mount command, allows mounting of a file system at a specified point in the file hierarchy.

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66
votes
12answers
5k views

Why is Linux's filesystem designed as a single directory tree?

Can anyone explain why Linux is designed as a single directory tree? Whereas in Windows we can have multiple drives like C:\, and D:\, there is a single root in Unix. Any specific reason there?
37
votes
6answers
60k views

umount: device is busy. Why?

When running umount /path I get: umount: /path: device is busy. The filesystem is huge, so lsof +D /path is not a realistic option. lsof /path, lsof +f -- /path, and fuser /path all return ...
33
votes
6answers
14k views

Different linux distros sharing the same /home folder?

What is the best way to share the same /home directories between different linux distribution? I mean, I want to have both, say, Fedora and Arch, and I want to find my files at home no matter which ...
28
votes
7answers
4k views

Why does mount require root privileges?

Why does Linux require that a user be root/using sudo/specifically authorized per mount in order to mount something? It seems like the decision as to whether to allow a user to mount something should ...
28
votes
4answers
914 views

How can I mount a block device from one computer to another via the network as a block device?

Is it possible to export a block device such as a DVD or CDROM and make it so that it's mountable on another computer as a block device? NOTE: I'm not interested in doing this using NFS or Samba, I ...
28
votes
9answers
27k views

Mount Google Drive in Linux?

Now that Google Drive is available, how do we mount it to a Linux filesystem? Similar solutions exist for Amazon S3 and Rackspace Cloud Files.
22
votes
2answers
5k views

What mount points exist on a typical Linux system?

I have 2 questions. During Linux installation we specify memory space for 2 mount points - root and swap. Are there any other mount points created without the users notice? Is this statement ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Where do the files go if you mount a drive to a folder that already contains files?

I just accidentally mounted a new drive to a folder that already contained files. I don't care about them and have them somewhere else, but that folder appears empty now. I'm curious what happened ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Mount an iso without root access?

Is it possible for a user without root access to mount an arbitrary iso? If so how?
17
votes
5answers
3k views

What's the most “correct” mount point for a permanent NTFS partition?

I have an NTFS partition (containing a Windows installation from which I dual boot) that I would like to permanently mount from my Linux installation. Problem is, I can't figure out what the ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

What is a “loop device” when mounting?

I am doing a mounting of an iso file and looking at this tutorial. They use the command: $ mount -o loop disk1.iso /mnt/disk I'm trying to understand the use of -o loop. So I have two questions: ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

understanding “mount” as a concept in the OS

I want to understand what mounting is. It is used in different contexts and situations and I can't find resources which: Describe the mount concept Explain the actions taken by the ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Can the same ext4 disk be mounted from two hosts, one readonly?

I know that mounting the same disk with an ext4 filesystem from two different servers (it's an iSCSI vloume) will likely corrupt data on the disk. My question is will it make any difference if one of ...
13
votes
9answers
1k views

Favorite partitioning and mounting tricks

We all know that mounting a new partition as /home and maybe /boot is extremely useful. Or mounting a remote directory as /opt can be great for sharing system tools. Are there any other, maybe more ...
13
votes
2answers
386 views

Is that possible to integrate zip and tar.gz files as directory into the file system

I wonder if there is a way to integrate (it's a bit different from mounting, I think) compressed files as directories into the file system? E.g., one could download a compressed-file.tar.gz to his ...
13
votes
3answers
5k views

What is a better way to deal with server disconnects of sshfs mounts?

I have several directories mounted through sshfs. I sometimes get disconnects from the server (not configurable by me). I usually mount the directories like this sshfs ...
12
votes
3answers
11k views

Is it possible to mount a gzip compressed dd image on the fly?

I like create an image backup for the first time I'm backing up a system. After this first time I use rsync to do incremental backups. My usual image backup is as follows: Mount and zero out the ...
11
votes
2answers
38k views

How to get the complete and exact list of mounted filesystems in Linux?

I usually use mount to check which filesystems are mounted. I also know there is some connection between mount and /etc/mtab but I'm not sure about the details. After reading How to check if /proc/ is ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

What is meant by mounting a device in Linux?

I've heard the term "mounting" when referring to devices in Linux. What is its actual meaning? How it handling now unlike older versions? I haven't done that manually via the command-line. Can you ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

What mount option to use for ext3 file system to minimise data loss or corruption?

I have an embedded setup using an initramfs for the root file system but using a custom ext3 partition mounted on a compact flash IDE drive. Because data integrity in the face of power loss is the ...
10
votes
5answers
451 views

How does mounting on the GUI work “under the hood”

UPDATE Please correct me if I'm wrong: For working on my computer, with a GNU/Linux Distribution named Debian, I know two ways to enter a command, start an application, open a file, etc.: a ...
10
votes
2answers
440 views

What are these commands for?

Yesterday I had to install a Windows with its Grub override. Well, it's not the first time I had to fix Grub, so I used LiveCD, mounted the root partition (I don't have boot, just / and home) and ran ...
9
votes
3answers
8k views

Does mount always require root privileges?

I was under the impression that any sort of call to mount requires root privileges. But recently I was told "You should instead create appropriate entries in /etc/fstab so that the filesystems can be ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Hard disk labels

How do I add a label to a partition on a disk, and how do I then mount it by label (manually and via fstab)? note: this is an external hard drive
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it possible to run a webdav fuse client with no root access?

I have seen examples showing how to use davfs2 under linux, but each has involved one of these things: Running mount as root Adding an entry to /etc/fstab Running mount.davfs setuid, which, alas, ...
8
votes
1answer
13k views

How do I mount an `img` created with /bin/dd of a hard drive?

