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1
vote
1answer
21 views

Remove forced line breaks from fortune output while preserving them for the author line

Recently I encountered the great fortune command and use it now to send a nightly quote to a persistent chat. Now I wonder how to remove the forced line breaks for the quote part, but preserve them ...
-3
votes
0answers
18 views

Removing intermediate line breaks in muliple columns except the last new line character [closed]

Suppose If I have the data like this Col1|Col2|Col3 <br\> 123|abc\n<br\> xyz\n<br\> |abc\n<br\> def\n<br\> other rows<br\> <br\> In the above newline ...
3
votes
4answers
14k views

Remove ^M character from log files

Remove ^M character from log files. In my script I redirect output of my program to a log file. The output of my log file contains some ^M (newline) characters. I need to remove them while running ...
8
votes
5answers
9k views

How to put a newline special character into a file using the echo command and redirection operator?

I would like to create a file by using the echo command and the redirection operator, the file should be made of a few lines. I tried to include a newline by "\n" inside the string: echo "first ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

How to insert newlines into PATTERN when using fgrep / grep -F / grep --fixed-strings

When using fgrep, the man page says it will Interpret PATTERN as a list of fixed strings, separated by newlines, any of which is to be matched. In bash, what's the correct way to insert ...
3
votes
3answers
147 views

How do I remove newline character at the end of file?

Let me clear about newline character: $ echo Hello > file1 ; cat file1 Hello $ echo -n Hello > file2 ; cat file2 Hello$ Here you can see that file1 has newline character at the end whereas ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Shell script - blanks are not always recognized as such?

I'm confused on how bash interprets blanks while executing a script. In the end, I want a script that is fed by a csv file containing software used by an organisation and it should return the CVEs for ...
6
votes
1answer
37 views

How can I make `file` output line break type and encoding for all file types?

I often find myself in the need to check the encoding and the line break type of a file. The file utility seems to be a perfect fit. Unfortunately it doesn't output the desired information for all ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

How to preserve the carriage return character (\n) when capture output of a command in a variable

As a simple example, I have a bunch of source code files. I want to store the "head" command output to a variable for all these files. I tried: output=$(head $file) but what happened is that this ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Why CR sequence (\r) getting entered in .vimrc file?

Please look at my '~/.vimrc' file below. :map g :w :map g :w See, the same line repeated. After writing 1st line, I pressed the "Enter" key. Now see the output of the od command below. ...
1
vote
1answer
572 views

How to fix “Hunk #1 FAILED at 1 (different line endings)” message?

I am trying to create a patch with the command git diff sourcefile >/var/lib/laymab/overlay/category/ebuild/files/thepatch.patch when I apply the patch, it gives me $ patch -v GNU patch 2.7.5 ...
15
votes
7answers
21k views

How to test whether a file uses CRLF or LF without modifying it?

I need to periodically run a command that ensures that some text files are kept in Linux mode. Unfortunately dos2unix always modifies the file, which would mess file's and folder's timestamps and ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Check whether a file uses CRLF or LF to end lines [duplicate]

How to check whether lines in a text file end with CRLF or LF?
7
votes
4answers
6k views

Replace \n by a newline in sed portably

I'm so confused with GNU sed, POSIX sed, and BSD sed's myriad of options. How do I replace literal \n with the newline character using these three sed types?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How can I replace a literal \n with a newline character? (on OS X) [duplicate]

I have a script which pulls something out of my shell history and saves it to a file, but if there is a newline in the history entry it gets returned to me with a literal \n instead of the newline ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Regex to match = followed by a newline so they both be deleted

I am working with the raw source content of a mail.app message in OSX, but results it gives me the text in quoted printable MIME Email encoding. so I need to remove all those strange characters to get ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Shell script works when saved with nano but not when saved with Notepad++

I've been working on a bash script all day and have been testing on the machine I will be using it on. When I copy the script across from Notepad++ into a new file with nano editor inside SSH and ...
1
vote
5answers
43 views

can't remove file with carriage returns

I have a file blahblah\r\n.txt that I want to remove but rm blahblah\r\n.txt does not work as I receive No such file or directory message. How to remove??
3
votes
4answers
106 views

Not able to cat a string from a file under a string of another file

I have encountered a strange issue in concatenating the files using the cat command. I have two files with one string in each of them: file1: ABC file2: DEF Either I do cat file1 file2 or ...
8
votes
6answers
404 views

Force newlines with cat wildcard printing

I want to use cat with wildcards in bash in order to print multiple small files (every file is one sentence) to standard output. However, the separate file contents are not separated by a newline, ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Grep can't find end of line in DOS format text file?

In Ubuntu I'm working on a C file that was originally created under Windows and then committed to source control. Vim shows the file format is "dos", which I gather just means it has CR/LF line ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

uniq showing duplicate lines

$ grep home american.txt | sort | uniq A home and a country should leave us no more! ...
6
votes
5answers
809 views

Remove backslash + newline sequences

We are having a file in Linux which contains one line per record, but problem comes when the line contains some new line characters. In this case, the backslash is appended at the end of line and the ...
0
votes
4answers
144 views

How to delete the newline before EOF in a text/csv file via bash

Below is an example of the data I'm receiving in txt or csv file (seen in EmEditor): However, the final blank line is causing problems when uploading this data into my software. I need to have the ...
64
votes
5answers
21k views

What's the point in adding a new line to the end of a file?

