the creation of an encrypted file in AIX, I received this error: $ openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -salt -in test.img -out test.img.enc test.img: Value too large to be stored in data type 14221428:...
3
votes
2answers
26k views

List all available ssl ca certificates

My git client claims error: Peer's Certificate issuer is not recognized. That means it can not find the corresponding ssl server key in the global system keyring. I want to check this by looking at ...
3
votes
3answers
20k views

OpenVPN - Socket bind failed on local address [AF_INET] IP:1194: Cannot assign requested address

How get it resolved? I am trying to start the openVPN server so that i can login remotely using username: demo and password: demo, but openVPN server is failing to start. What am i doing wrong, how ...
3
votes
2answers
509 views

How to verify a service is listening on both ipv4 and ipv6?

I want to check whether https service is listening on both IPv6 and IPv4. And also when I am accessing url via browser, I want to know request is served by IPv4 or IPv6.
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to pass string (not file) to openssl?

I want to encrypt a bunch of strings using openssl. How do I pass plaintext in console to openssl (instead of specifying input file which has plaintext). openssl man page has only these two options ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Fedora 20 Heartbleed openssl fix

I am just trying to fix the Heartbleed bug associated with OpenSSL on Fedora Core 20. I am trying to follow the instructions as described here: http://www.forums.fedoraforum.org/showthread.php?t=...
3
votes
3answers
601 views

Appending a pem to another

I found a blog that helped me relay postfix through smtp.gmail.com with SASL authentication. One of the steps was: cat /etc/ssl/certs/Thawte_Premium_Server_CA.pem | \ sudo tee -a /etc/...
3
votes
2answers
874 views

OpenSSL buffering problem

I have a stream that I would like to encrypt in real time, but the problem is that openssl encrypt only when it could read from stdin enough bytes, otherwise it waits. Look at those examples: $ (...
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Need explanations about SSL issue and installation process

I am trying to install SSL on my server. First of all I wanted to purchase a certificate. They asked me to generate a CSR file. I created it and it resulted with two files: my.website.key my.website....