I used dd to backup a 80GB drive dd if=/dev/sdb of=~/sdb.img Now I need to access some files on that drive, but I don't want to copy the ".img" back over the drive. mount ~/sdb.img /mnt/sdb ...
8
votes
3answers
287 views

Automatizing the sequence of mounting commands

When I connect a device (tablet, camera, flash drive, external harddrive) to my laptop with Linux I often type the following sequence of commands. $ ls /dev/sd* Let's say that my device is /dev/sdc ...
8
votes
5answers
446 views

Mounting a partition into a 'sandbox'

I'm wondering if this is possible. I want to set up a linux system that mounts / remote linux machine to / on the local machine. However, I want all changes on the local machine to be saved to ram so ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Serve files over USB

I would like to be able to serve a section of my box's file system over USB to another computer. For example, if the files are on box A and I am reading from box B, then B would mount A, see those ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I determine the fs type of my current working directory?

I need a platform-independent and lightweight way of detecting the mount type of my CWD. Specifically, I need to determine if my CWD is in an SSHFS, NFS, CIFS, SMB, or local block store mount. I need ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

How to re-mount a USB stick after unmounting from Nautilus without disconnecting it?

I find that in order to re-mount a USB stick, I have to physically disconnect it, and then re-connect it. How can I do this without such tiring physical action?
8
votes
2answers
456 views

Prevent disk renumbering on reboot in OSX

I have 3 physical drives in my Mac Pro with OSX 10.6.4. Occasionally after rebooting the machine, the disk numbering changes such that the /dev/disk# does not reference the same drive as it did before ...
8
votes
1answer
14k views

Mounting USB drive that is not recognized

Using Arch Linux / XFCE, I frequently have problems with USB drives that are not properly mounted. Sometimes they automatically show up in Thunar and I can mount them with one click. However, at other ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Are there any drawbacks from using mount --bind as a substitute for symbolic links?

Symlinks have limitations in how functions like ls, mv, and cp can operate on them because unlike shell initiated commands like cd, these functions do not have information about how the user accessed ...
7
votes
4answers
976 views

Allow non-superusers to mount any filesystem

Is it possible to allow some particular users (e.g. members of a group) to mount any filesystem without superuser privileges on Linux? (Another question might have been "in what ways a user can harm ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

When was `relatime` made the default?

What is the first Linux kernel release to set relatime as the default mount option?
7
votes
2answers
4k views

When mounting, when should I use a loop device?

According to the following question: What is a "loop device" when mounting? A loop device is a file that acts as a block-based device. While I can understand that conceptually, how is this ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to mount a cryptsetup container just with `mount`?

I created an encrypted container via #!/bin/bash dd if=/dev/zero of=$1 bs=1 count=0 seek=$2 MAPPER=$(mktemp -up /dev/mapper) LOOPDEV=$(losetup --find --show $1) cryptsetup luksFormat $LOOPDEV ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

Check if folder is a mounted remote filesystem

What is the best way (reliable, portable, etc.) to check if a given folder is on a mounted remote (nfs) filesystem within a shell script? I am looking for a command that would look like: ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Preferred mount points for internal HDDs

I am relatively new to Linux and I apologise if this is a silly question. I read the Linux FS Hierarchy document but it didn't answer my question. I would like to know if there is a typical drive ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

ext4 overrides my commit=100 mount option with commit=0

Here is the relevant line from my /etc/fstab file: UUID=f51aa298-9ce4-4a19-a323-10df333f34f5 / ext4 data=writeback,noatime,barrier=0,errors=remount-ro,commit=100,nobh,nouser_xattr ...
7
votes
1answer
278 views

USB drive permissions when automounting

On Debian there is the common problem, that you try to plug an ntfs formatted USB harddrive and then can't write to it as a regular user to it because the directory belongs to root. A little time ago ...
7
votes
3answers
565 views

Faster alternative to ArchiveMount?

At the moment I am using ArchiveMount to mount a 123,000 kb archive that contains more then 3 million files inside. So far it has been mounting for 5+ hours and still isn't finished. Is there a ...
6
votes
4answers
214 views

Listing all devices as non-superuser

I'm trying to mount external hard drive. As I know, to mount manually, I should use fdisk -l to determine which device refers to the drive. When I'm doing so without sudo I have next output: ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Mount an loop file without root permission?

Can i mount a loop file without root permission , normally i do: mount -o loop DISK_IMAGE FOLDER Without setting up sudo or suid mount program , is there any suitable way to do this ? I know i can ...
6
votes
3answers
378 views

Access to original contents of mount point

On my headless NAS I have sdf1 (a flash-card) mounted as / while /home is mounted from lv00 (an LVM volume backed by a software RAID). To be able to access the machine when the RAID fails, I have a ...
6
votes
3answers
244 views

How to get mount point of filesystem containing given file

I am looking for a quick way to find the mount point of the file system containing a given FILE. Is there anything simpler or more direct than my solution below? df -h FILE |tail -1 | awk -F% ...
6
votes
3answers
53k views

How to mount a device in Linux? (Beginner's confusion)

I read some resources about the mount command for mounting devices on Linux, but none of them is clear enough (at least for me). On the whole this what most guides state: $ mount (lists all ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Make all files under a directory read-only without changing permissions?

First, some background: /dev/md1 is a RAID-0 array serving as primary file store. It is mounted to /var/smb. /dev/md2 is another RAID-0 array storing backup snapshots taken from /dev/md1. It is ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the loopback interface

What is the loopback interface and how does it differ from the eth0 interface? And why do I need to use it when mounting an ISO or running a service on localhost?