Some compilers (especially C or C++ ones) give you warnings about: No new line at end of file I thought this would be a C-programmers-only problem, but github displays a message in the commit view: ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

bash prevent printf from interrupting another printf

I have the following test script. #!/bin/bash function foo { printf "Test line break: $1\nafter line break\n\n" } for VARIABLE in {1..30} do foo $VARIABLE & done wait Now I executed the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How do I correctly add line ends with sed? [closed]

I have several sed statements that at one points uses newlines in the output with \n (Actually they are sed's using $' with \\\n's`). However subsequent sed operations that wish to operate on the end ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

adb pull not accepting a variable as source, gives *' does not exist..* error

I'm trying to use $EXTERNAL_STORAGE in the adb pull command. I noticed that the variable has its scope defined in Android only and so it would not work successfully in adb pull ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

How to replace \1\ with new line

I have a record like: "evSchema"\1\"UAT" "evSN"\1\"uadb" "evDirsep"\1\"/" "evRootPath"\1\"/work_area/APP_UAT/" "evSchema"\1\"RMS13" "evUser"\1\"STAGE" I want to replace \1\ with new line. I tried ...
1
vote
1answer
721 views

'while read line do' cause: “syntax error near unexpected token `done'” in Linux bash script

I have a shell script which is running fine on Solaris platform but not working on Linux platform. The Failing code snippet is as following: [...] while read line do insert_into_table="insert into ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to add new line in text file in output from remote shell script using plink

From windows i am executing a remote shell script using putty plink cmd>plink.exe -ssh username@hostipd -pw gbG8qs4 /user/alice/listoffiles.sh > C:\log1.txt Shell script in remote server #! ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Shell script error (: not found [No such file or directory]) [duplicate]

I'm using following script on linux server. And which is giving: : not found [No such file or directory] This is the script: # ------------------------------------------------------------------ # ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

What does this “matching lines means”?

The grep manual says "By default, grep prints the matching lines.". What does this matching lines says. When I tried its prints the whole paragraph containing the pattern.
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Reading input fields separated by spaces

How can I read in POSIX bash input like this: <name>,<tag1> <tag2> <tag3>… I tried while read line;do done but this wants newlines, all I have is spaces. (Is IFS solution? ...
2
votes
2answers
877 views

view file containing DOS text (box-drawing characters, CRLF line terminators) and escape sequences

I have stumbled upon a strange text file in an archive of an old dos game downloaded from some abandonware site. The text file is named WHY_NOT.TXT. I assume the file is some sort of .NFO file from ...
3
votes
5answers
6k views

How to detect dos format files in git bash

Git Bash is a nice bash shell you get in Windows as part of the installation of Git. It comes with other typical unix tools bundled inside, such as grep, sed, awk, perl. It doesn't have the file ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

How can I delete a trailing newline in bash?

I'm looking for something that behaves like Perl's chomp. I'm looking for a command that simply prints its input, minus the last character if it's a newline: $ printf "one\ntwo\n" | ...
1
vote
3answers
511 views

echo text after curl command on same line

#!/bin/bash echo "$(curl -s -I https://google.com|grep Server)" abc returns: abcer: gws and bash -x shows: ++ grep Server ++ curl -s -I https://google.com ' abco 'Server: gws abcer: gws but ...
81
votes
11answers
92k views

How to add a newline to the end of a file?

Using version control systems I get annoyed at the noise when the diff says No newline at end of file. So I was wondering: How to add a newline at the end of a file to get rid off those messages?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

mkdir in shell script failing with \r [duplicate]

I have the following basic shell script: #!/bin/bash mkdir /var/lib/mysql/backups/test rm -r /var/lib/mysql/backups/* ROOTDIR="/var/lib/mysql/backups" TODAYDIR=`date +%Y%m%d` mkdir ...
3
votes
1answer
774 views

Grep doesn't match carriage return characters

I'm trying to find lines with the carriage return character, but I'm not getting the results I'd expect. I've whittled it down to this proof-of-concept: $ uname -a CYGWIN_NT-6.1 Aodh ...
17
votes
6answers
12k views

How can you combine all lines that end with a backslash character?

Using a common command line tool like sed or awk, is it possible to join all lines that end with a given character, like a backslash? For example, given the file: foo bar \ bash \ baz dude \ happy ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Add a newline into a filename with `mv`

It's a serious question. I test some awk scripts and I need files with a newline in their names. Is it possible to add a newline into a filename with mv? I now, I can do this with touch: touch ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Gedit displays text, but cat tells a different story

I am trying to sort a dictionary from Grady Ward's Moby and have encountered a bit of a problem. When I open it in gedit, I get: abaca×N abaciscus×N abacist×N aback×v abacli×p Abaco×N abactinal×A ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

telnet :pressed Enter key, there were two carriage returns in the text

When using Putty to connect to the router using telnet protocols, and then I pressed Enter key, there were two carriage returns in the text, how do I get rid of one of them?
0
votes
3answers
110 views

backup script to copy files by its extension

I have created script to copy .png files from one directory to another. Script is as follows: i="`cat /usr/local/app1/default.conf | grep -i values | sed -e 's/\values=//g' -e 's/,/ /g'`" for data ...
2
votes
5answers
12k views

Carriage return issue

I have this in a bash script DAY2="20130605"<Cr> echo "This is yesterday date:"$DAY2"end" Why is the output the following? It seems as though there is a carriage return in DAY2 but where is ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

How to detect end of line with sed

I'm looking for a way to only execute replacement when the last character is a newline, using sed. For instance: lettersAtEndOfLine is replaced, but this is not: lettersWithCharacterAfter& ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Trouble with horizontial merge of csv files under Cygwin

I have two csv files: test1.csv 1 2 3 4 test2.csv 6 7 8 9 I want to horizontally merge these two files. To do this I use paste -d , test1.csv test2.csv > paste.csv If I open this file in ...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

Elegant way to prevent command substitution from removing trailing newline

I'm customizing my zsh PROMPT and calling a function that may or may not echo a string based on the state of an environment variable: function my_info { [[ -n "$ENV_VAR"]] && echo "Some ...